Critical thinking is a crucial component of the process of preparing future nurses. Yet their preparation heavily relies on the potentials of the educators. It is therefore essential to ensure that the educators enjoy knowledge and skills that qualify them to promote critical thinking among students. This book examines the critical thinking experience of nurse educators working in Jordanian Universities. A survey questionnaire consisting three parts was used in this study; the California Critical thinking Skill Test (CCTST), the California Critical Thinking Disposition Inventory (CCTDI), and the experience survey (ES). The CCTST measured critical thinking skills and the ES asked the participants to rate their practice of critical thinking. The ES included a qualitative component that invited nurse educators to describe a situation, which illustrated their experience of critical thinking in practice. The CCTDI measured disposition towards critical thinking.
The present book reports on an empirical study aimed at investigating critical thinking ability among EFL students. Moreover, the effects of gender, major, and critical thinking-oriented instruction through a critical reading program were examined. A better understanding of EFL students’ critical thinking ability helps teachers improve the instruction of critical thinking and consequently students can benefit from it.
Do people understand Critical Thinking across the world differently? or not? Critical Thinking could harm people life? or not? Critical Thinking could affect the society security? or not? What are the differences between Eastern Culture and Western culture in terms of understanding critical thinking? Does Teachers' perceptions affect the improvement of students critical thinking skills? All these questions are answered through this book.
By introducing current debates in the field of critical thinking and posing new questions from contributing scholars, Critical Thinking and Learning examines the received wisdom in the field of critical thinking and learning. Examines the different perspectives in the field of critical thinking and learning Provides insights into critical thinking by posing new questions from contributing authors Introduces cross-cultural viewpoints into the dominant 'western'-based educational viewpoint Highlights differences among a variety of thinkers in the field
Critical thinking has long been identified as an innovative skill and as an upshot of learning process that is essential to prepare students for post-secondary education. EFL/ESL researchers have persistently focused on effective learning strategies that can train good language learners and encourage them to improve themselves as thinkers. One of the academic skills recognized as a determiner of learning is critical thinking (CT). Likewise, one of the effective instructional methods which can enhance and improve learners’ critical thinking ability and their problem-solving skills is cooperative learning (CL). This book investigated the effect of learning together model of cooperative learning on the Iranian EFL learners’ critical thinking ability. Syllabus designers, textbook writers, EFL/ESL teachers, learners, teacher trainers, methodologists, language schools and colleges will expectantly find this book helpful.
Improving critical thinking is one of the purposes of education. Critical thinking helps learners’ deep understanding and hinders rote learning and banking education. Critical thinkers use problem posing education that is based on creativity and reflection. Approaches such as reflect teaching and learner-centered education are popular among teachers who believe in critical thinking which consequently may result in learners’ autonomy and whole language learning.
Scholars agree that applying critical thinking is a systematic way to solve problems. More often it is being used in both professional and personal settings; in classrooms, in clinical practices, in politics, in social issues and in relationships. Moreover, on a daily basis, we are infiltrated with information at the click of a button. Critical thinking can be applied to what we read, hear, see or communicate in order to know what to do. For decades, scholars have debated the definition of critical thinking as well as the application of critical thinking. Consequently, this book provides a comprehensive look at the definition of critical thinking and the application of critical thinking across disciplines. The book will be very useful to educators who are interested in learning critical thinking and teaching critical thinking to students. The book is also for students who want a competitive edge in critical thinking among their peers. Managers and trainers of employees can use critical thinking to find solutions to problems. Professionals in clinical practices, such as marriage & family therapists, licensed professional counselors, or social workers can also use this book.
This book explores perceptions of critical thinking and knowledge by New Senior Secondary Liberal Studies teachers in Hong Kong. The insights of the study have implications for the curriculum development and pedagogy, particularly regarding how we can improve training for the teaching of critical thinking. Factors such as work experience, personality, school training, and cultural identity affect ways of seeing, ‘critical thinking’ and ‘knowledge’. We can gain understanding of the difficulties and constraints of teaching critical thinking in Liberal Studies. The research is also a critical thinking process, which is explored in conversations with participants. The study asked them to reflect on what they thought and had experienced. The participants provided useful insights and suggestions into a better pedagogy in high order thinking.
Critical thinking is an essential life skill required by most people in today’s complex world. Development of critical thinking is important in preparing students for post-secondary education and for competing economically in the global environment. A number of studies in developed countries have advanced some strategies for fostering critical thinking, however, few studies have been conducted in Sub-Saharan Africa. In Kenya, where this study was conducted, development of critical thinking is one of the objectives of teaching English in secondary schools. The purpose of this study was to explore how teachers of English in a secondary school foster critical thinking in their classes. The findings of the study revealed that while teachers acknowledge the importance of critical thinking in learning, they do not have a clear understanding of what it is.They were also aware of the suggested pedagogical practices for fostering critical thinking but these theoretical perspectives did not reflect in their teaching, as some of the practices were not fully explored.Teachers face challenges such as superficial understanding of critical thinking,time constraints among others.
Critical and Creative Thinking: A Guide for Teachers reveals ways to develop a capacity to think both critically and creatively in practical and productive ways. Explains why critical and creative thinking complement each other with clear examples Provides a practical toolkit of cognitive techniques for generating and evaluating ideas using both creative and critical thinking Enriches the discussion of creative and critical intersections with brief “inter-chapters” based on the thinking habits of Leonardo da Vinci Offers an overview of current trends in critical and creative thinking, with applications across a spectrum of disciplines
A thoroughly updated introduction to the concepts, methods, and standards of critical thinking, A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking: Deciding What to Do and Believe, Second Edition is a unique presentation of the formal strategies used when thinking through reasons and arguments in many areas of expertise. Pursuing an interdisciplinary approach to critical thinking, the book offers a broad conception of critical thinking and explores the practical relevance to conducting research across fields such as, business, education, and the biological sciences. Applying rigor when necessary, the Second Edition maintains an informal approach to the fundamental core concepts of critical thinking. With practical strategies for defining, analyzing, and evaluating reasons and arguments, the book illustrates how the concept of an argument extends beyond philosophical roots into experimentation, testing, measurement, and policy development and assessment. Featuring plenty of updated exercises for a wide range of subject areas, A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking Deciding What to Do and Believe, Second Edition also includes: Numerous real-world examples from many fields of research, which reflect the applicability of critical thinking in everyday life New topical coverage, including the nature of reasons, assertion and supposing, narrow and broad definitions, circumstantial reasons, and reasoning about causal claims Selected answers to various exercises to provide readers with instantaneous feedback to support and extend the lessons A Practical Guide to Critical Thinking Deciding What to Do and Believe, Second Edition is an excellent textbook for courses on critical thinking and logic at the undergraduate and graduate levels as well as an appropriate reference for anyone with a general interest in critical thinking skills.
Train your brain for better decisions, problem solving, and innovation Think Smarter: Critical Thinking to Improve Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Skills is the comprehensive guide to training your brain to do more for you. Written by a critical thinking trainer and coach, the book presents a pragmatic set of tools to apply critical thinking techniques to everyday business issues. Think Smarter is filled with real world examples that demonstrate how the tools work in action, in addition to dozens of practice exercises applicable across industries and functions, Think Smarter is a versatile resource for individuals, managers, students, and corporate training programs. Thinking is the foundation of everything you do, but we rely largely on automatic thinking to process information, often resulting in misunderstandings and errors. Shifting over to critical thinking means thinking purposefully using a framework and toolset, enabling thought processes that lead to better decisions, faster problem solving, and creative innovation. Think Smarter provides clear, actionable steps toward improving your critical thinking skills, plus exercises that clarify complex concepts by putting theory into practice. Features include: A comprehensive critical thinking framework Over twenty-five «tools» to help you think more critically Critical thinking implementation for functions and activities Examples of the real-world use of each tool Learn what questions to ask, how to uncover the real problem to solve, and mistakes to avoid. Recognize assumptions your can rely on versus those without merit, and train your brain to tick through your mental toolbox to arrive at more innovative solutions. Critical thinking is the top skill on the wish list in the business world, and sharpening your ability can have profound affects throughout all facets of life. Think Smarter: Critical Thinking to Improve Problem-Solving and Decision-Making Skills provides a roadmap to more effective and productive thought.
In this rapidly changing information, thinking critically is a vital requirement for individuals. In response to this, Indonesian EFL teachers are given responsibility to assist their students to acquire critical thinking skills while learning English. This is done to give them adequate practice in critical thinking so that they can actively participate in the international community particularly in the global workplace.This book presents results of a study aims to investigate students’ critical thinking as demonstrated in their argumentative essays. Argumentative writing has been believed as an effective means to portray students’ critical thinking. It assists students in making ideas of their own, clarifying opinions or beliefs and sorting out the evidence which are part of critical thinking realization. In addition, this book also provides explanation regarding students’ consciousness on their own critical thinking. In this sense, information regarding their awareness as to whether they show critical thinking and individual voice in their argumentative texts has been the object of this book to discuss.
This study focuses mainly on the relationship between proficiency in a foreign language and critical thinking skills. In Adult Second Language Acquisition (SLA)process learners utilize various language learning strategies, for example,inferencing, hypothesis testing, deducting, etc.,which correspond to the characteristics of critical thinking. The effective use of these language learning strategies may contribute to success in language language learning as well as critical thinking.
The Book grapples with the key themes in the study of Critical and Creative Thinking as a discipline in the world of academia. The student must grasp the development of the idea of critical thinking in history and Analyze its usage at the various stages of history. Other key themes and topics in this subject are tackled. The author addresses various fallacies which are an impingement and barriers to Creative and Critical thinking. This is a module which is student friendly and teacher friendly.
There is an enormous body of work on Critical thinking skills and their application in various fields of human significance. the present book is about developing critical thinking skills in ESL/EFL learners for better learning outcome. The book mainly focuses on those critical thinking skills that can promote improved learning abilities in ESL or EFL learners. Cognitive developmental theories and critical thinking skills are the basis for the model to teach critical thinking for language pedagogy. the issues included in the book are principally concerned with the teaching techniques and designing tasks to accomplish the objectives of language teaching.
Critical thinking in today’s education is one of the primary goals of educational programs around the world. As a desired outcome, critical thinking allows students to be effective learners in the learning process, responsible citizens in their daily life and successful employees in the job market. Therefore, students need to be socialized to carry out research, make decisions and solve problems in the high school context before moving to university. Therefore, this book aims at intorducing a brief critical review about critical thinking and then analyzing two second year baccalaureate textbooks of English, namely Insights into English and Ticket to English to find out if they help high school students develop a degree of critical thinking.
Critical thinking has been a major goal of higher education institutions and academic libraries since their formation. Critical thinking is a way of processing and using information. Academic libraries as the traditional storage facilities for preserving resources and places for providing access to information have been considered information centers for academics. Throughout the 20th century, academic librarians have taught bibliographic instruction sessions; the Information Age brought about new formats of information. Librarians therefore try to instill in students information literacy skills and critical thinking skills. One of the developmental models of critical thinking, developed by Kuhn (1999); looks at critical thinking as being made up of metacognitive, metastrategic, and epistemological meta-knowing. Critical thinking is involved in information literacy, but the key is moving beyond just learning how to locate information. Can students enter an academic library and critically evaluate the information resources? Are librarians fulfilling the role of teaching information literacy along with the required critical thinking skills for true information literacy?
This research uncovers a potential for strengthening the status of mathematics studies in imparting higher-order thinking skills in various frameworks, in parallel with and beyond the formal program of studies. To conclude, critical thinking within the framework of mathematics education does not develop spontaneously but requires effort. It is not algorithmic, i.e. its patterns of thinking and action are not clear or predefined. Critical thinking skills rely on self-regulation of the thinking processes, construction of meaning, and detection of patterns in supposedly disorganized structures. Critical thinking tends to be complex and often terminates in multiple solutions that have advantages and disadvantages, rather than a single clear solution. It requires the use of multiple, sometimes mutually contradictory criteria, and frequently concludes with uncertainty.
Designed to support any introduction to psychology or critical thinking course, this engaging and concise companion takes an active learning approach to developing students’ critical thinking skills. The authors include a wealth of hands-on exercises that span the spectrum of topics in psychology from neuroscience, cognitive, social, abnormal, and developmental psychology.
A valuable guide on creativity and critical thinking to improve reasoning and decision-making skills Critical thinking skills are essential in virtually any field of study or practice where individuals need to communicate ideas, make decisions, and analyze and solve problems. An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity: Think More, Think Better outlines the necessary tools for readers to become critical as well as creative thinkers. By gaining a practical and solid foundation in the basic principles that underlie critical thinking and creativity, readers will become equipped to think in a more systematic, logical, and imaginative manner. Creativity is needed to generate new ideas to solve problems, and critical thinking evaluates and improves an idea. These concepts are uniquely introduced as a unified whole due to their dependence on each other. Each chapter introduces relevant theories in conjunction with real-life examples and findings from cognitive science and psychology to illustrate how the theories can be applied in numerous fields and careers. An emphasis on how theoretical principles of reasoning can be practical and useful in everyday life is featured, and special sections on presentation techniques, the analysis of meaning, decision-making, and reasoning about personal and moral values are also highlighted. All chapters conclude with a set of exercises, and detailed solutions are provided at the end of the book. A companion website features online tutorials that further explore topics including meaning analysis, argument analysis, logic, statistics, and strategic thinking, along with additional exercises and multimedia resources for continued study. An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity is an excellent book for courses on critical thinking and logic at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a self-contained study guide for readers interested in the topics of critical thinking and creativity as a unified whole.
This book was carried out to examine the predictive relationships of student characteristics towards critical thinking dispositions. The Critical Thinking Disposition (CTD) was used to gather data. The respondents were drawn from undergraduate students at a public university. The critical thinking dispositions instrument included seven elements namely: analyticity, open minded, truth seeking, systematicity, self-confidence, inquisitiveness and maturity. Three objectives were stipulated, 1) to identify the CTD levels among undergraduate students from different majors of study (science-based and arts-based) versus, gender and academic year of study; 2) to identify the CTS levels among undergraduate students from different majors of study (science and arts-based) versus, gender and academic year of study; 3) to identify the dominant CTD elements that may influence CTS.
In EFL contexts, the reading instruction practices do not do much to enhance students’ reading comprehension especially at higher levels. The instructional practices prevailing therein emphasize surface-level information processing techniques such as memorization and rehearsal at the expense of deeper processing such as elaboration and critical thinking. Given the importance of reading comprehension abilities and critical thinking skills, it seems to be imperative to raise EFL instructors’ awareness concerning the possible relationship between critical thinking and EFL reading comprehension performance. This book provides an investigation of students’ critical thinking ability and how they are related to the students’ gender and reading scores. From the perspective of professional practice, this study has the potential to make a significant contribution to the field in that it has provided further insights into the relationship between EFL reading comprehension performance and critical thinking. Moreover, EFL instructors can be made conscious of the importance of critical thinking and they could therefore apply its strategies at the EFL reading courses.
This study is based on qualitative research methods and data are generated by using focus group discussion, interview and in-depth analysis of social studies textbook. It focuses mainly on exploring social studies textbook of lower secondary schools of Nepal from critical thinking perspectives. The book discusses essential components of textbook, qualities of textbook and its role in student learning, principles of critical thinking for textbook analysis. Critical thinking approach is being widely used in the different corners of the globe but in Nepal both teachers and students are not familiar with it. Very few attempts have been made in textbook analysis from critical thinking perspectives in the globe but no any attempts have been made in Nepal. Thus, this study tries to view existing social studies textbook from the eye of critical thinking. The findings of the study reveals that existing social studies textbook do not promote collaborative learning and interaction. Similarly, it lacks higher order questions, essential text book components, opportunity for students to construct knowledge and critical thinking principles of textbook writing. Furthermore, texts are teacher cente
This dissertation work which is in the form of a book is an investigation carried out by the author attempted in order to explore the concept of creative and critical thinking and will help researchers to take further investigations in these important areas of thinking. The developed creative and critical thinking test will certainly help the reader to understand one's own ability to think creatively and critically. The lesson plans demonstrated are easy to transect in the classroom. The tools and strategies help teachers for teaching thinking using content at various stages from primary to secondary level. Teaching content followed by thinking activities will certainly bring change in students' ability to learn and think with the content and ultimately improve their ability of thinking creatively and critically.
In this age of immense sources of information and media for communication, people are vulnerable to manipulation by various kinds of ideologies unless they have the skills necessary for critical thinking. Also, mere intake of information without processing it so as to make it useful to understand and connect with other related ideas, and to judge the value of the outcome, would create a person perhaps full of information, but not useful knowledge. In language teaching classes, peer feedback discussions, commonly used in cooperative learning classrooms, are a good environment for the practice of critical thinking skills. However, in the literature, the choice of language during such discussions has received little attention, as has the issue of whether critical thinking skills are transferable between first and second language. The purpose of this work, therefore, is to investigate whether there are qualitative or quantitative differences in the critical thinking expressed in these discussions when they are conducted in first and second language.
Thinking is the most precious cognitive ability with which man is elevated among all animal.Thinking has several kinds and each kind has several components.This book has given a clear analysis of the different kinds of thinking and focuses on the Impact of Critical Thinking Skills on achievement in Mathematics at secondary school.Critical Thinking Skills in mathematics is the ability and disposition to incorporate prior knowledge,mathematical reasoning and cognitive strategies to generalise,prove or evaluate unfamiliar mathematical situations in a classroom for reflective manner.Students must be stimulated to think critically on their own to resolve dilemmas,take stands on issues,judge propositions about knowledge or ideas at school level.Successful mathematics teaching and learning process involves practice of critical thinking skills through Mathematics.The mathematics teacher should make sincere and consistent effort in acquiring and developing abilities and skills by learners in the classrooms.
With using of life skills module expect to increase creative thinking, critical thinking and life skills competency. Of course, in this time need creative teacher to guide and use this module just as a plan with her/his creativity. Programs aimed at developing life skills have the following outcomes: Improved classroom behavior, improved constructive conflict resolution with peers, gained in self-control and handling with interpersonal problems, increased the ability to plan and choose effective solutions to problems. These effects expect to gain self-awareness, empathy, communication, interpersonal relationship, creative thinking, critical thinking, problem solving, decision-making, coping with stress, and coping with emotions.
One of the most effective forums for flourishing critical thinking in the content areas is journal keeping which is increasingly gaining popularity in EFL/ESL classrooms. To expand on the literature review, further research was performed to compare two kinds of this topmost pedagogical techniques (namely audiotaped and written dialogue journals) used in EFL classrooms in order to investigate their impact on the enhancement of critical thinking.