Words of wisdom from American philanthropist Andrew Carnegie Focusing on Carnegie's most famous essay, "The Gospel of Wealth," this book of his writings, published here together for the first time, demonstrates the late steel magnate's beliefs on wealth, poverty, the public good, and capitalism. Carnegie's commitment to ensuring and promoting the welfare of his fellow human beings through philanthropic deeds ranged from donations to universities and museums to establishing more than 2,500 public libraries in the English-speaking world, and he gave away more than $350 million toward those efforts during his lifetime. The Gospel of Wealth is an eloquent testament to the importance of charitable giving for the public good.
With an introduction by Sheila Heti A unique love story and a classic work of philosophy, rooted in the mysterious workings of the human heart and mind. Perhaps it is true that we do not really exist until there is someone there to see us existing, we cannot properly speak until there is someone who can understand what we are saying in essence, we are not wholly alive until we are loved. A man and a woman meet over casual conversation on a flight from Paris to London, and so begins a love story - from first kiss to first argument, elation to heartbreak, and everything in between. Each stage of the relationship is illuminated with startling clarity, as de Botton explores emotions often felt but rarely understood. With the verve of a novelist and the insight of a philosopher, Alain de Botton uncovers the mysteries of the human heart. Essays In Love is an iconic book - one that should be read by anyone who has ever fallen in love.
Featuring Essays byBenjamin Franklin * Ralph Waldo Emerson * W.E.B. Du Bois * Albert Einstein * Gloria Steinem * Henry David Thoreau * Martin Luther King, Jr. * Mark Twain * Erma Bombeck * Abraham Lincoln * John F. Kennedy * and More...These are Americans who had something important to say - and said it in powerful, convincing ways. A compendium of commentary, criticism, and oratory excellence from throughout the nation's history, The Signet Book of American Essays is a perfect resource for those searching for the most timeless essays ever conceived by America's notable scientists, philosophers, politicians, and writers.From the wisdom of Benjamin Franklin to the outspoken empowerment of Gloria Steinem, from the biting satire of Mark Twain to the grave seriousness of Franklin D. Roosevelt, this collection offers the opportunity to learn the subtle arts of persuasion and rational argument as exemplified in these great American dissertations crafted by some of the country's most brilliant and intriguing citizens.
The possibility of the economy becoming more mathematicized began in the late nineteenth century, with the Marginal revolution. According to MIROWSKI (1991), however, the process of mathematicization of economic discourse only became widespread from 1925 onwards. In an attempt to elucidate how and when this process took place in Brazil, we wrote three critical essays on the subject. The goal of the first essay is afford Brazilian students and researchers easier access to a discussion that is somewhat disperse in our country, and also to encourage further research on the subject. We begin the second essay by presenting the main benefits of the mathematicization of economics, as argued by some of the advocates of the progress of the mathematical formalization of economic discourse. After that, we point out the more traditional criticisms to this mathematicization process. In our third essay, we check how mathematical formalization in economics advanced in Brazil in the last three decades. To this end, we categorize every article published in three of Brazil?s main economics journals from 1981 to 2010, according to the type of argument used. The total of articles analyzed was 5,733.
Ruth Millikan's extended argument for a biological view of the study of cognition in Language, Thought, and Other Biological Categories caught the attention of the philosophical community. Universally regarded as an important, even brilliant, work, its complexity and dense presentation made it difficult to plumb. This collection of essays serves both as an introduction to that much discussed volume and as an extension and application of Millikan's central and controversial themes, especially in the philosophy of psychology. The title essay, referring to the White Queen's practice of exercising her mind by believing impossible things, discusses meaning rationalism and argues that rationality is not in the head, indeed, that there is no legitimate interpretation under which logical possibility and necessity are known a priori. Nor are there any laws of rational psychology. Rationality is not a lawful occurrence but a biological norm that is effected in an integrated head-world system under biologically ideal conditions. In other essays, Millikan clarifies her views on the nature of mental representation, explores whether human thought is a product of natural selection, examines the nature of behavior as studied by the behavioral sciences, and discusses the issues of individualism in psychology, psychological explanation, indexicality in thought, what knowledge is, and the realism/antirealism debate. Ruth Garrett Millikan is Professor of Philosophy at the University of Connecticut.
This book is a comparative study of Argument Structure (AS) of Verbal Derivations in English and Persian. It shows how the morphological processe of derivation can affect the argument structure of the verb base. To study such an effect and to compare the simillar nature of AS in the two languages, we drew Lexical Conceptual Structure (LCS) of both stems and derived words. The LCS of each derived word illustrates the fact that most changes in AS of a word are the result of what happens to the semantic primitives of its LCS.
This book aims to answer a few key questions that are relevant in banking. Firstly, it aims to find if CAMEL-type indicators are able to predict subsequent decisions by regulators to fail banks. Secondly, it aims to find if depositors discipline banks by focusing on depositors' reaction to the price signal and the amount of risk-related information that banks disclose. The findings show that banks' probability of failure increases as a result of high reliance on external funding and depositors in East Asia are not sensitive to price signal but they are sensitive to the amount of information disclosure. This study also finds that depositors in East Asia reward good banks for disclosing more information but they do not discipline weak banks by demanding greater disclosure. This implies that disclosure is a more effective signal for healthy banks than for weak ones. These analyses provide support to the proposition of the third pillar of the Basel II which aims to encourage market discipline by requiring banks to disclose more risk-related information. This book should be especially useful to banks and banking regulators.