Wilson Okaka is a Ugandan Journalism and Communication Lecturer/Adjunct Professor,who is dedicated to public policy awareness communication campaigns. His research interests include: access to information rights, renewable energy and environment, public health, mass communication, gender equality, democracy, community radio, and human rights.He has traveled to several countries in Americas, Europe, Africa, and Asia.He has also published several books and journal articles. He is a member of several national, regional, and international scientific research and education networks.
This book is a collection of different essays on economic studies. It contains seven parts with fourth two essays. Each part deals with an advanced topic in economic. Part one: History of economic thought, Part two: Money and banking, Part three: The theory of the firm. Part four of this book is titled: Trade cycle, Part five of this book the economic history, Part six: Applied economics, and finally Part seven: Public choice. The book is useful for different types of readers, for example post graduate students in economics and business management, it will help them to understand the advanced topics of economics, for lecturers to prepare their lecture notes, for other readers who are willing to explore the world of economic science.
The purpose of this book has been to reveal the different effects of Norwegian labor market policies aimed at unemployed people. The results are presented in terms of four sections. The first two chapters use a reform of unemployment benefit regulations to compare a task-oriented regime, with an insurance-oriented regime in which the job seeker is left a large part of the responsibility for their own search behavior. The studies show that activity-oriented regime results in quicker return to work, while the insured oriented regime gives the job seeker time and space to find better jobs. The last two chapters focus on the different effects of rehabilitation programs. The results show that participation in rehabilitation programs contribute to increased job probability. There are however large differences between different programs and different participants. In summary, the effects are higher, the more the programs resemble ordinary jobs.
Many financial models are evaluated using the stochastic discount factor (SDF) approach because of its simplicity, flexibility and universality. The two essays of this work exploit these characteristics to re-examine two long-standing asset pricing topics: consumption-based and performance measurement models. The first essay develops a methodology to understand and compare the sources of pricing errors in models based on SDF moments. The method allows a new investigation of preference-based explanations of the risk-free rate, term premium and risk premium puzzles. The second essay presents a method to measure performance evaluation by developing bounds on admissible performance measures that are free from inference errors. The bounds are furthermore used in ranking mutual funds and as a diagnostic instrument for evaluating candidate performance measures. Each essay carefully establishes the empirical relevancy of the proposed methodologies. These extensions of the SDF framework provide important new insights and have numerous finance applications for academic researchers and practitioners.
This study examines the use of cohesive devices and cohesive chains in the argumentative essays by Polish undergraduates majoring in English, using both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The analysis is based on the Halliday and Hasan (1976) framework on cohesion in texts. The book is divided into three chapters: two concerned with a discussion of the necessary theory of cohesion in texts and argumentative writing, and the third one is focused on the application of the theory- the analysis of essays. The analysis includes the distribution of cohesive ties and chains, some problems with using cohesive ties, and a comparative study of essays as regards the use of cohesive devices in two proficiency levels and in relation to writing quality. This study sheds some light on the concept of cohesion in written texts and how EFL students use cohesive features to express meanings in their writing.
The main topic for this thesis is economic risk and risk management, primarily within aquaculture. In particular, political risk is studied, defined as risk related to political decisions and regulations. This includes exploring and modelling the importance of such risks and studying methods for the management of such risks. Such analysis could have two main normative purposes, both of which are addressed in the thesis: First, to analyse how an individual agent''s risk exposure can be improved, and second, to determine how governments should develop policies to optimise the use of resources in society at large.
Increasing globalization of business and competition, as well as enormous technological developments, resulted in firms experiencing unprecedented business challenges. Not only did the accounting community undergo structural and professional changes to face the new challenges, but also the kind of technical issues accountants have to handle are becoming increasingly “international” . This two-essay manuscript discusses two of the most salient accounting issues. The first revolves around the increasing diversity of accounting standards worldwide and the undergoing efforts at harmonizing these efforts. The second essay discusses one mechanism through which income of a foreign subsidiary is manipulated by the headquarters of a multinational corporation, termed “transfer pricing”. A parent company with subsidiaries exchanging resources is bound to deal with the complex transfer pricing issues. Some of the issues related to transfer pricing include: managerial performance evaluation, home and host country taxation, resource allocation, local partners relations, production and marketing decisions, and competition in foreign markets.
The book contains five separate studies that share a common theme involving the investigation of laterality in general, but ultimately describes new research on humans. It begins with a general introduction to concept of laterality. The topics covered include molecular asymmetries, laterality in plants and animals, and a section that specifically describes laterality in humans. This theoretical prologue is followed by five essays written in the style of scientific journal articles that can be read in sequence, or independently. Two of the studies focus on the investigation of laterality in Parkinson's disease. The first focuses on the relationship between the asymmetry of the initial motor symptoms of patients with Parkinson's disease and their pre-morbid handedness. The second considers the difference between the pre-morbid and current hand preferences of the patients. Two further studies attempt to answer more general questions regarding human laterality - how many handedness groups can be distinguished from population survey data and what are the predictors of human rotation. The remaining essay focuses on the level of measurement of the items used to measure handedness.
Economists and policy makers around the world believe that education promotes economic growth and reduces the poverty. Investment in education helps to increase individual productivity that provide better earnings, and reduces the inequality in the society. Many governments in developing countries realized the importance of education and implemented new policy initiatives to improve education. Many developing countries introduced free education policies, school expansion programs, and conditional cash transfer programs to increase the quantity of education. Although these new policies help to achieve significant progress in education, many children in developing countries are still not enrolling in schools or receiving a low-quality education. Furthermore, gender disparity in education is another concern in many developing countries. This study assess both quantity and quality aspect of education policy in developing countries using two case studies in Uganda and Sri Lanka.
India is now an 'emerging' country, based on its achievements in Science & Technology, powered by a young demographic dividend. The book describes India's advances in Science and Technology from ancient times to modern India after its independence in 1947. India's higher education system is now expanding and the youth of India has shown promise of becoming a global citizen capable of providing workforce for entire world. The collection of essays are based on the actual involvement of the author in the national development scene during the last four decades. The book is divided into two parts. The first part traces the history of India's science from the ancient past to today's political commitment to the growth of Science and Technology in the country. The second part deals with the modern developments and education reforms that are being introduced in India to meet the growing need of young talent that will power the emerging India. In each of the two parts the author has also expressed the concerns that need to be addressed to achieve the aspirations of the nation. Intelligent readers interested in understanding modern India would find the book stimulating and informative.
This doctoral dissertation comprises three chapters that collectively examine the internationalization strategy of Spanish Multinational Enterprises (MNEs), focusing on the proactive use of political risk when selecting the location of their subsidiaries. The first chapter studies the relationship between political risk and scope of internationalization. Drawing on the Uppsala model, the diversification and the portfolio theory, the behavior of Spanish MNEs towards political risk is examined. The second chapter focuses on the new members of the European Union, paying special attention to political risk and the quality of institutions. The results show that there still exist differences between Eastern and Western regions when selecting the location of the FDI. Finally, the third chapter analyses FDI flows from Southern Europe to two nearby developing regions: North Africa and Central and Eastern Europe. Despite FDI flows are expected to fall due to higher political risk, those from the countries in the sample increase, because these MNEs are trying to take advantage of their political capabilities to obtain competitive advantages.
Marketing and politics theories have evolved in reciprocal response to all-out development in their sects and other disciplines. Through this book, I endeavour to shed some light on the utilisation of political and marketing concepts and applications, by terrorist and tyrannical regimes, for ill. The first objective is to conceptualise zealous Islamists' transformation to loyal jihadists through an intensive crossfertilisation of theories and application from the fields of politics, psychology, and marketing. I also present netizens’ activism and challenges to two theories of shared thoughts and actions, demonstrate the story of social networking and the Arab Spring. In this study, I narrow the scope of this study to the protest phase of the conflict in Syria. To that end, the contents of a number of leaked emails are presented to uncover the utilisation of political branding by the Syrian‘s regime to achieve a set of political goals. Consequently, the impact of al-Assad brand image and his rhetoric brand equity on political cynicism of pro-democracy netizens were described conceptually and empirically. Finally, I conclude by discussing each essay findings.
This study consists of two essays. Using a dataset from 38 economies, the first essay examines the association between product market competition and accounting conservatism as well as whether this association varies with legal institutions and product market competition. In addition, I also investigate whether product market competition affects the positive association between legal institutions and accounting conservatism documented by prior studies. In the second essay, I examine the association between ownership structure and accounting conservatism as well as how legal institutions influence this association. Using a comprehensive, firm-level ownership dataset for thirteen Western European countries to conduct the empirical analysis, I find that: (1) both wedge between control rights and cash-flow rights and dispersion of cash-flow rights across multiple large owners are positively associated with accounting conservatism; (2) legal institutions strengthen the positive association between wedge/dispersion of cash-flow rights and accounting conservatism.
‘Social security communities’ is a hypothetical term used in the book to refer to communities that rely mainly on social grants payouts to meet their day to day basic needs. The claim is that households in ‘social security communities’ access food mainly through the market.The demographics of such communities have high dependancy ratios.These communities are predominant in former homeland areas characterised of poverty and underdevelopement. On the contrary households in ‘agrarian communities’ are actively influencing their food production and food access systems with direct practice of crop and animal husbandry. The ‘social security communities’ are welfare dependent such that in a situation where the state fails to deliver of the social welfare packages these communities are left with no means to cope. What is social security? Social security is informed of the human rights logic. It includes two formations which are social insurance (contributory oriented) and social assistance (welfare oriented). Social assistance in form of social grants (welfare oriented) is a critical feature of social policy aimed at poverty alleviation.
This work contributes to the literature in international macroeconomics, focusing on two important aspects: currency unions and growth. First,we develop a theoretical model that is able to capture some of the factors that are characterizing the trade between developed and developing countries and their growth regimes. Second, we consider two main macroeconomic costs and benefits predicted by the theory of Optimum Currency Areas: i) the business-cycle correlation between the candidate''s economy and that of the currency zone as a whole; ii) the candidate economy''s enhanced price stability. The results provide empirical evidence of the existence of several optimal currency areas in the world. In particular, in several areas, such as Europe, the Middle-East, Africa, the Commonwealth of Independent States and Mongolia, the creation of a common currency union is beneficial.Another important element to foster growth, besides trade and monetary integration, is macroeconomic stability. We present theoretical and empirical evidence showing that the relation between volatility and average long-run growth is robustly negative.
Some critics view the postwar avant-garde as the empty recycling of forms and strategies from the first two decades of the twentieth century. Others view it, more positively, as a new articulation of the specific conditions of cultural production in the postwar period. Benjamin Buchloh, one of the most insightful art critics and theoreticians of recent decades, argues for a dialectical approach to these positions.This collection contains eighteen essays written by Buchloh over the last twenty years. Each looks at a single artist within the framework of specific theoretical and historical questions. The art movements covered include Nouveau Realisme in France (Arman, Yves Klein, Jacques de la Villegle) art in postwar Germany (Joseph Beuys, Sigmar Polke, Gerhard Richter), American Fluxus and pop art (Robert Watts and Andy Warhol), minimalism and postminimal art (Michael Asher and Richard Serra), and European and American conceptual art (Daniel Buren, Dan Graham). Buchloh addresses some artists in terms of their oppositional approaches to language and painting, for example, Nancy Spero and Lawrence Weiner. About others, he asks more general questions concerning the development of models of institutional critique (Hans Haacke) and the theorization of the museum (Marcel Broodthaers); or he addresses the formation of historical memory in postconceptual art (James Coleman).One of the book's strengths is its systematic, interconnected account of the key issues of American and European artistic practice during two decades of postwar art. Another is Buchloh's method, which integrates formalist and socio-historical approaches specific to each subject.
Writing can be an amazing world to explore. From realistic fiction to mysteries to sci-fi to poetry, your writing is only limited by your imagination. Keep in mind that writing is a lot more than putting pen to paper: it takes reading, research, thinking, and revision. While not all writing methods work for everyone, tips in this book both in writing Letters and Essays should get you started on your path to writing. In this book, the first chapter gives insights towards teaching writing skill. Chapter two explains about techniques for either starting writing or teaching different types of writing. Chapter three is about different types of letters.
These essays are concerned with the legal and constitutional issues surrounding the Pinochet case and are aimed at all those,whether lawyers or non-lawyers, with an interest in the House of Lords’ decisions and their implications. The Introduction provides a calendar of events and considers the interaction between the courts and Home Secretary in the extradition process. Thereafter, the book is divided into two parts. The first consists of three related essays, which critically assess the suitability of the House of Lords, in the light of Pinochet, as the final court of appeal for constitutional and political cases, its decision on the ‘Hoffmann question’, and, in this context, its failure to take account of the jurisprudence of the ECHR. Part Two also consists of three essays. These are concerned with the wider, international implications. They consider the concept of justice in relation to Pinochet, the internationalisation of criminal justice and its conflict with the freedom of states to grant national amnesties, and the decision of the House of Lords to refuse Pinochet, as a former head of state, immunity from prosecution. The three House of Lords judgments on Pinochet are included in an Annex to the essays, enabling the reader to make instance reference to the cases.