Ready, Set, Present (PowerPoint Content): Delegation: Effective delegation increases efficiency and also empowers and inspires employees. Learn how to delegate easily and strategically. Slides include topics such as: Barriers to delegating, top 5 reasonsto delegate, tasks appropriate for delegation, 5 types of questions to ask before delegating, an effective delegation checklist, crisis delegation, delegating to experts, bosses, and associates, 6 steps of delegation, 5 ingredients of communicating successfully, how to's and more. Slides can easily be tailored to your specific needs (make handouts, create overheads and use them with an LCD projector) and are available for license. 100+ PowerPoint slides prepackaged on a PC compatible CD Rom. Each slide includes slide transitions, clipart and animation. Software Requirements: Windows 95 and PowerPoint 97 or higher. You may use this product over and over again.
From us to you… the precious gift of freedom from your unbearable workload and space to breathe! What is the main thing that stops you doing all those things you'd love to do? That stops you trying a new idea, starting a new hobby, looking for new opportunities or finishing that long-overdue project. It's time isn't it? It certainly is for most of us. We're all drowning in work – never-ending to-do lists, constant deadlines one after the other, too many emails to possibly answer! If only some of that load could be lifted. If only we could find some space, some breathing room, some time to actually think. It would mean we could try new things, think creatively, do our best rather than just enough to get it done and off our plate. Certainly in work, business growth is dependent on creative thinking and innovation – you need time to do that. If you want to succeed in your career, or make more room in your life for the nonwork stuff, then you need to free up some time. And what's the key to finding time? Delegation. Let Gail Thomas teach you to art of delegation. Stop wasting your time on tasks you're overqualified for and see how you actually can focus on the important stuff. And you won't just learn how to delegate 'down' – Gail will also help you master upwards delegation. The Gift of Time includes: How proper delegation can lead to a more successful career and a happier life Solid research into the value of delegation in real monetary terms An examination of the attitudes and barriers to delegation and how to overcome them Different types of delegation – not just 'downward delegation' but upwards and sideways delegation, silent and stakeholder delegation Articles by guest writers – experts in particular areas, such as parental delegation Case studies to illustrate exactly how effective delegation has been done to great results
Skills of Management and Leadership is a concise introductory text focusing on the core skills of managing people in organisations. With a strong emphasis on people management, it addresses the needs of those in managerial and leadership roles, and identifies the skills needed to handle the growing range of managerial responsibilities such as prioritization, delegation, disciplinary and performance handling, and negotiation. Packed with real-life examples of management in practice, this text explores the key original concepts of the managerial escalator, the hybrid manager and the managerial gap.Key benefits:• Clearly and accessibly written• Lively case studies reveal the reality of management today• Filled with engaging learning features such as end of chapter questions and appendices to help readers with self-developmentThis is the ideal introductory text for undergraduate and postgraduate management students.
This book deals with Delegation of duties, power and authority; Struggles that surround the shift from teacher-centred to child-centred pedagogies; existence of Gender-Divide in some schools, and Mushrooming of Educational Policies. Pros and cons are explored and suggestions given on how well to deal with some of these complexities. The book indicates that some schools are faced with comprehensive changes such as in the area of curriculum, restructuring and size. Various aspects of delegation are explored: fears and challenges, benefits of delegation and the involvement of teaching staff, the community in which the school is and pupils. Segregated Pupil selection, Teenage pregnancy; and Single-sex schools are presented as avenues around which gender is used as a facade to employ gender differentiation between boys and girls, men and women, ladies and gentlemen; with one gender taking advantage of the other.
Test Case Prioritization is an approach that aims to order test cases to obtain gains according to specific criteria. This work proposes test case prioritization techniques aiming to decrease the time spent in manual execution by reducing the effort of the data preparation needed for each test case; the better sequences of tests are those that reuse more data. We applied these techniques in a mobile phone testing environment where tests are manually executed and designed based on requirements.We propose a tool that mechanizes the prioritization process helping testers to register information, execute the prioritization techniques and choose from sequences yielded as results. Empirical studies were performed, comparing the permutation approach to the existing prioritization technique where the test cases are prioritized manually based on a heuristic that uses a tree structure and, knowledge and intuition from the testers. Results show gains of approximately 25-30% in configuration time. The techniques proposed yield significant results not just in the execution sequence but also in the sequence generation, which is automated by our tool.
A wireless mesh networks (WMNs) has emerged recently, WMN consist of two types of nodes mesh routers and mesh clients.WMN is dynamically self-organized and self-configured, with the nodes in the network automatically establishing and maintaining mesh connectivity among themselves. Channel assignment is a critical issue in WMN which is the mapping between the available channels and the radios at each node such that the network performance is optimized, and hence the focus of this work along with static channel assignment, multi-radio, multi-channel. Multi-radio MAC can potentially achieve higher network capacity than single-radio MAC. We design and implement a new agent (DSBCA) distributed channel assignment spanner base, the routing protocol Optimize the network performance considering the throughput, end-to-end delay, connectivity and the interference of our channel assignment algorithm. Base on the network simulations NS2.34 on Linux Fedora and our proposed channel assignment algorithm improved the throughput, minimal-connectivity preserving channel assignment algorithm.
Assignment Problem is one of the first fundamental problems in the area of combinatorial optimization. Despite its historical roots, the problem has tremendous importance to date, due to its numerous real life applications in like facility location, personnel scheduling, job scheduling, production planning, project assignment, task assignment, time-tabling, vehicle routing, storage space allocation, etc. This book comprises some real life assignment and related problems involving imprecise cost/time parameters. In order to represent those imprecise parameters, interval numbers have been used here as this representation is the best among others. The associated problems have been solved using Genetic Algorithm efficiently. A salient feature of this book is that most of the algorithms have been written in a lucid manner with suitable examples using figures. This book should interest academicians, OR/GA practitioners and executives of different industries and business organizations.
A fundamental resource for the existence of any organisation is human capital. In order to create long term profitability, it is important to continuously train and develop individuals within an organisation. Training or development of individuals can be achieved by applying the concept of "delegation". This very concept is important to master in order to become a successful and legendary leader in any business set up. Two factors play a pivotal role in the developed delegation concept. Firstly, responses from a questionnaire survey from 70 entrepreneurs and managers in industry were analysed in order to get a realistic view point. Secondly, Chapter 6 highlights important and traditional management theories that are used as the foundation of the final developed delegation concept. The author concluded that anyone can master theory but not everyone can practice theory.
The focus area of this paper is on the assignment problem with budget constraints which is one of the application area of combinatorial optimization that operates on the domain of those optimization problems,in which the set of feasible solutions is discrete or can be reduced to discrete,and in which the goal is to find the best solution. It is particularly concerned with solving the unconstrained assignment problems with Hungarian algorithm and the constrained assignment problem by cutting plane or outer linearization algorithm for solving the Lagrangian dual problem in which, at each iteration,the function that approximates the dual function is optimized. The paper is divided in to two chapters. In the first chapter,the classical assignment problem,the problem of finding optimum (minimum or maximum) cost or profit assignment a set of workers or resources to jobs or activities to gather with its mathematical formulation,solution methods and special cases in assignment problems were considered. Under the second chapter, we have considered generalization of the classical assignment problem concerning resource(or budget) constraints, due to the variety of real life problems.
The efficient management of Change Requests (CRs) is fundamental for successful software maintenance; however the assignment of CRs to developers is an expensive aspect in this regard, due to the time and expertise demanded. To overcome this, researchers have proposed automated approaches for CR assignment. Although these proposals present advances to this topic, they do not consider many factors inherent to the assignments, such as: developers’ workload, CRs severity, interpersonal relationships, and developers know-how. Actually, as we demonstrate in this work, CR assignment is a complex activity and automated approaches cannot rely on simplistic solutions. Ideally, it is necessary to consider and reason over contextual information in order to provide an effective automation. Beyond investigating all these aspects through an extensive systematic literature review, this work also proposes a context-aware architecture solution to semi-automated assignment of CRs.
The highly competitive environment in today's wireless and cellular network industries is making the management of systems seek for better and more advance techniques to keep masses of data, complexity of systems and deadline constrains under control with a lower cost and higher efficiency. Therefore, the management is getting significant attentions by researchers in order to increase the efficiency of the resource usage to provide high quality services. Two of the cornerstones of the management system in wireless and cellular network are carrier assignment and packet scheduling. Therefore, this work focuses on analysis and development of carrier assignment and packet scheduling methods in multi-band Wi-Fi and LTE-A networks.
Emotional intelligence has become tremendously wide spread and well known since it improves leadership quality in manager''s performance. In result it will increase productivity and competitiveness of organizations. This book will look at the manager''s emotional intelligence quality on one of the important aspects of management which is delegating tasks and authorities to subordinates. This book aims to investigate emotional intelligence competences, such as awareness, emotional control, empathy and emotional response on conduction effective delegation.There has been accordingly huge gap and lack of empirical study investigating the correlation between emotional intelligence and leadership effectiveness at workplace, even there is almost nothing had been done regarding relation between emotional intelligence and effective delegation in practical performance such as banking industry.This book will be able to replicate the results in literature transformational managers who could be consider more effective by their subordinates and then the positive and significant correlation between emotional intelligence level and delegation effectiveness would be concluded.
In cellular mobile communication, since there will be conversation in progress in case of handover calls, GOS for them should be less than that for newly originating calls. Basically, there are three channel assignment schemes, fixed, dynamic & hybrid channel assignment schemes for handling newly originating and handover calls. In this study, capacity design for cellular mobile network in area inside ring road in Kathmandu valley has been done according to the findings of data collection and analysis of mobile communication service being provided by Nepal Telecom. Capacity planning has been done with GOS equal to 2% for newly originating calls and 1% for handover calls. In addition to capacity planning, efficient channel assignment scheme in terms of blocking and throughput has been evaluated with optimal utilization of the designed capacity for getting minimum blocking for both types of calls maintaining the blocking for handover calls always less than that for newly originating calls. The simulated values of GOS & throughput for all channel assignment schemes at different penetration have been compared and hybrid channel assignment scheme has been found to be most efficient.
Revision with unchanged content. This study investigated the influence of computer-generated reminders on the rate in which distance learners submitted assignments and completed courses. The computer-generated reminders, sent via email, served as a time management support strategy. Participants were randomly divided into two groups: control and treatment. Both groups received a list of target due dates for course assignments. The control group did not receive reminders. The treatment group received reminders when they failed to submit an assignment by a target due date. The results indicated no significant difference between the control and treatment groups in terms of assignment submission rates and course completion rates. However, results of this study did reveal that the number of assignments in a distance course influences the timeliness of assignment completion and the likelihood of course completion.
This study is situated within the field of instructional design and sought to identify competencies specific to online designers-by-assignment in high school learning environments. Since existing instructional design standards currently available to guide designers-by-assignment differ from one another, a lack of clarity remains about which specific standards actually benefit this emerging professional group in the process of developing and revising courses they eventually teach. The purpose of this qualitative Delphi study was to identify, through expert agreement, instructional design competencies that can benefit high school online designers-by-assignment and the instructional design profession. This study employed the qualitative Delphi design to achieve consensus among experts in five fields (high school online practitioners, instructional design academics, university pre-service instructors, online high school administrators and high school online instructional designers).
This book contains a good literature survey of various mathematical models and routing & wavelengths assignment algorithms in WDM optical networks. Some of the new algorithms for optimization of blocking probability have aslo been covered. This book is good for researchers who are working on optical networks and advancements in fiber optics communication. Mathematical models covered in this book are simple and easy to implement. A good number of routing and wavelength assignment algorithms have also been covered in this book which can be used to reduce blocking probability of the optical network. This book can be very helpful to the research scholars.
Analytic Hierarchy Process (AHP) is one of the methods in Decision Support Systems (DSS). AHP has been criticized mainly for its priority deviation method, which is one of AHP’s main components. The priority derivation method, also referred to as prioritization method, is used to derive priorities in order to represent the rank of alternatives in AHP. There are two approaches to derive priorities in AHP, which are non-optimization approach and optimization approach. However, this study found three main problems in the current prioritization methods which are inconsistency of the judgment, non-evolutionary computing approach, and accuracy performance of the prioritization method. In solving these problems, this study proposed Evolutionary Computing Procedure for Deriving Priorities (ECPDP). The ECPDP is an EC-based procedure and derives priorities by solving single objective optimization problem (SOP) through maximizing the accuracy of the solution, by using Total Deviation (TD) as an objective function. The result by using ECPDP is more promising as opposed to the other prioritization methods in terms of TD value.
This book explains the port operations and proposes approaches that aim to improve the most important successive steps in container terminal management activities. A multi-period assignment problem that seeks to allocate vessels to berthing spaces and quay cranes is proposed to handle the quayside operations. Subsequently, on the yard side, a discrete-event simulation model for the real life detailed processes performed during the handling of import containers is developed. In particular, the model focuses on the storage assignment problem at the operational level in a container terminal with a multiple-berth structure. An approach by means of a hierarchical structure is adapted to partition the assignment problem into two sub-problems and solve each of them using separate decision rules. Suggested storage policies are evaluated in view of the overall performance of the container terminal.
Mesh Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a promising access network to enhance channels utilization, extend access coverage using simple and cheap network components. Power management affects mesh WLAN network coverage, topology, throughput, traffic routing and end to end delay. Channel assignment affects the mesh nodes interference level and so the transmission capacity. It also controls the number of nodes share the same channel which increases the probability of collision and reduces the network throughput. In this book, the power management problem is formulated to show its impact on mesh WLAN network throughput. Then this formulation is used to propose a new ranking based cooperative game strategy. Mesh WLAN channel assignment problem is also formulated. Then different algorithms throughput and processing delay is analyzed. This analysis is based on evaluating average users’ data rate and processing delay for different assignment techniques in many mesh WLAN network configurations.
This project is aimed at downloading and uploading online assignments for students; with each assignment having information about the instructions, description, deadline, and submission details. The main goal of this thesis is to design and implement online assignment submission and provide an interface use for uploading test program (Nant script file) by instructors, who would be able to evaluate assignments automatically. The system provides an interface for testing assignments such that they can be plugged in by the teachers. This testing could invoke a compiler and make a test-run of the compiled code and check the result or test for plagiarism, existence of certain documents or simply check the file type (extension). The most obvious advantage offered by online assignment submission is that it offers faster transmission of assignments than using traditional way by using online system. The interface use to invoke different testing program by teachers, So Save the time and cost for teachers by enabling them to put up a fast response for students as well as increasing the quality of the feedback provided to students.
Watershed prioritization is the ranking of different critical sub watersheds according to the order in which they have to be taken up for the treatment by soil and water conservation measures. A particular sub watershed may get top priority due to various reasons but often the intensity of land degradation is taken as the basis. In the absence of sediment yield data or ungauged watershed situations, geomorphologic parameters along with the satellite – based land use / land cover information of watershed may be helpful in prioritization of the sub watersheds. Quantitative geomorphologic analysis of a drainage basin is considered to be the most satisfactory method because it enables us to understand the relationship among different aspects of the drainage pattern of the basin and to make a comprehensive evaluation of different drainage basins developed in various geologic and climatic regimes. The latest advances in remote sensing technology have provided very useful methods of surveying, identifying, classifying and monitoring several forms of earth resources. Remote sensing data provide accurate, timely and real time information on various aspects of the watershed.
In this book we consider the Frequency Assignment Problem, where the objective is to minimize the cost due to interference arising in a solution. We use a quadratic 0-1 integer programming formulation of the problem as a basis to derive new lower bounds and problem reduction rules. A tree search algorithm that uses the lower bounds and dominance criteria is also presented. Computational results are shown on standard benchmark instances from the literature.
Modern day public transport assignment faces lots of problems. Solutions may exist but needs some form of backings. A sensitivity analysis in most cases could just be sufficient to provide this backing. The developments in this book are very important for students, academic researchers and policy makers. The book provides an extensive review on transit assignment, sensitivity analysis and OmniTRANS. It highlights important conclusions such as:- - Passenger access-egress distances significantly affects their access stop choices. - The travel distance parameter of the generalized cost function has the highest influence on transit assignment - The number of transfers to be made by passengers significantly determines their generalized cost of travel - A carefully conducted partial sensitivity analysis can provide better predictions than a Monte-Carlo sensitivity analysis. As a policy advice to public transport operators in Flanders-Belgium, the developments in this book suggest that; to improve transit assignment, it is sufficient to reduce passengers access-egress distances & the number of transfers either through the institution of more direct transit lines or missing links.
The problem of distributing goods from depots to consumers plays an important role in the management of many distribution systems, and therefore when it is programmed efficiently it may yield significant savings. In a typical distribution system, trucks provide pick-up and delivery services to customers that are geographically dispersed in a given area. In many of its applications, the main objective of distribution is to find a set of routes for such trucks, satisfying a variety of constraints, so as to minimize the total distribution cost. This work focuses on a decision model for a real world problem. The problem reveals itself as assignment of trucks to routes by Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, Ghana. This study addresses the problem of finding an efficient assignment of the limited number of trucks at the company’s disposal to the routes they ply while serving its customers outside the metropolis. In this work we use a solution procedure based on Munkres Assignment Algorithm for optimal assignment of non-homogenous fleet of trucks to a given set of routes, where Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, distributes its products to its customers.
Special Agent Fangs Enigma and his sidekick, werewolf Agent Puppy Brown, were recruited by secret intelligence agency MP1 (Monster Protection, 1st division) to stop the world's super(natural) villains and monster criminals from realizing their evil plans.
Stress in Moroccan Arabic, and also in other languages, poses challenging problems for phonological theory. This is due to the fact that stress exhibits conflicting properties; which makes it difficult to provide answers to a number of issues. This book provides an investigation into a prominent aspect of prosodic phonology in Moroccan Arabic (a case study of the dialect of Rabat city), namely, stress assignment in the grammatical category of verbs within the framework of optimality theory as proposed in Prince and Smolensky and McCarthy and Prince. It particularly addresses a range of issues such as: the position of stress, the basis on which stress is located, the factors on the basis of which stress location is effected, the importance of the perceptual and the instrumental tests in shedding light on stress assignment, and the extent to which the optimality theoretic analysis confirm or disconfirm the results of the perceptual and the instrumental tests concerning stress placement. This book will be of interest to linguistics, teachers, researchers and to anyone interested in language study and phonological theory.
NPC - Non Player Character - is the name of an artistic performance staged in the virtual world Second Life: an avatar is completely controlled by a computer program and a robot to delegate play, social interaction and the avatars' misbehaviours. The book elaborates on the topics of textual interaction with artificial humans in art, virtual worlds and the hypothesis of interpassivity which is concerned with the delegation of one's actions and sensations to objects and other people.
This book presents the basis for designing a control strategy for Shunt Active Power Filters used for the compensation of harmonic currents consumed by nonlinear loads. The design of the controller is carried out using the interconnection and damping assignment technique. The control objective is to inject the adequate compensation current into the power system, so that the grid current is sinusoidal and balanced, regardless of whether the grid voltage is distorted or unbalanced. This application uses a design methodology based on interconnection and damping assignment that allows trajectory tracking control because the references of the compensating currents are variable, and they depend on the performance of the load and the grid. References of the compensation currents are calculated by using Instantaneous Active-Reactive Power Theory.
Multinational organizations need to develop internationally sophisticated and skilled managers in order to compete with the competitive global environment. Organizations are finding it increasingly difficult to find employees who are willing to accept international assignments, one of the most powerful means to shape effective global leaders. Furthermore, organizations do not have an adequate understanding of what factors influence employees'' willingness to accept an international assignment. This study analyzes the impact of multiple factors which may influence an individual''s willingness to accept an international assignment. Prior research that investigated individuals'' willingness to accept an international assignment mainly focused on one particular aspect. Findings of this research include: students are generally more willing to accept a short-term than a long-term international assignment; male and female students are equally willing to accept international assignments; students are equally willing to accept international assignments within or outside of Europe; from seventeen European countries, students are most willing to work in the UK, Switzerland, Spain and Sweden.
PRACTICES IN THE DESIGN OF HUMAN - COMPUTER INTERACTION: Human – Computer Interaction needs both mental and physical activities.The issues related to the motor actions, such as frequency-of-use, pace-of-interaction, type of interface, interaction style,type of instructions, step-by-step work,all-at-once work,etc.are termed as quantitative factors.On the other hand, the cognitive and perceptual actions associated with using the computer is related to the mental activities.The issues related to cognitive and perceptual actions,such as familiarity,fatigue,monotony,boredom,fear, anxiety,etc.are termed as qualitative factors.The quadratic assignment technique handles the qualitative and quantitative factors effectively in the objective function of the facilities layout problem.The techniques and tools of the quadratic assignment problems are found to be effective in the design of interactive systems for various types of users,viz.,expert,intermittent,and novice users.This work includes the proposed quadratic assignment models to design interactive systems that expected to be user friendly to increase the comfort and reduce the performance time for expert,intermittent&novice users.