This research was carried out at Volvo Group Trucks Technology (GTT) in order to map the Feature Development Process which is a central process in the product development at Volvo GTT. The aim was to identify conflicts and contradictions between the Feature Development Process and related processes at Volvo GTT to suggest solutions of those with Lean as guiding principle. The research was carried out by Karin Dahr and Marie Eliasson during the spring of 2012. The thesis included activities as interviews and workshops as well as a survey involving the Feature Leaders at all Volvo GTTs sites Gothenburg, Lyon, Ageo, and Greensborg. The result showed that there are several areas in the Feature Leaders work that can be improved. The need for an updated Feature Development Process was considered and proposed changes were provided by this thesis.
Over one billion people in the world today live in slums. This UN estimation suggests that slums continue to be part of the global production of the built environment, regardless of the countless efforts to eradicate them. Slums, squatters’ settlements, and informal settlements are words frequently used interchangeably to describe a ‘non-state’ approach to settlements development, which characterises the contemporary urban Third World. The urban kampung (informal settlement) of Indonesia exemplify such phenomenon. This thesis investigates kampung development with particular reference to kampung in the city of Yogyakarta. A primary proposition of the thesis is that tenure acquisition in this mode of development is a speculative endeavour, through which the buildings (built forms) function as mediators of tenure negotiation. The thesis argues that the continuity and change of built forms can signify tenure security/insecurity of kampung dwellers.
The New Partnership for Africa's Development (NEPAD) is initiated by African leaders in order to breach the development gaps between western and African countries; while, in the meantime, the U.S.A runs the African Growth and Opportunity Act (AGOA) to boost African trade with the U.S. Unfortunately; neither the NEPAD or the AGOA takes, in real terms, into account one or the other program despite the fact they look to African development. This book asks the question of why African leaders did not integrate the AGOA initiative into the NEPAD program and vice-versa. It suggests some tracks of solution in order to overcome the gaps between these two initiatives which aim to tackle the African development issues. Unlike the thesis version, the book's considers also the gender question on top of the Diaspora's analyzed in the thesis.
Although most organizations are aware of the important role that leadership development plays in the success of an organization, business executives are increasingly demanding more precise measurements of this importance. This thesis attemps to clarify some of the main issues surrounding the controversial topic of training evaluation and give practical guidance for organizations to assess the effectiveness of costly leadership development practices. With this purpose, this thesis covers issues regarding the translation of training efforts into tangible business results, the controversy regarding the use of ROI (return on investment) in the evaluation of training effectiveness, and the alignment of leadership development practices into the organization's broader strategic goals.
One of the major components of the Postgraduate curriculum is writing thesis. Work for writing the Thesis is aimed at contributing to the development of a spirit of enquiry, besides exposing the candidate to the techniques of research, critical analysis, acquaintance with the latest advances in medical science and the manner of identifying and consulting available literature. Every candidate shall have to carry out work on an assigned research project under the guidance of a recognised Post Graduate Teacher, the result of which shall be written up and submitted in the form of a Thesis. Thesis shall have to be be submitted at least six months before the Theory and Clinical / Practical examination. Acknowledgement: Dr Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib; Dr Quazi Syed Zahiruddin
This thesis has attempted to produce a framework towards development of an integrated nutrition policy. The approach used follows standard procedures towards development of a policy. The specific objectives to be fulfilled by this thesis include problem identification and definition; analysing the magnitude of the problem and population groups affected; existing systems for reducing the impact of the problem among vulnerable groups; defining a framework that will articulate the desired output to be achieved by the proposed policy; a strategy articulating mechanisms to be implemented to achieve the output and a system for monitoring and evaluating the desired impact.
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate the challenges of neuromarketing application in Humanistic Communication and healthcare campaign research. This is based on a personal interest in the development of healthcare campaigns and the adaption of theories. Gadamer''s notion on interdisciplinary linking, builds a(interdisciplinary) bridge between my fascination with technological and theatrical development, and the philosophy of communication research.
There have been many transformations of Australian citizens over time. Indigenous Australians, with their unique and special culture, exhibit different values, priorities and ideals to non-Indigenous Australians. Indigenous Australian literacy development is plagued by many issues. This thesis examines many issues and attempts to provide solutions for all Australian teachers, to ensure every student has the 'best practice' literacy education.
This book presents an account of moral education that explains the type of experiences that are necessary for the development of virtue. The main argument is that our experiences in caring relationships promote the development of certain virtues. The author employs three theses in support of the main argument. First, the ‘motivational thesis’ is that caring, which is central to most special relationships, motivates a desire to benefit others. This motivation is necessary for acquiring and practicing the natural virtues. The second thesis is the 'epistemic thesis' that caring relationships and caring emotions—as a central aspect of caring relationships—facilitate access to morally relevant knowledge. This rich and otherwise hard to obtain information about people’s needs and desires, a better sense of themselves, their needs and capabilities help individuals develop and attain the natural virtues. A third component is the ‘normative thesis’ that the dependency central to all caring relationships grounds our obligations for special others. The constant and repeated attention to these obligations provides the practice necessary to the development of the virtues.
This thesis has developed and evaluated a novel calibration procedure for an eye tracker. The development phase has included programming and integration with the existing application programming interfaces. The evaluation phase included reliability and validity testing, as well as statistical analysis in terms of repeatability, objectivity, comprehension, relevance, and independence of the performance of the Tobii T60/T120 Eye Tracker on healthy subjects. The experimental results have shown that the prototype application gives the expected benefits in a clinical setting. A conclusion of this thesis is that eye tracking technology could be an improvement over existing methods for screening of eye alignment and diagnostics of ophthalmic disorders, such as strabismus (crossed eyes) or amblyopia (lazy eye). However, applying this technology to clinical cases will require further development. This development is suggested as future work.
The purpose of this work is to show that the ribbon development is an important practice in the formation of urban-rural fabric. This thesis analyses the structure and problems of ribbon development with its attributes on environment and planning practice. The attributes of ribbon development are defined as; loss of agricultural lands, environmental and scenic quality damage, decrease in capacity of roads, problem of traffic and uneconomic extension of utilities Considering these attributes, the level of impacts of ribbon development on urban-rural fabric can be analysed through an empirical study. Therefore, with such an empirical study the structural characteristics of ribbon development and degree of importance of attributes of ribbon development become clear In addition to this, how the developments of transportation and planning mechanisms on agenda affect the process of ribbon development, is justified
Bangladesh is largely dependent on foreign aid for its development activities. The country has received some US$50 billion in aid over 40 years of its existence. The central purpose of this thesis is to study how the massive influx of aid has been put to use. Subsequently, this huge amount of aid has had little impact on the country’s socioeconomic development, and little of the benefits of aid have reached the poor who constitute the vast majority of the population. The main aim of this thesis is to determine why this is so. An objective will be to derive an understanding of the aid philosophy of donors and their contributions towards the formulation of the development policy in Bangladesh. The analysis should help shed some light on the development agenda of donors as well as recipients, and should be especially useful to academics, development professionals, statesmen, students of economics and development studies, or anyone else who may be interested in foreign aid and its impact on a country of the developing world.
This thesis aims to provide additional insight into the effect of different development strategies on the maintainability of code. Maintainability is defined as the ease with which a software can be modified. Throughout a software development project a lot of time is spent on maintenance. Therefore code that is easy to maintain is desireable. To be able to detect differences between development strategies a case study with a development team of an Austrian company was conducted. The team changed its development strategy from the waterfall model to Scrum. The development of the code maintainability was analyzed when using the waterfall model and when using Scrum as development strategy. In order to quantifiy the maintainability of code the common approach of using static code analysis is used. Based on results in literature a set of software metrics was used to assess the code maintainbility. The results indicate that Scrum does not decrease the code maintainability as much as the waterfall model over time. Scrum does a better job in preserving the level of code maintainability than the waterfall model. The possible reasons for this are discussed in the thesis.
A bigger share of a woman’s income will be spent on food than a man’s, an educated woman will improve the health and increase the probability of her children getting an education more than a man. During an undergraduate course in development economics, it became so clear to me; women’s empowerment is the way to go if we want to enhance the living standards of the poorest. This is why I have written this thesis; if we improve women’s education and empower women we will improve both her and her children’s health, creating a positive spiral. As I progressed with my thesis I realized it wasn’t that simple. This thesis focuses on how women’s situation in India effects the countries development, with respect to secondary education, female labor force participation and active population growth, measuring these variables effect on Human Development Index (HDI).
This thesis argues that a human rights-based approach to development cooperation (HRBA-DC) can contribute to the implementation of the international dimension of the right to development. The argument is supported by a case study that looks at the role of the Swedish International Development Agency (Sida) in relation to human rights and the health sector in Uganda. The human rights approach of the UK’s Department of International Development (DFID) is also considered.The thesis provides contextual background about Uganda and considers cosmopolitanism as a theoretical foundation for a HRBA-DC. It argues that this approach requires that the relevant policies of donors be built upon a number of human rights principles, such as equality, non-discrimination, transparency, participation and accountability. When donors’ policies relate to health, it suggests that they should also reflect key elements of the right to the highest attainable standard of health, such as freedoms, entitlements, availability, accessibility, quality, and international assistance and cooperation.Using a human rights-based methodology, the thesis examines Sida’s policies and, to a lesser extent, DFID’s.
This thesis explores the reasons behind why we dress the way we do. Is it to impress our peers, or it is to make a political statement? It investigates the social implications of clothing and how it is used to link you with your socio-economic background. Our clothes are our first impression and this thesis discusses which social persona's people want to portray through their clothing. Through out the thesis general theory is examined and addressed, followed by examples of various brands discussing what demographic wears them and why. There is then a detailed case study which takes a specific Irish sub culture and researches the process behind their clothing choices particularly which brands they buy. Overall it is a in-depth study into the importance of fashion as a form of socio-economic indication.
Family planning is considered as an essential ingredient of development in the developing world, especially since the 1994 Cairo conference on population and development. Despite its worldwide popularity, it is a much debated, hotly discussed and controversial subject among researchers and development practitioners. In the past few years a holistic health service that recognize the links between poverty, women empowerment, maternal health and contraceptive uptake caught the attention of policy makers and program planners in Ethiopia. The book is a result of the MA thesis research conducted by the author in Ambasel district of Ethiopia in 2006. This qualitative research provides an idiographic explanation about the development implications family planning programs launched in a typical rural setting. The book, which is organized under five chapters, will be of interest of researchers and the development community working locally and globally.
This mini-thesis explores The New Partnership for Africa's Development where an analysis of one of the initiatives of NEPAD is analysed. This initiative being the Economic and Corporate Governance Initiative, was explored in terms of various countries where NEPAD was implemented and the mini-thesis looks at various aspects surrounding this initiative within NEPAD in relation to the economies of the countries.
This thesis is contributed to development of single sequence space of GAI and it can be further extended to double orlicz sequence space of GAI. This thesis has had its following major contributions namely SEMI orlicz space of GAI of analytic, orlicz space of GAI, a subset of the space of the orlicz space of GAI sequences, SEMI-integrated orlicz of GAI conservative spaces, matrix transformations on orlicz space of GAI, difference orlicz space of GAI, new double GAI sequence space defined by a modulus functions.
This thesis investigates the main drives behind the growth of the Chinese automotiveindustry and the factors that slows this process down. The development of theautomotive industry has been defined by the Chinese central government as one ofthe pillars for the progress of the Chinese economy, because of its importance inreaching the goal of connecting the “rich” industrial east with the poor, agriculturaloriented, west region by means of transportation and opportunities. The thesis startsby describing the issue from a macro point of view. It then goes to the very microlevel of the discussion.
This book is a replication of my original thesis "Role of Entrepreneurship in Future Economic Development of Taiwan". This book is providing a good knowledge about entrepreneurship in general and its role in Taiwanese context. Taiwan success story was based on the success stories of its SMEs and their role in economic development of Taiwan in the past. But, this book produces a latest development of this evolving story. This book tries to find the present role of SMEs in Taiwan's economic development and predicts their future contribution based on present facts and figures.
The work of this thesis falls in the field of the embedded real-time computer systems, more precisely the embedded software in the vehicles for the emergent driving assistance systems. The thesis work was supported by the European project (RoadSense) whose objective was the evaluation of the driving assistance systems (ADAS) for the next generations of vehicles. The three principal axes of the thesis are: First, the development of a dynamic reconfigurable middleware called SCOOT-R. Second, the development of end-to-end real-time scheduling strategies in order to schedule SCOOT-R operations with the main goal of end-to-end QoS guarantee. Finally, the development of feedback-based scheduling schemes to schedule driving assistance systems. The adaptation in this scheme is carried out according to the current driving situation and the driver behavior, which will further lead to the change of the associated driving assistance function''s criticalness.
This thesis is designed to address the topic: ‘The development of a human rights culture in Vietnam, 1986 to present''. After 1986 reform policy (doi moi policy), the liberal culture of human rights has gradually gained ground as the result of both domestic and international factors. Two rights (the rights to property and the right to a fair trial) were selected for examination. From the findings of indepth investigation of advancement of these two rights, there is little doubt that the emergence of liberal culture of these rights has been established and become more dominant but s more reasonable conclusion for this thesis is that there is a hybrid human rights culture in Vietnam in the transitional phase which mixes successes and failures, and the liberal and socialist values.
Revision with unchanged content. The Clean Development Mechanism (CDM), one of the flexible mechanisms of the Kyoto Protocol, focuses on two objectives: reduction of Greenhouse gases and contributing to the Sustainable Development (SD) of the host country. In the CDM, hydropower projects represent an important group, with 39 registered projects from 222 in total (20 June 2006). Hydro projects have mostly a bigger impact on social, environmental and economic issues than other CDM projects. In reaction to this challenge, different organisations have expressed their motivation to refer to the World Commission on Dams guidelines for CDM hydropower stations bigger than 20 MW, official recommendations or criteria for Small Scale hydropower facilities, however, are not defined. The thesis shows a lack concerning international and national sustainability guidelines noted for hydropower development and CDM guidelines. Thereby it will be pointed out, that the existing CDM regulations aiming to assure the SD, namely Host Country Approval, and the local and global stakeholder consultation do not perform well. In the second part of the thesis a methodology for SD assessment of CDM small scale hydropower facilities is developed. The thesis aims to support national authorities, project developers and NGO’s concerning the promotion of sustainable CDM hydro projects.
Thesis analyses contemporary international business management problems in the transport and logistics sector. The networking perspective as the most advanced mode of internationalization has been chosen as the theoretical background for the thesis. State-of-art analysis has been conducted to investigate major production, consumption and intermediation transport models that allowed to identify the core trends in the sector. Empirical research has been constructed to classify attributes of networking activities, to compare networking in MNC and SME’s, to suggest development possibilities for the Lithuanian companies. Work includes: introduction, chapter on the role and development of transport and logistics sector, network perspective for analysis of transport and logistics sector, research of networks and networking, solutions for transport and logistics companies in Lithuania, conclusions and suggestions.
Consequences of modern human activities have led to the process of integration of archaeology into urban planning. This thesis examines the interrelationship of archaeology and planning. In the thesis, legal framework of conservation and archaeological investigation formed through many experiences within the international platforms was drawn in relation to the concept of urban development. The situation of archaeology in Turkey from its archaeological potentials to the laws procedures, institutions and problems was taken up. The need of community based approaches is underlined in order to achieve the requirements of conservation and development. The dilemmas of conservation and development studied through the examinations of Geyre and Aphrodisias. These areas, which are in negative interrelationship as a town in need of development and an archaeological asset that should be conserved, were the subjects of the research. The necessity of community planning was stated to provide consensus between conservation and development.