This collection offers a critical assessment of the published works of Piero Sraffa, one of the leading economists of the 20th century, and their legacy for the economics profession. The topics covered explore Sraffa's interpretation of the classical economists; his theory of value and distribution; his critique of partial and general neoclassical equilibrium theory; his focus on the problem of capital; and his critique of Hayek's monetary overinvestment theory of the business cycle. Specific issues investigated include intertemporal general equilibrium theory and the capital problem; the probability of reswitching; Ricardo, Malthus, and the corn model; and the meaning and implication of the capital controversy. Among the contributors are many of the world's leading students of Sraffian economics.
"About Modern Art" is the long-awaited collection of David Sylvester's essays on twentieth-century artists. This is not dry, remote, academic criticism: it has an immediacy and passion which leave one with an inspiring sense of the relevance and importance of art to life.
The possibility of the economy becoming more mathematicized began in the late nineteenth century, with the Marginal revolution. According to MIROWSKI (1991), however, the process of mathematicization of economic discourse only became widespread from 1925 onwards. In an attempt to elucidate how and when this process took place in Brazil, we wrote three critical essays on the subject. The goal of the first essay is afford Brazilian students and researchers easier access to a discussion that is somewhat disperse in our country, and also to encourage further research on the subject. We begin the second essay by presenting the main benefits of the mathematicization of economics, as argued by some of the advocates of the progress of the mathematical formalization of economic discourse. After that, we point out the more traditional criticisms to this mathematicization process. In our third essay, we check how mathematical formalization in economics advanced in Brazil in the last three decades. To this end, we categorize every article published in three of Brazil?s main economics journals from 1981 to 2010, according to the type of argument used. The total of articles analyzed was 5,733.
This revision of the popular critical edition of Bram Stoker's late Victorian gothic novel presents the 1897 first edition text along with critical essays that introduce students to Dracula from contemporary cultural, psychoanalytic, gender, queer, and postcolonial perspectives. An additional essay demonstrates how various critical perspectives can be combined. The text and essays are complemented by contextual documents, introductions (with bibliographies), and a glossary of critical and theoretical terms. New to the second edition are essays that reflect cultural, queer, and postcolonial perspectives, plus an essay that combines several critical perspectives. The cultural documents section features new topics (the lesbian vampire, the new woman), and the updated editorial matter includes a selective bibliography of Dracula films of note.
Revised to reflect critical trends of the past 15 years, the third iteration of this widely adopted critical edition presents the 1831 text of Mary Shelley's English Romantic novel along with critical essays that introduce students to Frankenstein from contemporary psychoanalytic, Marxist, feminist, gender/queer, postcolonial, and cultural studies perspectives. The text and essays are complemented by contextual documents, introductions (with bibliographies), and a glossary of critical and theoretical terms. In the third edition, three of the six essays are new, representing recent gender/queer, postcolonial, and cultural theories. The contextual documents have been significantly revised to include many images of Frankenstein from contemporary popular culture.
Like other volumes in the Case Studies in Critical Controversy series, this edition is designed for 'teaching the conflicts'— in this case, the conflicts surrounding the work of Edgar Allan Poe, one of the most popular yet contested literary figures in all of American Literature.The text incorporates selections from Poe's fiction, poetry and nonfiction, along with critical essays representing three major critical and cultural controversies about Poe and his work: aesthetics and the literary marketplace; race; and gender and sexuality. The literature and critical essays are supported by distinctive editorial matter that introduces students to critical conflict in literary studies, to Poe's life and work, to each critical controversy, and to arguing about the controversies. The edition helps students grapple not only with the critical issues concerning Poe, but also with cultural debates about literature itself.
These original essays introduce students to the complex and influential field of critical criminology. It presents many of the theories of critical criminology - Marxist, Feminist, Left Realist, Postmodern, Constitutive, Peacemaking, and Restorative Justice - and explores how, despite their distinctions, each theory is rooted in radical criminology, and all are critical of mainstream criminology.
This book is a collection of original essays specifically designed to offer students, policy makers, and others an in-depth overview of the most up-to-date empirical, theoretical, and political contributions made by critical criminologists like the author around the world. The diverse essays in this book covers the history of critical criminology and cutting edge theories, but also the variety of research methods used by leading scholars in the field of criminological research and the rich data generated by their rigorous empirical work. In addition, some of the chapters in this book suggest innovative and realistic short and long-term policy proposals that are typically ignored by mainstream criminology. These progressive strategies address some of the most pressing social problems facing contemporary society today.
"Against Interpretation" was Susan Sontag's first collection of essays and is a modern classic. Originally published in 1966, it has never gone out of print and has influenced generations of readers all over the world. It includes some of Sontag's best-known works, among them "On Style", "Notes on 'Camp", and the titular essay "Against Interpretation", where Sontag argues that modern cultural conditions have given way to a new critical approach to aesthetics.
"Poetry does not impose, it exposes itself," wrote Paul Celan. Werner Hamacher's investigations into crucial texts of philosophical and literary modernity show that Celan's apothegm is also valid for the structure of understanding and for language in general. "Subject position" is widely invoked today, yet Hamacher is the first to thoroughly investigate the premises for this invocation. He demonstrates that the promise of a subject position is not only unavoidable - and thus produces more and more fundamentalisms - but is also unattainable and therefore always open to innovation, revision, and unexpected transformation. In a book that is both philosophical and literary, Hamacher gives us the fullest account of the vast disruption in the very nature of our understanding that was first unleashed by Kant's critique of human subjectivity. In light of the double nature of every premise - that it is promised but never attainable - Hamacher gives us nine decisive themes, topics, and texts of modernity: the hermeneutic circle in Schleiermacher and Heidegger, the structure of ethical commands in Kant, Nietzsche's genealogy of moral terms and his exploration of the aporias of singularity, the irony of reading in de Man, the parabasis of language in Schlegel, Kleist's disruption of narrative representation, the gesture of naming in Benjamin and Kafka, and the incisive caesura that Paul Celan inserts into temporal and linguistic reversals. There is no book that so fully brings the issues of both critical philosophy and critical literature into reach.
Compared to other avant-garde movements that emerged in the 1960s, conceptual art has received relatively little serious attention by art historians and critics of the past twenty-five years - in part because of the difficult, intellectual nature of the art. This lack of attention is particularly striking given the tremendous influence of conceptual art on the art of the last fifteen years, on critical discussion surrounding postmodernism, and on the use of theory by artists, curators, critics, and historians.This landmark anthology collects for the first time the key historical documents that helped give definition and purpose to the movement. It also contains more recent memoirs by participants, as well as critical histories of the period by some of today's leading artists and art historians. Many of the essays and artists' statements have been translated into English specifically for this volume. A good portion of the exchange between artists, critics, and theorists took place in difficult-to-find limited-edition catalogs, small journals, and private correspondence. These influential documents are gathered here for the first time, along with a number of previously unpublished essays and interviews.
This book project is a collection of educational psychology essays. The essays are meant to assist primary school teachers in their teaching as they draw a lot from educational psychology.A teacher who has knowledge of educational psychology is is able to handle students with diverse learning dispositions including respect for their individual differences.The essays were generated from the ideas of very influential theorists like Piaget, Vygotsky, Bruner, Ausubel,and Maslow among others.Educational testing and measurement and evaluation has also been included as a critical aspect in teaching and learning in the primary school. The issue of motivation has also been given prominence as this is what drives learners to success.While the book deals and gives examples form the primary school, its use and the application of the ideas therin transcend educational boundaries.