“The oldest and strongest emotion of mankind is fear, and the oldest and strongest kind of fear is fear of the unknown”. With these words Howard Philips Lovecraft begins “The Supernatural Horror in Literature”. I contend that the importance Lovecraft attaches to the unknown in this critical essay on horror fiction – or weird fiction, as Lovecraft termed it – is reflected in his own works, as well. This thesis shows that the unknown actually forms the core of a narrative technique which we can identify in most of Lovecraft’s works. Through close readings of three of his most famous texts, “The Call of Cthulhu”, “The Shadow over Innsmouth” and “The Case of Charles Dexter Ward”, this thesis analyzes the central role that unknowns play in them. It highlights how unknowns are created, maintained and resolved in the course of the narrative. The analyses also show how these unknowns affect the narrative flow and how the reader is affected by their presence. Ultimately, this thesis describes a narrative technique or model which is centered on the unknown and which is commonly found in Lovecraft’s texts.
The thesis of this paper is: a) narrative creates identity (both individual and communal); b) our society privileges argument over narrative within the public sphere, and; c) therefore, by excluding the voices of others who privilege narrative and silencing our own narratives, we are all diminished in realizing our fullest potential self-hood. In support of this thesis the concepts of Paul Ricoeur’s Narrative Self, Charles Taylor and Jurgen Habermas’ Public Sphere are explored and, in the case of the latter, critiqued. Then, to illuminate this flaw the hermeneutic strategies of Mujerista and Womanist theologians are explored with special emphasis on the Womanist exegesis of the Hagar story as well as historical and fictional slave narratives. Further, to support the plea for narrative with integrity, the framework for this paper is an allegory reflecting the concepts explored within each Chapter.
The cinematic essay, also known as the essay film, is an extension of the documentary genre which replaces the impossible task of objectivity with a more subjective, argumentative approach. Until the recent growth in digital technology, which has decreased the financial burden associated with the cost of film stock and other aspects of production, essayistic cinema was mostly created by professional filmmakers, who approach thesis-driven arguments through a visual medium to achieve what documentary pioneer John Grierson described as “the creative treatment of actuality” (Winston, 19). Yet in recent years the development of digital cameras and editing equipment has made it possible for amateur filmmakers, including those involved in academia, to craft essay films with the same efficiency and quality of their professional predecessors.
Have you ever wondered how readers read and predict plot? What, in a mystery story, can make readers certain of guilt or innocence? Do readers actually read the way that narrative theorists believe, or do they have an entirely different way of predicting the outcome of a story? In this thesis, Sharon Cooper uses empirical evidence to better understand these questions, and to test the theories of many great narrative theorists.
Therapeutic Justice: Life Inside Drug Court is a documentary film about the highly innovative and successful drug court in Fayetteville, Arkansas. The film shows the inner-workings of this cutting-edge rehabilitation program through the eyes of a judge who receives national recognition and a professional football player who struggles with drug addiction. Of 2,400 drug courts in the country, the Washington-Madison County Drug Court in Fayetteville is the only one with its own TV show. The film and the accompanying written thesis make a case for drug court as a preferred alternative to prison for the treatment of addicts. The written thesis contains an in-depth feature story about the Washington-Madison County program, a qualitative research proposal investigating the effects of cameras in drug court, a narrative describing the production of the documentary, and the film script.
Time is one of the fundamental categories of human life experience in real and fictional world. Time can be represented in a narrative texts when it is said that time is one of the basic elements in the human experience of a fictional world. Time is almost the first thing that readers become aware of as he or she reads fiction. Because time in narrative, as Genette (1980) put it, treats the possibilities of temporal arrangements and presentations. In general, time in a narrative text deals with order, duration, and frequency of events in a narrative. For this reason, I choose to work on narrative technique, which is Narrative Time, and on the chosen novel because; firstly, Narrative Time is one big technique that contributes a lot to the development and interpretation of the novel under investigation; secondly, this work will narrow the gap that is found between the modern narrative techniques and current Ethiopian novels that couldn’t get the attention of different scholars. Thus the Ethiopian novel entitled “Yalsekene Zema” is analyzed from three facets of Narrative Time; Order, Duration, and Frequency. The main analysis of sample events from the novel carried out in line with t
Drawing comparisons with other art forms, this book examines the role of aesthetic features in silent reading, such as narrative structure, and the core experience of reading a novel as a story rather than a scholarly exercise. Focuses on the experience of the art form known as the novel Uses the more common perspective of a reader who reads to be told a story, rather than for scholarly or critical analysis Draws comparisons with experience of the other arts, music in particular Explores the different effects of a range of narrative approaches
The purpose of this study is to analyze how a narrative voice is manifested in two Oromo narratives: Godaannisa and Gurraacha Abbayyaa, written by Dhaba Woyyessa. The intention is to show how an author applies different styles from text to text in terms of narrative voice. It is also attempted to indicate that the application of voice in a narrative can be analyzed not only irrespective of the medium but also irrespective of the language in which the narrative is presented. When analyzed critically, as Genette (1980), Booth (1983), Phelan (1996) and Bal (1997) among others would argue, a narrative voice can help to understand the characteristics of a certain text. So to analyze the narrative voice in each selected narrative, source, level, text and time relationship, and degrees of conspicuousness and reliability of the narrator are used as criteria. The study revealed that the narrative voice in Godaannisa is a personified, extra-homodiegetic, overt, retrospective and unreliable while the narrative voice in Gurraacha Abbayyaa is unpersonified, extra-hetrodiegetic, moderately overt, retrospective and slightly unreliable.
That climate change is an important issue these days is hardly a controversial statement, as a citizen of a western democracy I am encouraged to be ‘climate smart''. But is that a real solution to a complex issue? In this essay three major actors on the global climate change arena are investigated in relation to each other: Social movements, scientific perspective (IPCC) and policymakers (UN). The idea which inspired this essay was the notion that the policy decided upon by the world leaders during the climate summit in Copenhagen, Cop15, would stand further from the scientific view of climate change in relation to sustainable development than what the social movements'' demands are. Furthermore, this essay has a didactic perspective and aim to illuminate how the climate change issue can be used within the school subject social studies. Despite that there was no deal part the this essay shows that social movements have a close, but critical relationship towards both world leaders and politicians and to the scientific view of climate change, and is of interest to anyone who would like to understand the climate change issue from different perspectives.
Book Title: Analysis of errors in the use of English Verbs in secondary school student Essay. Sub – Title: “Error Analysis in Essay Writing”. Blurb: The book, titled “ An analysis of errors in the use of English verbs in secondary school students’ essay” analysed the various types of errors in the use of English verbs in senior secondary students' essay in Abuja Area Councils.The English verbs are seen as the most problematic part of speech and important elements of a sentence. The second language learners encounter difficulties while using them in sentence constructions. It also reviews some literature related to verb errors. It presents the method of data analysis, data presentation and interpretation.
This book handles the use of English collocation in third year college students’ essay writings to identify the problems and suggest remedial work to overcome such problems. The use of collocations comes with practice, experience and exposure to the native language; hence college students face problems in the proper use of such combinations. . The thesis was done at Salahadin University in 2013, three colleges have been chosen, college of Languages, College of Educations and College of Basic Education.
The Writers at Work series prepares ESL students to tackle academic essay writing. This book teaches the basics of academic essay writing to intermediate-level students. In Writers at Work: The Essay, students use the process approach to write different genres of essays common at the post-secondary level. Each chapter uses a five-step approach in which students brainstorm ideas, write a first draft, revise their work following peer feedback, and share their finished work.
This thesis explores the reasons behind why we dress the way we do. Is it to impress our peers, or it is to make a political statement? It investigates the social implications of clothing and how it is used to link you with your socio-economic background. Our clothes are our first impression and this thesis discusses which social persona's people want to portray through their clothing. Through out the thesis general theory is examined and addressed, followed by examples of various brands discussing what demographic wears them and why. There is then a detailed case study which takes a specific Irish sub culture and researches the process behind their clothing choices particularly which brands they buy. Overall it is a in-depth study into the importance of fashion as a form of socio-economic indication.
The study has employed a textual analysis based on a theoretical framework, it presents an analysis of narrative time in The Beautiful Things That Heaven Bears in the light of the works of scholars like Genette, Chatman, Rimom-Kenan, Bal and others. Although the study applies these scholars’ works on narrative time, the result of the study shows that Genette’s theory of narrative time is mostly employed in the novel under study.
In 1968, Kawabata Yasunari became the second Asian literary figure to be awarded the Nobel Prize for Literature after the Indian, Rabindranath Tagore. He was among a crop of Japanese literary artists-cum-critics who quested for a distinctively ‘modern’ Japanese narrative (shosetsu) as opposed to narrative tradition of pre-Meiji Japan. The Nobel Committee noted the uniquely Japanese narrative tone and form in his work. Together with Yokomitsu Riichi, Kataoka Tepei, he envisioned a narrative in which characters’ mental dispositions, ‘feelings and sensory experience’ were undifferentiated from the crude reality. For Kawabata this turned out as a re-vision of pre-modern Japanese literary idioms and techniques, mainly the haiku aesthetic which pervade his narrative presentation of female characters. This work sets out to examine Kawabata’s two novels, Snow Country and The Old Capital and two short stories, ‘The Izu Dancer’ and ‘One Arm,’ against the backdrop of the traditional Japanese literary media. Particular interest is laid on the influences of the backdrop on Kawabata’s forms of the female characters and the implicit statement accruing from the presented forms of the characters.
The thesis outlines the course of Victorian nonsense as a playful form of children’s literature since Edward Lear and Lewis Carroll and its resurgence in the modernist novel as a dialogic form of writing that calls attention to the physicality of the text: its texture, sound, shape and colour. It traces the manner in which literary nonsense and its corresponding irrationality and chaos have been addressed. The thesis aims to widen the critical understanding of literary nonsense and to draw the topic away from the category of juvenile literature. Although the thesis pays particular attention to nonsense language and narrative fiction, my discussion of Victorian nonsense includes other categories of nonsense: portraits, caricatures, rhymes, alphabets, recipes and cookery.
"On the Decay of the Art of Lyingis" a short essay written by Mark Twain in 1885 for a meeting of the Historical and Antiquarian Club of Hartford, Connecticut. In the essay, Twain laments the dour ways in which men of America's Gilded Age employ man's "most faithfull friend."
This book contains sample problems and essay-type questions in financial accounting with answers. The book covers the most important areas of financial accounting such as preparing financial statements (a balance sheet, a profit and loss account and a cash flow statement), accounting for fixed and current assets, accounting in joint-stock companies, dividend policy, alternative methods of accounting, analysis of the financial statements and valuation of the company. It may be used as a supplement to a textbook in financial accounting and it will be useful for a revision of the studied material and a preparation for the examinations. This book is for undergraduate and MBA students, practitioners who study accounting to obtain such professional qualifications as ACCA, CIMA, etc., and others interested in accounting and analysis of financial statements.
This handbook serves as a practical guide for students in institutions of higher learning with particular reference to their thesis and/or dissertation writing requirements. The simplistic approach in treating fundamental concepts and issues involved in a typical thesis and/or dissertation writing exercise, as adopted in the handbook, recommends it for not only students at different levels of higher institutions pursuits, but also their advising/supervising lecturers and indeed, the generality of knowledge seekers, especially in the area of research.
This engagingly written book uncovers what markers look for and demystifies the secrets of effective writing. Each chapter covers a core element of effective essay writing, from analyzing the question through to constructing a conclusion, and provides clear guidelines to apply in your own work.
Basic Elements of Narrative outlines a way of thinking about what narrative is and how to identify its basic elements across various media, introducing key concepts developed by previous theorists and contributing original ideas to the growing body of scholarship on stories. Includes an overview of recent developments in narrative scholarship Provides an accessible introduction to key concepts in the field Views narrative as a cognitive structure, type of text, and resource for interpersonal communication Uses examples from literature, face to face interaction, graphic novels, and film to explore the core features of narrative Includes a glossary of key terms, full bibliography, and comprehensive index Appropriate for multiple audiences, including students, non-specialists, and experts in the field
This book explores the narrative time of Konjowochu based on the theoretical approach of narrative time mainly introduced by Gerard Genette in Narrative Discourse and Shlomith Rimmon-Kenan in Narrative Fiction. Thus, the book demonstrates the three aspects of narrative time: order, duration and frequency in Konjowochu. The analysis of the time structure of this novel indicates that the time arrangement in the narrative is crucial for the understanding of the narrative.
The question of a link between narrative analysis and ethics is a central concern of narrative theory. Drawing mainly from the works of John Dewey, Alasdair MacIntyre, and Paul Ricoeur, this book argues that ethical understanding can be developed through a reader's discovery of the ultimate intelligibility of sub-narratives and settings that function within a narrative work. It describes four narrative strategies (tenets) that characterize the content of an ethically complex narrative: character identity, choice, will, and setting. These tenets exist and operate within an ethically complex narrative in a fashion that provides the broad context required for a realization of narrative intelligibility that can lead to ethical understanding. To demonstrate a concrete example of an ethically complex narrative, this book analyzes David Simon and Edward Burns' The Corner: A Year in the Life of an Inner-City Neighborhood, exploring how the tenets of ethical complexity function within its pages. This analysis should aid those seeking to forge clear links between the act of engaging with narrative structure and the development of a reader's understanding of ethics.
Полный вариант заголовка: «A narrative of the expedition to the rivers Orinoco and Apure, in South America : which sailed from England in November 1817, and joined the patriotic forces in Venezuela and Caraccas / by G. Hippisley».
Seamlessly bridging academic accounting with real-life applications, Crash Course in Accounting and Financial Statement Analysis, Second Edition is the perfect guide to a complete understanding of accounting and financial statement analysis for those with no prior accounting background and those who seek a refresher.
Полный вариант заголовка: «A circumstantial narrative of the campaign in Russia : Embellished with plans of the battles of the Moskwa and Malo-Jaroslavitz : Containing a faithful description of the affecting and interesting scenes of which the author was an eye-witness : Transl. from the French / By Eugène Labaume».
A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man is a 1916 novel and cornerstone of literary modernism by Irish author James Joyce. The story follows Stephen Dedalus, Joyce's fictional alter-ego, and charts his path to personal and artistic maturity through his stream of consciousness. This is a non-linear narrative style typical of modernist prose in which a character's thoughts, feelings, and reactions are portrayed in a continuous flow and often disrupt the linear narrative of events and dialogue in the story.