Written by a professional biologist who is also an experienced writing teacher, this comprehensive guide for students writing in biology, zoology, and botany provides detailed instruction on researching, drafting, revising, and documenting papers, reviews, poster presentations, and other forms of science writing. The sixth edition features an expanded and revised chapter 1 on research strategies and sources, a greater diversity of examples from different subdisciplines (molecular biology, animal ecology, and genetics), and new technology tips throughout for searching databases and using software designed for charts, graphs, note-taking, and documentation.
Учебное пособие посвящено основам написания проектов будущего научного исследования (англ. - research proposal) на английском языке. В пособии подробно рассматриваются особенности подготовки научного текста в жанре "research proposal", а также вводятся и раскрываются базовые научные понятия и термины, составляющие основу международного научного дискурса. За основу представленного подхода к делению и организации научного текста взят формат IMRD, востребованный зарубежными научными журналами в ряде социальных дисциплин (экономике, политологии, лингвистике, психологии, педагогике и пр.). Этим подходом продиктованы логика изложения материала и подбор предложенных читателю частотных оборотов научной речи, отобранных из обширного корпуса англоязычных научных публикаций. При подготовке пособия использовались результаты современных отечественных и зарубежных исследований в области обучения академическому письму, корпусной лингвистики и эрратологии.Пособие содержит cправочный материал и практические задания. Материал отдельных глав иллюстрируется выдержками из научных работ, опубликованных в ведущих рецензируемых журналах по целому ряду социальных дисциплин.Пособие предназначено для студентов высших учебных заведений, которым предстоит подготовка и защита проектов дипломного исследования на английском языке. Оно также может быть адресовано всем тем, кто интересуется практическими аспектами написания научных работ на английском языке с учетом международных требований и чей минимальный уровень владения английским языком соответствует уровню B2 по общеевропейской шкале. Пособие может быть использовано как в аудитории, так и в самостоятельной работе.
Учебное пособие посвящено основам написания проектов будущего научного исследования (англ. – research proposal) на английском языке. В пособии подробно рассматриваются особенности подготовки научного текста в жанре «research proposal», а также вводятся и раскрываются базовые научные понятия и термины, составляющие основу международного научного дискурса. За основу представленного подхода к делению и организации научного текста взят формат IMRD, востребованный зарубежными научными журналами в ряде социальных дисциплин (экономике, политологии, лингвистике, психологии, педагогике и пр.). Этим подходом продиктованы логика изложения материала и подбор предложенных читателю частотных оборотов научной речи, отобранных из обширного корпуса англоязычных научных публикаций. При подготовке пособия использовались результаты современных отечественных и зарубежных исследований в области обучения академическому письму, корпусной лингвистики и эрратологии.Пособие содержит cправочный материал и практические задания. Материал отдельных глав иллюстрируется выдержками из научных работ, опубликованных в ведущих рецензируемых журналах по целому ряду социальных дисциплин. Пособие предназначено для студентов высших учебных заведений, которым предстоит подготовка и защита проектов дипломного исследования на английском языке. Оно также может быть адресовано всем тем, кто интересуется практическими аспектами написания научных работ на английском языке с учетом международных требований и чей минимальный уровень владения английским языком соответствует уровню B2 по общеевропейской шкале. Пособие может быть использовано как в аудитории, так и в самостоятельной работе.
One of the main problem students’ faces during their research work is how to select and carry on the problem of investigation. Numerous times the students select a topic for their research, but when they proceed, they face big issues and most of them left their research saying that it is hard to complete. In every field of education in Pakistan generally and in the field of sports sciences and physical education particularly, the culture of research is not established as compared to developed and even in the developing countries. There are many books concerned with research methods and theories. This is one of them. This book is intended as a standard text on research design that incorporates example from sports sciences and physical education. It emphasizes application, learning by doing, and learning through examples. This book provides a broad, comprehensive view of dissertation writing for the students majoring in sports sciences & physical education. This unique book is aimed at students who need to understand the research in the field, and will be used as a reference for those who are interested in research either as a part of a Master course, or as an MPhil/PhD scholar.
This book is a teacher in itself, intended to guide students of tertiary institutions including researchers on one easy way to write papers for submission to a journal. The language used is kept as simple as possible for easy understanding. The book gave a general background to writing scientific research papers, what to consider before starting to write a scientific paper, how to attract other readers to your work and it enables the reader to know the qualities the editors and referees will be looking for in a paper as part of its consideration for publication. It takes each of the main parts of a research paper and looks at what usually goes into them with practical examples. Writing research papers is too wide a field to be able to cover every aspect in one small book. Other books deal in greater detail with other areas of scientific writing especially its technical details. It is not meant to be complete but as a basic introduction. I hope that the book will assist many scientists as they undertake the difficult task of writing their papers for submission to International Scientific Journals. I am delighted to publish this book and make it available to the developing world.
The idea of writing this book was conceived when my own students, found great difficulty in getting the recent literature regarding the biological profile of heterocycles. The current book is compilation of biological profiles few 5/6-membered heterocycles like pyrazole, thiazole, triazole etc. This book is meant for research students who carry out their research in the field of medicinal chemistry.
This book provides a distinctive introduction to the soil fertility management knowledges and techniques required in the Biological Nitrogen Fixation. The strength of this work accrues from careful and clear Agronomic explanation and detailed coverage of all the necessary topics. It is the first known treatment in such a self-confident form. It requires no previous knowledge of microbiology, and is equally suitable for students in other disciplines needing microbiology, agronomy and soil sciences at this level.
This book has four chapters which includes the fundamental concept of nanotechnology and its role in biological sciences as termed as bionanotechnology. This book also includes the environmental implications of nanotechnology as its green & eco-friendly aspect and its applications in daily uses. Thus, this is excellent combo of introduction and application of nanotechnology in biological sciences. Nanotechnology, itself is a new advance chemical technology according to the present scenario which has couple of applications in all fields of sciences including biotechnology as well. It has also role in clinical sciences in which this technology is very popular in diagnosis of various diseases, immune and drug therapy. This book is dedicated to All mighty and my parents, " Father, late Mr.Ram Kumar Sharma & Mother, Mrs. Sushila Sharma.
The critically acclaimed laboratory standard, Methods in Enzymology, is one of the most highly respected publications in the field of biochemistry. Since 1955, each volume has been eagerly awaited, frequently consulted, and praised by researchers and reviewers alike. The series contains much material still relevant today - truly an essential publication for researchers in all fields of life sciences.
Present era has seen emergence of new subjects and their development at a very fast pace. An interdependency of these subjects, their scope and impact is however expanding very fast. It is becoming increasingly difficult to measure the different aspects of research output, especially in case of application oriented, interdisciplinary subjects.Indicators based on research papers published in the international scientific journal literature are particularly useful for providing internationally comparable data on an academic institution’s scientific performance. These so called ‘bibliometric’ indicators can be used to establish an institution’s share in the volume of international research papers within a particular scientific discipline, its International scientific ‘impact’ in terms of references in the worldwide scientific literature to these papers, or the national and international scientific collaboration in terms of co-authored research publications. The aim of this study is to analyse quantitatively the literature contributed by the faculty at Jamia Millia Islamia.
If your writing is preventing you from getting the score you need in IELTS, Collins Writing for IELTS can help. Don't let one skill hold you back. Collins Writing for IELTS has been specially created for learners of English who plan to take the Academic IELTS exam to demonstrate that they have the required ability to communicate effectively in English at university. What is IELTS? The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is sat by over 1.4 million candidates around the world every year. It is the most common test used by universities for foreign students to prove their language level. IELTS is also increasingly used for immigration purposes, with Australia, New Zealand and Canada all requiring visa applicants whose first language is not English to submit an IELTS grade. The system tests candidates' Reading, Writing, Listening and Speaking in four separate papers. Usually, students must gain a good mark in all four skills in order to gain entry to the course, job, or country of their choice. For this reason, candidates will often sit the exam numerous times to secure the score that they need. There are two IELTS Writing papers: General and Academic. Collins Writing for IELTS concentrates on the Academic paper.
R is leading data analysis software and programming language. It has capacity to handle moderate to large dataset and creating publication ready graphs. This manual is designed as self-help manual useful beginner to more advanced users, with some statistical and computing knowledge. The author hope this manual will be useful for several areas of biological sciences including genetics, molecular biology, genomics, bioinformatics, biotechnology, agriculture, plant science, botany, ecology, breeding, animal breeding, systematics, animal science, human biology, human health, biomedical sciences, environmental science, microbiology, biochemistry and physiology. Examples and r scripts are provided to cover these areas of biological science. Software can be downloaded for free from: www.r-project.org.
Dear friends This book dedicate to my parents. over the last few years we run in genomic era (modern biology) and according their present study with this book entitled: modern biological science with DNA computing is advancement in biology ,that's why informatics sciences give us very time saving and validating response such a bioinformatics is new revolution in genomic era with fully computational validating analysis.
Chaos is the idea that a system will produce very different long-term behaviors when the initial conditions are perturbed only slightly. Chaos is used for some novel, time- or energy-critical interdisciplinary application. Examples include high-performance circuits and devices, liquid mixing, chemical reactions, biological systems, crisis management, secure information processing, and critical decision-making in politics, economics, as well as military applications, etc. This book presents the latest investigations in the theory of chaotic systems and its real applications in diverse disciplines such as economy, social sciences and mechanics. The papers, written by many of the leading experts in the field, cover both the experimental and theoretical aspects of the subject arising in the study of both discrete and continuous-time chaotic dynamical systems. This book presents the state-of-the-art of the more advanced studies of chaotic dynamical systems. Readership: Undergraduates and graduate students in natural and human sciences and engineering, and other areas of potential applications, mathematicians and researchers in nonlinear dynamical systems.
In this book the impact of Micro-Climate has been shown on the floral diversity in different altitudinal range of Garhwal Himalaya.This book contains 13 Chapters and 20 Tables,which is valuable for Under graduate and Post Graduate students of Environmental Sciences, Botany, Life Sciences and Natural Sciences. Beside the impact of climate on floral diversity in Garhwal Himalaya, the impact of Micro-Climate has been also shown on the distribution of other Natural Resources in Garhwal Himalaya. It is the hope that this book will help to students of Natural and biological Sciences to understand the basic concept of Climatic impact on Biodiversity and the distribution patterns of Natural Resources along Altitudinal Gradients in Garhwal Himalaya
This book sets out the findings and confirmation of Communication Sciences Branch which has spawned a new study called "Biological Communication through ICT implementation" as well as benefits in the world of education and learning. This book is based on the process of research findings that highlight the stimulus design based Information and Communication Technology to analyze the learning processes of information processing are performed on specific parts of the left brain and right brain individual learners. This book have been tested through an in-depth and quality research using multiple scientific perspectives such as Education, Communication, Psychology, Biology, Medicine, Information Technology and Communication, and Culture. Analysis of biological communication presented in this book can be used as guidelines in the design - development of IT-based communication and learning. In practical terms this book provides a foundation of scientific thinking in designing learning models based on the analysis of the behavior of biological communication from individual level primary school students to higher education, particularly in acceleration.
The study discusses the teaching of English language writing skills in Hungarian secondary education. The aim of the dissertation is to contribute to the body of research on writing in an EFL (English as a foreign language) context on secondary school level in Hungary, and thus fill a hiatus in the area of writing research. The research wishes to test the research hypothesis, namely that secondary graduates do not possess effective writing skills in English. The main research question is: Why are English writing skills not taught adequately at Hungarian schools? Through the process of investigating the issue, various research tools have been applied: curriculum documents are analysed, English teachers in a cross section of Hungarian secondary schools are interviewed, students are asked through questionnaires and student papers are analysed. The research takes a largely qualitative approach, combined with some quantitative features. It focuses on a sample of three secondary schools, situated in small-town environments in the vicinity of Budapest, the capital of Hungary.
Издание на английском языке.
Полный, неадаптированный текст произведения.
The Pickwick Papers is Dickens first novel and widely regarded as one of the major classics of comic writing in English. Originally serialised in monthly instalments, it quickly became a huge popular success with sales reaching 40,000 by the final number. In the century and a half since its first appearance, the characters of Mr Pickwick, Sam Weller and the whole of the Pickwickian crew have entered the consciousness of all who love English literature in general, and the works of Dickens in particular.
This book is for doctoral students in the fields of computing, engineering, health care, business and social sciences. A doctoral project proposal consists of elements such as a suitable doctoral project title, project background, literature review, research question, aim, objectives, possible outcomes, methodology, ethical considerations, project timescale, and reflection. All these elements are put in practice in a comprehensive example in this book.
The Longman Academic Writing Series helps students master the academic writing skills needed to succeed in their academic careers. The five-level series spans writing topics from composing sentences to writing research papers. Each level covers the complete writing process from prewriting to revision. Level 1 teaches beginning students to write sentences and paragraphs. The text’s proven approach integrates training in grammar, mechanics, vocabulary, sentence structure, and paragraph organization along with the writing process.
The book covers the main developments in the social sciences after World War Two. Chapters on economics, human geography, political science, psychology, social anthropology, and sociology will interest anyone wanting short, accessible histories of those disciplines; they will also make it easy for readers to compare disciplines. A final chapter offers a blueprint for writing the history of the social sciences as a whole, drawing attention to the role of interdisciplinary work and to the importance of factors from the Second World War to the sixties and the fall of communism.
Molecular biology is the study of biology at a molecular level. Writing in Nature in 1961, William Astbury described molecular biology as: "not so much a technique as an approach, an approach from the viewpoint of the so-called basic sciences with the leading idea of searching below the large-scale manifestations of classical biology for the corresponding molecular plan. The term “tissue engineering” was coined at a National Science Foundation (N.S.F.) bioengineering meeting in Washington D.C., in 1987. At a subsequent N.S.F. sponsored workshop, it was formally defined as “ the application of principles and methods of engineering and life sciences, to obtain a fundamental understanding of structural and functional relationships in novel and pathological mammalian tissues, and the development of biological substitutes to restore, maintain or improve tissue function”In Endodontics, that is, regenerative endodontic procedure refers to the regeneration of dentin pulp complex and even whole tooth structure. Murray PE, Gracia- Godoy F, Hargreaves KM in 2007 (85) defined it as “biologically based procedure designed to replace damaged structures including dentin and root structures as w
This book has 8 chapters which include the introduction and role of computers in biotechnology as computational biology and bioinformatics. Due to its role in biological sciences and biotechnology, new name is given to this apllication as biocomputers. This application of computers in biotechnology as computational biology and bioinformatics is the phenomenonal and inevitable. This applied science is a excellent fusion of life sciences and computers. Hence, this application of computers is very helpul to solve some untold facts in biotechnology as in the field of forensic sciences, genetics, evolutionary biology,biochemistry, microbiology, etiopathogenesis of epidemics & genetic disorders, cell & molecular biology. I also express my profound sense of gratitude and sincere thanks to Mrs. Bhawna sharma(B.Sc. and M.C.A.[Master of Computer Application] from Maharashi Dayanand University, Rohtak, INDIA)for her encouragement and support during the writing of this book. She is also insipiration for me to complete the project of this book. Last but least, my indebted thanks to All Mighty and my loving parents, My Father,"Late Mr. Ram Kumar Sharma & my mother,"Mrs. Sushila Sharma.
Harvey Sacks?s early death in 1975 robbed the social sciences of one of its most original thinkers. Although he published relatively little in his lifetime, his lectures and papers were enormously influential in sociology and sociolinguistics and they pla