Human Wildlife Conflict (HWC) has been aroused in Annapurna Conservation Area (ACA) due to high dependency of locals to the natural resources, and improper agricultural and animal husbandry practices that often lead to severe crop damage and livestock depredation. This study was carried out in Simpani VDC of ACA to assess the nature and extent of crop damage and livestock depredation that contributed HWC and to understand the general perception of locals towards problematic animals. The study revealed that conflict was higher in the settlements close to the forest. The crop damage and livestock depredation was increasing for past three years. The average financial loss in monetary term per household was 58% of average per capita income of Nepal i.e. $ 185.60. However, the people were positive to conserve the natural resources in spite of the severe losses. Integrated program should be made with great consultation with locals by recognizing their traditional right and practices and ecological and socio-economic condition of the concerned area. Income Generating Activities, NTFPs cultivation, improved livestock husbandry, provision of compensation are inevitable to reduce HWC.
This Master’s dissertation assesses the various aspects of Human-Wildlife Conflict (HWC) in Buffer zone area of Banke National Park with the objective of exploring impact of human-wildlife conflict in the study area. Ethnographic data were collected using combination of social survey methods. Crop depredation was the major problem caused by the wild animals. Most destructive wild animals were Wild Boar, Monkey, Porcupine, and Wild Bear. Most respondents believed that the populations of these problem animals were increasing and incident of human-wildlife conflict was also increasing. Among crops, the damage to Maize was high. A total average damage of Maize per year per HH was 583.4 Kg. Economic value of average annual damage per year per HH accounted for NRs, 11709.35. Nearly 70% responded that the poor availability of food in the forest was the main problem for regular movement of wild animal. Loud vocal sound by the people was the common method for chasing the wild animals. Promotion of alternative income generating livelihood program, environmental awareness campaign can reduce the HWC indirectly through decreasing the dependency in forest resources.