This book is a teacher in itself, intended to guide students of tertiary institutions including researchers on one easy way to write papers for submission to a journal. The language used is kept as simple as possible for easy understanding. The book gave a general background to writing scientific research papers, what to consider before starting to write a scientific paper, how to attract other readers to your work and it enables the reader to know the qualities the editors and referees will be looking for in a paper as part of its consideration for publication. It takes each of the main parts of a research paper and looks at what usually goes into them with practical examples. Writing research papers is too wide a field to be able to cover every aspect in one small book. Other books deal in greater detail with other areas of scientific writing especially its technical details. It is not meant to be complete but as a basic introduction. I hope that the book will assist many scientists as they undertake the difficult task of writing their papers for submission to International Scientific Journals. I am delighted to publish this book and make it available to the developing world.
This book is an informative source both for seasoned and novice researchers and provides them with practical and straightforward guides to organize, write, submit, and revise their scientific papers in all disciplines. The materials covered in this book conform to the very recent and up-to-date principles and are on the basis of practical experience of researchers who have published several papers and books in international journals and data-bases. The following invaluable and straightforward features have made study of the book vey necessary for researchers. Some of them include perspectives and information about the: • Scientific and precise use of language and grammar in scientific papers • Instructions and techniques required for writing standard scientific paper • Choosing appropriate journal for your paper • Choosing appropriate format for your cover letter to the editor and submission of your paper • The review process and ethics of publication • An appendix that provides succinct grammatical advice necessary for standard paper writing
The core of scientific computing is designing, writing, testing, debugging and modifying numerical software for application to a vast range of areas: from graphics, meteorology and chemistry to engineering, biology and finance. Scientists, engineers and computer scientists need to write good code, for speed, clarity, flexibility and ease of re-use. Oliveira and Stewart's style guide for numerical software points out good practices to follow, and pitfalls to avoid. By following their advice, readers will learn how to write efficient software, and how to test it for bugs, accuracy and performance. Techniques are explained with a variety of programming languages, and illustrated with two extensive design examples, one in Fortran 90 and one in C++: other examples in C, C++, Fortran 90 and Java are scattered throughout the book. This manual of scientific computing style will be an essential addition to the bookshelf and lab of everyone who writes numerical software.
Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought about the work. The dissemination of research results and findings is an integral part of the research process. Researchers write to keep records of their work for themselves, but more importantly also for the readers and peer researchers who are expecting a standard form, language, and style when reading research papers. Writing in a scientific style may be hard in the beginning for novices, but clear communication and concise writing have no magic involved. The author has helped provide to the profession significant information on which to base current decisions on writing of scientific articles and on which to build for future developments and methods. This book gives an introductory report on basic issues of writing and organizing scientific articles, and getting them published.
Hedges are a significant resource for academics. However, we know little about how hedging is expressed or the functions it serves in different disciplines or genres. English for Specific Purposes (ESP) students are often advised to avoid hedges and to adopt a detached style in their writings. The ability to hedge statements appropriately is essential to effective academic success. In this paper we explores the importance and frequency of hedges in research articles in two different disciplines (humanistic and scientific). It presents the results of a review of 60 research articles, discussing the importance, frequency and realization of hedges in both scientific and humanistic articles. Thirty scientific and thirty humanistic articles are selected from journals and compared to identify the frequency of hedges used in both kinds of texts. The results show that it is the humanistic texts which are mostly frequented according to the use of hedges in comparison with scientific texts. This study can, therefore, make an important contribution to the understanding of the practical reasoning and persuasion in scientific and humanistic writing.
Written out of the author’s awareness of the problems many students and young researchers encounter when writing their research papers, this book is a simplified presentation of the fundamentals of research. Its technically simple style is aimed at making the book accessible to people of all academic persuasions. Most research studies or projects begin with a written proposal. For this reason, the book starts with a section on how to write a good standard research proposal. In the second section, the book discusses in detail the way in which a research project, dissertation or thesis must be outlined once the research proposal has been accepted. Chapter three looks specifically at a journal paper/article as another very important type of research paper. It gives a brief survey of important points to bear in mind when writing a journal article as well as the structure such a paper is expected to follow. Chapter four is a brief presentation of some of the methods of citation and reference styles commonly used in research.