Writing a dissertation/thesis is a complicated process. This book serves to help novice researchers to complete this task, ranging from the title, introduction, literature review, methodology, result and discussion, to summary and recommendations. The format, language, tone, and style will be discussed. Examples are given so that the researchers can follow suit. A practical and systematic guide to completing a dissertation/ thesis.
This dissertation is an empirical study of the relationship among trade, agricultural export diversification and economic growth in the Caribbean and, based on its findings, should be a must read for students, academics, and policy makers. Indeed, the economics literature contains an extensive amount of studies on trade and economic growth and development that applied various empirical methodologies to answer important questions pertaining to the trade-economic growth nexus. This dissertation is different in two main respects. First, it focuses on Caribbean countries that have received much less attention in the literature. Second, it employs a time varying coefficients approach that captures the changing nature of the relationship among trade, agricultural export diversification and economic growth in select Caribbean countries.
Pyrimidines as Bioactive Heterocycles has been written for the dissertation students as well as for the Research students who want to research in the field of bioactive heterocyclic compounds. This book is one of the part of dissertation done by the author and contains recent reference and research work done by research students from all over the world and also in this book some therapeutic importance and various method for the pyrimidines and their derivatives mentioned with references This book contains literature serve, list of some active drugs based on pyrimidines, the work done in dissertation with spectra eg. IR, NMR and Mass and preparation method in two chapters and four sections.
The purpose of the dissertation is to analyze the methodology which is employed in a reading class within a Chinese college’s English context. Consequently, I will suggest solutions to the problems.The PPP approach is used in the previously used lesson plans, form and accuracy are the focus and classroom management is easily achieved. However, free communication and the use of reading skills and strategies are not encouraged. Therefore, I will explore ways to implement a task-based approach in reading to make reading more communicative.The dissertation starts with a description of my context and outline of my research. This is followed by a literature review about the PPP approach, the task-based approach and reading, then previously used lesson plans are analyzed as my data. A checklist which integrates the task-based approach and reading skills and strategies is designed. Based on the evaluation of previously used lesson plans, new ones are designed to implement the task-based approach to reading. The rationale and evaluation of the new lesson plans are discussed. At the end of the study, the limitations of the study are stated, together with suggestions for future research.
This study examines the effect of a literature-based program on Jordanian University students'' communicative performance. Qualitative observation was the main instrument, but triangulation was sought through the use of a pre/post test, interview, journal writing and role-play evaluation of oral proficiency. Significant differences in the students'' communicative performance were found in favor of the literature-based program. Students taught through the program were found to use a host of cognitive (critical thinking and creative writing), social (cooperative learning) and affective (self-confidence) strategies.
Planning your Dissertation is a friendly and essential companion to your dissertation journey. It takes you step-by-step through the planning for each stage from your first idea to the finishing touches. Packed with practical advice and examples of student writing, this guide shows you how to:• find an idea and focus your research question• write a proposal• structure your literature review• choose your methodology• put the crucial finishing touches to your work
This is an innovative and comprehensive research-based approach to Australian literature for young people, within a literary, cultural, and educational context. Australian Literature for Young People will help education students, primary and secondary teachers, and parents to appreciate the very significant role they play in encouraging children not only in reading, but also in helping them understand the structures and aesthetics of literature.
‘Street trading is an activity which involves the selling of goods or the supply of services for a reward in a public road’ (City of Johannesburg, 2009b: 5-7). This minor dissertation is an examination of the conditions and aspirations of street traders in Johannesburg’s Central Business District (CBD), specifically Kerk Street. The underlying rationale is the fact that, while there is a small, but growing body of literature on street traders in South Africa, there is little on street trading in the Johannesburg CBD. Moreover, to the best of the researcher’s knowledge, virtually none of this deals with the views and aspirations of the street traders themselves. This dissertation is based on the following research question: How did the conditions and aspirations of street traders in Kerk Street change between 2005 and 2009?
Producing a dissertation has become a major requirement of most university courses, both undergraduate and Masters. It's likely to be the largest single piece of work you'll have to submit – and also the hardest! Writing a Dissertation For Dummies walks you through all the practical and theoretical aspects of writing a dissertation to help you produce a first-class work. This guide is ideal for any student in the broad range of the social sciences, from anthropology to law, psychology to media studies. From choosing a topic, to researching the literature, utilising your supervisor, managing your time, and structuring and writing your dissertation, you'll be able to avoid all the common mistakes and stay on top of your workload throughout the process. You'll also find tips on the best way to reference your work, and expert advice on presentation and binding. This is a must if you want to maximise your marks on your university dissertation. Writing a Dissertation For Dummies covers: Part I: What is a Dissertation? Chapter 1: So You Have to Write a Dissertation Chapter 2: Thinking About a Research Question Part II: Getting Set Up for Your Dissertation Chapter 3: The Structure of Your Dissertation Chapter 4: Getting Started Chapter 5: Finalising Your Research Question, Dissertation 'Type' And Considering Ethics Chapter 6: Reading Efficiently and Taking Useful Notes Part III: Getting On With Your Research Chapter 7: Researching in Libraries and the Using the Internet Chapter 8: Creating Your Own Empirical Data Chapter 9: Analysing Data And Drawing Conclusions Chapter 10: Staying on Track Part IV: Writing and Polishing Chapter 11: Managing Your Argument: 'Writing Up' Your Non-Empirical Dissertation Chapter 12: Writing Up Your Empirical Dissertation Chapter 13: Writing Effectively Chapter 14: References, Bibliographies and Appendices Chapter 15: Sorting Out The Presentation of Your Dissertation Part V: Managing The Overall Experience Chapter 16: Your Work Habits Chapter 17: Looking After Yourself Physically and Emotionally Chapter 18: Ten Common Dissertation Pitfalls to Avoid Chapter 19: Ten Essential Tips For Completing Your Dissertation Chapter 20: Ten Items For Your Very Final Checklist
Over the course of his academic career, the author of this book has assisted dozens of students with their Master’s theses and doctoral dissertations and found that there were certain conceptual issues and structural challenges that many of these students shared. The author shares his experience and expertise to assist University students in cultivating an ability to conceive, develop, write, and present a research-based dissertation (or thesis). This book provides a blueprint that guides the student to develop and design a dissertation based on a five-chapter format. Each of the five chapters is introduced, dissected, and discussed in a step-by-step fashion. While the book is applicable to a wider audience and deliberately kept broad in purpose and scope, it is primarily written with a social science student in mind.
Software communities are striving for techniques and approaches that could improve developer’s productivity; reduce time-to-market, excellent performance and produce systems that are flexible, scalable, secure, and robust. Only possible solution of this problem is component-based software engineering, which has generated tremendous interest in software communities. Unfortunately, the quality attributes of the final component based system, such as its performance, scalability or reliability, are not easy to determine. For this reasons, the component-based approach, is difficult to utilize in domains in which quality attributes are of primary concern. This dissertation proposes quality model for CBSD that defines a set of quality attributes for the effective evaluation of COTS components. Further, this dissertation also suggests few necessary guidelines and proposes some relevant metrics applicable to it, which after proper quantification and validation may help guiding risk and quality management of CBSD. This dissertation may help the research scholar’s software, practitioners and students in better understanding of more relevant metrics applicable to quality management of CBSD
Application of chitosan products in wastewater treatment has received considerable attention in recent years in the literature. In particular, the development of chitosan-based materials as useful adsorbent polymeric matrices is an expanding field in the area of adsorption science. This book, investigates the development of chitosan-based adsorbent for removal of oil from industrial wastwater treatment.
«The History of English Literature» is based on the major literary and cultural movements that occurred during Romanticis, Victorianism, Modernism, as well as Postmodernism. The manual contains different types of movements and creative works of representatives of a complex literary and cultural tradition. It is used for the students, undergraduates of humanitarian specialties of higher educational institutions. It is also recommended to the learners who are interested in the developments of English Literature, the new means of relationship between literature and historical context. Publishing in authorial release.
Susan Smith Nash''s work investigates the how the apocalyptic narrative has been used historically and continues to be used to manipulate followers, who are, in many instances, complicit in their own subjugation, due to a wide array of reasons. This dissertation examines the origin of the apocalyptic narrative, its evolution over time, and its occurrence in twentieth-century American film and literature. It also examines the use of the apocalyptic narrative in cultural applications, namely the use of them in suicidal or violent cults.
Studying the glass forming ability and devitrification of Al-based amorphous alloys we have prepared novel amorphous alloys which have primordial importance for preparation of compacts with the highest temperature stability and strength. The main results of the study are: 1. I have applied data processing methods known in the literature for Al-based amorphous alloys (both for the own and literature data) which was useful to place the Al-based alloys among the other metallic glasses (based on Zr, Fe, Cu,etc.) based on some physical characteristics, like heat of mixing, atomic mismatch, crystallization temperature and hardness: 1.1.A combination of the heat of mixing and atomic mismatch parameters have been used to assess the GFA of Al-based alloys.It can be stated that for Al based amorphous compositions the ?H is between -9 and -20 kJ/mole whereas for bulk metallic glasses (based on Fe, Cu, Pd, etc.) ?H is between -25 and -40 kJ/mole [S1,S2].The low GFA of Al based alloys can be attributed to relative low heat of mixing and low relative atomic volume differences of constituent elements. In addition, the lack of deep eutectic at the high Al concentration contributes to the low GFA.
This work attempts to investigate main obstacles to women’s representation in political leadership in Jordan and how best they can be overcome? In order to answer this question, the book investigates various literature, surveys, research produced on the subject of women and political participation. The dissertation, while appropriating available academic research on women and political participation in the Arab region in general and Jordan in specific, is also based on a review of newspapers interviews with women MPs. The dissertation provides an illustration of women’s under-representation and outlines the common situation with emphasis on the Arab region. It also provides an analysis to the situation in Jordan and the associated socio-cultural, attitudinal, and institutional challenges. Through a study of literature, it became apparent that women’s under-representation in Jordan is similar to other Arab countries, and it differs in its attempt to adopt policies of liberalization and political reform.
The Community Initiative LEADER provides funding for rural areas and local actors and seeks to establish links between actions for the development of the rural economy. It aims to implement integrated, effective and sustainable strategies for rural development. This dissertation will elaborate a concept for the ?Broads and Rivers? Local Action Group (LAG) in Norfolk, England, in order to be prepared for the next financial perspective of the European Union and its future funding programmes. This will be based on an analysis of the current administration regarding its efficiency and impact on the area. Although the dissertation is based on this particular local LEADER+ case study, the fundamentals and the recommendations are not necessarily specific to this area and may be implemented in other rural areas across the European Union. The dissertation will demonstrate how the complex network of the LAG and its members was originally implemented and will analyse how it functions on a day to day basis. The basis for research and the given examples of the dissertation result from the role of the author as statutory representative of the Broads National Park Authority.
New tendencies, developmental educational models and theoretical perspectives tends to emphasis more the significance of developing effective learning strategies, constructive and creative problem solving and learning from various sources. The aim of this, by its character applied explicatory research, was to discover whether the application of problem based learning in studying and teaching literature correspond to the literary abilities, critical attitudes and creative thinking of students. The research showed that problem based learning, as a modern teaching strategy, enables new and creative approach to the literature. This puts the students in the position of a subject that approaches the problem in a creative and critical way, while developing their creativity (fluency, originality, flexibility, sensibility, etc.) and capability of critical approach to interpretation of the text, confrontation of opinions, argumentation, and individual work. Essential reading for all those interested in the literature teaching and problem based learning, this book appeal to all postgraduates, researchers and academics engaged in educational settings.
The present dissertation presents a pioneer study in what concerns the Portuguese Twitter community analysis and a new system to build real-time datasets from Twitter. During the dataset creation phase we built a system to crawl data from Portuguese Twitter users. This system, TwitterEcho, allows a complete and continuous crawling process, robust enough to support the whole Portuguese community on Twitter. Throughout this dissertation we describe the system implementation details, with more incidence on the client part, since it is a distributed system. Additionally, we present the results of studies done with data retrieved by the system. After, we present the influence model proposed in this dissertation. The model was developed based on models described in the literature or used in commercial applications. We detail the processes of gathering the metrics used to influence measurement. This involves the application of data-analysis techniques to the content produced by Twitter users. Finally, we show the results obtained by the model after its application on a dataset created from TwitterEcho. we also present a preliminary validation of the model, and future ways to validate it.
Subdivision for curves and surfaces has gained popularity in Computer Graphics and Computer Aided Geometric Design during the past two decades. In this dissertation, we design a hexahedral-based, approximation scheme. Ternary wavelets based on an interpolating 4-point ternary stationary subdivision scheme for compressing fractal-like signals are introduced. In this dissertation, error bounds between binary/ternary subdivision curves/surfaces and their control polygons after k-fold subdivision in terms of the maximal differences of the initial control point sequences and constants that depend on the subdivision mask is estimated. The bound is independent of the process of subdivision and can be evaluated without recursive subdivision. Our technique is independent of parameterizations therefore it can be easily and efficiently implemented.
This dissertation discusses an user-oriented collaborative approaches for efficient content distribution in P2P environment. Firstly, this dissertation focuses on the effective control of P2P traffic increasing continuously and propose the bilateral cooperative approach based on the explicit collaboration between the network operator and the peers. Especially, we focus on the active participation of peers in the P2P traffic control unlike most exiting work overlooking what the peers could contribute. After that, this dissertation discusses the collaboration between BitTorrent swarms for efficient content distribution in BitTorrent. Collaborating swarms support temporal caching storage for the counterpart swarm so that the counterpart swarm can continue to share the content under the content unavailability problem.
The main objective of this dissertation was to investigate issues of cross-border migration and their effects on the project of SADC regional integration. Indicators, in this regard, were the SADC Protocol for the Free Movement of Persons of 1995 and its successor, the SADC Protocol for the Facilitation of Free Movement of Persons of 1997, which were all failed. The dissertation traced the background of regional integration at the global, continental and regional level and compared scenarios especially on cross-border migration and movement issues. Informed by this investigation and based on the Oshikango case study in northern Namibia, this dissertation has arrived at the conclusion that SADC is currently unable to achieve its goal of regulating free movement of persons in the region.
This work provides a systematic and comprehensive coverage of the analysis of hypolipidemic activity of Ailanthus Excelsa Roxb. In the field of pharmacy (pharmacognosy).This work cover, introduction, literature review, plant profile, research envisaged and plan of work, material and method, result and discussion, summary and conclusion of dissertation work on hypolipidemic activity of Ailanthus Excelsa Roxb.
This book deals with the integration of literature and language teaching.It helps to improve the literary and linguistic competence of students learning English as a foreign or second language. It draws its theoretical framework from the reader response theory of literature, task based language teaching and perspectives from cognitive psychology. Examples of how literary texts can be used in the classroom are given.The book can be used at tertiary levels of teaching.
A literature-based framework for semantic description of e-Science resources is presented. The main hypothesis is that the scientific literature can be used to mine semantic descriptions to facilitate semi-automatic annotation of e-Science resources. The approach includes text-mining methodologies to automatically learn domain annotation tag-sets; identify descriptive sentences and extract semi-formal functional descriptions of e-Science resources from the literature; link similar resources into semantic networks to enhance the resource discovery process.
Children's literature is a rapidly expanding field of research which presents students and researchers with a number of practical and intellectual challenges. This research handbook is the first devoted to the specialist skills and complexities of studying children's literature at university level. Bringing together the expertise of leading international scholars, it combines practical advice with in-depth discussion of critical approaches. Wide- ranging in approach, Children's Literature Studies: A Research Handbook:• considers 'children's literature' in its fullest sense, examining visual texts (such as picturebooks), films, computer games and other 'transformed' texts, as well as more traditional modes of writing for children• offers a step-by-step guide to devising, starting and carrying out a research project (such as a dissertation or thesis), and advice on what kinds of research it is possible and profitable to undertake• surveys the different methodologies and theoretical approaches used by children's literature scholars• includes case studies, questions and exercises to reinforce ideas discussed in each chapter• provides lists of further reading and a specialist glossary that will remain a useful reference resource.This handbook will be an essential companion for those studying children's literature, whether as undergraduates, postgraduates, or beyond.
This book presents an interdisciplinary study which outlines a theoretical framework for the integration of the teaching of literature with theoretical tenets of cognitive psychology and creativity. The rationale behind the study is based on the fact that pedagogy in the 21st century is focused on the production of critical and creative learners who are active problem solvers. This book outlines a cognitive teaching model for teaching literature in order to nurture students’ creative thinking and other higher order thinking skills. The model is based on information processing theories of human cognition and Bloom’s taxonomy of thinking skills and incorporates contemporary approaches to interpret literary texts.
Evidence Based Dental Practice is a process that restructures the way in which we think about clinical problems. It is an approach to clinical problem solving that has evolved from a self-directed and problem based approach to learning rather than the more traditional didactic form. It is a process of making decisions based on known evidence. Evidence Based approach is ideal in today’s situation and it is important that these clinical decisions making incorporate the best available scientific evidence in order to maximize the potential for successful patient care out come. Evidence-Based care is not just a literature review by a bunch of academicians looking for something to do. Evidence-based care is a technology that provides the best available current evidence on the basis of a proven and objective set of principles.
The present anthology is a collection of fourteen research papers. These papers not only focus on the amalgamation of literature and cinema but also make the reader think and understand how these two genres affect each other. Though this blend is not new, the focus on movies (based on plays, poems, and novels) and the debate over the pros and cons of such blend is quite fresh and insightful. The incisive foreword to the book by Mahesh Dattani, famous playwright of Indian English literature, gives a direction to the debate of literature and cinema. Informed by contemporary theories, the book stirs the imagination of researchers for further explorations in this burgeoning area of research. This book would also be useful for the courses like literature, film, media studies, theater, creative writing, etc.