This study concentrates on Tesco and Sainsbury’s - two major retailers in the United Kingdom as cases. The contents are rigorously developed under the title ‘A Comparative Case Study Investigating the Adoption of CRM – The Case of Tesco and Sainsbury’s’. From cross comparison viewpoint, the set objectives are: first, to explore the key influential aspects of Customer Relationship Management (CRM); second, to identify the current trends of CRM adoption; third, to identify the CRM practices employed by Tesco and Sainsbury’s; and finally, to critically evaluate and compare the impact of the CRM policies adopted by the two retailers as cases, regarding the consumer making process. This empirical study used the mixed method that combined both qualitative and quantitative research approach. The results are unique and have indicated the importance of adopting effective CRM policies to ensure business growth and profitability.
Online education has experienced exponential growth in American higher education, yet little research has been conducted on how online courses and programs are structured and governed in traditional colleges and universities. Employing a comparative case study design, this study examines the organizational aspects that have influenced three state-level virtual universities in their ability to sustain. An analysis of data collected from 43 higher education leaders, administrators and faculty members indicates that consortium is a viable approach to coordinating online education at the state level, but tremendous challenges remain. The lessons learned are of great use to higher education leaders in planning and running virtual universities and open universities. This study is also informative for students and researchers who employ qualitative inquiry in conducting research in education.
Case Study 1: Industrial Companies in Egypt, Case Study 2: King Abdel-Aziz Hospital in KSA, Case Study 3: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 4: Teaching Hospital in Egypt, Case Study 5: Healthcare Organizations in KSA, Case Study 6: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 7: Menoufia University Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 8: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 9: Industrial Companies in Egypt, Case Study 10: Sadat City University in Egypt, Case Study 11: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 12: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 13: King Faisal Hospital in KSA, Case Study 14: Saudi banks in KSA, Case Study 15: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 16: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 17: King Abdel-Aziz Hospital in KSA, Case Study 18: Menoufia University Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 19: Industrial Companies in Egypt, Case Study 20: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 21: Healthcare Organizations in KSA, Case Study 21: Healthcare Organizations in KSA, Case Study 22: Sadat City University in Egypt, Case Study 23: Commercial Banks in Egypt, Case Study 24: Teaching Hospitals in Egypt, Case Study 25: Saudi Banks in KSA.
The Book “ MODERNITY IN PERSIAN AND ASSAMESE POETRY WITH SPECIAL REFERENCE TO IRAJ MIRZA, MOHD. TAQI BAHAR, NAVA KANTA BARUA & NILAMONI PHUKAN – A COMPARATIVE STUDY” is regarded as useful reference Book for Studying the modernization of persian and Assamese poetry. It Consists of six important Chapter dealing with Modernism, Modernization of persian poetry, Modernization of Assamese poetry, Modernity in the poetry of Md. Taqi Bahar and Iraj Mirza, Modernity in the poetry Navakanta Barua and Nilamoni Phukan, Modernity in Persian and Assamese poetry – A comparative study
Drawing upon the author’s three decades of work in comparative theology, this is a pertinent and comprehensive introduction to the field, which offers a clear guide to the reader, enabling them to engage in comparative study. The author has three decades of experience of work in the field of comparative theology and is ideally placed to write this book Today’s increasing religious diversity makes this a pertinent and timely publication Unique in the depth of its introduction and explanation of the discipline of ‘comparative theology’ Provides examples of how comparative theology works in the new global context of human religiosity Draws on examples specific to Hindu-Christian studies to show how it is possible to understand more deeply the wider diversity around us. Clearly guides the reader, enabling them to engage in comparative study
Taking the account of linguistics research based on comparative studies, the languages spoken in the Indian sub- continent have been explored rigorously with specific purpose and orientation. While as one admits the fact that the languages spoken in the belt of Jammu and Kashmir state have been touched to a little margin within comparative frame work. In the light of this fact a need was felt to initiate the hitherto unexplored study across these languages / dialects within comparative framework. The present study attempts to take comparative study of word formation of Kashmiri and Kohistani because of the following reasons: 1) Kohistani is one of the dialects of Dard (Grierson), However, the study remained unexplored on modern comparative model. 2) The study paves the way for further studies of Kashmiri- Kohistani that may help in resolving the academically controversial issues on purely scientific lines regarding the dialect status of Kohistani vis-a-vis Kashmiri language. 3) The present study is an attempt to compare morphology of the languages, so as to find out the possible linguistic affinities between Kohistani and Kashmiri.
Premodern Financial Systems: A Historical Comparative Study describes (in quantitative terms whenever possible) the financial superstructure, such as the method of financing the government, and links it to the essential characteristics of the infrastructure of nearly a dozen societies ranging from Athens in the late fifth century BC to the United Provinces in the mid-seventeenth century.
Comparative anatomy is the study of body structures of different species in order to understand the adaptive changes they have undergone in the course of evolution.Comparative Dental Anatomy deals with comparative study of morphology of teeth and their related structures in different animals and also between members of the same species. Study on comparative anatomy can be traced back to scattered anatomical observations made by ancient Greeks. Now it has progressed even further with the recent concepts on molecular and genetic similarities between species. In this book an attempt has been made to compare the dentition and related structures of various animals. The chapters provide discussions on dental evolution, dental morphology and the anatomic variations in teeth jaws and muscles of mastication according to the animal’s feeding habits.
If we want to eradicate poverty we need to start thinking differently. Poor people are not the authors of their poverty, and the Micro-finance vision is an appeal to change how we think about the poor. This work is a an international comparative study addressing the effects of micro-finance institutions on the poor in both Morocco and Egypt. While this study shows that micro-finance is not for everyone, it remains one of the rarest approaches to economic development and empowerment of the poor.
This book is comprehensive work on Comparative Study of Financial Efficiency of District Central Cooperative Banks in Marathwada. Therefore an attempt has been made to study in this book Origin and Progress of District Central Cooperative Banks in India, Growth Performance of District Central Cooperative Banks in Marathwada. Financial Performance of District Central Cooperative Banks in Marathwada is also studied in this book. This book has shown some important policy implication. This book is useful to researchers and policy makers.
Moral Struggle and Religious Ethics offers a comparative discussion of the challenges of living a moral religious life. This is illustrated with a study of two key thinkers, Bonaventure and Buddhaghosa, who influenced the development of moral thinking in Christianity and Buddhism respectively. Provides an important and original contribution to the comparative study and practice of religious ethics Moves away from a comparison of theories by discussing the shared human problem of moral weakness Offers an fresh approach with a comparison of the understanding of the problem of moral weakness between the two key thinkers, Bonaventure and Buddhaghosa Written by a highly respected academic in the dynamic and fast-growing field of comparative religious ethics
In the context of shrinkage of time and space in 21st century, the Study of Religions has become a valuable tool for respect and peaceful coexistence. The myth of Religious superiority is no longer fashionable. Thus, there is now a general awareness that all Religions have a role to play in achieving World peace and sustainable progress. In this regard, the Study of Comparative Religion waxes strong. The diverse religious traditions practiced out there can no longer be suppressed or exterminated by the sword. The present work examines the intellectual status, values, and approaches in the Study of Comparative Religion. Using the methods of history and analysis, the work submits that in the thinking and activities of any people, one finds philosophy and religion at its root. The Study of Comparative Religion becomes the effort to project different religious traditions as worth studying, appreciating and respecting.
This study analyzed the changes in the structure and composition of Pakistan’s manufacturing exports, export competitiveness, trends, challenges and comparative advantage in manufacturing exports sectors of Pakistan at Harmonized coding system HS-2 digit level and at Standard International Trade Classification SITC –rev -3 levels. A time series study was conducted for the period of 2000-2011.Revealed comparative advantage index (RCA) by Balassa (1965) was used to measure the export pattern of a country. This study provides an in-depth analysis on the sectoral level regarding the ranking of manufacturing exports sectors on the basis of RCA as well as which sector currently exhibits comparative advantage/ disadvantage in the global competitive markets, since 2000. The study also examined the relative positioning of manufacturing exports sectors of Pakistan i.e. competitive threatening, emerging and weak position for 157 products at SITC rev-3 level. Moreover this study also identified that which sect oral product has potential to capture a big share in the world market. RCA results revealed that Pakistan’s exports profile have shifted towards high value-added and technology embedde
The Oxford Handbook of State and Local Government covers the main areas of study in subnational politics by exploring the central contributions to the comparative study of institutions, behaviour, and policy in the American context.
Over the last two decades a number of developing countries led by BRICS held a round of high speed developing period. They are playing more and more important roles in the world’s economy. With a high speed of developing such problems as corruption in business sector increasingly became the focus of attention. This work is a comparative analysis of Russian and Chinese markets in terms of business corruption based on quantitative and qualitative case analysis and small surveys according to various criteria. The aim of this work is to find out the general feature of corruption and show main differences and similarities on corruption practices in Russian Federation and People’s Republic of China. Along with the comparative study this work also presents general overview on corruption from historical point of view.
This study stems from the MA thesis, which provides an empiric research on the democratic integration process in Albania since its inception and suggestions on tackling elements that hinder it. A comparative analysis focused on Democratic integration in particular Eastern Europe highlighting the differences amongst them, as well as comparisons amongst countries in Latin America, Middle East and the Asia.
This book articulates how Service Oriented Architecture (SOA) and cloud computing together can facilitate technology setup in Telemetry (TM) processing with a case study from the Egyptian space program (ESP) and a comparative study with space situational awareness (SSA) program in European space agency (ESA), Moreover, this paper illustrates how cloud computing services and deployment models enable software and hardware decoupling and making flexible TM data analysis possible. The large amount of available computational resources facilitates a shift in approaches to software development, deployment and operations.
Case Study Research: Principles and Practices provides a general understanding of the case study method as well as specific tools for its successful implementation. These tools are applicable in a variety of fields including anthropology, business and management, communications, economics, education, medicine, political science, psychology, social work, and sociology. Topics include: a survey of case study approaches; a methodologically tractable definition of 'case study'; strategies for case selection, including random sampling and other algorithmic approaches; quantitative and qualitative modes of case study analysis; and problems of internal and external validity. The second edition of this core textbook is designed to be accessible to readers who are new to the subject and is thoroughly revised and updated, incorporating recent research and numerous up-to-date studies.
Effects of computer based techniques on perception of space have always been interrogated by several studies. Although these studies generally regarded computerized techniques as better and proper than conventional ones, in some cases conventional techniques can be more effective to depict architectural space. Main aim of this study is to compare and evaluate the positive effects and shortcomings of 3D virtual environments and 2D conventional representation techniques in the context of perception of architectural space. Parallel to this objective, the study also aims to show the differentiation in perception of space with the change of representation media. To show these differences, a comparative method is used, and an experimental case study has been constituted in order to compare conventional techniques and 3D environments. According to the results of this comparative case study, contributions and shortcomings of 2D conventional techniques and 3D environments on improving the capability of architects on perception of the space have been determined.
Brand Equity Analysis - A comparative study of Pepsi and Coca Cola is done to analyse the elements/factors effecting the brand equity of both these organizations.The research cover various statistical tools in order to draw appropriate results which will in future help other beverage organizations in understanding what Pepsi and Coca Cola did right with their brands in the present markets, helping them to establish their own identity.