Transportation problem is one of the important areas in operation research, which is widely used to make a decision in engineering, business, management and many other fields. In the field of operation research, Network Analysis plays an important role to optimization. In this thesis “A study of Transportation Problem (TP) & Network Analysis with TORA applications”, we consider the transportation problem which is a linear programming problem having particular significance in optimization theory. We study some new initial and optimal solution method with some established methods and we comparing the solution. We also study some network problem to optimize the result. Finally software TORA has been used to show the variations in the methods of solving Transportation Problem (TP) & Network Problem. By using TORA, the solution can be found in short time.
This thesis deals with the Estimation of total solar irradiance from sunspot number. Thus, the present thesis has five chapters. Chapter one deals with background of the study that addresses the research question, purpose, significance, scope (delimitation), limitation and definition of operational terms. In chapter two different literature are reviewed regarding the variables treated from international perspective. It also, provides a comprehensive literature review on the total solar irradiance (TSI), sunspot numbers and the estimation techniques of TSI from different proxies. Moreover, the solar cycle, solar activity and climate change are presented in detail. In chapter three we discussed about design, instrument, procedure and data analysis technique. Chapter four deals with the detail analysis of the research finings and discussions. Finally, chapter five contains the conclusion, and recommendation for further research work.
The aim of this thesis was to investigate the reliability of anodic vacuum arc plasma deposition technique in developing thin film thermocouples. This thesis presents a detailed description of the preparation and characterization of nanocrystalline thin films of Cu, Ni, Fe, Constantan, Chromel and Alumel, and their subsequent pairs as thin film thermocouples.
This thesis reports on a numerical study of a round, isothermal turbulent jet of incompressible fluid, impinging normally on a flat wall at a different temperature. The main body of the thesis deals with LES studies using the dynamic subgrid-scale model, of flow and heat transfer in a round impinging jet at Re=20000 and orifice-to-plate distance h/D=2. The LES were performed using the in-house unstructured finite-volume computational code T-FlowS.The second focus of the thesis was the study of the feasibility of combining the LES and RANS approaches into a hybrid method. The goal was to provide the time resolved threedimensional solutions of the velocity and temperature field (though associated with the larger turbulence scales only) while using the mesh size typical of that used in off-wall LES or in the RANS computation.
This empirical study investigated the role of technical language on the translation performance. Authors have analyzed a considerable proportion of English TV series and movies and developed a unique error-based cinematic glossary of Intelligence services and security forces and examined its significance on the performance of movie translators. This study can open horizons to new generations of glossaries.
Monograph on Production, Optimization and Significance of the versatile Polysaccharide - Dextran provides a comprehensive study of the polysaccharide - Dextran which has enormous utility in the areas of medicine,food industry and environmental applications. It covers basics such as the isolation, characterization, confirmation of the organism Leuconstoc mesenteroides and about its polysaccharide product the structure, types,significance and the optimization of various factors for its maximum production. The style, sequence and the presentation of the material in this book would be useful for students, scholars and researchers to understand the underlying facts, about the concepts, significance and the numerous benefits of microbial products in the field of industrial microbiology and biotechnology.
This thesis provides insight to an object-oriented approach for mapping the current land use and land cover (LULC) in the study area Crans-Montana-Sierre in Valais. The study area is located in an inner alpine dry valley in the canton of Valais in Switzerland. In times of scarcity and global change the significance of water management in the Alps as a component of development increases consistently. The goal of this master thesis is the development and application of a suitable methodology for the establishment of an accurate and detailed LULC map of the study area Crans-Montana-Sierre, which shall serve as an accurate base map for the inter- and transdisciplinary project MontanAqua. This project deals with the development of options for a sustainable water management at a commune level and is within the framework of the National Research Programme Sustainable Water Management (NRP 61).
This is a research thesis for the degree of PhD in Nursing of the University of Nairobi. The study was conducted in the city of Nairobi at two study sites that provide institutionalized care for psychoactive substance dependent patients. The aim of the study was to innovate and implement/ test a nursing intervention model for the care of institutionalized psychoactive substance dependent patients. The study was started in 2009 and ended in 2011.
Our ideas & beliefs as teachers can form our behaviors in the classrooms and subsequently they may affect on learning & learners.Considering the significance of thoughts and beliefs,the present book retrieved from my MA thesis from Islamic Azad University,Tonekabon Branch,Mazandaran,Iran was applied to study these beliefs in the area of vocabulary. What our beliefs are about teaching and learning lexicon refers to how we will behave in the classroom and during learning processes.
This book is very useful to the researcher in the field of morpho-anatomical study of cypsela. It is also helpful to the students of BSc. and MSc. to know the details of cypselas. They can distinguish among different taxa of Asteraceae on the basis of cypselar morpho-anatomical study.It is useful to the separation of taxa in the species level. The researcher on the field of this study can observe detailed morpho-anatomical features of cypsela which is very useful to carry out their study.
The purpose with this thesis is to study whether diversity in board of directors in Swedish Large Cap firms will create better financial performance in the company. The study applies a quantitative investigation where the level of diversity in the board of directors of 54 Swedish Large Cap firms is studied relative to the company performance.
Poly Vinyl Chloride (PVC) units has became an important area of specialization in 1990’s in India because of its large scale use in industries, institutions and domestic. PVC has replaced almost entire market of galvanized iron and cast iron. With the kind of interest this subject was attracting, well written thesis, covering all aspects of PVC units was required. I have tried to fulfill this requirement through Problems and Prospects of PVC Units in Haryana. This thesis is aimed towards accomplishing the objective: (i) to identify the problems faced by PVC units (ii) to identify the prospects of PVC units. These objectives will have been accomplished if readers gain an understanding of PVC units in different functional areas. This thesis is divided into six chapters. Chapter 1 provides overview about the topic, its significance, objectives and scope of the study. Chapter 2 examines review of the literature with attention towards historical development of PVC, about Indian plastic industry, plastic statistics of India, products made up of PVC, standards used to test the quality of PVC material and products. Chapter 3 describes research methodology used to carry out the research.
The overall purpose of this book is to identify and analyze how the present professional development programs were designed and what challenges in the implementation of the programs were encountered in Adama and Haramaya Universities. The study analyzed the contributions of professional development programs on faculty’s professional competencies and to the university training and education practice as whole.This book consists of five chapters, references, and appendices. Chapter one includes background of the study, statement of the problem, objectives of the study, significance of the study, research questions, scope and limitations of the study. Chapter two emphasizes on a review of related literature. Chapter three describes the methodology and the general procedures of the study. Chapter four deals with research findings. Chapter five presents summary of the findings, conclusions, model for future deliberation of professional development programs and implications drawn from this investigation.
The study was an attempt to investigate the challenges for intelligence oversight in transitional States, using Uganda as a case study. The study compounds it that the absence of intelligence oversight is likely to manifest in; misuse of and failure of the intelligence service. The study examined the challenges that could be hindering opening up the intelligence services. The specific objectives of the study were; to explore the significance of secrecy in intelligence services, to examine the effectiveness of the existing intelligence oversight mechanisms and analyse the significance of opening up of the intelligence service to control and oversight bodies. The study reveals that the intelligence service in Uganda like in most transitional democracies is much closed with little oversight and the culture of secrecy in intelligence is so entrenched. The study therefore, recommends that intelligence services in Uganda should undergo reforms especially to do with the culture of secrecy. Some aspects of the intelligence should be opened up and there should be training and sensitization of the stakeholders and strengthening the oversight mechanism in the country.
Most of the real world systems are subject to online deterioration resulting in higher production cost, lower product quality and missed schedules. Thus the study of optimal repair, replacement and warranty strategies assumes a special significance. The objective of the present thesis is to propose and analyze a new class of models for deteriorating systems. Amongst the many approaches to model deteriorating system, shock models by virtue of their tractability and applicability to diverse areas has attracted the attention of modelers. Traditional shock models view system failure as a first passage problem of the cumulative damage process to cross a threshold. This thesis proposes a new class of shock models in which system failure is dependent on the frequency of shocks and explicitly obtains the various statistical characteristics of system failure. The thesis presents several optimal replacement problems of deteriorating systems within the ambit of the proposed class of models and explicitly obtains the optimal replacement times and the associated cost. The procedures are illustrated with numerical examples.
This study addresses modern types of families in the East-Kazakhstan region and their role in the population development. Using a sample of East-Kazakhstani women interviewed in 2008, this study focuses on women who have been previously married. The purpose of this thesis is analysis of factors influential on the intention to be divorced. Additionally, this thesis investigates issue: how a woman’s family life-course (marital status and number of children born in the first marriage) influences the risk of a post-dissolution birth among divorced women. Also this study attempts to analyze how the experience of a marital dissolution affects a woman’s cumulated fertility.
The aim of this thesis is to investigate the asymptotic behavior of solutions of some viscoelastic problems in bounded domains. In this regard, we study several problems and establish exponential, polynomial and general decay rate results. The decay results are established in the absence, as well as in the presence of a source term. This thesis contains five chapters. In Chapter 1, we discuss the properties and significance of viscoelastic materials and we end the chapter by reviewing some literatures related to our problems. In Chapter 2, we present some principal concepts, some theorems on Sobolev embeddings and some lemmas which are of essential use in the proofs of our results. In Chapter 3, we study the asymptotic behaviors of solution of a viscoelastic problem when the relaxation function is decaying exponentially in the presence of a source term. In this regard, we establish a decay result which depends on the behavior of the external force. The case when the relaxation function is decaying polynomially in the absence of a source term is treated in Chapter 4. A general decay result for the finite history case is studied in the last chapter.
This thesis explores the reasons behind why we dress the way we do. Is it to impress our peers, or it is to make a political statement? It investigates the social implications of clothing and how it is used to link you with your socio-economic background. Our clothes are our first impression and this thesis discusses which social persona's people want to portray through their clothing. Through out the thesis general theory is examined and addressed, followed by examples of various brands discussing what demographic wears them and why. There is then a detailed case study which takes a specific Irish sub culture and researches the process behind their clothing choices particularly which brands they buy. Overall it is a in-depth study into the importance of fashion as a form of socio-economic indication.
This research work aims to question the much neglected contribution of the rustic women to build a healthy American society. I have tried to study the works of some selected women writer’s from the feminist point of view. I have tried to reflect how gender has marginalized the participation of women, significance of the contribution of women in the building of a healthy hetero-generous society of America, showcase comparative study of the selected heroines and to explore the various narrative techniques adopted by these selected women writers. Questions of gender are taking new significance and they cannot be treated without rethinking about the status of rural women, who are often most exploited.
The aim of this study if to identify traces of Indus valley religion through a study of painted pottery sherds, tablets and seals. This includes a study of Indus valley folklore; understanding the significance of geometric and organic motifs with respect to Indus valley religion; understanding their ‘deities’ and their idea of worship and god. To reach this understanding it was important to look for the roots or the cultural background that prompted such ideas. The methodology adopted for this was, a review of the existing literature on the subject; examining parallels between Indus Valley and existing ‘Hindu’ practises; to look for a continuation of Indus Valley visual culture and thus ideas in early Indian sculptural tradition and a review of literature on Indian folk traditions to find possible links to Indus Valley. One important aim of this study was to establish the significance of an art historical study of Indus Valley remains and re-examining certain established ideas. It is hoped that the study will initiate further interest in the subject.
The Book contain the basic concept of BIOCHEMICAL AND MOLECULAR CHARACTERIZATION OF DIFFERENT BACTERIAL ISOLATES FROM MILK AND MILK PRODUCTS written in a manner suited to board spectrum of the students.The matter has been lucidly presented,orderly arranged and profusely illustrated.This book will give a significance study to generate information about the microbial quality of selected milk products to indicate the current health risk. In addition, the study provides information for further study.
The purpose of this thesis is to investigate some aspects of fuzzification of semigroups, partially ordered semigroups and gamma semigroups. In this thesis the concepts of fuzzy subsemigroups, fuzzy bi-ideals, fuzzy (1,2)-ideals, fuzzy quasi ideals, fuzzy ideals, fuzzy interior ideals, fuzzy prime and fuzzy semiprime ideals, cartesian product of fuzzy ideals, fuzzy prime ideals and fuzzy semiprime ideals, fuzzy ideal extensions in a gamma semigrouop have been introduced. These concepts are also studied via operator semigroups of a gamma semigroup. In this thesis some results of gamma semigroups have been rediscovered in terms of fuzzy subsets. Here some important characterization theorems in terms of fuzzy subsets have been obtained. It is important to note here that in the study of gamma semigroups in terms of fuzzy subsets operator semigroups play a crucial role.
The present thesis is a study of the role of family dynasty in the politics of Bangladesh. This thesis delves into something ulterior and recognizing the peripheral status of Bangladesh in world capitalism and explained the problem of family dynasty in the establishment of proper democracy in Bangladesh. Democracy means fraternity, equality, equity and transparency. Actually family dynasty is not working as a democratic process. This analysis will reach a wide audience. It will be illuminating not only to academics and students but also to policy makers and all those interested in the study of family dynasty as a process of democracy.
This study aims at investigating the following: first, whether the U.S exchange rate has a negative effect on the price of crude oil or not; second, whether there is a unidirectional relationship or not that runs from the U.S dollar exchange rate to the price of crude oil by conducting a Granger causality test; third, verify whether there is a long- run relationship between our proposed variables by conducting a co-integrated test by using the Engle-Granger test. This study finds a significant negative bivariate relation between the price of crude oil and the U.S dollar exchange rate when using monthly data. Furthermore, when using the same annual values of the two variables, this study shows that change of U.S dollar exchange rate does Granger cause the change in the price of crude oil at 5% level of significance, however, the oil price does not Granger cause change in U.S exchange rate at 5% level of significance. Therefore, the existence of a one way (unidirectional) effect is realized at 5% level of significance, which runs from the U.S dollar exchange rate to the price of crude oil.
The conceptual framework for the book was developed from the writings of Hans-Georg Gadamer and also from writers who engaged with Gadamer, most notably, Paul Ricoeur and Jurgen Habermas. The subject matter of this thesis is timely because religious identity issues are of critical significance at this time in Catholic education. The hermeneutic orientation of this thesis highlighted the elements of understanding, interpretation and meaning, and these elements are given some prominence in the more recent research literature on the change process. The researcher was actively involved in the events investigated in the case study, and a case narrative was developed from the researcher’s experience as a change agent. Change agentry was presented in this thesis as unfolding in a middle space between the familiarity of current practice and the unfamiliarity of the new world that a change process seeks to open up. Hermeneutics has long understood that that interpretation would be impossible if the expressions of life were totally alien and unnecessary if there was nothing alien in them.
This study done by Saeed Rezaei at Allameh Tabataba''i University in Tehran focuses on the significance of two types of corrective feedback, namely recast and metalinguistic feedback, in task-based grammar instruction. The researcher provides interested readers with a thorough review of literature on corrective feedback, task-based language teaching, and grammar instruction. The theoretical and practical implications resulting from the outcome of this study are revealing for both theory seekers and language teaching practitioners. Finally, the researcher provides under-research lines for further study.
This thesis addresses the effect of congestion on different nodes by using both the network users and network packets flowing on the whole networks. As the Network expands in size, the number of current outages can also be expected to grow. Object oriented programming language (JAVA) was used to simulate the whole networks. It shows the level of congestion of each node and how to control the congestion levels using progress and comment bars. Chi square was also used as a mathematical tool to know the significance difference of the total number of users at any period of the time. Bell University Networks was used as a case study and the data was collected for high, medium and low periods respectively. The error range within which the model is likely to fall should be traced back to the data collected.
The competent use of English is believed to be a necessary personal and professional skill for employees to make a prosperous and successful career in a modern, fast-paced business world. The initial assumption of this thesis is that the lack of English as skill in a multinational work environment might result in communication issues. These shortcomings may affect business operations, might lead to misunderstandings and, at worst, to business loss. Corporate language management seems to be neglected due to the lack of awareness of the significance of language competences. This thesis attempts to address the major issues in regards to the multiple demands on the work force of today’s labour market. A proposal for competent use of English to improve communication in multinational companies is tested by conducting interviews with employees and managers of multinational companies in Luxembourg.
This thesis thoroughly investigates the relationship between regulated institutions, which engage in unregulated activities and the new shadow banking regulations. The purpose of this paper is to establish the impact of these policies on systemic risk arising from shadow banking and to identify possible remaining risks. The methods used in this thesis are literature research and a case study of Deutsche Bank. The author overviews the concept of shadow banking industry and its components. The paper features an extensive analysis of proposed initiatives and passed regulations. A detailed study of Deutsche Bank’s role in the events leading up to the 2008 financial crisis identifies 4 areas of focus requiring regulatory attention. The following are cross-referenced with implemented regulation to showcase the impact on the organization.
Interest rates, the most important indicator of finance. How one should get started with the analysis of interest rates term structure? It is a complicated task which has to start from the basics. The vast literature and study made by professionals has been summarized in this thesis. The point being clarity and low amount of background information needed from the subject. In other words by reading this thesis one has a clear general view of the subject and its latest developments, also some new insights for future study has been covered. For anyone who is keen to know more about the fascinating world of term structure of interest rate from the point of view of a macroeconomist.