Negative atomic ions are often considered to be perfect objects for fundamental studies of photon-matter interactions within many-particle processes. Investigations of the dynamics of photodetachment can provide useful insight to the general problem of correlated motions of electrons in atomic systems. The recent development of the Many-Body Theory approach, namely the method based on Random-Phase approximation and Dyson equation, is reviewed in the book. The case of study on photodetachment with emphasis on resonant features for a series of negative ions and the newest data on inner-shell photodetachment are presented. The results of the concrete calculations for the very sensitive to proper account of the many-electron correlations open-shell negative ions are compared with the available experimental data. The objects chosen present the wide range of the resonance types - strong near-threshold and window resonances, interference and autodetachment resonances, shape and Feschbach resonances - and give the most telling example of importance of the collective effects. With using the Feynman diagram technique the physical meaning of the considered effects becomes especially evident.
The research candidly and boldly reveals the effects of urban developments...it gives insights for policy makers to equally consider the impact of a seemingly positive development initiatives.It gives recommendations to mitigate some of the negative effects of infrastructural developments which are often wedded with restructuring urban spaces.It also reveals some of the broken promises that were made by authorities for the displacees.
Homework has always been a controversial issue since the beginning of education. Teachers have always considered it as one of the major educational tools; homework has been used in various forms. Doing homework has always been difficult for students. They have always suffered from doing homework especially in the initial years of their education. Even they sometimes ask their parents to do it for them. Gradually, they will face more problems. Homework has been given various names. Some call it the factor of activity, practice, internalization, and educational creativity; some others call it as disaster; a group consider it as the factor for instability of the family and the dispute between parents; some extremists call it an educational monster that ruins learners’ talents, tendencies and motivations in the era of the third wave; they consider it as a psychological torture for students.
Individuals' Value system can be altered using programmed regular reading of positive literature materials. Effects of bibliotherapy on Behaviour Modification of Adolescents is a vital response to overcome social behaviour problems using regular reading of positive literature. The author brings to knowledge the fact that,just as the reading of positive literature can alter the value system of individuals from negative to positive,regular reading of negative literature materials can on the contrary, result in emotional bad health for users. The emphasis should always be on regular use of positive literature materials. Bibliotherapy is effective for use as therapy in any social re-engineering process of behaviour modification, and is perhaps capable of solving the prevalent national and global behaviour problems ravaging the Society.
Transition is a theme which began in professional and scientific discussion since the 1990s, and continues to be present as a topic of discussion and controversy. The transition has had its positive effects and negative effects on the economy of the country and beyond. The positive impact of the transition is that it has affected the economic stability of the country. But it is after the negative impacts as the privatization process where the majority of privatized organizations are not functional. And that is affecting the growth of corruption, informality and evasion from payment of taxes, with that which has heavy enough business position and perspectives for human resources, etc.
Contemporary world economic crisis had impact on South East European (SEE) region, which has been in the transition phase. Accordingly to own characteristics banking sector as part of financial sector, should be buffer for negative effects of crisis and initiator of economic development of one country. At the same time banking sector as cause of recession was the most influenced by negative crisis effects. There was global trend of financial market consolidation in the last three decades before the crisis. Factors which made process of merger and acquisitions of financial markets easier were global phenomena, technological innovations, liberalization and deregulation of markets. Final opinion on impact of the biggest participants on SEE banking market (countries subject of analysis are: Serbia, Croatia, Bosnia and Herzegovina, Montenegro, Romania, Bulgaria, Macedonia and Albania) can be completed after analysis of domicile market with other banking markets.
Work-Life Balance has over the recent years become one of the most researched topics. This is due to its positive as well as negative impact on numerous working families around the globe. Because of this, various organisations now provide work-life balance policies to their employees to avoid potential negative cause and effects from, for example, working overtime. 'The Perceptions of Work-Life Balance Benefits' was a study that investigated the relationship between the use and the availability of work-family balance policies provided by organisations in New Zealand.
TITLE: THE IGBOMINA MIGRANT COMMUNITY IN LAGOS 1900-1985 Scholars mostly agree with the global character of migration, but are divided as to its impact especially on the source region. While some of them believe that migration does have positive effects on the source region, others hold the view that it produces negative impact on the source region but benefits the host community. It is within this context that this study looked at migration of Igbomina from their homeland to Lagos. The objective of the study is to examine the factors responsible for Igbomina migration, that is the push and pull factors; the nature of the migration and its socio-economic and political consequences, first on the source region, Igbominaland and the host community Lagos. The key finding of the research is that migration has a long-term positive rather than negative effects on Igbominaland. It has served as veritable tool for relative rapid socio-economic and political transformation of their homeland. The study concludes that without migration much of the growth and development witnessed in Igbomina today may not have been possible. Therefore, the effects of migration on Igbomina were not negative.
Community workers are an under-researched sector of society and the economy. Research suggests that they are vulnerable to negative stress-related effects, including burnout. We provide evidence to show that life satisfaction, positive affect and negative affect need to be considered to fully understand the complex construct of well-being. This book also reports on an experimental intervention based on the transactional model of stress and coping. The group that implemented the strategies learned in the workshop significantly reduced their negative affect and dysfunctional attitudes. Personality traits did not factor into the relationships among the variables. Counsellors need to pay more attention to assisting participants with enhancing and maintaining post-training effects.
Sexual abuse of the girl-child has continued to escalate the world over especially in the recent past.Although it is hard to acknowledge this,it is known to involve people mostly trusted by the child and family members. The negative impact of Child Sexual abuse has been highlighted by several authors especially those dealing with short term ones. However, apart from carrying out first aid, eliminating chances venereal diseases and generally enabling the child cope with the obvious and immediate discomforts,it is important to note that there is more to this than meets the eye. The long-term effects may go a long way into completely changing one's self-concept and sadly in the negative direction. This is so when appropriate intervention is not done on time. The appropriateness of action taken depends on how much the stake holders know about the impact of Child Sexual Abuse on the long term basis. This book seeks to draw attention on these negative effects and emphasizes the importance of psychological counseling in helping with the reconstruction of the ruined self-concept of the victims of Child Sexual Abuse.
Social Networking has become the ‘buzz phrase’ of the moment. There are many different networks, offering similar or different services but one thing they all have in common is a direct impact on individuals lives and therefore our societies and culture. The focus of this study is to determine the effect that the rise of online Social Networks has on the Design Industry. Conclusions have been reached as to the main effects, both positive and negative aspects of the effects and recommendations for the future.
A detailed study of the causes behind the damage of an irrigation-cum-hydro power water conducting system and it’s effects has been carried out in this paper along with an overview of the probable solutions of the damage incurred by the same.Hydraulic transient in the system due to sudden opening of the irrigation outlet has been analyzed using HYTRAN software. It is found that negative pressure develops in the water conducting system which may have damaged the conducting system. Based on the analysis, it is suggested to provide a valve on the hydro power conducting line at the bifurcation of the water conducting system to avoid the negative pressure in the system and thereby to safeguard the system from the collapse due to negative pressure.Moreover,seleting appropriate measures for protection of a pipe system is also suggested.
Downsizing the workforce has become an ongoing phenomenon in organizations the world over. Downsizing has various effects on the employees and the organizations. The positive effects expected by organizations are faster decision making, smoother communications, greater, and increase in productivity and thus an increase in organizational effectiveness. Although organizations reduce workforces with the intention to get benefits, they must face the negative effects too. The negative effects are creation of climate of distrust, insecurity and demotivation,less commitment, increased absenteeism, emotional trauma, break-down of psychological contract, high level of stress, increased conflict, skills break down of communication and loss of creativity. Research reveals that most organizations do not even achieve financial gain from downsizing as expected. One of the reasons for the failure is ineffective handling of the people left after downsizing (survivors). This study conducts an in-depth research of the literature to understand the effect of downsizing on survivors.
Development and the preaching of the Liberating Gospel of Jesus Christ in Developing countries and the West have been slowed, hindered and frustrated by negative ethnicity, genocide, ethnic cleansing, the house of human skulls in Rwanda, destruction of property, apartheid in South Africa, Racism in the West and Silent Majimboism in Sudan and Kenya, are all forms and effects of negative Ethnicity. There is need to establish the basis and the stronghold of negative Ethnicity and come up with possible solutions. The world is reeling from the deep hatred among its people with issues of negative ethnicity, tribalism, Nepotism and the Race factor. The churches are sick, the governments are struggling, economies are sinking, families are divided and the peoples are fallen apart. The economies are going down whenever a new political system comes to power. Evangelism is thwarted and church growth is dismal. Commissions of inquiries are set each morning to look into these factors. What’s going on? This book endeavors to give top answers to the world’s most disturbing question “Negative ethnicity”. Read through and definitely you will extract the starting point for the healing processes.
Study of thermo-Optic Effects in Thermal Lens for Nd:YLF Solid State Laser and shows the results of investigation is shown that a maximum fraction of absorbed power which converted into heat is about 24% and 23% for polarized 1047 nm , polarized 1053 nm respectively. And the maximum radial temperature is 310,318 for also, the Nd:YLF crystal have a positive and negative thermal lens which effected by changing the refractive index due to the variation of temperature. The final results show that thermal effects of polarized 1047 nm is stronger than polarized 1053 nm
Greve, Italy, is one of the many cities around the globe that is part of the 'Slow City' movement: a way of living designed to fight the negative effects of our increasingly fast-paced world. The 'Slow City' movement has also inspired individuals to start
Nowadays, mobile has become very important part of our life. The reason behind that is it has advanced features. It has made the communication between our loved ones easier, we can stay in touch with them anywhere, anytime just because of mobile phone. Mobile phone is quite useful in studies and business also. As there are two sides of coin, mobile phone has its boon as well as curse. In this paper we have discussed the negative effects of mobile phone by taking the survey of some of the mobile users.
Most of the research conducted about homework is based on adults' perspectives. This case study explored the perspectives of 5th and 6th grade students in comparison with 10 teachers' perceptions about homework. The author administered questionnaires and conducted in depth interviews using a stratified purposive sample and extreme case sampling; which educed the participants' perceptions and practices about homework. The students' represented 4 distinct groups: English Language Learners, general education, gifted and talented and special education. The teachers' instruct 5th and 6th grade. The results of the study indicate that students do not complete their homework because they find it too hard, boring, or they do not understand it. Interestingly, students think that worksheets are hard and boring. However, they are not against homework! This book should benefit teachers, parents, school administrators and staff developers. It would also help develop homework practices that would increase homework completion and student learning. This book brings out the voices of the students to the forefront. After all, they are the ones doing the homework. Listen to them!
The purpose of this literature-based study was to investigate the effects of group songwriting on negative symptoms of schizophrenia and group cohesion. Several studies showed the effectiveness of music therapy in reducing negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Music therapy has also been effective in increasing group cohesion in various populations. The music therapy technique of songwriting has been successful in increasing group cohesion in other populations, but there is little literature about the use of this particular technique in patients exhibiting negative symptoms of schizophrenia. The results of this study suggest that group songwriting could be an effective technique for music therapists to use in order to increase group cohesion when working with patients exhibiting negative symptoms of schizophrenia. Clinical examples of the use of this technique in this population were presented, and a group songwriting method for increasing group cohesion and reducing negative symptoms of schizophrenia was proposed in this study.
The present piece of research is an attempt to probe the impact of life events on well-being. In this research the researcher has tried to find out the relationship of total life events, positive (Pleasant) as well as negative (Unpleasant) life events and controllable pleasant side by side uncontrollable pleasant events with negative and positive aspects of well-being. To achieve this objective, measures of positive and negative life events and positive and negative facets of well-being were administered to adolescents and the data obtained were analysed in order to determine the relationship of positive events with negative and positive states of well-being independently as well as in interaction with negative events. In this context positive and negative events were studied as independent variables and measures of positive well-being and neuroticism being the dependent variables.
A growing reliance on the Internet as an information source when making choices about buying certain products raises the need for more research into electronic word of mouth. This study aims to contribute to the current scientific knowledge on how the valence of online reviews affects product performance. Using applications from the AppStore, we conduct an independent groups experiment to assess the mean changes in people’s evaluation of these apps as a result of online word-of-mouth. Furthermore, we add three moderating variables to analyze this relationship. The findings show that negative (positive) reviews have negative (positive) effects on app performance, and that the absolute size of the effect is larger when subjects are exposed to negative reviews (negativity effect). This study delivers contributions to both marketing research and marketing practice in that the results add to the current understanding of online WOM effects by showing in what way user reviews affect consumer behavior. Furthermore, a cross-sectional study has been conducted in the same category in the AppStore. The findings confirm the results from the experimental study.
As a model for interactions present in the active site of orotidine-5’-monophosphate decarboxylase (ODCase), we investigated the effects of substrate destabilization by a nearby negative charge and stabilization of the carbanion intermediate, due to hydrogen bonds to the carbonyl groups (O-2 and O-4) of orotic acid and its decarboxylation product, using ab initio calculations. Results from these models were comparable with available data, suggesting that the magnitude of the decarboxylation rate enhancement depends on a combination of the charge distance and hydrogen bonding effects. We found that the dipole moment of the proton donor may also play a significant role, implying that the key to the rest of the catalysis lie within the specific interactions of the substrate and the surrounding residues.
Implementation of the European Lotteries Responsible Gaming Standards represents a very important step in the process of growth and development of one lottery. This book represents an exploratory based qualitative research study whose aim is to analyse the characteristics and the basic requirements of these standards in order to provide the answers to some of the following questions: Why are RGS important for one lottery? Which potential benefits can one lottery expect from the implementation of the RGS? Which potential difficulties can one lottery expect from the implementation of the RGS? Can one lottery reduce the potential negative effects of the RGS with the applicable marketing solutions from the industries of tobacco and alcohol beverages? This research is consisted out of the analysis of actual strategies of marketing of the industries of tobacco and alcohol beverages, and the analysis of experiences and know-how of lotteries from the region of Balkans. Summary of findings of this research is mutually combined and presented in the form of a model of marketing which is designed to aid the lotteries in reduction of all potential negative effects of the RGS.
Performance feedback is a factor that has differential effects on feedback receiver’s performance outcomes depending on the individual’s tendency to blame the self for the outcome, or to focus on the task in hand to improve outcome. This study investigates the combined effects of feedback receiver’s moral emotion proneness characteristic (shame-prone vs guilt-prone) and negative feedback content (self-focused vs process-focused) on the feedback receiver’s level of self-efficacy beliefs, performance outcomes and performance predictions. Shame-prone individuals are more inclined to make internal and stable attributions for their failures and therefore are expected to experience decreases in their efficacy beliefs and performance outcomes in the face of negative feedback, especially when the feedback is focused on the self. Guilt-prone individuals, on the other hand, generally make unstable, internal attributions for their failures when they receive negative feedback. Their efficacy beliefs and performance related outcomes are expected to be positively affected by the negative feedback, especially when the feedback is process focused.
This study investigates the short-run impact of fiscal consolidation on economic growth in Eurozone since Global Financial Crisis. The paper exclusively focuses on the effects of fiscal policy on economic growth in the short-run without covering the long term relationship since there is a general consensus that fiscal consolidation has direct and indirect positive effects on growth.We find negative short-run correlation between fiscal consolidation and growth in the Eurozone. Fiscal consolidation during a fragile economic recovery will dampen aggregate demand and increase unemployment in the short-run.
Ready-to-use therapeutic exercises for overcoming parenting deficits The Parenting Skills Homework Planner provides complete, customizable, copy-ready exercises for use with parents in therapy. Designed as a companion for the Parenting Skills Treatment Planner, this invaluable resource can also be used alone to facilitate counseling and help clients take a more proactive role. Organized by topic, each section provides specific goals for each exercise and suggests additional exercises that may help clients organize their thoughts and behaviors surrounding complex family dynamics. From behavioral problems and negative relationships to career development, blended families, grandparenting, and much more, this book provides practical tools for therapists helping clients navigate the landmines of parenthood. In an era of brief therapy, tangible homework assignments help clients continue their therapeutic work outside of the session, offering a quicker, more effective route to solving parenting skills deficits. This book provides insightful prompts and helpful exercises designed to uncover the root of the problem, focus on a solution, and help clients think deeply and critically about past and ongoing behaviors and habits. Use tested homework assignments independently, or in alignment with the Parenting Skills Treatment Planner Customize each exercise to suit each client's situation using downloadable files Help clients get more out of therapy by using time between sessions productively Tackle issues relating to abuse, depression, school difficulties, divorce, poverty, and more Today's complex family structures, combined with increased childhood pressures from school, peers, and the general culture, make parenting a more difficult job than ever before. Homework assignments extend therapy into family time, and facilitate constructive thought and discussion outside of the session. With 60 customizable exercises tailored to specific parenting problems, the Parenting Skills Homework Planner is an essential resource for the family therapist.
Dark clouds gather around Barry and his new family when the citizens of Central City meet Negative-Flash. The Flash sets out to save everyone he has ever loved from Negative-Flash, but there's just one problem: he is Negative-Flash!Barry Allen experiences the most brutal fight of his life when he faces off against Bloodwork, a gruesome new villain. Making things worse is that this unstoppable threat is all Barry's fault! Witness the penultimate act of the Negative-Flash story and the beginning of an unforgettable new chapter in Barry Allen's life.
The book elicits information on Money Laundering; Negative Effect on economic development in Nigeria. Money laundering is significant to Nigeria Economy because of the havoc it caused in the stability of the system. People who are thwarted in attaining desired social and economic goals legally may seek to obtain them illegally. Data were gathered through the survey design using questionnaire and analyzed using the software package for social sciences (SPSS) The findings show that there was a significant relationship between the incidence of money laundering and economic development. It is a repository of understanding the elements and effects of money laundering coupled with a coherent systematization of the procedures of social science research work.
The influence of components ageing through the lifetime of the plant plays an important role in safety assessments, representing an important concern for many types of organizations. The book presents an initiative in assessing the ageing effects using the probabilistic safety assessment studies. The book includes chapters presenting general aspects of ageing phenomena, probabilistic safety assessment considerations, and possible applications of the study that incorporates the ageing effects. The evaluation of ageing effects in a specific case study, including the modelling methodology to incorporate the effects of ageing in probabilistic safety assessment study is presented. The case study results are illustrated with graphical representations. The book should help shed some light on area of ageing effects evaluations, and should be especially useful to professionals in reliability, safety and risk assessment field, or anyone else who may be considering evaluating the ageing effects.