Free- radicals are generated in the minutes following myocardial re-perfusion and this could be the cause of myocardial injury during by Pass surgery. Pretreatment with antioxidants could effectively attenuate re-perfusion injury during global ischemia.Xanthine dehydrogenase is converted into xanthine oxidase and this causes accumulation of hypoxanthine and xanthine in the cell. When re-perfusion starts, fresh oxygen interacts with xanthine oxidane and hypoxanthine to form superoxide anion radical O2.- . Allopurinol can metabolically block the formation of reduced oxygen radical by inhibiting the enzyme xanthine oxidase. More over allopurinal has vasodilator effects and aids in restoring favorable conditions through enhancement of collateral blood flow to the ischemic area.
The education gender gap is closing. Since the 1980s examination results have changed dramatically, as girls have "caught up" and, in some cases, overtaken boys. Through an analysis of the postwar transformation in British economic, social and cultural life, this important book provides valuable insights into how and why this unprecedented change has taken place. In particular, the book focuses on the welfare state and the education reforms under Margaret Thatcher which encouraged this momentum for change despite her personal efforts to re–instil Victorian educational values. These reforms, the authors argue, coupled with the women?s movement, re–shaped girls? and boys? identities and educational choices irrevocably, but not necessarily in the same or complementary ways.Closing the Gender Gap will be essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students in education, sociology and gender studies.
Buccal fat pad is very underutilized graft in oral and maxillofacial surgeries. although,it has been recognized in early seventeenth century,but its use in different conditions as a graft was popularized after mid eighteenth. This books encompasses various aspects of buccal fat pad including its anatomy, development, clinical significance and uses as a graft in many re constructive procedures in oral and maxillofacial surgery cases eg. Oro-antral fistula, oral sub-mucous fibrosis,resections ,reconstructions cases.
Gender as a concept covers construction and allocation of roles within a specific society. This study focused on identifying the extent to which gender has impacted the lives of disabled or physically challenged persons in Malawi. Data was collected from the Malawi Council of the Handicapped (MACOHA) using both quantitative and qualitative methods. A total of fifty PWDs were interviewed from MACOHA branches in Blantyre, Lilongwe and Magomero as regards knowledge of gender and the impact of gender stereotypes on career choice. The study revealed that PWDs are aware of gender, that over the course of time they re-evaluated and re-defined gender to suit their circumstances and their situations. The newly enrolled defined gender by the text book definition, the workforce group focused its definition, on their challenges in terms of access to and control of career choices and options. As their environment and context changes, the person with disability customizes the definition of gender. Also noted during the study was that disability plays a major role in how people view the PWDs, the more visible the disability the more prejudice one experienced.
Trans performance artist, playwright, and activist Kate Bornstein guides readers on a funny, insightful, and wonderfully scenic journey across the frontiers of gender and identity. With her signature humor, honesty, and outrageous flair, Bornstein's coming-of-age and transformation from heterosexual male to lesbian woman, as well as a fascinating and deeply provocative investigation into our notions of gender, the myths attached to "male" and "female", and the penalties that befall not only those who transgress the definitions but anyone who blindly conforms to them. Whether she is describing the nuts and bolts of her sex-change surgery or outing the hidden gender messages in popular culture, Bornstein pushes us gently but profoundly to the farther borders of the gender frontier.
The Handbook of Gender, Sex and Media offers original insights into the complex set of relations which exist between gender, sex, sexualities and the media, and in doing so, showcases new research at the forefront of media and communication practice and theory. Brings together a collection of new, cutting-edge research exploring a number of different facets of the broad relationship between gender and media Moves beyond associating gender with man/woman and instead considers the relationship between the construction of gender norms, biological sex and the mediation of sex and sexuality Offers genuinely new insights into the complicated and complex set of relations which exist between gender, sex, sexualities and the media Essay topics range from the continuing sexism of TV advertising to ways in which the internet is facilitating the (re)invention of our sexual selves.
The focus area of this paper is on the assignment problem with budget constraints which is one of the application area of combinatorial optimization that operates on the domain of those optimization problems,in which the set of feasible solutions is discrete or can be reduced to discrete,and in which the goal is to find the best solution. It is particularly concerned with solving the unconstrained assignment problems with Hungarian algorithm and the constrained assignment problem by cutting plane or outer linearization algorithm for solving the Lagrangian dual problem in which, at each iteration,the function that approximates the dual function is optimized. The paper is divided in to two chapters. In the first chapter,the classical assignment problem,the problem of finding optimum (minimum or maximum) cost or profit assignment a set of workers or resources to jobs or activities to gather with its mathematical formulation,solution methods and special cases in assignment problems were considered. Under the second chapter, we have considered generalization of the classical assignment problem concerning resource(or budget) constraints, due to the variety of real life problems.
Aesthetic Surgery-Current Perspectives This book provides a comprehensive, simplified, practical and recent analysis on popularly practiced cosmetic surgeries. It deals with all aspects of aesthetic procedures with special emphasis on bariatric surgery. The highlights of the book is the coverage of topics like facial aesthetic surgery, breast reconstruction, liposuction, botox/ fillers, rhinoplasty, hair transplant and skin grafting, all in one book.
Pleurotomy means opening of the pleural Cavity(Pleura means lung's cover)during internal mammary artery harvest(the artery that supplies chest wall,pleura,esp breast in female...mammaRY GLAND MEANS BREAST,this artery is used as conduit for bypass in CABG Surgery)causes deterioration of pulmonary function (pulmonary means lung)after CABG(coronary artery bypass graft surgery,coronary artery means ..the arteries which nourishes heart..in this surgery bypass route is created in the blocked coronary arteries to reestablished blood flow in heart ) Surgery
Middle ear surgery is a common ear surgery. During this surgery, the chorda tympani nerve which carries taste sensation from the anterior two third of the tongue, is encountered. The nerve is likely to sustain injury, ranging from being stretched to being cut. Though the nerve is injured, most of the patients following middle ear surgery do not complain of any taste disturbances. The only few, who are symptomatic, recover their taste sensation after a certain period of time. This study was carried out to assess the frequency of taste disturbance following middle ear surgery, their recovery with time and the reason explaining why post middle ear surgery the taste sensation is usually not altered inspite of the nerve being injured.
Assignment Problem is one of the first fundamental problems in the area of combinatorial optimization. Despite its historical roots, the problem has tremendous importance to date, due to its numerous real life applications in like facility location, personnel scheduling, job scheduling, production planning, project assignment, task assignment, time-tabling, vehicle routing, storage space allocation, etc. This book comprises some real life assignment and related problems involving imprecise cost/time parameters. In order to represent those imprecise parameters, interval numbers have been used here as this representation is the best among others. The associated problems have been solved using Genetic Algorithm efficiently. A salient feature of this book is that most of the algorithms have been written in a lucid manner with suitable examples using figures. This book should interest academicians, OR/GA practitioners and executives of different industries and business organizations.
Your trusted guide to surgical weight-loss Sixty percent of individuals over the age of 20—or 58 million people in the U.S.—are overweight. As the obesity epidemic continues to grow, many Americans are researching the benefits and complications of weight-loss surgeries. Weight Loss Surgery For Dummies, 2nd edition is the most up-to-date and authoritative guide to understanding the impact of surgical weight-loss before, during, and after surgery. Weight-loss surgery is often an overweight person's last resort, and it comes with many risks, questions, and fears. So how do you know if it's right for you? Weight Loss Surgery For Dummies gives you expert guidance on knowing whether you qualify for the procedures, advice on choosing the best center and doctor, and trusted information on evaluating the risks involved. Plus, it helps you plan to finance the procedure, prepare for surgery, and achieve the best results as you adjust to a new diet and lifestyle post-surgery. Trusted information on choosing a weight loss surgery that's best for you Advice on what to expect before, during, and after surgery Sample recipes and information to ensure you're getting proper nutrition post-surgery If you or a loved one is considering gastric bypass surgery, Weight Loss Surgery For Dummies gives you everything you need to decide if it's the right course of action, what to expect during recovery, and how to ensure the best results through healthy eating behaviors and regular physical activity.
A wireless mesh networks (WMNs) has emerged recently, WMN consist of two types of nodes mesh routers and mesh clients.WMN is dynamically self-organized and self-configured, with the nodes in the network automatically establishing and maintaining mesh connectivity among themselves. Channel assignment is a critical issue in WMN which is the mapping between the available channels and the radios at each node such that the network performance is optimized, and hence the focus of this work along with static channel assignment, multi-radio, multi-channel. Multi-radio MAC can potentially achieve higher network capacity than single-radio MAC. We design and implement a new agent (DSBCA) distributed channel assignment spanner base, the routing protocol Optimize the network performance considering the throughput, end-to-end delay, connectivity and the interference of our channel assignment algorithm. Base on the network simulations NS2.34 on Linux Fedora and our proposed channel assignment algorithm improved the throughput, minimal-connectivity preserving channel assignment algorithm.
This book addresses concerns about gender inequalities, democracy and deteriorating urban living conditions in Zambia. It presents a study of the reality facing youth born and raised in a peri-urban area, George compound in Lusaka. Changes in political and community organisation and deteriorating living conditions affect young women and men differently, and gender relations have to be re-negotiated. The report voices the youths' concerns about their family situation and gender identity. Male gender identities based on breadwinning and sexual activity become problematic in times of unemployment and HIV. Young women tie their identity to motherhood, but some of those who get an education aim for a working career and relative independence before marriage. Existing gender inequalities are challenged but often recycled in slightly different forms.
Футболка Wearcraft Premium — цвет: меланж, пол: Жен. Принято считать, что The Klinik является EBM группой с большой долей минималистических экспериментов. Ранний вокал в исполнении Dirk Ivens заимствует многие приемы из опыта Nivek Ogre. После того, как в 1993 году в проекте остался только один музыкант Marc Verhaeghen, звучание и имя группы тесно связано с его персоной.
Футболка классическая — цвет: меланж, пол: Жен. Принято считать, что The Klinik является EBM группой с большой долей минималистических экспериментов. Ранний вокал в исполнении Dirk Ivens заимствует многие приемы из опыта Nivek Ogre. После того, как в 1993 году в проекте остался только один музыкант Marc Verhaeghen, звучание и имя группы тесно связано с его персоной.
Толстовка Wearcraft Premium унисекс — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Принято считать, что The Klinik является EBM группой с большой долей минималистических экспериментов. Ранний вокал в исполнении Dirk Ivens заимствует многие приемы из опыта Nivek Ogre. После того, как в 1993 году в проекте остался только один музыкант Marc Verhaeghen, звучание и имя группы тесно связано с его персоной.
According to previous studies, frequency of psychological symptoms or disorders among applicants for cosmetic surgery is more than normal population. The aim of the present study is to compare psychopathological profile of applicants for plastic surgery with normal population. Results demonstrated that group of applicants for cosmetic surgery, got high scores in depressed, histrionic, narcissistic, compulsive, masochism, borderline and schizotypal scales of personality profile; they got also high scores in anxiety, somatoform, alcoholism, thought disorder and major depression scales (among clinical symptom and severe symptom indexes) ( P
Лонгслив — цвет: белый, пол: Муж. Принято считать, что The Klinik является EBM группой с большой долей минималистических экспериментов. Ранний вокал в исполнении Dirk Ivens заимствует многие приемы из опыта Nivek Ogre. После того, как в 1993 году в проекте остался только один музыкант Marc Verhaeghen, звучание и имя группы тесно связано с его персоной.
Майка классическая — цвет: белый, пол: Жен. Принято считать, что The Klinik является EBM группой с большой долей минималистических экспериментов. Ранний вокал в исполнении Dirk Ivens заимствует многие приемы из опыта Nivek Ogre. После того, как в 1993 году в проекте остался только один музыкант Marc Verhaeghen, звучание и имя группы тесно связано с его персоной.
This book gives a brief overview of the pathogenesis as well as signs and symptoms of rhegmatogenous retinal detachment with special relevance to their application in radial buckling surgery. This book also gives a step by step guide on how to perform radial buckling surgery, with stills from actual surgery. This book is merely a guide to the beginner and cannot substitute formal training. One needs to be conversant with scleral buckling and indirect ophthalmoscopy, not to mention contact lens examination to be able to master the art of radial buckling
Laser (light amplification by stimulated emission of radiation) surgery uses an intensely hot, precisely focused beam of light to remove or vaporize tissue and control bleeding in a wide variety of non-invasive and minimally invasive procedures.The ultimate goal of continous material research and development is to enhance the practice of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery. As laser technology expands in other fields, clinicians , scientists and manufacturers will work to discover the uses and advances of lasers in Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery.