The book entitled Synthesis methods:Characterization techniques deals with various synthesis routes of synthesizing nano particles and the characterization techniques which are used to examining the structural,optical,magnetic properties of the particles.The synthesizing methods involves sol-gel,Solution Combustion,Green Synthesis,Modern Ayurvedic method etc.,which have both positive and negative effects discussed.
The Oxford Handbook of the Literature of the U.S. South brings together contemporary views of the literature of the region in a series of chapters employing critical tools not traditionally used in approaching southern literature. As well as canonical southern writers, it examines Native American literature, Latina/o literature, Asian American as well as African American literatures, Caribbean studies, sexuality studies, the relationship of literature to film, and a number of other topics which are relatively new to the field.
Synthesis of Natural Isoflavone Since times our pharma industries have been synthesizing isoflavones from plant sources, which requires lot of money resulting high cost of creams and cosmetics. So to overcome that barrier a new method has been developed to synthesize these isoflavones syntheticaly in industries without plant origin. This new method will result in heavy cost reduction not only of synthesizing them but also of the final marketed product, resulting in more consumption. This method is still under observation one may call it as a hypothesis also.
Updated throughout and with much new material, A History of American Literature, Second Edition, is the most up-to-date and comprehensive survey available of the myriad forms of American Literature from pre-Columbian times to the present. The most comprehensive and up-to-date history of American literature available today Covers fiction, poetry, drama, and non-fiction, as well as other forms of literature including folktale, spirituals, the detective story, the thriller, and science fiction Explores the plural character of American literature, including the contributions made by African American, Native American, Hispanic and Asian American writers Considers how our understanding of American literature has changed over the past?thirty years Situates American literature in the contexts of American history, politics and society Offers an invaluable introduction to American literature for students at all levels, academic and general readers
A Brief History of American Literature offers students and general readers a concise and up-to-date history of the full range of American writing from its origins until the present day. Represents the only up-to-date concise history of American literature Covers fiction, poetry, drama and non-fiction, as well as looking at other forms of literature including folktales, spirituals, the detective story, the thriller and science fiction Considers how our understanding of American literature has changed over the past twenty years Offers students an abridged version of History of American Literature, a book widely considered the standard survey text Provides an invaluable introduction to the subject for students of American literature, American studies and all those interested in the literature and culture of the United States
Children's literature criticism comprises both generalists' discussions of the relationship between children's literature and literary theory as well as a literary analysis of specific work or works of literature. But practical children’s literary criticism tends to limit its scope in content analysis giving emphasis for the psychological and educational merits of the literature. This made children literature an under studied young genre in the world of literary scholarship. This is also a reality in Ethiopian Children’s Literature. Even if the history of writing for children in the country can be traced back to the time where writing in the main stream literature began no serious literary criticism is undergone in the area and most books for children are limited to sketchy preschool story books.
What makes this study unique is a framework of best practices of information literacy (IL) for academic libraries in Vietnam (VN) was developed by synthesizing perceptions of campus stakeholders and key components of IL that have been reviewed in the Western literature, and scarcely discussed in the literature from VN. The creation of the best practice framework comes at a propitious time for the country when the government’s IT initiative, learner-centered instruction reform, a credit system, and the assessment of student learning outcomes have become of interest to those in the educational field, ranging from ministerial leaders and campus leaders to faculty, librarians and other constituencies. Another unique aspect is the data touch many facets of IL and involves related stakeholders on campus including library administrators,librarians,faculty, and students. A key contribution of this research is to provide a framework that validates the body of literature on IL in the West showing that no matter what one’s social, cultural, or educational background, the IL-related concepts are universally agreed upon and relevant to developing critical thinking about information.
What is the position of translated literature in the literary system of target language? Is there a possibility that translated literature can go from the periphery to the center? According to Even-Zohar (Zohar, 1978), translated literature may go from the periphery to the center under three conditions : when a polysystem has not yet been crystallized, that is to say, when a literature is “young” or in the process of being established; when a literature is either “peripheral” (within a large group of correlated literatures) or “weak” or both; when there are turning points, crises, or literary vacuums in a literature. Among these conditions, the third one conforms to the historical facts of China during the May 4th span when there was a Literary Revolution to oppose the old literature and set up new modern literature. And then can the historical facts be used to verify the third hypothesis? If it is true, then how much influence of translated literature can be exerted on the language, literature, culture, and even society of target language? The author of this book attempts to answer these questions in her research.
The Work of Literature presents a fresh approach to the question of the value of literature, posing and responding to questions about the way we read and write about literature, its value to individuals and society, how it is best approached by readers and critics, and how it retains its power to give pleasure over decades and centuries.
This is an innovative and comprehensive research-based approach to Australian literature for young people, within a literary, cultural, and educational context. Australian Literature for Young People will help education students, primary and secondary teachers, and parents to appreciate the very significant role they play in encouraging children not only in reading, but also in helping them understand the structures and aesthetics of literature.
This volume brings together a wide range of original, scholarly essays on key figures and topics in medieval literature by leading academics. The volume examines the major authors such as Chaucer, Langland and the Gawain Poet, and covers key topics in medieval literature, including gender, class, courtly and popular culture, and religion. The volume seeks to provide a fresh and stimulating guide to medieval literature.
Walter Cohen argues that the history of European literature and of each of its standard periods can be illuminated by comparative consideration of the different literary languages within Europe and of the relationship of European literature to world literature. He explores the five main, overlapping stages of the global history of literature, from the ancient to the present, and argues that the ongoing relationship of European literature to other parts of the world emerges most clearly at the level not of theme or mimesis but of form. One conclusion is that literary history possesses a certain systematicity. Another is that language and literature are not only the products of major historical change but also its agents. Such claims, finally, depend on rejecting the opposition between the general and the specific, between synthetic and local knowledge.
This book examines literary developments within the field of children''s literature in Zimbabwe. While the book focuses on different Zimbabwean creative writers of children''s literature, special attention is paid to Stephen Alumenda''s work. The book argues that Alumenda was a leading artist in Zimbabwean children''s literature. It examines Alumenda''s contribution to the development of children''s literature in Zimbabwe. It also appreciates Alumenda''s sensitivity regarding the status of the girl child in Zimbabwean society. The book places him within the larger context of African children''s literature, as well as contributions by other practitioners within the field in Zimbabwe. It highlights how other authors such as Stephen Chifunyise approach the theme of didacticism, and how Jairos Kangira tackles the issue of gender in children''s literature.
This book is a result of an intensive dialogue with literary theories and tries to explore metatextual literature and its discourse. From a theoretical premise, the book aims to investigate the basic signifiers on which metatextual literature is built and functions. Consequently, the subject of this book is the development of Albanian literature at the meta level, or metatextual literature in Albanian, by which we identify the development of forms, methods and critical discourse in Albanian literature. The book highlights the special dimensions created in Albanian metatextual literature in Kosova as a result of the existence of a long tradition and its concentration in theoretical knowledge, from the late '70s until the end of the twentieth century and beyond.
This is a comprehensive narrative history of Korean literature. It provides a wealth of information for scholars, students and lovers of literature. Combining both history and criticism, the study reflects the latest scholarship and offers a systematic account of the development of all genres. Consisting of 25 chapters, it covers twentieth-century poetry, fiction by women, and the literature of North Korea. This is a major contribution to the field and a study that will stand for many years as the primary resource for studying Korean literature.
American literature is the kind of literary work produced in the area of the United States and its preceding colonies [ islands]. . There has been many stalwarts in American literature like Walt Whitman , H.D. Thoreau , R.W.Emerson, Robert Frost and Ernest Hemingway etc. Recent novelists revolves round the famous novelist Toni Morrison.In the recent times American Literature is very prominent in the development of world literature.