Scientific research articles provide a method for scientists to communicate with other scientists about the results of their research. A standard format is used for these articles, in which the author presents the research in an orderly, logical manner. This doesn't necessarily reflect the order in which you did or thought about the work. The dissemination of research results and findings is an integral part of the research process. Researchers write to keep records of their work for themselves, but more importantly also for the readers and peer researchers who are expecting a standard form, language, and style when reading research papers. Writing in a scientific style may be hard in the beginning for novices, but clear communication and concise writing have no magic involved. The author has helped provide to the profession significant information on which to base current decisions on writing of scientific articles and on which to build for future developments and methods. This book gives an introductory report on basic issues of writing and organizing scientific articles, and getting them published.
This book is an informative source both for seasoned and novice researchers and provides them with practical and straightforward guides to organize, write, submit, and revise their scientific papers in all disciplines. The materials covered in this book conform to the very recent and up-to-date principles and are on the basis of practical experience of researchers who have published several papers and books in international journals and data-bases. The following invaluable and straightforward features have made study of the book vey necessary for researchers. Some of them include perspectives and information about the: • Scientific and precise use of language and grammar in scientific papers • Instructions and techniques required for writing standard scientific paper • Choosing appropriate journal for your paper • Choosing appropriate format for your cover letter to the editor and submission of your paper • The review process and ethics of publication • An appendix that provides succinct grammatical advice necessary for standard paper writing
Written out of the author’s awareness of the problems many students and young researchers encounter when writing their research papers, this book is a simplified presentation of the fundamentals of research. Its technically simple style is aimed at making the book accessible to people of all academic persuasions. Most research studies or projects begin with a written proposal. For this reason, the book starts with a section on how to write a good standard research proposal. In the second section, the book discusses in detail the way in which a research project, dissertation or thesis must be outlined once the research proposal has been accepted. Chapter three looks specifically at a journal paper/article as another very important type of research paper. It gives a brief survey of important points to bear in mind when writing a journal article as well as the structure such a paper is expected to follow. Chapter four is a brief presentation of some of the methods of citation and reference styles commonly used in research.
Writing and submitting an acceptance research proposal is not a simple task and can be exasperating experience even for the most accomplished and experienced researchers. For most graduate students pursuing masters and PhD,the time for producing a research proposal and final dissertation is considered as a period of agony and utmost suffering.In most cases out rightly detest the whole idea of writing and submitting a proposal because the whole business seems to be too complex to accomplish.Arguably,in most Universities in Africa the time for producing a dissertation/thesis proposal and its final report is probably the most frustrating moment.However,despite all these challenges associated in writing a dissertation/thesis,there are still some students who write and submit acceptable dissertation proposals within the shortest time possible or within recommended time period.Students even produce their own proposals and final dissertations well before the officially stipulated time.The purpose of this book is to guide how students can successfully write their proposals.
The purpose of academic research is publication. Graduate students are measured primarily not by their innate knowledge of either broad or narrow scientific subject; they are measured by their publications. The goal of this book is to help graduate students to prepare manuscripts that will have a high probability of being accepted for publication and of being completely understood when they are published. Because the requirements of journals vary widely, it is not possible to offer a recommendation that is universally acceptable. This book is tray to lay out some key concepts in the process of writing a manuscript. I will not cover methods for any one discipline, but rather, provide certain basic principles that are accepted in most disciplines.
This research has investigated Confucius’ ethical philosophies and political philosophies and the implications to political economies from a statistical perspective in Chinese nations and cultural sphere. Ethical and political philosophies have been an abstract but normative account to political economies for a long time; however, such implications to political economies have not been viewed from a statistical perspective. This paper has taken a brief account on ethical and political ideas that inform contemporary political economies, which have been operationalized to numerical variables and matched to political economic expenditure for statistical regressions, whose results have indicated that the ethical and political tradition does have implications on political economies, whose implication strengths are stronger than residual influences of economic development and globalization. This paper seems to confirm the presence of unique political economies model in the Chinese nations and cultural sphere, as being a significance of this research.
This article provides practical information to those who have been asked to submit a research proposal/thesis as part of their application for admissions/graduations to a research degree as well as who are applying to external bodies for post graduate research funding.A research degree can be one of the best experiences of your life, what you gain along the way will serve you for the rest of your life, if only to make you a more confident and knowledgeable person in the life. In addition to make friends, meeting eminent researchers and being part of the research community, it will allow you to develop research skills as well as invaluable transferable skills which you can apply to academic life, your current employment or a variety of professions outside the academia.This article is only suggestions. They do not guarantee a successful research application. They may, however, help you prepare a carefully conceptualized and comprehensive proposal. This may not only be important to the members of the board who have to decide on your application, but also to yourself, by giving you a clear structure for your own work.
Many graduating students find it difficulty writing proposals and projects due to the fact that they have little knowledge on the how to go about it. Most of them are always found complaining of not getting the needed attention. More so, they find it difficult defending their project work via presentation. Sequel to this difficulty, most of them end up giving out their projects to others to be written for them for a fee while the problem of defense still becomes an albatross around their necks. This observation is not really helping students and therefore the need to make available a comprehensive guide to help them write their own projects work and proposal with ease.This manual thus provides self explanatory information and steps for the students engaged in research. Students who use this manual would be capable of producing an excellent theses/project work without stress, and ease the tension during the defense of their works. The book covers student research and business proposal writings, student project and theses write ups, and preparation for defense. The manual is therefore recommended for all who are engaged in endeavours aforementioned.
This book is a teacher in itself, intended to guide students of tertiary institutions including researchers on one easy way to write papers for submission to a journal. The language used is kept as simple as possible for easy understanding. The book gave a general background to writing scientific research papers, what to consider before starting to write a scientific paper, how to attract other readers to your work and it enables the reader to know the qualities the editors and referees will be looking for in a paper as part of its consideration for publication. It takes each of the main parts of a research paper and looks at what usually goes into them with practical examples. Writing research papers is too wide a field to be able to cover every aspect in one small book. Other books deal in greater detail with other areas of scientific writing especially its technical details. It is not meant to be complete but as a basic introduction. I hope that the book will assist many scientists as they undertake the difficult task of writing their papers for submission to International Scientific Journals. I am delighted to publish this book and make it available to the developing world.
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To what extend the way that social ties are articulated could be an explanatory variable for the formation of space? What type/architecture of citizens’ connectivity leads to an urban sustainable ecosystem? What formula can be a satisfactory model for interpreting and confronting the problems of contemporary production of urban space? The aim of this research is to investigate potential correlations between specific types of social networks and emergent spatial patterns. For this purpose, the research generates and introduces the Spatially Transformed Social Networks model (STSN). The STSN model is an abstract agent based model which simulates space production processes. The input is a dataset of social networks’ relationships. Agents’ behaviour is determined by social and environmental interactions which in turn are essentially determined by crucial rules. The output of the model is an abstract diagram which depicts spatially distributed objects. The findings are significant to the extent that they bring to light a promising research field which could lead to a new Science of Cities via an entirely new approach of urban planning.