Copyright is very important right. It is really interesting to go through the book. Each chapter in the book has been written in an uniform and lucid style with clear exposition of law. The book incorporates all the relevant laws on copyright specially copyright in digital age. The book is indeed a very useful and remarkable for its completeness. It is best guide and friend for those who want to understand copyright and law students.
Copyright collecting societies have been developed so as to rectify the difficulty faced by individual copyright holders to negotiate and give license to multiple and dispersed users and vice versa. They serve as intermediary between users and copyright holders and create less costly supply of copyrighted works and less costly access to users of copyrighted works. following the promulgation of copyright proclamation in 2004, with the same rational, Ethiopian copyright holders and their professional associations have established a copyright collecting society known by the name Ethiopian copyright and neighboring rights collective management society (ECNRCMS), though not yet functional. Thus, the paper examines legal challenges , institutional problems and other challenges that hinder effective functioning of the collecting society; and recommends possible way outs.
Assignment is a crucial topic in commercial law, and this new work by Gregory Tolhurst is the most comprehensive work on the assignment of contractual rights ever published. It seeks to explain the existence, meaning and application of the rules governing the assignment of contractual rights and it does this by reference to the idea that assignments involve transfers. The book is logically structured to follow the issues that arise in planning, drafting and enforcing an assignment, including: - what is meant by 'assignment'; - what is the distinction between legal and equitable assignments; - how an assignable contractual right is identified; - what formalities apply to assignment; and - what rights and remedies are available to the parties to an assignment. The topic of assignment is of such universal importance to commercial lawyers that all practicing lawyers will find this work invaluable. However, the work will also be required reading for academics teaching contract, equity and personal property.
I have confined my Endeavour to study “The Copyright Aspects of the Internet with Special Reference to Piracy”. With proliferation of internet it seems obvious that a new kind of copyright violation is challenging the traditional notions of copyright. By and large, despite the difficulties and complexities of addressing copyright violations committed through the Internet, copyrights remain valuable intellectual property in the Internet age. Thus far at least, copyright owners have largely succeeded in protecting their intellectual property despite the proliferation of Internet-based infringements
This book addresses the issues raised by the intersection between copyright law and technological innovation, more specifically by digitalization and internet. These developments have sparked public debate on the risks and harm that digitalization have created for authors, publishers, libraries, technology companies, the general public, and the corresponding legal framework. Though there exists laws for the protection of copyright, yet the extent they have been able to serve the interest of copyright holders has become an issue in present scenario. The issues are many, such as what legislators can do to enforce proper implementation of copyright laws in a digitalized environment, how to control the free flow of digitalized pirated copyright contents over the internet, whether the technology alone can provide safeguard to copyright violation due to digitalization and internet, whether an international treaty is required to harmonize the copyright laws particularly with regard to online copyright violations, etc. All these issues and the harm they are causing alongwith the means to solve and many more have found their due place in the appropriate portions of the text material.
Copyright law is commonly described as carrying out a balancing act between the interests of authors or owners and those of the public. While much academic work, both historical and contemporary, has been done on the authorship side of the equation, this book examines the notion of public interest, and the way that concepts of public interest and the rhetoric surrounding it have been involved in shaping the law of copyright. While many histories of copyright focus on the eighteenth century, this book's main concern is with the period after 1774. The nineteenth century was the period during which the boundaries of copyright, as we know it today, were drawn and ideas of “public interest” were integral to this process, but in different, and complex, ways. The book engages with this complexity by moving beyond debates about the appropriate duration of copyright, and considers the development of other important features of copyright law, such as the requirement of legal deposit, the principle that some works will not be subject to copyright protection on the grounds of public interest, and the law of infringement. While the focus of the book is on literary copyright, it also traces the expansion of copyright to cover new subject matters, such as music, dramatic works and lectures. The book concludes by examining the making of the 1911 Imperial Copyright Act – the statute upon which the law of copyright in Britain, and in all former British colonies, is based. The history traced in this book has considerable relevance to debates over the scope of copyright law in the present day; it emphasises the contingency and complexity of copyright law's development and current shape, as well as encouraging a critical approach to the justifications for copyright law.
This study sought to investigate effects of copyright on access and use of information in university libraries in Kenya. The research provides an avenue for creation of an acceptable copyright balance between owners and users. The findings are anchored on the increasing demands by consumers of copyrighted products for free access to information and owners advocacy for stiff and stringent copyright protection and implementation. The study has generated new knowledge that is essential for copyright law improvement, copyright awareness, formulation of copyright structures and provides solutions to the consistent conflict between copyright owners and users. The study further recommends an urgent review of the Kenya Copyright Act.
This work analyses the scope of copyright protection for computer software in the United Kingdom,and examines challenges for the future. The work presents the case for the adoption and application of infringement methodology emanating from the courts in the United States, resulting in a narrower scope of protection than is presently argued for by many UK academics, practitioners and judges alike. The work makes a careful evaluation of the efficacy of the various prevailing tests for infringement of copyright in software and their progenies, suggesting an improved formula and advocating the utility of limiting doctrines to assist in the determination of substantial similarity of particular non-literal software elements, user interfaces and screen display protection. The monograph also contains a detailed study of reverse engineering, copyright defences, permitted acts, database protection and the copyright-contract interface in the context of computer software, not omitting crucial discussions of the internet, digital dissemination and the impact of recent treaty and legislative initiatives on British copyright law. As such it will be an important resource for practitioners, lecturers and students alike.
Assignment Problem is one of the first fundamental problems in the area of combinatorial optimization. Despite its historical roots, the problem has tremendous importance to date, due to its numerous real life applications in like facility location, personnel scheduling, job scheduling, production planning, project assignment, task assignment, time-tabling, vehicle routing, storage space allocation, etc. This book comprises some real life assignment and related problems involving imprecise cost/time parameters. In order to represent those imprecise parameters, interval numbers have been used here as this representation is the best among others. The associated problems have been solved using Genetic Algorithm efficiently. A salient feature of this book is that most of the algorithms have been written in a lucid manner with suitable examples using figures. This book should interest academicians, OR/GA practitioners and executives of different industries and business organizations.
A wireless mesh networks (WMNs) has emerged recently, WMN consist of two types of nodes mesh routers and mesh clients.WMN is dynamically self-organized and self-configured, with the nodes in the network automatically establishing and maintaining mesh connectivity among themselves. Channel assignment is a critical issue in WMN which is the mapping between the available channels and the radios at each node such that the network performance is optimized, and hence the focus of this work along with static channel assignment, multi-radio, multi-channel. Multi-radio MAC can potentially achieve higher network capacity than single-radio MAC. We design and implement a new agent (DSBCA) distributed channel assignment spanner base, the routing protocol Optimize the network performance considering the throughput, end-to-end delay, connectivity and the interference of our channel assignment algorithm. Base on the network simulations NS2.34 on Linux Fedora and our proposed channel assignment algorithm improved the throughput, minimal-connectivity preserving channel assignment algorithm.
An updated guide to Canadian copyright law for an age of reckless infringement This fourth edition of Canadian Copyright Law brings you the latest updates according to new Canadian legislation and international agreements. Copyright infringement has always been an invisible crime. Now with near-constant access to the Internet and the mainstream explosion of digital formats, copyright is one of the most important issues for creative professionals, consumers of that media, and those who work in related industries. The line between what is protected and what is «free» is blurring further, and the copyright issues are more complex than ever. Provides a complete update on copyright issues relating to digital media. Takes the convoluted legal jargon of the Canadian Copyright Act and sets it out in everyday language. Provides concrete examples to offer further clarification of complicated matters. Whether you are a creator or user of copyright material, Canadian Copyright Law will keep you current on copyright law in Canada and its applications to your situation—to protect your creations, content, and products in these rapidly changing markets.
The focus area of this paper is on the assignment problem with budget constraints which is one of the application area of combinatorial optimization that operates on the domain of those optimization problems,in which the set of feasible solutions is discrete or can be reduced to discrete,and in which the goal is to find the best solution. It is particularly concerned with solving the unconstrained assignment problems with Hungarian algorithm and the constrained assignment problem by cutting plane or outer linearization algorithm for solving the Lagrangian dual problem in which, at each iteration,the function that approximates the dual function is optimized. The paper is divided in to two chapters. In the first chapter,the classical assignment problem,the problem of finding optimum (minimum or maximum) cost or profit assignment a set of workers or resources to jobs or activities to gather with its mathematical formulation,solution methods and special cases in assignment problems were considered. Under the second chapter, we have considered generalization of the classical assignment problem concerning resource(or budget) constraints, due to the variety of real life problems.
Uganda has embraced the cyber revolution which has become essential in the jurisprudence of Uganda in two major ways, the first being the fact that it has enhanced the development of copyrights and the second being that it has worsened copyright infringement in Uganda. Due to the fact that the cyber technology and the internet are new phenomena in Uganda, it has over time become hard to curb the culprits of copyright infringements over the cyber space. This research presents the practical aspect of dealing with copyright infringements over the internet and other related computer technologies in Uganda.
The Evil Within: The Assignment – это первое из двух дополнение к The Evil Within, главной героиней которого является Джулия Кидман, напарница детектива Себастьяна Кастелланоса. В этом дополнении игроки получат часть ответов на те вопросы, которые у них остались после финала оригинальной игры.
The book takes a look at the six most important current topics arising from copyright law in the information society, and for each topic provides an in-depth introduction that compares the approaches taken in Europe and the US. Each topic is introduced by an expert, and the issues are then analysed in separate country reports representing nine Asian jurisdictions: China, Taiwan, Hong Kong, Japan, Korea, Singapore, Malaysia, Thailand and the Philippines. The six topics are: The Expansion of Copyright Law and its Social Justification: Introduction by Reto Hilty, Max Planck Institute, Munich Internet Trade, Digital Works and Parallel Imports: Introduction by Christopher Heath, European Patent Office, Munich The Collective Exercise of Copyrights: Introduction by Kung Chung Liu, Academia Sinica, Taiwan The Law on Anti-Circumvention and Digital Rights Management: Introduction by Andy Sun, National Chenchi University, Taipei, Taiwan and Zhi Wei, Peking University, Beijing Copyright Contracts, Public Policy and Antitrust: Introduction by Estelle Derclaye, Queen Mary University of London Contributory and Vicarious Liability for Copyright Infringement: Introduction by Andy Sun, National Chenchi University, Taipei, Taiwan
Although words themselves cannot be owned it is when they become a compilation of words authors would normally become the owner, author and therefore retain copyright over the work. Currently this does not relate to the media release produced by public relations professionals. While it is not the purpose of this book to simplify the media release authorship, ownership and copyright issue because it is a complex one, it is the intention of this book to raise and discuss the complex relationship that exists between the media release, public relations practitioners and journalists because it is exists outside the normal boundaries of ownership, authorship and copyright.The automatic assumption of authorship, ownership and copyright being waived and therefore assigned to another person(s) may have long term ramifications that have not yet been realized.
Supreme mission of the copyright law has been to motivate the creation of intellectual works for public welfare resulting enrichment of public at large and to secure economic recognition for those who are affianced in the thought creation process and in the creative works dissemination process. However, due to global recognition and value addition to copyrighted works, it has been comparable with industries, which can earn by exploiting the intellectual works of creators. Today, copyright has been moving from an author’s concern to the concept of ‘industrial property’ resulting change of role of copyright which becomes indispensable overshadowing the limitations imposed upon, in the name of limited monopoly. It has, nowadays, converted into a substantial contributor of the state revenue. In this book landmark judicial verdicts have been analysed to trace the principles of law evolved; to find out the areas of rampant infringement of copyright for which the creators/owners as well as investors are scantily suffering throughout the globe; and finally to reach out the possible ways to combat the infringement of copyright to promote wholehearted and unrestricted global creative works.
Revision with unchanged content. This book outlines the challenges of international copyright litigation and considers rights and remedies available under TRIPs and the laws of various national copyright statutes. It also covers several issues ranging from philosophical approaches to an analysis of the most important international treaties, including European Directives. To keep pace with new technology, the author proposes a mechanism for the enforcement of existing rights around the world, while counter the prevailing problems of the ease of infringement and expense of enforcement. The book is addressed to the legal international legal community interested in the subject, scholars and practitioners.
Copyright Act, 1957 was last amended in 1999. After 1999, technology, telecommunication and media underwent transformation. Now, the entire world is becoming digital. There are certain sectors which are even untouched and most of them are not as per the need of time. Amendments increase the duration of copyright. The changes have been made to author’s moral right (and performer’s moral rights). Besides of above mentioned aspects there are various issues which need to address in a better ways and some need to have special attention in terms of copyright or under other form of intellectual property rights like software issue, publicity right, threat posed by digital era etc. The important issues here should be pointed out that legislator had left provision regarding parallel imports, whereas amendment bill talked about it. Indian Copyright Act is considered as world’s most balanced legislation and Copyright Amendment Act 2012 tried to maintain its claim. Nevertheless, the Amendment Act will definitely make Indian copyright regime stronger and better to compete with International standard and more adaptable in global market.
Multimedia technology is a key component of the Digital Society. This book comprehensively examines the extent to which copyright and database right protect multimedia works. It does so from the perspective of UK law, but with due attention being paid to EU law, international treaties and comparative developments in other jurisdictions, such as Australia and the U.S. The central argument of the book is that the copyright and database right regimes are, for the most part, flexible enough to meet the challenges presented by multimedia. As a result, it is neither necessary nor desirable to introduce separate copyright protection or sui generis protection for multimedia works. This important and original new work will be essential reading for any lawyer engaged in advising on IP matters relating to the new media industries, and scholars and students working in intellectual property and computer law.
The first edition of this book was the first UK text to examine digital copyright together with related areas such as performers' rights, moral rights, database rights and competition law as a subject in its own right, and the second edition dealt with the UK implementation of the 2001 Copyright Directive. Now in its third edition, the book has been updated to address developments in copyright law, database law and moral rights and expanded to cover copyright law and user-generated content, and the development of Web 2.0 and beyond. Important recent UK, EU and US cases are discussed. As the UK Government and the European Commission explore possible changes to copyright law and as both the public and private sectors rely more and more on digital content and services, copyright law continues to be a hotly debated topic. This book helps to put the ongoing copyright debate into perspective and provides practical guidance for those creating or exploiting digital content or technology, whether in academia, the software, information and creative industries, and other areas of the economy. The focus is on the specifics of the law in this area together with the practical aspects, including precedents and precedent checklists dealing with common digital copyright transactions. Both academics and practitioners will find the book an invaluable guide to this rapidly developing field of law.
The book begins with an analysis of copyright law as it applies to the physical and digital world. The challenges that the law has to face in the digital environment are specifically addressed by illustrating how the self-regulating features of the copyright regime have been jeopardized with the advent of Internet and digital technologies. The book subsequently analyses the role of private ordering in the regulation of information and presents the various mechanisms of self-help that have been developed so far to address the challenges of the digital world. The use of end-user licensing agreements and technological measures of protection (DRM) designed to restrict the consumption of digital works beyond the scope of the copyright regime is contrasted against the use of Open Content licenses (e.g. Creative Commons) intended to support a greater dissemination and broader availability of works, amidst other goals. The book finally investigates the corresponding advantages and drawbacks of these two divergent approaches and concludes by addressing the justifications for governmental intervention in regulating or limiting the operations of private ordering.
In this book we consider the Frequency Assignment Problem, where the objective is to minimize the cost due to interference arising in a solution. We use a quadratic 0-1 integer programming formulation of the problem as a basis to derive new lower bounds and problem reduction rules. A tree search algorithm that uses the lower bounds and dominance criteria is also presented. Computational results are shown on standard benchmark instances from the literature.
This book contains a good literature survey of various mathematical models and routing & wavelengths assignment algorithms in WDM optical networks. Some of the new algorithms for optimization of blocking probability have aslo been covered. This book is good for researchers who are working on optical networks and advancements in fiber optics communication. Mathematical models covered in this book are simple and easy to implement. A good number of routing and wavelength assignment algorithms have also been covered in this book which can be used to reduce blocking probability of the optical network. This book can be very helpful to the research scholars.
In recent years, we have witnessed a tremendous growth of communication networks. This is because they are widely used in all walks of life, and this trend continues increasing. The research on computer communication networking field has also grown explosively due to a large variety of combinatorial optimisation problems. One of these problems is the Terminal Assignment Problem which implies fixing the minimum cost links to construct a network between a specified set of terminals and concentrators. A good solution for this problem should maintain small distances between concentrators and terminals assigned to them without exceeding the capacity of any concentrator. Additionally, it should also maintain a balanced distribution of terminals among concentrators. The intractability of this problem is a motivation for the pursuits of different approximation algorithms. In this book, we explore several metaheuristics applied to the Terminal Assignment Problem and other similar problems. Simulation results verify the effectiveness of these algorithms.
Special Agent Fangs Enigma and his sidekick, werewolf Agent Puppy Brown, were recruited by secret intelligence agency MP1 (Monster Protection, 1st division) to stop the world's super(natural) villains and monster criminals from realizing their evil plans.
Mesh Wireless Local Area Network (WLAN) is a promising access network to enhance channels utilization, extend access coverage using simple and cheap network components. Power management affects mesh WLAN network coverage, topology, throughput, traffic routing and end to end delay. Channel assignment affects the mesh nodes interference level and so the transmission capacity. It also controls the number of nodes share the same channel which increases the probability of collision and reduces the network throughput. In this book, the power management problem is formulated to show its impact on mesh WLAN network throughput. Then this formulation is used to propose a new ranking based cooperative game strategy. Mesh WLAN channel assignment problem is also formulated. Then different algorithms throughput and processing delay is analyzed. This analysis is based on evaluating average users’ data rate and processing delay for different assignment techniques in many mesh WLAN network configurations.