Despite the significant role of journalists in a society, few studies in journalism and on journalists have been conducted so far specially in the context of Pakistan. This study is conducted to examine the ground realities under which Pakistani journalists have to perform their duties. This study also explores the perception of the journalists towards their profession, job security and organization by keeping in mind their demographic background. The population of the study is the journalists working in Rawalpindi and Islamabad region. The study is exploratory in nature using quantitative survey method. Self designed questionnaire is used to calculate the responses which is further divided into five categories; demographic, organizational, personal, social and professional. All these queries are analyzed with data collection using convenient sampling technique. The data collected as a result of this study benefits not only the journalists’ community but also gives key information to government and general public about this community. As a result of this study government could devise policies to benefit and to get benefit from the journalists.
Christianity is a way of life for people who are sold out to Jesus Christ. The modern world is making living for Christ an "out of fashion" thing. This book takes a look on how the Christians in Nigeria can positively impact the society by keeping the peace yet keeping the great commission in focus, while impacting the society positively by the provision of social amenities and good moral character at home, school and work. . An attempt is then made to show that Christians must brace up in order to adopt modern techniques that can be relevant in this scientific age and to show that Christian values can contribute positively to the society by minimizing social vices; since morality is inseparable from religion both religion and morals are also inseparable from society. The study combines library research and social survey. Stratified sampling was used to ensure coverage of all the six geo-political zones within Nigeria. Quota sampling was used within the strata. It relied mainly on the information gathered through interview, fieldwork reports, questionnaire and observations.
The respondents of this study were workers and owners of Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) and high growth-oriented firms. The study targeted some SMEs operating in Harare Metropolitan Province in the categories of furniture, catering services, clothing and textile industry and taxi operating firms. A descriptive survey research design was used for the purpose of this study. The questionnaire was the main tool used in data collection. Cluster sampling method was used to select participants from the above mentioned categories. Members from the selected firms were randomly sampled to come up with a true representation of the population under study. Data was presented in form of pie charts, graphs and tables. The study used 200 registered and licensed entrepreneurs since their efforts can be traced towards assessing the relative changes in economic growth and socio-economic development. The findings of the study revealed that SMEs make a major contribution to both socio-economic development and growth thereby contributing an estimated amount of 30-40% to GDP and employs over 70% of the working population in Zimbabwe, (Financial Gazette, 2011).
The study of relationships between motivation and the level of employee performance is paramount to any organization. The study examined the motivation practices used in Eldoret Polytechnic, factors affecting employee performance in Eldoret Polytechnic, and the relationship between motivation and employee performance. The study used a case study strategy which is Eldoret Polytechnic and an explanatory research design. To achieve the set objectives the study used stratified random sampling in sample selection by grouping the employees according to management levels. There after simple random sampling was applied to select respondents. A sample of 30 respondents was selected which comprised employees of Eldoret Polytechnic. The study revealed that Eldoret Polytechnic carries out motivation of its employees in many ways including; provision of fringe benefits, paying bonuses to good workers, giving a sense of responsibility, promotion of consistently good workers and treating the workers equally. However, the study also revealed that the Eldoret Polytechnic does not use motivation tools including; remuneration, training, involvement of employee
Household savings is the key determinant of economic development by inducing domestic savings and ultimately investment. It also leads to high employment, industrial growth, improvement in quality of products; stabilize prices and higher GDP growth rate. The present study is an attempt to examine various factors influencing saving behavior among lower, middle and higher income groups; and Rural and Urban regions. In this study, primary source of data is collected through random sampling technique. Ordinary Least square method is employed and econometric problems are also removed from the estimated models (i.e. Heteroskedasticity, Multicollinearity etc.). This study will really help the graduate students that how to conduct research at primary level, how to solve various problems of survey, how to organize and arrange the results using econometric methods. Moreover, the study shows that how to elaborate survey results at preliminary level using percentages and graphs.
The present book deals with the study of sampling distributions so as to provide their applications in a variety of disciplines. The main objective of the manuscript is to understand the concept of a sampling distribution of a statistic, which is the distribution of all values of that statistic when all possible samples of the same size are taken from the same population. We also observe that some statistics are better than others for estimating population parameters. We also emphasis that Sample proportions tend to target the value of the population proportion, that is, all possible sample proportions have a mean equal to the population proportion. Under certain conditions, the distribution of the sample proportion can be approximated by a normal distribution.
Introduction has been given in Chapter 1. In Chapter 2, history of two-phase sampling and some well-known estimators along with their mean square errors and biases are given. Some regression cum ratio product estimators proposed by Hanif et al. (2009, 2010) and Hamad and Hanif (2011) in single and two-phase sampling using two auxiliary variables are discussed in chapter 3 and 4. The empirical study of those estimators is undertaken in Chapter 5.
Despite the opportunities that the Business Processing Outsourcing and Offshoring (BPO&O) industry offers to South Africa in terms of gainful employment opportunities and exporting services to developed countries, very little research has been done in the South African context. The objectives of the study were to identify the main trends, developments and patterns in the BPO&O sector and understand the policy and regulatory initiatives as well as the institutional arrangements used to promote the industry in South Africa. The case study also aimed to understand the implications for South Africa’s trade policy of the government’s desire to promote business processing services offshoring. The case study used the embedded mixed methods case study approach with quantitative data analysis embedded in qualitative analysis. Documentation and open ended- interviews were the main techniques used in collecting the data for analysis. Key participants for interviews were identified based on their expertise and experience in the BPO sector in South Africa using maximal variation sampling so that people with different perspectives on sector could be interviewed. The case study findings reveal
Case Study 1: Industrial Companies in Egypt, Case Study 2: King Abdel-Aziz Hospital in KSA, Case Study 3: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 4: Teaching Hospital in Egypt, Case Study 5: Healthcare Organizations in KSA, Case Study 6: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 7: Menoufia University Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 8: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 9: Industrial Companies in Egypt, Case Study 10: Sadat City University in Egypt, Case Study 11: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 12: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 13: King Faisal Hospital in KSA, Case Study 14: Saudi banks in KSA, Case Study 15: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 16: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 17: King Abdel-Aziz Hospital in KSA, Case Study 18: Menoufia University Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 19: Industrial Companies in Egypt, Case Study 20: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 21: Healthcare Organizations in KSA, Case Study 21: Healthcare Organizations in KSA, Case Study 22: Sadat City University in Egypt, Case Study 23: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 24: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 25: Saudi Banks in KSA.
The study examined the challenges faced by small-scale industries in Uganda with particular reference to Katwe metal workers. The study was a case study and employed both the quantitative and qualitative techniques in its inquiry. The target population comprised metal workers and the study sample was 100 respondents from the different categories of metal workshops involved in: a) manufacturing and apprenticeship training and; b) Hard ware sales and manufacturing. The respondents were selected on cluster sampling design based on the kind of metal work activity they were engaged in. The data was analyzed using statistical package for social scientists (SPSS) to establish Pearson’s correlations and descriptive statistics. The results indicated that a majority of metal workers were dependent on their own personal savings as their capital; there was a significant positive correlation between skills held by metal workers and their specialization and there was no correlation between skills held and performance of metal workers.
A Case Study of Physiotherapeutic Treatment of Closed Patella Fracture. This book involves a case study on physiotherapeutic approach to a 35 year old male with closed patella fracture, 8 weeks after incident. The theoretical part aims to explain anatomical structure, biomechanics, kinesiology and etiology of this type of fractures. While the practical part refers to the case study; the examinations used and the effectiveness of the therapy with the approaches used.
Systematic sampling is a sampling technique in which only the first unit is selected with the help of random numbers and the rest get selected automatically according to some predesigned pattern. The present study uses systematic sampling procedures for milk yield data exhibiting some non-linear trends. The data relate to milk yields of four breeds of cows and one breed of buffaloes over one lactation period during 2011-2013. The best fitted mathematical forms of non-linear trend present in the milk yield data are obtained and the expressions of average variances of the estimators of population mean under simple random, usual systematic and modified systematic sampling procedures by taking into account the trend present in the data have been derived from the formulae already derived by Ashutosh (1995) for populations showing general trend. The contents of this book are very useful in situations when a population exhibit these assumed trends.
The purpose of this study was to examine the status of various factors of effective and ineffective schools, design school effectiveness criteria and apply the criteria to assess the status of schools. The study applied three stage sampling involving random sampling and stratified sampling. It included five districts belonging to all the development regions and included respondents such as students, teachers, parents of students, resource persons and SMC members. The study followed both the quantitative and quantitative methods and studied perception of the respondents towards school effectiveness criteria and the specific school they belonged. The study revealed the solution of four research questions related to enabling and blocking factors in schools effectiveness, relation between different target groups regarding their perception towards the school effectiveness, differences in effectiveness between schools and what are the relevant effectiveness criteria for different types of schools in Nepal. The study developed school effectiveness criteria which were based on the proposed list of criteria and new one added as major findings of this study.
This book is concerned to the study and implementation of spatial data base which is related to the geospatial objects. Data to be stored in database is going more and more complex day by day. ORACLE handles this type of storage of data using oracle spatial using indexing scheme which provide the ease of retrieval of spatial data. I tried to implement this approach for mewar university demo map which is giving the layout of university campus including the admin block, hostels, PG blocks, etc.
This book presents an overview of the rules for boring spacing, boring depths requirements along with sampling type and depths as well as its design applications, in the light of the experience accumulated in geotechnical investigation. The topics have been discussed in details. Also the number and type of field tests in soil form survey have been thrashed out her to see the variability of test procedure, apparatus used and their contribution in determining soil properties. The study reveals that there is no hard and fast rule for boring spacing or the depth to which boring are to be advanced. For collecting undisturbed soil sample Shelby tube sampler is suitable and it is a common practice in Bangladesh that Shelby Tube is gently hammered into the soil not employing the jacking system. For field test standard penetration test is very user friendly in context of Bangladesh and is most widely used for its simplicity of apparatus and ease of testing.
Glaciers are a very important component of Earth system. This study aimed to understand the field techniques involved in mass-balance measurement of glaciers. Mass balance characteristics of glaciers vary from one region to another depending on the weather patterns and the local climate. Hence, the glaciers from two different micro-climatic settings in Himalaya, eastern and western, are comparatively assessed here to understand the role of local level conditions in regulating the melting response of glaciers.
The civil society has taken a very active role in the quest for democracy that continues to spread across the continents till it reached the Middle East region only recently. This book represents an ethnographic research done in a well-recognized Egyptian nonprofit organization. Two types of analysis were made, the SWOT and the PEST, based on qualitative interviews with five key persons in the organization. Results based on the case study, about how it applies strategic management activities, will be presented along with some recommendations. Those recommendations will serve as a strategic agenda for improving the performance of the nonprofit sector in Egypt.
This book provides an in depth and critical evaluation of the role of MIDC in the industrial development of Maharashtra Sate with special reference to Ambarnath Zone of Thane District. Various perspective have been incorporated within the book like the role to played by the government agencies, trade associations, financial institutions, enhancing a greater comprehension of the subject matter. The books relevant outlook and erudition should serve well for all readers.
The main purpose of the study was to investigate teacher’s attitude towards performance appraisal system and its components in Jijiga Zone secondary schools, in Somali Regional State. To this end, a descriptive survey method was employed.The study was conducted in five purposefully selected government secondary schools. Stratified sampling was used to select 157 sample participants from the total population by categorizing the total population(264 teaching staffs) in to two: i.e. appraisees/teachers/ that contain 195 teachers and appraisers/10 principals (including vices), 14 unit leaders, and 45 department heads total of 69 members/. Forty one appraisers were taken using simple random sampling. This study include all 39 female teachers using judgmental/purposive sampling, whereas, simple random sampling was used to select representative male 77 teachers based on their ratio/proportion of teachers in each school.
For decades construction technology has seen an upward trend of improvement which has resulted in greater efficiency. This has been driven by the need to minimize construction costs and maximize profits. But what happens when the dust settles and the occupants move in? Several studies have shown that it is the building lifecycle where maximum wastage occurs and most losses are incurred. This paper discusses some of the technologies being used today and their initial results to streamline building performance, using the same tools and data generated and used during construction. The study focuses on three cases where this processes are at different stages of culmination, and tries to arrive at a general conclusion about their performance with future possibilities of statistical analysis once hard data is generated.