Culture, differences, adjustment... Is there still room for such things in our globalized world? Since companies have grown beyond national boundaries, this question has become a crucial issue for multinational enterprises. Expatriate managers’ overall performance and thus the success of international assignments considerably depends on their ability to adjust to different cultures. This thesis analyzes the impact of gender on expatriate managers’ adjustment to international assignments and its implications for cross-cultural training policies. For that reason 20 informal interviews with female and male expatriate managers in Singapore were conducted.
The field of self-initiated expatriates is well researched, but the research on self-initiated expatriate entrepreneurship is lacking. This research is trying fill in this gap. The research is build up around a central research question: Why self-initiated expatriates decide to start their businesses in Denmark? The research will try to get a picture of the concept of self-initiated expatriates, expatriate entrepreneurship and motivational factors influencing the entrepreneur. The study is qualitative, using case studies, conducted by semi-structured interviews with self-initiated expatriate entrepreneurs in Denmark.
Дебютный альбом австралийской инди-рок группы из Сиднея. Отличная пластинка для тех, кому нравятся Red Riders, The Cops, Sparkadia, Faker, Gyroscope, The Panics, The Devoted Few, British India, Expatriate Mercy Arms, Children Collide.
The focus area of this paper is on the assignment problem with budget constraints which is one of the application area of combinatorial optimization that operates on the domain of those optimization problems,in which the set of feasible solutions is discrete or can be reduced to discrete,and in which the goal is to find the best solution. It is particularly concerned with solving the unconstrained assignment problems with Hungarian algorithm and the constrained assignment problem by cutting plane or outer linearization algorithm for solving the Lagrangian dual problem in which, at each iteration,the function that approximates the dual function is optimized. The paper is divided in to two chapters. In the first chapter,the classical assignment problem,the problem of finding optimum (minimum or maximum) cost or profit assignment a set of workers or resources to jobs or activities to gather with its mathematical formulation,solution methods and special cases in assignment problems were considered. Under the second chapter, we have considered generalization of the classical assignment problem concerning resource(or budget) constraints, due to the variety of real life problems.
In this book the four novels which were taken to discuss are easily bound by the thread of the experiences of expatriates in a given society. The Indian expatriates, in their writings, have reflected upon what we may consider to-day as an expatriate and emotional integration. A reference of alienation does exist in the expatriate sensibility, yet they refuse to forget India. Expatriation basically differs from immigration in its concept of assimilation. As an expatriate how Bharati Mukherjee always carries her country with her, betraying notes of nostalgia or aversion as the case may be. Bharati Mukherjee has dealt with Indian life realistically and poignantly in her fiction, depicting her dreams and heart-aches with irony. Bharati Mukherjee as an expatriate, in trying to maintain her identity voluntarily or due to racism, follows the mosaic pattern as in Canada, the immigrant embraces assimilation and subscribes to the melting-pot theory of America. After fifteen years stay in Canada, she felt an expatriate and became an immigrant as she became one with the Americans. Since she declares herself an immigrant and writes about immigrants and how they are trying for self identity.
Assignment Problem is one of the first fundamental problems in the area of combinatorial optimization. Despite its historical roots, the problem has tremendous importance to date, due to its numerous real life applications in like facility location, personnel scheduling, job scheduling, production planning, project assignment, task assignment, time-tabling, vehicle routing, storage space allocation, etc. This book comprises some real life assignment and related problems involving imprecise cost/time parameters. In order to represent those imprecise parameters, interval numbers have been used here as this representation is the best among others. The associated problems have been solved using Genetic Algorithm efficiently. A salient feature of this book is that most of the algorithms have been written in a lucid manner with suitable examples using figures. This book should interest academicians, OR/GA practitioners and executives of different industries and business organizations.
A wireless mesh networks (WMNs) has emerged recently, WMN consist of two types of nodes mesh routers and mesh clients.WMN is dynamically self-organized and self-configured, with the nodes in the network automatically establishing and maintaining mesh connectivity among themselves. Channel assignment is a critical issue in WMN which is the mapping between the available channels and the radios at each node such that the network performance is optimized, and hence the focus of this work along with static channel assignment, multi-radio, multi-channel. Multi-radio MAC can potentially achieve higher network capacity than single-radio MAC. We design and implement a new agent (DSBCA) distributed channel assignment spanner base, the routing protocol Optimize the network performance considering the throughput, end-to-end delay, connectivity and the interference of our channel assignment algorithm. Base on the network simulations NS2.34 on Linux Fedora and our proposed channel assignment algorithm improved the throughput, minimal-connectivity preserving channel assignment algorithm.
The efficient management of Change Requests (CRs) is fundamental for successful software maintenance; however the assignment of CRs to developers is an expensive aspect in this regard, due to the time and expertise demanded. To overcome this, researchers have proposed automated approaches for CR assignment. Although these proposals present advances to this topic, they do not consider many factors inherent to the assignments, such as: developers’ workload, CRs severity, interpersonal relationships, and developers know-how. Actually, as we demonstrate in this work, CR assignment is a complex activity and automated approaches cannot rely on simplistic solutions. Ideally, it is necessary to consider and reason over contextual information in order to provide an effective automation. Beyond investigating all these aspects through an extensive systematic literature review, this work also proposes a context-aware architecture solution to semi-automated assignment of CRs.
The rationale of this study is to gain a deeper understanding of the factors behind the low ratio of female among expatriate managers of multinational corporations. Although, recently, there is increase in the number of female expatriates as compared to the past. Still the number is negligible as compared to their male counterparts. The study discusses both the corporate perspective and female expatriates’ perspective. The reasons for the low ratio of female expatriates according to corporate perspective, are mainly related to the usage of a collection of informal factors. Such factors comprise an unconscious tendency of men choosing other men, male networks, and the fact that expatriate candidates are well known to selectors. Reasons from the female expatriates’ perspective are primarily connected to dual-career and family issues, but a lack of female role models, mentoring and networking also seems to contribute to the low ratio of women among expatriate managers of multinational corporations. The study also suggest strategies for female expatriates before, during and after international assignments. At the end, there are case studies of two successful female expatriates.
In the era of global competition, role of managers who are sent abroad for temporary assignment has become increasingly important especially for multinationals companies (MNCs). The primary role of an expatriate manager can be conceived as that of a catalyst who secures continuity of MNCs.The main objective for this study is to identify the determinants of expatriates’ job satisfaction in multinational corporations (MNCs). This study examines the relationship between individual-level factor, cross-cultural adjustment and family influences with expatriates’ job satisfaction in host country.The findings revealed that cross-cultural adjustment in host country is the important criteria for expatriates’ job satisfaction.
The aim of this doctorate thesis was to provide a conceptual model to discover if the success of the expatriate project managers is greatly influenced by the cross-cultural preparation of the expatriates for their overseas assignment. This research used an online survey and this was followed by six case studies. The analysis of the findings enabled Dr. Cerimagic to develop recommendations and a cross-cultural training design. From an organisational point of view, this PhD thesis could potentially assist human resource professionals in global organisations to plan and implement more appropriate cross-cultural training courses for Australian and other western expatriates who are working in the Middle East. In addition, the findings of this thesis could help individuals and organisations to assist their expatriate project managers succeed. This research also has the potential to help the companies and the project manager build reputations and stronger relationships with overseas clients and local businesses.
This book is exquisite example of women's writing.Sujata bhatt :An Expatriate will introduce you something about new woman who does not to be projected as meek creature but she is a fighter against patriarchal society.She is trying to search her real roots which is still missing.Her real self ossilates in different roles.A women is having shifting identities. Sujata Bhatt's poems talks about her tricultual self,as she belongs to India ,migrated to America for studies and then after marriage to Germany.
The Evil Within: The Assignment – это первое из двух дополнение к The Evil Within, главной героиней которого является Джулия Кидман, напарница детектива Себастьяна Кастелланоса. В этом дополнении игроки получат часть ответов на те вопросы, которые у них остались после финала оригинальной игры.
Modern day public transport assignment faces lots of problems. Solutions may exist but needs some form of backings. A sensitivity analysis in most cases could just be sufficient to provide this backing. The developments in this book are very important for students, academic researchers and policy makers. The book provides an extensive review on transit assignment, sensitivity analysis and OmniTRANS. It highlights important conclusions such as:- - Passenger access-egress distances significantly affects their access stop choices. - The travel distance parameter of the generalized cost function has the highest influence on transit assignment - The number of transfers to be made by passengers significantly determines their generalized cost of travel - A carefully conducted partial sensitivity analysis can provide better predictions than a Monte-Carlo sensitivity analysis. As a policy advice to public transport operators in Flanders-Belgium, the developments in this book suggest that; to improve transit assignment, it is sufficient to reduce passengers access-egress distances & the number of transfers either through the institution of more direct transit lines or missing links.
In cellular mobile communication, since there will be conversation in progress in case of handover calls, GOS for them should be less than that for newly originating calls. Basically, there are three channel assignment schemes, fixed, dynamic & hybrid channel assignment schemes for handling newly originating and handover calls. In this study, capacity design for cellular mobile network in area inside ring road in Kathmandu valley has been done according to the findings of data collection and analysis of mobile communication service being provided by Nepal Telecom. Capacity planning has been done with GOS equal to 2% for newly originating calls and 1% for handover calls. In addition to capacity planning, efficient channel assignment scheme in terms of blocking and throughput has been evaluated with optimal utilization of the designed capacity for getting minimum blocking for both types of calls maintaining the blocking for handover calls always less than that for newly originating calls. The simulated values of GOS & throughput for all channel assignment schemes at different penetration have been compared and hybrid channel assignment scheme has been found to be most efficient.
The problem of distributing goods from depots to consumers plays an important role in the management of many distribution systems, and therefore when it is programmed efficiently it may yield significant savings. In a typical distribution system, trucks provide pick-up and delivery services to customers that are geographically dispersed in a given area. In many of its applications, the main objective of distribution is to find a set of routes for such trucks, satisfying a variety of constraints, so as to minimize the total distribution cost. This work focuses on a decision model for a real world problem. The problem reveals itself as assignment of trucks to routes by Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, Ghana. This study addresses the problem of finding an efficient assignment of the limited number of trucks at the company’s disposal to the routes they ply while serving its customers outside the metropolis. In this work we use a solution procedure based on Munkres Assignment Algorithm for optimal assignment of non-homogenous fleet of trucks to a given set of routes, where Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, distributes its products to its customers.
This book explains the port operations and proposes approaches that aim to improve the most important successive steps in container terminal management activities. A multi-period assignment problem that seeks to allocate vessels to berthing spaces and quay cranes is proposed to handle the quayside operations. Subsequently, on the yard side, a discrete-event simulation model for the real life detailed processes performed during the handling of import containers is developed. In particular, the model focuses on the storage assignment problem at the operational level in a container terminal with a multiple-berth structure. An approach by means of a hierarchical structure is adapted to partition the assignment problem into two sub-problems and solve each of them using separate decision rules. Suggested storage policies are evaluated in view of the overall performance of the container terminal.
This study is situated within the field of instructional design and sought to identify competencies specific to online designers-by-assignment in high school learning environments. Since existing instructional design standards currently available to guide designers-by-assignment differ from one another, a lack of clarity remains about which specific standards actually benefit this emerging professional group in the process of developing and revising courses they eventually teach. The purpose of this qualitative Delphi study was to identify, through expert agreement, instructional design competencies that can benefit high school online designers-by-assignment and the instructional design profession. This study employed the qualitative Delphi design to achieve consensus among experts in five fields (high school online practitioners, instructional design academics, university pre-service instructors, online high school administrators and high school online instructional designers).
When dealing with stress assignment on the word level, many exceptions to hitherto defined principles can be found in the English language. While some exceptions can be explained by word or morpheme boundaries, others do not fit so easliy into the underlying systematicity of English stress behaviour. Some are often described as simply being idiosyncratic. A new statistical analysis reveals that many of these exceptions do share some common features to a certain extent, in particular in their orthography. Can this kind of features be used to establish additional rules in order to account for exceptional cases of English stress assignment? Or is there no other means but to consider these cases as lexcially exceptional?
This book contains a good literature survey of various mathematical models and routing & wavelengths assignment algorithms in WDM optical networks. Some of the new algorithms for optimization of blocking probability have aslo been covered. This book is good for researchers who are working on optical networks and advancements in fiber optics communication. Mathematical models covered in this book are simple and easy to implement. A good number of routing and wavelength assignment algorithms have also been covered in this book which can be used to reduce blocking probability of the optical network. This book can be very helpful to the research scholars.
Revision with unchanged content. This study investigated the influence of computer-generated reminders on the rate in which distance learners submitted assignments and completed courses. The computer-generated reminders, sent via email, served as a time management support strategy. Participants were randomly divided into two groups: control and treatment. Both groups received a list of target due dates for course assignments. The control group did not receive reminders. The treatment group received reminders when they failed to submit an assignment by a target due date. The results indicated no significant difference between the control and treatment groups in terms of assignment submission rates and course completion rates. However, results of this study did reveal that the number of assignments in a distance course influences the timeliness of assignment completion and the likelihood of course completion.
The highly competitive environment in today's wireless and cellular network industries is making the management of systems seek for better and more advance techniques to keep masses of data, complexity of systems and deadline constrains under control with a lower cost and higher efficiency. Therefore, the management is getting significant attentions by researchers in order to increase the efficiency of the resource usage to provide high quality services. Two of the cornerstones of the management system in wireless and cellular network are carrier assignment and packet scheduling. Therefore, this work focuses on analysis and development of carrier assignment and packet scheduling methods in multi-band Wi-Fi and LTE-A networks.
In this book we consider the Frequency Assignment Problem, where the objective is to minimize the cost due to interference arising in a solution. We use a quadratic 0-1 integer programming formulation of the problem as a basis to derive new lower bounds and problem reduction rules. A tree search algorithm that uses the lower bounds and dominance criteria is also presented. Computational results are shown on standard benchmark instances from the literature.
Multinational organizations need to develop internationally sophisticated and skilled managers in order to compete with the competitive global environment. Organizations are finding it increasingly difficult to find employees who are willing to accept international assignments, one of the most powerful means to shape effective global leaders. Furthermore, organizations do not have an adequate understanding of what factors influence employees'' willingness to accept an international assignment. This study analyzes the impact of multiple factors which may influence an individual''s willingness to accept an international assignment. Prior research that investigated individuals'' willingness to accept an international assignment mainly focused on one particular aspect. Findings of this research include: students are generally more willing to accept a short-term than a long-term international assignment; male and female students are equally willing to accept international assignments; students are equally willing to accept international assignments within or outside of Europe; from seventeen European countries, students are most willing to work in the UK, Switzerland, Spain and Sweden.
This project is aimed at downloading and uploading online assignments for students; with each assignment having information about the instructions, description, deadline, and submission details. The main goal of this thesis is to design and implement online assignment submission and provide an interface use for uploading test program (Nant script file) by instructors, who would be able to evaluate assignments automatically. The system provides an interface for testing assignments such that they can be plugged in by the teachers. This testing could invoke a compiler and make a test-run of the compiled code and check the result or test for plagiarism, existence of certain documents or simply check the file type (extension). The most obvious advantage offered by online assignment submission is that it offers faster transmission of assignments than using traditional way by using online system. The interface use to invoke different testing program by teachers, So Save the time and cost for teachers by enabling them to put up a fast response for students as well as increasing the quality of the feedback provided to students.
Mesh Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a promising access network to enhance channels utilization, extend access coverage using simple and cheap network components. Power management affects mesh WLAN network coverage, topology, throughput, traffic routing and end to end delay. Channel assignment affects the mesh nodes interference level and so the transmission capacity. It also controls the number of nodes share the same channel which increases the probability of collision and reduces the network throughput. In this book, the power management problem is formulated to show its impact on mesh WLAN network throughput. Then this formulation is used to propose a new ranking based cooperative game strategy. Mesh WLAN channel assignment problem is also formulated. Then different algorithms throughput and processing delay is analyzed. This analysis is based on evaluating average users’ data rate and processing delay for different assignment techniques in many mesh WLAN network configurations.
Many studies have been conducted by researchers either academia or practitioner to understand factors contributing to expatriate effectiveness in the international assignments. The present study examines the relationship between individual differences (i.e. cultural intelligence and personality) and expatriate effectiveness (i.e. cross-cultural adjustment and job performance) using a sample of 332 expatriates working in Malaysia. The findings of the study revealed that motivational and behavioral dimensions of cultural intelligence and personality factors of agreeableness, openness to experience and conscientiousness positively related to cross-cultural adjustment and job performance. It is also found that cross-cultural adjustment mediates the relationship between individual differences and job performance, implying that cultural intelligence and personality explains the variance in job performance indirectly, mediated through cross-cultural adjustment. The findings of this study also have practical implications to the expatriating firms in the area of selection, training and development of candidate for international assignments.
It is a wild hold myth that native-English-speaking (NES) language instructors are capable of teaching English writing in non-native English speaking environment. By providing a glimpse of how NES instructors teaching English writing in a Chinese university, the study leads to a rethinking of hiring NES instructors as English writing instructors in China. As one of the first few studied expatriate NES instructors' writing instruction in depth, the study has significant implications in EFL writing field for understanding the expertise of expatriate NES instructors, for selecting qualified NES instructors and supporting them. English instruction policymakers, school administrators in EFL context, NES instructors who want to teach in non-English-speaking countries and areas will find the book informative and helpful.
This book argues for a holistic approach able to cut across boundaries and disciplines in furthering recent knowledge and understanding of the impact of the internationally experienced expatriate team leader on creativity within a multinational environment. The intended audience is in the first line professional IHR managers confronted with the crucial question in how far the employment of expatriates enhances the MNC''s creativity capability. The book can also be considered as a support for the expatriate team leader in need to best understand how to foster creativity when working with employees of different cultures. Moreover, this study is intended to fill black spots in current research and therefore provide students and researchers of management with knowledge to support their further work.