Exploring success and the influence of culture in international assignments for pr practitioners. This study is designed to develop an understanding of what influences the degree of success of public relations professionals in international assignments. It explores the degree of success in international assignments of public relations professionals in South Africa and the United States and determines the influence of any correlations to organizational and national culture.
Since Sarbanes Oxley Act 2002, there has been growing interest in the research concerning audit committee expertise. Audit committee plays an important role on the quality and credibility of financial reporting, since they effectively function as a governance mechanism. Whilst, many studies have examined the attributes of audit committee financial expertise with regard to financial reporting quality, and their composition of expertise on the audit committee board, few have focused on the financial expertise aspect specifically and none have considered extending the meaning of expert other than the notion of a professionally qualified accountant. This study examines the audit committee expertise attribute in detail and investigates the relationship between these expertise attributes and financial reporting quality, and thus, complements extant literature on audit committee expertise.
In times when the debate about the model of the EU arises, this book discusses the role of the Committee of the Regions (CoR), an advisory body of the European Union which defines itself as the political assembly of holders of a regional or local electoral mandate, in tackling the democratic deficit and enhance the citizens?involvement in the decision-making process. The initial hypothesis is that the CoR is an unknown institution that could play a much decisive role due to its unique position inside the EU structure. The opportunities and limitations for this have been studied in order to give a clear vision about the current situation and the influence of the CoR. After that, potential actions are addressed aiming to give this institution a bigger and better relevance and engagement with the citizens.
The purpose of this work is to focus on the International Committee of the Red Cross (ICRC) which was structured in 1863 to establish and monitor the laws of warfare. It was one of the first NGOs to actively work to change the behavior of states by preserving a measure of humanity in the midst of war. The choice of the Rwandan genocide of 1994 as my case study is because it clearly gives us an example of how politics underline humanitarian engagements or intervention like the deployment of massive military operations for conflict resolution. These actions are aimed at resolving and containing conflict rather than focus solely on the consequences of war, therefore they affect the amount of casualties a full uninterrupted war may accumulate. In the case of Rwanda the international community ignored the demands for humanitarian intervention (peacekeeping forces) and consequently the casualties left to humanitarian operators such as the ICRC were staggering. This work examines the ICRC’s operations in conflict situations in Africa, especially during the Rwandan genocide of 1994 and highlight their increased relevance in the contemporary international system in the face of conflicts.
In 1952, Speaker of the House Sam Rayburn appointed Arkansas Democrat Representative Ezekiel Candler “Took” Gathings to lead a select committee and investigate the potential effect of allegedly obscene literature on the morals of American society. The House Select Committee on Current Pornographic Materials, informally known as the Gathings Committee, issued a majority report in 1953. It claimed the distribution of obscene literature was a pervasive problem, and recommended the federal government censor the distribution of material deemed inappropriate. Ultimately, the House of Representatives discarded the committee’s recommendations. However, questions of whether or not literature could affect social morals, or if censorship was needed to protect social norms, prevailed into subsequent decades. The purpose of this study is to examine how constituents viewed the committee’s efforts.
Government and development agencies who are responsible for providing services and who have power to control resources see participation as means to improve the efficiency of their service-delivery system. Therefore, the various national policies and health programs emphasizes on active community participation. It has given emphasis on participatory health planning and implementation of various health activities through village level health committees. Flexible, decentralized planning is the pivot on which the entire concept of community health development revolves. A major obstacle to participation is the lack of organizations at the local level to represent the interests of the rural poor and to facilitate their involvement. They are almost universally unorganized in the formal sense and thus lack a basic means to begin to negotiate with the system which governs their livelihood. However, the issue is not merely the provision of an organization to represent the interest of the rural poor supposed to serve as ‘vehicles of participation’, but more to do with the nature of the organization, how it evolves and in what way it is an authentic means for local level of participation.
This work aims to examine a selection of the standards identifiable in the published work of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment ("the CPT"), whether the Ministry of Labor and Social Policy, Ministry of Interior, Ministry of Health and Ministry of Justice have fulfilled recommendations of CPT and how the system works in Macedonia for persons deprived of liberty, if they have the minimum rights and standards.with an examination of the internationally recognized instruments for prevention of torture. Since the adoption of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948, the prohibition of torture has been universally understood to mean that “no one shall be subjected to torture or to cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishment” (Article 5). The prohibition of torture is also complemented by the obligation of states? Of signatories? to prevent torture, recognized in the United Nations Convention against Torture and its Optional Protocol, the European Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms and the European Convention for the Prevention of Torture (ECPT).
The business world of today looks considerably different than twenty years ago; companies used to compete domestically, but the number of organizations that continues to do so becomes very scarce. Globalization forces organizations to expand their boundaries and look for new markets. Because of this relatively new phenomenon, more and more companies are sending their employees on international assignments. Traditionally, these expatriates have been men. Despite the need and rise of deployment of expatriates, the number of women in such positions remains low (2-15%). However, if companies want to keep on sending their best and most qualified staff, they cannot rely primarily on men anymore. The increasing demand for expatriates can be met by deploying more women. However, statistical figures show that this is not so easy in practice. This thesis clarifies possible explanations for the scarcity of females on international assignments and researches the ambition of both males and females to pursue an international career. Therefore, this research would be of particular interest for both individuals with international ambitions as well as companies that are sending individuals abroad.
Central to the project of participatory local governance and democracy in South Africa is the Ward Committee System. Backed by an impressive legal framework, ward committees are mandated to act as vehicles of communication between communities and the political administrative structures of municipalities. Thus ward committees are envisaged to play critical roles in promoting local democracy, articulating the needs, challenges and priorities of communities and towards achieving the overall objective of a developmental local government in South Africa. However, since its inception in 2000, the ward system has rarely produced the melting-pot effect that is needed to ensure that ordinary people are able to exert control and influence over governments decisions that impact on their wellbeing. It would seem that many municipalities are failing to comply with expectations. Against this backdrop this research was aimed at investigating the challenges facing the ward committee system as a conduit for grassroots participation using Bonteheuwel (ward 50) as a case study. The findings therefore reflect practical challenges and experiences of members in this case.
New and updated information on the laws and regulations affecting executive compensation Now in a thoroughly updated Fourth Edition, The Compensation Committee Handbook provides a comprehensive review of the complex issues challenging compensation committees that face revised executive compensation disclosure regulations issued by the SEC, as well as GAAP and IFRS rulings and trends. This new and updated edition addresses a full range of functional issues facing compensation committees, including organizing, planning, and best practices tips. Looks at the latest regulations impacting executive compensation, including new regulations issued by the SEC, as well as GAAP and IFRS rulings and trends Covers the selection and training of compensation committee members Explores how to make compensation committees a performance driver for a company Guides documentation requirements and timing issues The Compensation Committee Handbook, Fourth Edition will help all compensation committee members and interested professionals succeed in melding highly complex technical information and concepts with both corporate governance principles and sound business judgment.
Much is written about rigor but there are few research studies on the subject. This study by Dr. Misenheimer adds to the research on teacher's perception of the rigor present in their classroom assignments and the actual amount of rigor that is present. This study may challenge your thinking about a subject we often discuss but have very little agreement on. This study examines high school English assignments in traditional high schools grades 9-12 and one Early College.
An updated examination of what's weakening the U.S. economy, and how to fix it The Committee to Destroy the World: Inside the Plot to Unleash a Super Crash on the Global Economy is a passionate and informed analysis of the struggling global economy. In this masterfully conceived and executed work, Michael Lewitt, one of Wall Street's most respected market strategists and money managers, updates his groundbreaking examination of the causes of the 2008 crisis and argues that economic and geopolitical conditions are even more unstable today. His analysis arrives in time for the impending economic and geopolitical debates of the 2016 election season. Lewitt explains in detail how debt has now overrun the world's capacity, how federal policies of the past few decades have created a downward vortex sapping growth and vitality from the American economy, and how greed and corruption are preventing reform. The financial crisis created tens of trillions of debt, leaving investors to pay a huge price for these policy failures: The highest asset inflation we've seen in our lifetimes, although the government claims there isn't enough inflation More than $2 trillion of stock buybacks funded with low cost debt that are artificially inflating stock prices The Federal Reserve and other global central banks becoming the largest buyers of government debt in order to suppress interest rates An M&A boom resulting from companies needing to find growth outside of their core businesses While the financial media misses the story, Lewitt pulls no punches explaining how all of these trends are leading to the brink of another crisis. Lewitt lays out a survival plan for the average investor to protect their assets when the debt bubble bursts. The first edition of this book expressed hope that policymakers would not let the financial crisis go to waste. This book urges investors to learn from the crushed hope and take action before the next crisis.
The latest, definitive assessment of the state of free press around the world Attacks on the Press is a comprehensive, annual account of press conditions worldwide, focusing this year on the new face of censorship perpetrated by governments and non-state actors. Compiled by the Committee to Protect Journalists (CPJ), the 2017 edition documents new dangers and threats to journalists and to the free and independent media. The risks are a combination of familiar censorship tactics applied in novel ways, and the exertion of pressure through unconventional means or at unprecedented levels. These censorship efforts range from withholding advertising to online trolling, website blocking to physical harassment, imprisonment to the murder of journalists. In the Americas, governments and non-state actors use new, sometimes subtle ways to limit journalists' ability to investigate wrongdoing. In Europe, authorities deploy intelligence services to intimidate the press in the name of national security. In Asia, governments block access to information online, and in some cases, punish those who manage to get around the obstacles. And throughout the world, terror groups are using the threat of targeted murder to compel journalists to refrain from covering crucial stories or otherwise self-censor. Attacks on the Press documents how these new forms of censorship are perpetrated and provides journalists with guidance on how to work around them, when possible, and how to ensure their own safety as well as the safety of their sources and people with whom they work. The book enables readers to: Examine the state of free media around the world Learn which nations violate press freedom with impunity Discover the most dangerous beats and regions Delve inside specific, increasingly complex challenges CPJ's mission is to defend the rights of journalists to report the news without fear of reprisal. Attacks on the Press provides a platform for direct advocacy with governments and the diplomatic community, for giving voice to journalists globally, and for ensuring that those journalists have a seat in discussions at the United Nations, the Organization of American States, the European Union, the African Union, and others.
Writing as a communicative activity imposes great difficulties on EFL learners and both cognitive and affective aspects of writing have a sharing part in this complex process. Apprehension and blocking as two prominent factors, due to their adverse effect on learning language are more challenging for EFL learners as they write in a new language system. The present book tries to provide insights on the importance of these two phenomena specifically in the EFL context. This book allude to the role of strategy instruction, the saliency of explicit writing strategy use, prewriting strategies in particular, in relieving many problems that may arise from overlooking affective and cognitive aspects of writing. It further emphasized that the implementation of explicit writing instruction as a solution can make a world of difference for students in the process of learning. Finally, this book contributes to look at EFL writing in a new perspective, to rethink of other factors which may play hidden roles in the writing tasks and to change the view of writing from unlearnable gift to the process of discovery.
This study evaluated factors influencing the effectiveness of audit committees in the public sector of Tanzania. In order to achieve this, the researcher used the case study design whereby the case of the government ministries was used to represent the overall public sector. In order to evaluate the factors influencing the effectiveness of audit committees in the public sector; the researcher used the frequency of audit committee meetings, the composition and structure of these audit committees as the variables to evaluate effectiveness. The findings for this study revealed that audit committees in the public sector conducted an average of five (5) meetings in the last financial year hence making them effective. However it was also found out that audit committees are less effective in overseeing financial matters due to the fact that they have only one (1) independent member and only one (1) member who is knowledgeable in the matters related to accounting, auditing and finance