Writing is probably the most critical and challenging of the four language skills, even for native speakers of a language. Finding ways of helping language learners improve their writing ability, therefore, has always been a challenge for language teachers and researchers. Several attempts have already been made and a few techniques and activities have been proposed including controlled, guided, and free writing activities. This book compares the effectiveness of these activities on the cohesiveness of the argumentative writing of learners in an EFL context. It includes a theoretical review and an empirical analysis of the issue. This book may be useful for EFL learners as well as teachers who teach writing.
Learners’ experience with writing in general and argumentative textual productions in particular, requires a great deal of lexical and syntactic knowledge that grant them the ability to discover and put into words their ideas.Thereupon, the motivation for conducting this study which is a self-possessed analysis of learners’ argumentative essays, is basically to explore the use of substantive words and complex sentences in their argumentative writing at Moulay Ismail University. The book makes an endeavor to examine the extent to which overusing these elements affect their overall scores in textual productions. With regard to the comparative analysis of the results, it is demonstrated that complex sentences are not used numerously in argumentative writing. Students do not give too much interest to this type of sentence. As for substantive words, it can be asserted to some extent that most students use them with a lucid and observed quantity.
The separation of teaching reading and writing has been a dominant feature of educational practice at the school level for many years. The literature on reading and writing reveals that much has been written on both skills separately but there is a lack of research on the relationship between the two. Recent research, however, has shown an emergence of interest in the reading/writing connection. Current movements in education have fostered that instruction in the language arts can be enhanced by integrating reading and writing. The fundamental issue this book examines is the interaction between reading and writing skills in English as a foreign language. It investigates whether 'effective' reading is transferable to 'effective' writing. The present book aims not only at exploring in greater empirical detail the interaction between domains which have been previously studied independently but also at testing the findings of earlier research. Undoubtedly, this book will raise a number of challenging and interesting questions as well as offer the reader an opportunity to keep abreast of developments in various fields related to the teaching of reading and writing skills.
This study was conducted in an attempt to provide insights toward deepening understanding of associations between culture and writing by building, assessing, and refining a conceptual model of second language writing. The Concepts of culture and coherence and the relationship between them were examined through a mixed methods research design in the research context of Contrastive Rhetoric, comparing the coherence quality in argumentative essays written by undergraduates in mainland China and their U.S. peers. In order to analyze the complex concept of argumentative coherence, five linguistic theories of coherence were synthesized: Halliday’s (1976) cohesion theory, Carroll’s theory of coherence (1999/2007), Enkvist’s theory of coherence (1990), Topical Structure Analysis (Lautamatti, 1978) and Toulmin’s Model (1956/2003). This book is aimed at providing implications for conceptualizing argumentative coherence and contrastive rhetorical research.
This study examines the use of cohesive devices and cohesive chains in the argumentative essays by Polish undergraduates majoring in English, using both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The analysis is based on the Halliday and Hasan (1976) framework on cohesion in texts. The book is divided into three chapters: two concerned with a discussion of the necessary theory of cohesion in texts and argumentative writing, and the third one is focused on the application of the theory- the analysis of essays. The analysis includes the distribution of cohesive ties and chains, some problems with using cohesive ties, and a comparative study of essays as regards the use of cohesive devices in two proficiency levels and in relation to writing quality. This study sheds some light on the concept of cohesion in written texts and how EFL students use cohesive features to express meanings in their writing.
In this rapidly changing information, thinking critically is a vital requirement for individuals. In response to this, Indonesian EFL teachers are given responsibility to assist their students to acquire critical thinking skills while learning English. This is done to give them adequate practice in critical thinking so that they can actively participate in the international community particularly in the global workplace.This book presents results of a study aims to investigate students’ critical thinking as demonstrated in their argumentative essays. Argumentative writing has been believed as an effective means to portray students’ critical thinking. It assists students in making ideas of their own, clarifying opinions or beliefs and sorting out the evidence which are part of critical thinking realization. In addition, this book also provides explanation regarding students’ consciousness on their own critical thinking. In this sense, information regarding their awareness as to whether they show critical thinking and individual voice in their argumentative texts has been the object of this book to discuss.
METADISCOURSE AND GENRE LEARNING explores how using and learning to use metadiscourse—non-propositional linguistic features guiding readers through texts and facilitating writer-reader communication—facilitates Chinese EFL undergraduates' learning of the genre of English argumentative writing in the pedagogical context of composition classrooms in China. Drawing on insights from genre theories, the literature on genre-based pedagogies, research on English argumentative writing, and metadiscourse studies, the researcher closely examines both student and teacher perspectives on student metadiscourse selections, and their practices of learning and teaching metadiscourse in the lessons of English argumentative writing through a qualitative design and a multimethod approach involving text analysis, individual interviews, classroom observation, and focus group interviews.
"Successful Writing: Upper-Intermediate" provides a thorough preparation for the different types of writing necessary for students at upper-intermediate level.
The book also focuses on the needs of students wishing to sit the Cambridge FCE examination and prepares students to write all types of composition,
including descriptive, argumentative, discursive, narrative, reports, articles, letters, transactional letters and reviews.
Each unit starts with listening to stimulate the students' interest.
The lead-in is followed by theory, plans and full-length model compositions which help students produce successful pieces of writing.
"Successful Writing: Upper-Intermediate" is accompanied by a separate Teacher's book and an audio CD.
Do you have an idea for a novel (or a poem, or an article, or a play...) that you'd love to finally get down on paper? Whatever your aim, inside you'll find the advice and support to get you started and keep you going. From preparing a writing work-space to marshalling your material into both fiction and non-fiction genres, Creative Writing For Dummies has everything you need to help you unlock your creativity and make your writing sparkle.
Research has indicated that writing argumentative essay is difficult for L2 students of English, as such the current project intended to examine the difficulties which Iranian EFL students have in writing argumentative essays and also to investigate similarities and/or differences in the way they structure their English and Persian argumentative essay before and after instruction. This study also attempted to portray how students transfer rhetorical patterns in L2 to L1 compositions. This study shed further light into the impact of explicit and implicit genre-based approach in comparison with the no-instruction approach on the argumentative genre. After conducting TOFEL test, 79 subjects were selected. The selected subjects were randomly divided into three groups. All of the three groups did 4 pre- and post-tests. The results show that the participants used basic structure of English argumentative papers in both their Persian and English pre-essays; however, they were weak at handling oppositional structures. The quantitative analysis of the post-argumentative essays revealed that the experimental group outperformed the implicit and no-formal instruction groups.
The present study investigates the effects of training ESL students to utilize audio feedback on the fluency, accuracy, content and organization of their writing. It also examines ESL student attitudes and perceptions towards audio feedback and audio feedback training. Audio feedback is an innovative error correction technique in which the teacher records comments on students’ writing and saves them as an audio file. The audio file is then used by the student to revise a piece of writing. Audio feedback training refers to the idea of training ESL students on how to successfully utilize audio feedback in order to reap its benefits during writing revision. Using a pretest and posttest utilizing TOFEL argumentative prompts, the researcher collected writing samples from 39 ESL students studying English at an American accredited university in Cairo, Egypt. The participants were divided into two groups, a control group and an experimental group. Prior to the posttest, both groups were given audio feedback on writing errors pertaining to fluency, accuracy, content, and organization. The experimental group also received a 20-minute audio feedback training session.
To tackle a bundle of resources for writing a research paper is not an easy task for an experienced instructor. Even worse, it is a confusing one for a student who is asked for the first time to write a research paper after studying several courses of essay writing. Writing a research paper needs not to be a frightening task. A research paper may be longer than most of all college essays, but a student will be given more time to complete it. Having a plan for work will make the process go smoothly. Over the years, I have arrived at a time-saving, ten-step, simple strategy for this. The first five steps prepare the student to write and the remaining steps helps in writing the documented paper.This book goes through these steps giving some examples from online resources.