Many studies have been conducted by researchers either academia or practitioner to understand factors contributing to expatriate effectiveness in the international assignments. The present study examines the relationship between individual differences (i.e. cultural intelligence and personality) and expatriate effectiveness (i.e. cross-cultural adjustment and job performance) using a sample of 332 expatriates working in Malaysia. The findings of the study revealed that motivational and behavioral dimensions of cultural intelligence and personality factors of agreeableness, openness to experience and conscientiousness positively related to cross-cultural adjustment and job performance. It is also found that cross-cultural adjustment mediates the relationship between individual differences and job performance, implying that cultural intelligence and personality explains the variance in job performance indirectly, mediated through cross-cultural adjustment. The findings of this study also have practical implications to the expatriating firms in the area of selection, training and development of candidate for international assignments.
The rationale of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the factors behind the low ratio of female among expatriate managers of multinational corporations. Although, recently, there is increase in the number of female expatriates as compared to the past. Still the number is negligible as compared to their male counterparts. The study discusses both the corporate perspective and female expatriates’ perspective. The reasons for the low ratio of female expatriates according to corporate perspective, are mainly related to the usage of a collection of informal factors. Such factors comprise an unconscious tendency of men choosing other men, male networks, and the fact that expatriate candidates are well known to selectors. Reasons from the female expatriates’ perspective are primarily connected to dual-career and family issues, but a lack of female role models, mentoring and networking also seems to contribute to the low ratio of women among expatriate managers of multinational corporations. The study also suggest strategies for female expatriates before, during and after international assignments. At the end, there are case studies of two successful female expatriates.
Дебютный альбом австралийской инди-рок группы из Сиднея. Отличная пластинка для тех, кому нравятся Red Riders, The Cops, Sparkadia, Faker, Gyroscope, The Panics, The Devoted Few, British India, Expatriate Mercy Arms, Children Collide.
The field of self-initiated expatriates is well researched, but the research on self-initiated expatriate entrepreneurship is lacking. This research is trying fill in this gap. The research is build up around a central research question: Why self-initiated expatriates decide to start their businesses in Denmark? The research will try to get a picture of the concept of self-initiated expatriates, expatriate entrepreneurship and motivational factors influencing the entrepreneur. The study is qualitative, using case studies, conducted by semi-structured interviews with self-initiated expatriate entrepreneurs in Denmark.
Exploring success and the influence of culture in international assignments for pr practitioners. This study is designed to develop an understanding of what influences the degree of success of public relations professionals in international assignments. It explores the degree of success in international assignments of public relations professionals in South Africa and the United States and determines the influence of any correlations to organizational and national culture.
This book explores the experiences of 50 expatriates from 15 nationalities living and working in Brazil. Through qualitative and quantitative methodologies it identifies, at one hand, work-related variables, such as relationship building, leadership and negotiation styles and tests their impact on the level of satisfaction with working in the country. On the other hand, it identifies variables not necessarily related to the workplace but representative of adjustment, such as perception of safety, cost of living, infrastructure and bureaucracy. Data collected proved that differences in culture are reflected on HR Management and, ultimately influence expatriate adjustment in firms located in Brazil. While identifying non-work related factors that impact on expat’s adjustment, the findings of this study also support the relevance of International Human Resource Management and intercultural communication at organizations in Brazil.
In this book the four novels which were taken to discuss are easily bound by the thread of the experiences of expatriates in a given society. The Indian expatriates, in their writings, have reflected upon what we may consider to-day as an expatriate and emotional integration. A reference of alienation does exist in the expatriate sensibility, yet they refuse to forget India. Expatriation basically differs from immigration in its concept of assimilation. As an expatriate how Bharati Mukherjee always carries her country with her, betraying notes of nostalgia or aversion as the case may be. Bharati Mukherjee has dealt with Indian life realistically and poignantly in her fiction, depicting her dreams and heart-aches with irony. Bharati Mukherjee as an expatriate, in trying to maintain her identity voluntarily or due to racism, follows the mosaic pattern as in Canada, the immigrant embraces assimilation and subscribes to the melting-pot theory of America. After fifteen years stay in Canada, she felt an expatriate and became an immigrant as she became one with the Americans. Since she declares herself an immigrant and writes about immigrants and how they are trying for self identity.
Much is written about rigor but there are few research studies on the subject. This study by Dr. Misenheimer adds to the research on teacher's perception of the rigor present in their classroom assignments and the actual amount of rigor that is present. This study may challenge your thinking about a subject we often discuss but have very little agreement on. This study examines high school English assignments in traditional high schools grades 9-12 and one Early College.
The business world of today looks considerably different than twenty years ago; companies used to compete domestically, but the number of organizations that continues to do so becomes very scarce. Globalization forces organizations to expand their boundaries and look for new markets. Because of this relatively new phenomenon, more and more companies are sending their employees on international assignments. Traditionally, these expatriates have been men. Despite the need and rise of deployment of expatriates, the number of women in such positions remains low (2-15%). However, if companies want to keep on sending their best and most qualified staff, they cannot rely primarily on men anymore. The increasing demand for expatriates can be met by deploying more women. However, statistical figures show that this is not so easy in practice. This thesis clarifies possible explanations for the scarcity of females on international assignments and researches the ambition of both males and females to pursue an international career. Therefore, this research would be of particular interest for both individuals with international ambitions as well as companies that are sending individuals abroad.
This study investigates what motivational factors influence the expatriate before, during and after the stay abroad.The increasing globalisation of the world requires new measurements for businesses if they are to succeed in the international market. Today’s information society, increasing world trade due to market integration, and massive increase of foreign direct investment are all factors influencing the way in which companies operate and manage their social capital – at home and abroad. Usage of expatriates as knowledge transferors has increased as a result of this alteration in the management of international companies and the ongoing change occuring outside the companies’ domain is reflected in an internal organisational development. Internal company communication and coordination across borders, have become a necessity in order to control and encourage companies’ interests abroad. In this, expatriates have become essential for the ability to compete on the international scene.
Writing as a communicative activity imposes great difficulties on EFL learners and both cognitive and affective aspects of writing have a sharing part in this complex process. Apprehension and blocking as two prominent factors, due to their adverse effect on learning language are more challenging for EFL learners as they write in a new language system. The present book tries to provide insights on the importance of these two phenomena specifically in the EFL context. This book allude to the role of strategy instruction, the saliency of explicit writing strategy use, prewriting strategies in particular, in relieving many problems that may arise from overlooking affective and cognitive aspects of writing. It further emphasized that the implementation of explicit writing instruction as a solution can make a world of difference for students in the process of learning. Finally, this book contributes to look at EFL writing in a new perspective, to rethink of other factors which may play hidden roles in the writing tasks and to change the view of writing from unlearnable gift to the process of discovery.
A shortened assignment, as an accommodation, can help learning disabled students learn and demonstrate their knowledge. The purpose of this qualitative case study using grounded theory analysis was to explore the administration and implementation of shortened assignments for four learning disabled students and to describe the perceptions of co-teachers and parents of how shortened assignments benefit or hinder learning for these students within a co-teaching context at an urban middle school. Shortened assignments, when applied consistently and appropriately by general and special education teachers, can help learning disabled students in a variety of ways.
It is a wild hold myth that native-English-speaking (NES) language instructors are capable of teaching English writing in non-native English speaking environment. By providing a glimpse of how NES instructors teaching English writing in a Chinese university, the study leads to a rethinking of hiring NES instructors as English writing instructors in China. As one of the first few studied expatriate NES instructors' writing instruction in depth, the study has significant implications in EFL writing field for understanding the expertise of expatriate NES instructors, for selecting qualified NES instructors and supporting them. English instruction policymakers, school administrators in EFL context, NES instructors who want to teach in non-English-speaking countries and areas will find the book informative and helpful.
This project is aimed at downloading and uploading online assignments for students; with each assignment having information about the instructions, description, deadline, and submission details. The main goal of this thesis is to design and implement online assignment submission and provide an interface use for uploading test program (Nant script file) by instructors, who would be able to evaluate assignments automatically. The system provides an interface for testing assignments such that they can be plugged in by the teachers. This testing could invoke a compiler and make a test-run of the compiled code and check the result or test for plagiarism, existence of certain documents or simply check the file type (extension). The most obvious advantage offered by online assignment submission is that it offers faster transmission of assignments than using traditional way by using online system. The interface use to invoke different testing program by teachers, So Save the time and cost for teachers by enabling them to put up a fast response for students as well as increasing the quality of the feedback provided to students.
Globally it is known that international managers are a valuable resource to all organisations. However, it is relatively unknown what challenges these managers face in reality and how to manage such challenges in order to retain their skills, knowledge and expertise within MNEs.This study attempted to understand the challenges facing new international managers in order to determine whether a gap exists between what new international managers on assignment are actually facing and what experienced managers perceive they are facing.An exploratory research approach using a qualitative methodology was followed using a sample comprising of six new international managers and 24 experienced international managers. Findings suggest that a gap exists between the challenges new international managers are facing in reality, and the assumptions and perceptions of experienced international managers. It is recommended that the MNE review current human resources recruitment and management policies, implement hiring policies based on skills and competencies beyond technical ability, and establish cross-cultural programmes to address the challenges facing new international managers.
Multinational organizations need to develop internationally sophisticated and skilled managers in order to compete with the competitive global environment. Organizations are finding it increasingly difficult to find employees who are willing to accept international assignments, one of the most powerful means to shape effective global leaders. Furthermore, organizations do not have an adequate understanding of what factors influence employees'' willingness to accept an international assignment. This study analyzes the impact of multiple factors which may influence an individual''s willingness to accept an international assignment. Prior research that investigated individuals'' willingness to accept an international assignment mainly focused on one particular aspect. Findings of this research include: students are generally more willing to accept a short-term than a long-term international assignment; male and female students are equally willing to accept international assignments; students are equally willing to accept international assignments within or outside of Europe; from seventeen European countries, students are most willing to work in the UK, Switzerland, Spain and Sweden.
Jackson Lamb, Slough House's overweight, surly chief of operations, and the rest of the "Slow Horses"--disgraced MI5 agents banished to endless clerical assignments--have a chance to redeem themselves by solving the murder of an old, forgotten Cold War-era spy.
The purpose of this research is to examine the impact of cultural intelligence on the level of job satisfaction and job performance among expatriate teachers working in both not-for-profit and for-profit international schools in Cairo. The importance of this study stems from the fact that globalization have led to tremendous increase in the number of international schools worldwide and in Egypt, thus allowing international schools to provide a greater share of educational services in Egypt, affecting the type and quality of education available to the public. Accordingly, it is essential to ensure that such schools are capable of providing quality education through having satisfied and highly performing expat staff. The results show that there is a significant positive and direct relationship between cultural intelligence and job performance, and that there is a significant positive but indirect relationship between cultural intelligence and job satisfaction among expatriate teachers.
In today’s complex international business environment there is an increasing need for leaders, who think globally and are equipped to lead on the global stage. CEOs and Human Resource professionals alike agree on the challenge of identifying and developing this global talent. Problems arise due to a shortage of qualified individuals, the expense and time consuming nature of global leadership development programs, and failed expatriate assignments. This critical situation demands that a concerted effort goes into the selection of global talent, but first who are they and where can they be found? These questions led Dr. Stokke to explore whether Adult Third Culture Kids (ATCKs), who spent at least one of their formative years growing up in a foreign country, have a propensity for global mindedness and global leadership. The mixed methods research findings suggest four emergent themes that are also qualities displayed by global leaders. ATCKs tend to be changers, communicators, creative problem solvers, and global citizens. Dr. Stokke offers insight into the search for globally minded individuals, who are prepared, ready, and willing to lead across cultures and across countries.
Larry Darrell is a young American in search of the absolute. The progress of his spiritual odyssey involves him with some of Maugham's most brilliant characters - his fiancee Isabel, whose choice between love and wealth has lifelong repercussions, and Elliott Templeton, her uncle, a classic expatriate snob. The most ambitious of Maugham's novels, this is also one in which Maugham himself plays a part, as he wanders in and out of the story, observing his characters struggling with their fates.
This book argues for a holistic approach able to cut across boundaries and disciplines in furthering recent knowledge and understanding of the impact of the internationally experienced expatriate team leader on creativity within a multinational environment. The intended audience is in the first line professional IHR managers confronted with the crucial question in how far the employment of expatriates enhances the MNC''s creativity capability. The book can also be considered as a support for the expatriate team leader in need to best understand how to foster creativity when working with employees of different cultures. Moreover, this study is intended to fill black spots in current research and therefore provide students and researchers of management with knowledge to support their further work.
The aim of this doctorate thesis was to provide a conceptual model to discover if the success of the expatriate project managers is greatly influenced by the cross-cultural preparation of the expatriates for their overseas assignment. This research used an online survey and this was followed by six case studies. The analysis of the findings enabled Dr. Cerimagic to develop recommendations and a cross-cultural training design. From an organisational point of view, this PhD thesis could potentially assist human resource professionals in global organisations to plan and implement more appropriate cross-cultural training courses for Australian and other western expatriates who are working in the Middle East. In addition, the findings of this thesis could help individuals and organisations to assist their expatriate project managers succeed. This research also has the potential to help the companies and the project manager build reputations and stronger relationships with overseas clients and local businesses.
The hands-on instruction that digital photographers need to compose great shots Introducing readers to the basic elements of design, this full-color guide shows photographers step by step how to frame great compositions before they take the shot. Instructions, advice, examples, and assignments cover all types of photography.
On his way back to Russia after some years spent in the West, Grigory Mikhailovich Litvinov, the son of a retired official of merchant stock, stops over in Baden-Baden to meet his fiancee Tatyana. However, a chance encounter with his old flame, the manipulative Irina - now married to a general and a prominent figure in aristocratic expatriate circles - unearths feelings buried deep inside the young man's heart, derailing his plans for the future and throwing his life into turmoil.
Paris in the twenties: Pernod, parties and expatriate Americans, loose-living on money from home. Jake is wildly in love with Brett Ashley, aristocratic and irresistibly beautiful, but with an abandoned, sensuous nature that she cannot change. When...
This accessible guide uses real tutor and university marking criteria, assignments, reading lists and texts to explore common myths about reading and making notes, and takes you quickly but clearly through each stage of these key activities.