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Essay Arguments

Carrie  Winstanley Writing Essays For Dummies

Carrie Winstanley Writing Essays For Dummies

Do ever wish that you could write the perfect university essay? Are you left baffled about where to start? This easy-to-use guide walks you through the nuts and bolts of academic writing, helping you develop your essay-writing skills and achieve higher marks. From identifying the essay type and planning a structure, to honing your research skills, managing your time, finding an essay voice, and referencing correctly, Writing Essays For Dummies shows you how to stay on top of each stage of the essay-writing process, to help you produce a well-crafted and confident final document. Writing Essays For Dummies covers: Part I: Navigating a World of Information Chapter 1: Mapping Your Way: Starting to Write Essays Chapter 2: Identifying the essay type Part II: Researching, Recording and Reformulating Chapter 3: Eyes Down: Academic reading Chapter 4: Researching Online Chapter 5: Note-taking and Organising your Material Chapter 6: Avoiding Plagiarism Part III: Putting Pen to Paper Chapter 7: Writing as a process Chapter 8: Getting Going and Keeping Going Part IV: Mastering Language and Style Chapter 9: Writing with Confidence Chapter 10: Penning the Perfect Paragraph Chapter 11: Finding Your Voice Part V: Tightening Your Structure and Organisation Chapter 12: Preparing the Aperitif: The Introduction Chapter 13: Serving the Main Course: The Essay’s Body Chapter 14: Dishing up Dessert: The Conclusion Chapter 15: Acknowledging Sources of Information Part VI: Finishing with a Flourish: The Final Touches Chapter 16: It’s all in the detail Chapter 17: Perfecting Your Presentation Chapter 18: The afterglow Part VII: Part of Tens

Secret Vice. Tolkien on Invented Languages

Secret Vice. Tolkien on Invented Languages

First ever critical study of Tolkien's little-known essay, which reveals how language invention shaped the creation of Middle-earth and beyond, to George R R Martin's Game of Thrones. J.R.R. Tolkien's linguistic invention was a fundamental part of his artistic output, to the extent that later on in life he attributed the existence of his mythology to the desire to give his languages a home and peoples to speak them. As Tolkien puts it in 'A Secret Vice', 'the making of language and mythology are related functions''. In the 1930s, Tolkien composed and delivered two lectures, in which he explored these two key elements of his sub-creative methodology. The second of these, the seminal Andrew Lang Lecture for 1938-9, 'On Fairy-Stories', which he delivered at the University of St Andrews in Scotland, is well known. But many years before, in 1931, Tolkien gave a talk to a literary society entitled 'A Hobby for the Home', where he unveiled for the first time to a listening public the art that he had both himself encountered and been involved with since his earliest childhood: 'the construction of imaginary languages in full or outline for amusement'. This talk would be edited by Christopher Tolkien for inclusion as 'A Secret Vice' in The Monsters and the Critics and Other Essays and serves as the principal exposition of Tolkien's art of inventing languages. This new critical edition, which includes previously unpublished notes and drafts by Tolkien connected with the essay, including his 'Essay on Phonetic Symbolism', goes some way towards re-opening the debate on the importance of linguistic invention in Tolkien's mythology and the role of imaginary languages in fantasy literature.

Р. Дж. Коллингвуд Принципы искусства

Р. Дж. Коллингвуд Принципы искусства

Робин Джордж Коллингвуд (1889—1943) – английский философ, историк, теоретик искусства (с 1935 – профессор Оксфордского университета по кафедре метафизической философии). Диапазон творческого наследия Р. Дж. Коллингвуда чрезвычайно широк и включает в себя разнообразные проблемы истории, философии, эстетики, религиоведения, политики. Основные труды Р. Дж. Коллингвуда были опубликованы в 30-х – начале 40-х годов: «Очерк философского метода» («Essay on Philosophical Method») – 1933, «Принципы искусства» («The Principles of Art») – 1938, «Автобиография» («An Autobiography») – 1939, «Очерк метафизики» («Essay on Metaphysics») – 1940, «Идея истории» («The Idea of History»), которую он не успел завершить (первое издание в 1946 году), «Новый Левиафан» («The New Leviaphan») – 1947. В своих философско-исторических трудах, опираясь на гегельянские идеи, Коллингвуд развивает последние и создает свою оригинальную концепцию истории. Этот подход выделяет его из позитивистского и неопозитивистского контекста Англии 20—40-х годов. Книга «Принципы искусства» отмечена несомненным влиянием эстетики Дж. Вико, а также Б. Кроче, с которым Коллингвуд был в дружеских отношениях, переводил его труды. Однако Коллингвуд разрабатывает здесь оригинальную «теорию воображения», по-новому интерпретируя учение об идеях классического английского эмпиризма Локка и Юма. В книге также содержится широкий обзор истории формирования эстетической теории, от древнегреческих философов до современных Коллингвуду эстетических доктрин Т. С. Элиота. Все это делает труд «Принципы искусства» интересным как для специалистов, так и для широкого круга читателей, интересующихся проблемами философии, эстетики, искусства и литературы.