Producing a dissertation has become a major requirement of most university courses, both undergraduate and Masters. It's likely to be the largest single piece of work you'll have to submit – and also the hardest! Writing a Dissertation For Dummies walks you through all the practical and theoretical aspects of writing a dissertation to help you produce a first-class work. This guide is ideal for any student in the broad range of the social sciences, from anthropology to law, psychology to media studies. From choosing a topic, to researching the literature, utilising your supervisor, managing your time, and structuring and writing your dissertation, you'll be able to avoid all the common mistakes and stay on top of your workload throughout the process. You'll also find tips on the best way to reference your work, and expert advice on presentation and binding. This is a must if you want to maximise your marks on your university dissertation. Writing a Dissertation For Dummies covers: Part I: What is a Dissertation? Chapter 1: So You Have to Write a Dissertation Chapter 2: Thinking About a Research Question Part II: Getting Set Up for Your Dissertation Chapter 3: The Structure of Your Dissertation Chapter 4: Getting Started Chapter 5: Finalising Your Research Question, Dissertation 'Type' And Considering Ethics Chapter 6: Reading Efficiently and Taking Useful Notes Part III: Getting On With Your Research Chapter 7: Researching in Libraries and the Using the Internet Chapter 8: Creating Your Own Empirical Data Chapter 9: Analysing Data And Drawing Conclusions Chapter 10: Staying on Track Part IV: Writing and Polishing Chapter 11: Managing Your Argument: 'Writing Up' Your Non-Empirical Dissertation Chapter 12: Writing Up Your Empirical Dissertation Chapter 13: Writing Effectively Chapter 14: References, Bibliographies and Appendices Chapter 15: Sorting Out The Presentation of Your Dissertation Part V: Managing The Overall Experience Chapter 16: Your Work Habits Chapter 17: Looking After Yourself Physically and Emotionally Chapter 18: Ten Common Dissertation Pitfalls to Avoid Chapter 19: Ten Essential Tips For Completing Your Dissertation Chapter 20: Ten Items For Your Very Final Checklist
This book mainly focuses on households willingness to pay for electricity connection options in rural areas of Ethiopia. The objective of this book is to know whethear investment on electricity connection is cost recovery or not in addition to identifying socio-economic factors that affect households willingness to pay. There is also an interesting econometrics application methods in the book. So i would like to reccomend all interested schoolars to read.
Increasing level of generation of municipal solid waste have long posed serious threats to local environmental quality and human health.Municipal solid waste management is the responsibility of local governments consuming a greater percentage of their budgets in developing countries.However budget constraints have made Metropolitan,Municipal and District Assemblies unable to meet the cost in managing the ever increasing volumes of waste.Improvements in solid waste management is required; however to obtain such improvements, a higher payment is also anticipated. In line with this, it is very important to explore the possibility of cost sharing by households and for this we need to explore their willingness to pay for such services. This book therefore explores this area of interest
Pay-for-performance (P4P) is a term that describes health-care payment systems that offer financial rewards to providers who achieve, improve, or exceed their performance on specified quality, cost, and other benchmarks. P4P programs are intended to increase the provision of quality care and decrease health care costs over the long term. This study assessed the provision of quality immunization services in Temeke Municipality following the introduction of Payment for Performance (P4P) strategy. The study provides useful information which could be used to advice the Municipality and the Ministry of Health and Social Welfare on refining P4P motivation scheme and even possibilities of scaling up to all Districts in all health facilities. We recommends that, the P4P implementation in Temeke should be revised and implemented systematically by ensuring stakeholders are consulted closely throughout the process, services included in the p4p scheme well defined and there should be a well designed monitoring and evaluation system. The other important steps include managerial capacity and capability arrangements, increasing p4p contractual transparency and ensure good governance.
A major problem that confronts many urban areas in the world is the provision of potable water on constant basis. One reason for this occurrence is the inability of service providers to meet the growing demand partly is attributable to ineffective pricing which is below cost recovery levels. In this study we investigate household’s willingness to pay for improved water provision together with the factors that determine households willingness to pay using the contingent valuation method (CVM) and the ordered probit econometric model. The study used a cross section data collected from a sample of 315 households drawn from different areas in the Accra-Tema metropolis through a discrete choice with follow-up elicitation format using face-to-face interview. Results from our analysis indicated that, households in the Accra-Tema metropolis are prepared to pay on the average about 7 times more than what they are paying currently. Policy recommendation emanating from the study is that, governments should improve on water infrastructure and consequently water supply and increase tariffs since people are prepared to pay more for improved water supply.
Perception of Wetlands benefits has been noted to be one of the major foundations upon which successful implementation of any sustainable management plans for these Wetlands relies on. This becomes essential as the immediate Wetland community dwellers need to be involved in the design and implementation of these plans so as to achieve greater efficiency , effectiveness and equity. This book thus delves into the perception of different types of benefits (values)by the immediate Wetland dwellers in Southwest Nigeria. Also, it brings to light factors that motivate people to participate as well as pay for sustainable management of Wetlands. This is an invaluable resource and a must read for students, policy makers, environmental scientists and everyone interested in the care and sustainable use of the environment.
This handbook serves as a practical guide for students in institutions of higher learning with particular reference to their thesis and/or dissertation writing requirements. The simplistic approach in treating fundamental concepts and issues involved in a typical thesis and/or dissertation writing exercise, as adopted in the handbook, recommends it for not only students at different levels of higher institutions pursuits, but also their advising/supervising lecturers and indeed, the generality of knowledge seekers, especially in the area of research.
Majority of Nigerians cannot afford and access health care services because it is beyond their reach, statistics puts 70.2% of Nigerians as living below the poverty line of USD 1.00 per day which encourages the vicious cycle of poverty, ignorance and disease. One novel approach to increasing coverage for the people is Community-Based Health financing which is a non-profit arrangement for the informal sector formed on the basis of an ethic of mutual aid and the collective pooling of health risks and resources which members of the community are responsible for its management. This book assessed the willingness to pay of urban and rural households in Osun State,Southwestern, Nigeria.
Plan and launch your PPC campaign and keep track of its progress If you want potential customers to form a traffic jam at your Web site, Pay Per Click just might do the trick. This book will help you decide! It tells you all about Google AdWords and Yahoo! Sponsored Search, targeting your customers, watching out for fraud, assessing the pros and cons of Pay Per Click, and making Pay Per Click work for you. Discover how to Use the right keywords to trigger your ads Figure your breakeven point Write ads that reach your customers Calculate return on investment Use geo targeting Track your ad results
Abstract Background: Willingness to pay data are rarely collected or used as part of designing health insurance schemes in developing countries. The objective of this study was to assess household heads’ willingness to pay for community health insurance and its determinants. Methodology: It was a descriptive cross-sectional study. Sample size of 360 was determined using Fishers formula and multistage sampling technique was used to select respondents. Semi structured interviewer administered questionnaire was used and data analysis was done using Epi-info version 3.4.1. Results: Respondents were willing to pay was 522.0 + 266.3 Naira per annum per household member (3.26 + 1.66 US Dollars). The factors that affect Willingness to pay were age, sex, educational attainment, income, household size, and past health expenditure. Conclusion: The amount of premium that should be fixed for Community Health Insurance in these rural communities should range between 250 Naira to 1,200 Naira (1.56 + 7.50 US Dollars) per annum per household member. Target Group 1. Public Health students 2. Health Insurance Companies 3. Non-Governmental Organizations 4. Governments leaders at various levels
Forest represents an important resource base for economic development. If managed wisely, forest had the capacity to provide a perpetual stream of income and subsistence products, while supporting other economic activities through its ecological services and functions. Despite the importance of forest in sustaining livelihood and poverty smoothening in rural communities, it is highly depleted. Besides, rehabilitation initiatives in Ethiopia to date are rarely participatory. Even, community forests are poorly conserved and highly degraded. Therefore, to enhance participatory rehabilitation initiatives for sustainable management, this study examined households’ willingness to pay for rehabilitation of degraded forest resources in a hypothetical market. The study was conducted in Sekella woreda of the Amhara region, northwestern Ethiopia. A total of 120 households had been surveyed in the study area in November and December 2011. During the survey, Contingent Valuation Method with double bounded dichotomous choice with follow up question format was applied to elicit willingness to pay of rehabilitation of degraded forest resources.
Soil erosion has been one of the major problems undermining agricultural production in Ethiopia. Consequently, efforts are being made by the government to tackle the adverse effect of soil erosion via Food-for-Work and Cash-for-Work programs. However, the existing literature shows that the achievements of such programs are far from the expectations. Does such an experience mean that there is no hope for soil conservation practices in Ethiopia? Absolutely it is doubtful, the problem could have been rather, the campaigns that have been undertaken in Ethiopia for soil conservation practices have failed to consider local peoples’ willingness to pay for such projects from the very initiation of conservation measures. This motivates that, adequate understanding of the socio economic circumstances is required to determine the household’s soil conservation demand behavior and the factors that determine their willingness to pay for it. Hence, this book explores the value that the rural households have attached to soil conservation measure using the non marketed valuation technique called Contingent valuation method.
Writing and submitting an acceptance research proposal is not a simple task and can be exasperating experience even for the most accomplished and experienced researchers. For most graduate students pursuing masters and PhD,the time for producing a research proposal and final dissertation is considered as a period of agony and utmost suffering.In most cases out rightly detest the whole idea of writing and submitting a proposal because the whole business seems to be too complex to accomplish.Arguably,in most Universities in Africa the time for producing a dissertation/thesis proposal and its final report is probably the most frustrating moment.However,despite all these challenges associated in writing a dissertation/thesis,there are still some students who write and submit acceptable dissertation proposals within the shortest time possible or within recommended time period.Students even produce their own proposals and final dissertations well before the officially stipulated time.The purpose of this book is to guide how students can successfully write their proposals.
Water is a vital need in the lives of living things.One cannot survive without water. The fact is happening today is the reduced availability of clean water and its sustainability as well, many people especially in developing countries have no access to adequate potable water services.Thus, the need for clean potable water, information on the demand side, its sustainability are timely a hot issue among countries and is a global concern.Hence, involving community members in evaluation of their WTP for improved water services projects brings new insights. Thus, this book presents the Households’ WTP for Improved Water Supply. In this book, household mean WTP and its sustainability, determinants of WTP, welfare implications and household’s actual ability to pay are assessed.The analysis should be used for any policy makers and planners of any country concerning decisions of improved water supply services, and also essential for potable water development projects of any country. Further, the results of this study will have an impact on the academic community,governmental and non-governmental organizations,and useful for anyone else who may be face the paucity of literature in the area.