The purpose of the dissertation is to analyze the methodology which is employed in a reading class within a Chinese college’s English context. Consequently, I will suggest solutions to the problems.The PPP approach is used in the previously used lesson plans, form and accuracy are the focus and classroom management is easily achieved. However, free communication and the use of reading skills and strategies are not encouraged. Therefore, I will explore ways to implement a task-based approach in reading to make reading more communicative.The dissertation starts with a description of my context and outline of my research. This is followed by a literature review about the PPP approach, the task-based approach and reading, then previously used lesson plans are analyzed as my data. A checklist which integrates the task-based approach and reading skills and strategies is designed. Based on the evaluation of previously used lesson plans, new ones are designed to implement the task-based approach to reading. The rationale and evaluation of the new lesson plans are discussed. At the end of the study, the limitations of the study are stated, together with suggestions for future research.
Pyrimidines as Bioactive Heterocycles has been written for the dissertation students as well as for the Research students who want to research in the field of bioactive heterocyclic compounds. This book is one of the part of dissertation done by the author and contains recent reference and research work done by research students from all over the world and also in this book some therapeutic importance and various method for the pyrimidines and their derivatives mentioned with references This book contains literature serve, list of some active drugs based on pyrimidines, the work done in dissertation with spectra eg. IR, NMR and Mass and preparation method in two chapters and four sections.
This study examines the effect of a literature-based program on Jordanian University students'' communicative performance. Qualitative observation was the main instrument, but triangulation was sought through the use of a pre/post test, interview, journal writing and role-play evaluation of oral proficiency. Significant differences in the students'' communicative performance were found in favor of the literature-based program. Students taught through the program were found to use a host of cognitive (critical thinking and creative writing), social (cooperative learning) and affective (self-confidence) strategies.
Planning your Dissertation is a friendly and essential companion to your dissertation journey. It takes you step-by-step through the planning for each stage from your first idea to the finishing touches. Packed with practical advice and examples of student writing, this guide shows you how to:• find an idea and focus your research question• write a proposal• structure your literature review• choose your methodology• put the crucial finishing touches to your work
New tendencies, developmental educational models and theoretical perspectives tends to emphasis more the significance of developing effective learning strategies, constructive and creative problem solving and learning from various sources. The aim of this, by its character applied explicatory research, was to discover whether the application of problem based learning in studying and teaching literature correspond to the literary abilities, critical attitudes and creative thinking of students. The research showed that problem based learning, as a modern teaching strategy, enables new and creative approach to the literature. This puts the students in the position of a subject that approaches the problem in a creative and critical way, while developing their creativity (fluency, originality, flexibility, sensibility, etc.) and capability of critical approach to interpretation of the text, confrontation of opinions, argumentation, and individual work. Essential reading for all those interested in the literature teaching and problem based learning, this book appeal to all postgraduates, researchers and academics engaged in educational settings.
Software communities are striving for techniques and approaches that could improve developer’s productivity; reduce time-to-market, excellent performance and produce systems that are flexible, scalable, secure, and robust. Only possible solution of this problem is component-based software engineering, which has generated tremendous interest in software communities. Unfortunately, the quality attributes of the final component based system, such as its performance, scalability or reliability, are not easy to determine. For this reasons, the component-based approach, is difficult to utilize in domains in which quality attributes are of primary concern. This dissertation proposes quality model for CBSD that defines a set of quality attributes for the effective evaluation of COTS components. Further, this dissertation also suggests few necessary guidelines and proposes some relevant metrics applicable to it, which after proper quantification and validation may help guiding risk and quality management of CBSD. This dissertation may help the research scholar’s software, practitioners and students in better understanding of more relevant metrics applicable to quality management of CBSD
Susan Smith Nash''s work investigates the how the apocalyptic narrative has been used historically and continues to be used to manipulate followers, who are, in many instances, complicit in their own subjugation, due to a wide array of reasons. This dissertation examines the origin of the apocalyptic narrative, its evolution over time, and its occurrence in twentieth-century American film and literature. It also examines the use of the apocalyptic narrative in cultural applications, namely the use of them in suicidal or violent cults.
As the amounts of textual data generated by different economic, social, and scientific systems are increasing over time, having computerized systems that exploit the potential and valuable knowledge becomes a need. In our work, we propose a syntactic relation discovery system that explores potential relations between interesting domain entities and summarizes all valuable relations in a visualized and easy to understand network graph. This exploratory analysis should define research paths in different domains and guide researchers through more advanced inferential, predictive and causality analyses.
This work attempts to investigate main obstacles to women’s representation in political leadership in Jordan and how best they can be overcome? In order to answer this question, the book investigates various literature, surveys, research produced on the subject of women and political participation. The dissertation, while appropriating available academic research on women and political participation in the Arab region in general and Jordan in specific, is also based on a review of newspapers interviews with women MPs. The dissertation provides an illustration of women’s under-representation and outlines the common situation with emphasis on the Arab region. It also provides an analysis to the situation in Jordan and the associated socio-cultural, attitudinal, and institutional challenges. Through a study of literature, it became apparent that women’s under-representation in Jordan is similar to other Arab countries, and it differs in its attempt to adopt policies of liberalization and political reform.
Performance management and fault tolerance are two important issues faced by computing systems research. In this dissertation, we exploit the use of feedback control for performance management and fault tolerance. Specifically, we propose Queueing Model Based Feedback Control scheme to achieve performance regulation. It integrates the ``descriptive'' power of queueing theory and the ``prescriptive'' power of feedback control to control computing system's performance. In the second part of this dissertation, we further exploit the use of feedback control to achieve fault tolerance for real-time embedded control systems. We propose ORTEGA (On-demand Real-TimE GuArd), a new fault tolerance architecture which utilizes feedback control based software execution. It can be deployed in a wide range of real-time embedded applications to provide fault tolerance. We implemented ORTEGA in an inverted pendulum testbed to demonstrate its efficacy and efficiency. Based on the ORTEGA design, we discuss the fault tolerance and scheduling co-design problem and its solutions.
This dissertation is an empirical study of the relationship among trade, agricultural export diversification and economic growth in the Caribbean and, based on its findings, should be a must read for students, academics, and policy makers. Indeed, the economics literature contains an extensive amount of studies on trade and economic growth and development that applied various empirical methodologies to answer important questions pertaining to the trade-economic growth nexus. This dissertation is different in two main respects. First, it focuses on Caribbean countries that have received much less attention in the literature. Second, it employs a time varying coefficients approach that captures the changing nature of the relationship among trade, agricultural export diversification and economic growth in select Caribbean countries.
Producing a dissertation has become a major requirement of most university courses, both undergraduate and Masters. It's likely to be the largest single piece of work you'll have to submit – and also the hardest! Writing a Dissertation For Dummies walks you through all the practical and theoretical aspects of writing a dissertation to help you produce a first-class work. This guide is ideal for any student in the broad range of the social sciences, from anthropology to law, psychology to media studies. From choosing a topic, to researching the literature, utilising your supervisor, managing your time, and structuring and writing your dissertation, you'll be able to avoid all the common mistakes and stay on top of your workload throughout the process. You'll also find tips on the best way to reference your work, and expert advice on presentation and binding. This is a must if you want to maximise your marks on your university dissertation. Writing a Dissertation For Dummies covers: Part I: What is a Dissertation? Chapter 1: So You Have to Write a Dissertation Chapter 2: Thinking About a Research Question Part II: Getting Set Up for Your Dissertation Chapter 3: The Structure of Your Dissertation Chapter 4: Getting Started Chapter 5: Finalising Your Research Question, Dissertation 'Type' And Considering Ethics Chapter 6: Reading Efficiently and Taking Useful Notes Part III: Getting On With Your Research Chapter 7: Researching in Libraries and the Using the Internet Chapter 8: Creating Your Own Empirical Data Chapter 9: Analysing Data And Drawing Conclusions Chapter 10: Staying on Track Part IV: Writing and Polishing Chapter 11: Managing Your Argument: 'Writing Up' Your Non-Empirical Dissertation Chapter 12: Writing Up Your Empirical Dissertation Chapter 13: Writing Effectively Chapter 14: References, Bibliographies and Appendices Chapter 15: Sorting Out The Presentation of Your Dissertation Part V: Managing The Overall Experience Chapter 16: Your Work Habits Chapter 17: Looking After Yourself Physically and Emotionally Chapter 18: Ten Common Dissertation Pitfalls to Avoid Chapter 19: Ten Essential Tips For Completing Your Dissertation Chapter 20: Ten Items For Your Very Final Checklist
Soil is the chief source of the farmers and it is the basis of natural as well as national wealth. The knowledge of soils in respect to its characteristics, spatial distribution and its potential for various land use are much importance for their optimal utilization. Unless the behaviour of all the soils is understood it is very difficult to practice scientific agriculture. Enhancing the crop productivity with environmental sustainability through suitable soil and water management intervention is the need of the hour. This book is prepared based on a PhD dissertation of the author that attempted to address these issues focusing on the soil resource information and crop planning in the Cauvery Delta of Tamilnadu. Based on the three years work on soil survey, soil suitability and crop planning using Remote Sensing and GIS,soil resource based crop planning and soil management techniques were developed for sustain the crop production. It provides the state of the art literature review, including on methodologies of the land evaluation and standard methods of soil survey and quality assessment. The soil inventory, water budgeting and land use options makes the core chapters.
The present dissertation presents a pioneer study in what concerns the Portuguese Twitter community analysis and a new system to build real-time datasets from Twitter. During the dataset creation phase we built a system to crawl data from Portuguese Twitter users. This system, TwitterEcho, allows a complete and continuous crawling process, robust enough to support the whole Portuguese community on Twitter. Throughout this dissertation we describe the system implementation details, with more incidence on the client part, since it is a distributed system. Additionally, we present the results of studies done with data retrieved by the system. After, we present the influence model proposed in this dissertation. The model was developed based on models described in the literature or used in commercial applications. We detail the processes of gathering the metrics used to influence measurement. This involves the application of data-analysis techniques to the content produced by Twitter users. Finally, we show the results obtained by the model after its application on a dataset created from TwitterEcho. we also present a preliminary validation of the model, and future ways to validate it.
Over the course of his academic career, the author of this book has assisted dozens of students with their Master’s theses and doctoral dissertations and found that there were certain conceptual issues and structural challenges that many of these students shared. The author shares his experience and expertise to assist University students in cultivating an ability to conceive, develop, write, and present a research-based dissertation (or thesis). This book provides a blueprint that guides the student to develop and design a dissertation based on a five-chapter format. Each of the five chapters is introduced, dissected, and discussed in a step-by-step fashion. While the book is applicable to a wider audience and deliberately kept broad in purpose and scope, it is primarily written with a social science student in mind.
Importance of gender factor in livestock production has been recognized by government and development agencies worldwide including India. Women make substantial contribution in livestock production in India. Out of 22.45 million people engaged in animal husbandry, 16.84 million are women. Increased feminization of agriculture is likely to put greater role and responsibility on rural womenfolk to meet production demands due to rising consumption of livestock products. However, information level of women in animal husbandry remains low as their access to information sources, mass media, visits to credit, veterinary and input related institutions remain limited. Significant differences in information level of women and men livestock owners have been observed even though the participation of women in livestock training programmes is on the rise. Hence, suitable efforts are needed in modification of mode of training, content and training methodologies owing to differential training requirements of women farmers. The study is outcome of extensive literature review covering research thesis, scholarly articles and research reports including the author’s own work for Master’s dissertation.
This book presents an interdisciplinary study which outlines a theoretical framework for the integration of the teaching of literature with theoretical tenets of cognitive psychology and creativity. The rationale behind the study is based on the fact that pedagogy in the 21st century is focused on the production of critical and creative learners who are active problem solvers. This book outlines a cognitive teaching model for teaching literature in order to nurture students’ creative thinking and other higher order thinking skills. The model is based on information processing theories of human cognition and Bloom’s taxonomy of thinking skills and incorporates contemporary approaches to interpret literary texts.
This book deals with the integration of literature and language teaching.It helps to improve the literary and linguistic competence of students learning English as a foreign or second language. It draws its theoretical framework from the reader response theory of literature, task based language teaching and perspectives from cognitive psychology. Examples of how literary texts can be used in the classroom are given.The book can be used at tertiary levels of teaching.
Writing a critical literature review is sometimes the greatest difficulty encountered by graduate students in the process of writing graduate theses or dissertations. Based on analysis of writing samples and in-depth interview data, this study investigated five Chinese graduate students’ experiences with writing a literature review at a medium-sized university in Canada. These students, from five subject areas, held different perceptions of a literature review, and saw the writing challenges they encountered mainly as linguistic problems, especially regarding vocabulary and accuracy at the sentence level. The strategies they used in the composing process were diverse, with different individuals relying on them to different degrees. Findings from this study suggest that Chinese graduate students need assistance to adjust to the new academic environment and writing genre expectations. This book will help faculty members to better understand ESL graduate students' struggle with writing a literature review in English for academic purposes, and might also assist universities in designing suitable language courses based on ESL students’ needs.
Children's literature is a rapidly expanding field of research which presents students and researchers with a number of practical and intellectual challenges. This research handbook is the first devoted to the specialist skills and complexities of studying children's literature at university level. Bringing together the expertise of leading international scholars, it combines practical advice with in-depth discussion of critical approaches. Wide- ranging in approach, Children's Literature Studies: A Research Handbook:• considers 'children's literature' in its fullest sense, examining visual texts (such as picturebooks), films, computer games and other 'transformed' texts, as well as more traditional modes of writing for children• offers a step-by-step guide to devising, starting and carrying out a research project (such as a dissertation or thesis), and advice on what kinds of research it is possible and profitable to undertake• surveys the different methodologies and theoretical approaches used by children's literature scholars• includes case studies, questions and exercises to reinforce ideas discussed in each chapter• provides lists of further reading and a specialist glossary that will remain a useful reference resource.This handbook will be an essential companion for those studying children's literature, whether as undergraduates, postgraduates, or beyond.
The literature on functionalized supramolecules like calixpyrrole, calixresorcinarene and their analytical applications has been comprehensively covered. Various synthetic techniques, mechanism and modifications have also been discussed. When macrocycles interact with other molecules by certain non-covalent interactions such as dipole-dipole, ion-dipole, hydrogen bonding etc, they are termed as supramolecules. This book deals with the comprehensive literature survey on supramolecular chemistry.
Studying the glass forming ability and devitrification of Al-based amorphous alloys we have prepared novel amorphous alloys which have primordial importance for preparation of compacts with the highest temperature stability and strength. The main results of the study are: 1. I have applied data processing methods known in the literature for Al-based amorphous alloys (both for the own and literature data) which was useful to place the Al-based alloys among the other metallic glasses (based on Zr, Fe, Cu,etc.) based on some physical characteristics, like heat of mixing, atomic mismatch, crystallization temperature and hardness: 1.1.A combination of the heat of mixing and atomic mismatch parameters have been used to assess the GFA of Al-based alloys.It can be stated that for Al based amorphous compositions the ?H is between -9 and -20 kJ/mole whereas for bulk metallic glasses (based on Fe, Cu, Pd, etc.) ?H is between -25 and -40 kJ/mole [S1,S2].The low GFA of Al based alloys can be attributed to relative low heat of mixing and low relative atomic volume differences of constituent elements. In addition, the lack of deep eutectic at the high Al concentration contributes to the low GFA.
A Honey Based Cough Syrup is a best selling product of Ayurlab Herbals Pvt. Ltd., Halol, Gujarat, India. This book contain introduction on standardization, cough and inflammation; review of literature, standardization parameters, HPTLC estimation and fingerprinting on Vasaka, Kantakari, Tulsi, Ginger, Mari, Pipplimool, Twak, Tamalpatra, Baheda, Liquorice, Kankol mirch, Banafsha and Brihat ela. Antitussive activity, antiinflammatory activity and antioxidant activity of Honey Based Cough Syrup and Compared with Developed Syrup.
The present anthology is a collection of fourteen research papers. These papers not only focus on the amalgamation of literature and cinema but also make the reader think and understand how these two genres affect each other. Though this blend is not new, the focus on movies (based on plays, poems, and novels) and the debate over the pros and cons of such blend is quite fresh and insightful. The incisive foreword to the book by Mahesh Dattani, famous playwright of Indian English literature, gives a direction to the debate of literature and cinema. Informed by contemporary theories, the book stirs the imagination of researchers for further explorations in this burgeoning area of research. This book would also be useful for the courses like literature, film, media studies, theater, creative writing, etc.
The main objective of this dissertation was to investigate issues of cross-border migration and their effects on the project of SADC regional integration. Indicators, in this regard, were the SADC Protocol for the Free Movement of Persons of 1995 and its successor, the SADC Protocol for the Facilitation of Free Movement of Persons of 1997, which were all failed. The dissertation traced the background of regional integration at the global, continental and regional level and compared scenarios especially on cross-border migration and movement issues. Informed by this investigation and based on the Oshikango case study in northern Namibia, this dissertation has arrived at the conclusion that SADC is currently unable to achieve its goal of regulating free movement of persons in the region.
This book is written in the form of dissertation. It presents a new framework for the recognition of handwritten Arabic words based on segmentation. This framework involves two phases (training phase and testing phase). In the training phase, Arabic handwritten characters were trained to be recognized, while in the testing phase, words were segmented into characters for recognition. Classification is achieved in two steps (classification of the segmented characters and classification of the word). A dictionary is constructed and used to correct any errors occurring during the previous stages of the recognition process.
Callus cultures are of vital importance since they are endowed with potential to produce plants through embryogenesis/organogenesis. This property helps to explore the underlying basis of differentiation. These cultures can also employed for enhanced secondary metabolites production by manipulating the composition of culture medium. This doctoral dissertation on Chlorophytum borivilianum, an important medicinal plant comprises of six chapters: Chapter-1 highlights the background for selection of this plant species along with objectives; Chapter-2 is compilation of relevant updated literature in the area of tissue culture, biochemical and secondary metabolite; Chapter-3 deals with the details of materials and techniques applied; Chapter-4 presents the findings of investigation supported by tables, photographs and illustrations; Chapter-5 discusses the results in the light of available literature and Chapter-6 presents the summary of the work which is followed by literature cited. This doctoral dissertation will be useful for reseachers working in the area of plant tissue culture, basis of morphogenesis and secondary metabolite production.
Differentiation i.e. development of single cell into complex multicellular organs & tissues, results through selective gene expression which is specific to cell type, region & organ. Therefore, identification of biochemical markers during sequential stages of organogenesis could be used to identify early events of differentiation, embryogenic potential or serve as an indication of loss of regeneration capacity with culture age. Keeping in view these facts, this M. Phil. dissertation on T. indica, an important medicinal plant comprises of six chapters: Chapter-1 highlights background for selection of this plant species; Chapter-2 is compilation of relevant updated literature in the area of tissue culture, biochemical & SDS-PAGE studies; Chapter-3 deals with details of materials & techniques used; Chapter-4 presents the findings of study supported by tables, photographs & illustrations; Chapter-5 discusses the results in the light of available literature and Chapter-6 is summary of work followed by literature cited. This M. Phil. dissertation will be useful for reseachers working in the area of plant tissue culture & cell differentiation.