International Trademark Classification: A Guide to the Nice Agreement provides practical guidance from a leading expert offering help for trademark and intellectual property attorneys on how to properly classify goods and services in trademark applications.
The focus area of this paper is on the assignment problem with budget constraints which is one of the application area of combinatorial optimization that operates on the domain of those optimization problems,in which the set of feasible solutions is discrete or can be reduced to discrete,and in which the goal is to find the best solution. It is particularly concerned with solving the unconstrained assignment problems with Hungarian algorithm and the constrained assignment problem by cutting plane or outer linearization algorithm for solving the Lagrangian dual problem in which, at each iteration,the function that approximates the dual function is optimized. The paper is divided in to two chapters. In the first chapter,the classical assignment problem,the problem of finding optimum (minimum or maximum) cost or profit assignment a set of workers or resources to jobs or activities to gather with its mathematical formulation,solution methods and special cases in assignment problems were considered. Under the second chapter, we have considered generalization of the classical assignment problem concerning resource(or budget) constraints, due to the variety of real life problems.
Assignment Problem is one of the first fundamental problems in the area of combinatorial optimization. Despite its historical roots, the problem has tremendous importance to date, due to its numerous real life applications in like facility location, personnel scheduling, job scheduling, production planning, project assignment, task assignment, time-tabling, vehicle routing, storage space allocation, etc. This book comprises some real life assignment and related problems involving imprecise cost/time parameters. In order to represent those imprecise parameters, interval numbers have been used here as this representation is the best among others. The associated problems have been solved using Genetic Algorithm efficiently. A salient feature of this book is that most of the algorithms have been written in a lucid manner with suitable examples using figures. This book should interest academicians, OR/GA practitioners and executives of different industries and business organizations.
A wireless mesh networks (WMNs) has emerged recently, WMN consist of two types of nodes mesh routers and mesh clients.WMN is dynamically self-organized and self-configured, with the nodes in the network automatically establishing and maintaining mesh connectivity among themselves. Channel assignment is a critical issue in WMN which is the mapping between the available channels and the radios at each node such that the network performance is optimized, and hence the focus of this work along with static channel assignment, multi-radio, multi-channel. Multi-radio MAC can potentially achieve higher network capacity than single-radio MAC. We design and implement a new agent (DSBCA) distributed channel assignment spanner base, the routing protocol Optimize the network performance considering the throughput, end-to-end delay, connectivity and the interference of our channel assignment algorithm. Base on the network simulations NS2.34 on Linux Fedora and our proposed channel assignment algorithm improved the throughput, minimal-connectivity preserving channel assignment algorithm.
The efficient management of Change Requests (CRs) is fundamental for successful software maintenance; however the assignment of CRs to developers is an expensive aspect in this regard, due to the time and expertise demanded. To overcome this, researchers have proposed automated approaches for CR assignment. Although these proposals present advances to this topic, they do not consider many factors inherent to the assignments, such as: developers’ workload, CRs severity, interpersonal relationships, and developers know-how. Actually, as we demonstrate in this work, CR assignment is a complex activity and automated approaches cannot rely on simplistic solutions. Ideally, it is necessary to consider and reason over contextual information in order to provide an effective automation. Beyond investigating all these aspects through an extensive systematic literature review, this work also proposes a context-aware architecture solution to semi-automated assignment of CRs.
If a glass of lemonade is too bitter you can dilute it by adding water. This makes the lemonade less potent. In the land of trademarks, a similar concept applies whereby someone’s valuable property, i.e., the mark, is diminished in strength. “Trademark dilution” is a trademark law concept giving the owner of a famous trademark or well-known mark, standing to forbid others from using that mark in a way that would lessen its uniqueness. Thus Well-known or famous marks are being afforded increased protection day by day under trademark and unfair competition law in a significant number of countries.This analysis on the controversial doctrine of trade mark dilution is presented with a new and comprehensive outlook in this book and should be useful for a wide variety of audience, especially including the professionals/Attorneys in trademark law, teachers of Intellectual property law, students and anyone else who may be interested in understanding the protection of well-known marks.
Not suitable for children under 5 years of age This is an action-packed sticker book guide to the universe of Star Wars Rebels. Star Wars Rebels[trademark]: Rebels Versus Empire Ultimate Sticker Book is a companion sticker book to the new adventure from the Star Wars franchise, the animated television series Star Wars Rebels[trademark]. Set between the events of Star Wars: Episodes III and IV, the Ultimate Sticker Book contains over 500 stickers depicting the exciting fight against the Empire that continues in Star Wars Rebels[trademark]. Enjoy new adventures and new stories from the Star Wars[trademark] universe, following the escapades of a band of young rebels. Including epic battles, interesting characters and exciting vehicles that Star Wars Rebels[trademark] fans have grown to expect, the Ultimate Sticker Book is released to coincide with the premiere of the television series. With Star Wars Rebels[trademark]: Rebels Versus Empire Ultimate Sticker Book there's a galaxy of sticker fun to be had.
The dynamics of the trademark law expanded the scope of possible protection to the subject matters which are non-conventional in nature such as smell, taste and sound etc. Disabled person (Visually impaired) also can visualize and distinguish the products. The subject matter of the book strive to deal with the intricacies of ‘sound’ as a trademark in different jurisdictions primarily the United States, Europe and India. The attempt has been made to explain the flexibilities available in the definition of 'trademark' under the TRIPs Agreement. The book will fascinate the readers owing to the twin facts i.e., the very use of sound as a trade mark across the globe and the shift of European trademark regime towards the American approach by diluting the ‘graphical representation’ requirement in order to facilitate the registration of non-conventional marks.
The Evil Within: The Assignment – это первое из двух дополнение к The Evil Within, главной героиней которого является Джулия Кидман, напарница детектива Себастьяна Кастелланоса. В этом дополнении игроки получат часть ответов на те вопросы, которые у них остались после финала оригинальной игры.
The problem of distributing goods from depots to consumers plays an important role in the management of many distribution systems, and therefore when it is programmed efficiently it may yield significant savings. In a typical distribution system, trucks provide pick-up and delivery services to customers that are geographically dispersed in a given area. In many of its applications, the main objective of distribution is to find a set of routes for such trucks, satisfying a variety of constraints, so as to minimize the total distribution cost. This work focuses on a decision model for a real world problem. The problem reveals itself as assignment of trucks to routes by Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, Ghana. This study addresses the problem of finding an efficient assignment of the limited number of trucks at the company’s disposal to the routes they ply while serving its customers outside the metropolis. In this work we use a solution procedure based on Munkres Assignment Algorithm for optimal assignment of non-homogenous fleet of trucks to a given set of routes, where Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, distributes its products to its customers.
In the age of globalization, trademarks have become more and more important assets not only of companies but also of countries. The contribution of well-known trademarks such as COCA-COLA, IBM, NOKIA, TOYOTA, and HONDA into the national economies is very large and quite remarkable. The traditional principles of trademark law have been challenged by the modern conditions of the world economy. Especially in the case of the well-known trademark, that protection is based not only on national law but also on the international legal framework. International attempts during the past time in order to build up a global regime of well-known trademark protection have been realized by many international conventions and treaties. Those have established legal foundations for the protection of well-known trademarks in worldwide. From a theoretical perspective, well-known trademarks and the protection of well-known trademarks have increasingly become important topics engaging the thoughts of scholars all over the world. There have been many books and research works dealing with issues concerning well-known trademark protection in theory and legislation.
Intellectual property rights are of critical importance in every economy. Trademarks are perhaps the most widely used of such rights and tend to be those on which the majority of intellectual property disputes are based. These trademark infringement disputes come about as a result of the presence of a risk of confusion in the minds of manufacturers and consumers. They have been identified as the primary stakeholders most affected by such an occurrence. The prevalence of disputes around trademark infringement has therefore led to the need to perform a study of the topic: the risk of confusion within trademark infringement actions in the OAPI zone. This book sets out the various means by which the risk of confusion presents itself. As well as, a study of the different means of recourse available in the event of trademark rights infringement through confusing acts. This study was carried out within the OAPI intellectual property zone and specifically on the situation in Cameroon, Central Africa.