This research explores the mechanisms which underlie the process of internationalisation in higher education institutions. The overall research design stands strictly on the principles of qualitative research and the logic of deductive-inductive reasoning. The University of Hong Kong (HKU) is selected as a case study and interviews are used to gather the perceptions of key institutional actors on the current changes in internationalisation activities and the mechanisms underlying such changes.In the first part of this research, a literature review and analysis on the concept of internationalisation and theory of organisational change was conducted. Based on the institutional theory, different mechanisms emerged as relevant to explain the internationalisation processes in universities.The second part of the research is the presentation of fieldwork findings which reveal that internationalisation is taking place actively and rigorously in HKU, and changes in such activities in recent years are obvious.
This monograph explores the complementary use of system dynamics and case study research methodology for process theory development. The underlying rationale for this lies on the limitations of human cognition, particularly in understanding the evolution of complex non linear systems and processes in time. These pose serious challenges when attempting to infer with confidence the causal mechanisms of a phenomenon of interest. Viewing research as an evolutionary process where better explanations are continuously sought, generated, selected and retained, simulation can be of use both in increasing the range of alternatives considered and serving as a concrete test bed upon which the selection process takes place, thus facilitating the attainment of a satisfactory level of system understanding. Modelling and simulation has the added benefit of providing a documented artefact through which conclusions are reached. This allows replication or at least a thorough review of the logical process that the researcher followed to reach conclusions.
The present study starts with an introduction to the learning disability dyslexia. It starts with some discussion on the writing disorder and other problems associated with it along with the literature review on dyslexia. Further, the methodology employed for conducting research in this field over the years and the research conducted on dyslexia has been discussed at length. It also mentions the methodology that has been used to carry out this case study. Later the data that were collected during the research and analysis has been elaborated which further summarised in the main findings of the study.
In this book, the author lists: Initial teacher training; Capacity building workshops; Management workshops; Continuous Professional Development-CPD; National In-Service Training College (NISTCOL) training programs; and Planning workshops at District and Provincial levels as prevailing methods of leadership preparation. It observes that educational leadership preparation in Zambia has depended mainly on initial teacher training which has not been enough. Being the case, the study presents primarily formal training as a requirement and further proposes Mentoring, Coaching, Shadowing/Internship, and Networking as alternative avenues for educational leadership preparation to go side by side with existing measures as well as the intended formal preparation. The book offers recommendations for stakeholders in the preparation of educational leaders and recommends that the Ministry of Education and related institutions support formal training programs to enhance educational delivery.
Palynology and Paleoenviromental Study: Case study of Upper Cretaceous Sediment, Chad Basin, Nigeria' is an in-depth research work directed towards hydrocarbon exploration and impact of exploitation.On this basis, the High impact palynology approach has been applied to this research work. This has resulted in a development of new geologic concepts and methods of Biostratigraphy causing significant changes in stratigraphic work. This work has documented an high impact palynologic approach in the upper Cretaceous sediments, Chad Basin, Nigeria
This book is an out come of the research in the field of tourism industry. This research has been carried out in small village of the beautiful country Nepal lies in the south Asia. This Research tries to identify key pulling factors on tourism. This book can be very effective for the people who want to get involve in a tourism industry. This book give overall information why people want to visit various places in the world and what are major things that plays the role on attracting tourists. The research data was taken from international tourists, hotel operators, local community and other related organization as well as stakeholders;result so obtained is based on authentic sources. This book also provide information about why Patihani VDC of Nepal(The country of Gautama Buddha and Mount Everest)is a new tourist destination in international arena. It will give full information about Patihani VDC and its major characteristics. I hope this book will helpful on attracting international tourists to visit beautiful country Nepal.
Case-control studies can yield important scientific findings with relatively little time, money, and effort compared with other study designs. Investigators implement case-control studies more frequently than any other analytical epidemiological study. Unfortunately, case-control designs also tend to be more susceptible to biases than other comparative studies. Although easier to do, they are also easier to do wrong. A good design should aim to minimise error and bias. All remaining sources of error and bias should be recognised and decisively evaluated. Case-control studies that are well designed and carefully done can provide useful and reliable results. Few case control study projects done by the authors are given as examples in this book for the medical professional to learn and write their manuscript. Investigators must, however, devote painstaking attention to the selection of control groups and to measurement of exposure information. When the number of cases is small, the ratio of controls to cases can be raised to improve the ability to find important differences.
Biostratigraphy,Paleoenviroment and Sequence Stratigraphy ; Case study from Nigeria, is an in-depth research directed towards exploration and environmental degradational and impact of exploitation. The goal is to understand the past, the present and the future behaviour of the whole earth system. On this basis,the interdisciplinary “High impact Biostratigraphic approach" has been applied to this research work.This has resulted in the development of geologic concepts and methods in Sequence Stratigrapic analysis causing significant changes in Stratigraphic work.This work has documented the application of high impact biostratigraphic approach in the Mamu Formation of the Anambra Basin, Nigeria.
Within the case study, the literature relating to learning styles will be examined with particular reference to the benefits and limitations of matching them to teaching styles. The aim of the research is to determine whether a teacher has knowledge of these learning styles and uses aspects of matching the learning styles to their own teaching style in order to enhance pupils'' learning. Objectives include gaining an in depth knowledge into the subject and understanding behind teachers reasoning. The research methods included two questionnaires, three session observations and an interview. The main findings within this study demonstrated a knowledge of teaching strategies and learning styles however this information had not been past on to the students. The matching of teaching and learning styles were used within the classroom where possible however it is not always effective to do this. Learning proceeds in a number of different ways, and has been described and explained by many different researchers over the years but it is the question of how learning styles can enhance this process in order to help young individuals
Present era has seen emergence of new subjects and their development at a very fast pace. An interdependency of these subjects, their scope and impact is however expanding very fast. It is becoming increasingly difficult to measure the different aspects of research output, especially in case of application oriented, interdisciplinary subjects.Indicators based on research papers published in the international scientific journal literature are particularly useful for providing internationally comparable data on an academic institution’s scientific performance. These so called ‘bibliometric’ indicators can be used to establish an institution’s share in the volume of international research papers within a particular scientific discipline, its International scientific ‘impact’ in terms of references in the worldwide scientific literature to these papers, or the national and international scientific collaboration in terms of co-authored research publications. The aim of this study is to analyse quantitatively the literature contributed by the faculty at Jamia Millia Islamia.
The first and foremost person I am grateful to is my supervisor Dr Hayley Myers who guided me throughout the research and served as a beacon of hope and motivation during the research process. The extraordinary motivation, support and guidance provided by my supervisor has helped me throughout the research process in different stages such as developing an appropriate research topic, preparing an effective research proposal and finally conducting the research and completing the associated research report. I would also like to thank all my colleagues and participants who gave me their previous time to conduct the research in an effective manner. I am also thankful to all my family members who have supported and motivated me throughout my life and the significant emotional support provided by my family has enabled me to conduct this research in an effective and appropriate manner. I also need to declare my appreciation to my old friends for their understanding, support and the time we have shared.
The overriding consensus in existing mainstream literature in migration study is that international migrants may in some specific way constitute a security threat to destination state/s. Even though this resembles very plausible, the author in this research has proceeded in a different way so as to unveil the alternative scenario. Accordingly, analysing the security threats accruing from migrants returning home will be the main tenet of this research. In doing so, the researcher has tried to approach the problem from sociological, security, migration, legal and economic points of view. As a result, this research will be useful for academicians, government authorities, researchers working in the area as well as for students.
The civil society has taken a very active role in the quest for democracy that continues to spread across the continents till it reached the Middle East region only recently. This book represents an ethnographic research done in a well-recognized Egyptian nonprofit organization. Two types of analysis were made, the SWOT and the PEST, based on qualitative interviews with five key persons in the organization. Results based on the case study, about how it applies strategic management activities, will be presented along with some recommendations. Those recommendations will serve as a strategic agenda for improving the performance of the nonprofit sector in Egypt.
This present study is extensive work of my research, “Indo-Myanmar Border Trade, 1995-2008: An Economic Analysis”. The last two chapters are added to research to strengthen the study. Methodologies and indices used in the last two chapters are either derived or self constructed in order to draw possible inferences. General readers are requested to convey their opinions on the constructed indices.
Post harvest management of cereal crops is a major concern for smallholder farmers in developing countries. A number of these countries lose between 30 and 40 per cent of cereals harvest due to inefficiencies in handling and are faced with threats of Aflatoxin due lack of timely and relevant information and knowledge on post harvest management of cereal crops. Decision-making by smallholder farmers is complicated by inappropriate and inefficient information transfer from research and extension services. Additionally, low literacy levels among these smallholder farmers usually prevent farmers from using agricultural information effectively. New developments in ICTs offer possible solutions to these problems and thus the need for carrying out this study. This study used agricultural information theory to analyze the existing Agricultural information systems on post harvest management of cereal crops among smallholder farmers in Bomet County, Kenya. Results revealed that 61% of smallholder farmers reported extension agents as source of agricultural information, 48% from mass media and 1 % from public research institutions and Universities .
The aim of this research is to assess the possible impact of the WTO on economic institutional changes, FDI inflows, and exports and imports of Vietnam. To achieve reliable and persuasive outcomes and to enhance the significance of the research, the author will employ the gravity model using the Hausman-Taylor (1981) estimator and updated figures from trustworthy sources (e.g., WTO negotiation documents of Vietnam, relevant research papers, state agencies and international organizations such as the Asian Development Bank (ADB), the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the World Bank (WB), etc.) for the empirical analysis in this research. This research should be especially useful to professional in international economics field, or anyone else who may be considering evaluating the impact of the WTO and FTAs on FDI flows and foreign trade of the member countries.
The research will analyze the restaurant industry in Taipei and make the business plan of PHO24 franchisee with some forecasts based on two strategies including entrepreneurship and franchising. The supports from franchisor like logo, trademark, and training, etc, will reduce the pressures and challenges for franchisee. However, the research finds that in order to succeed in Taipei market, the individual who intends to take part in franchising should consider the Taiwanese taste, the balance between system and local factors and pay more attention on marketing. From the analysis, some suggestions are made to improve the efficiency and feasibility of business plan.
Third Party Logistics (TPL or 3PL) are the talk of the day; businesses are constantly looking for ways and means outsource majority of their non-core operations for a much professional look on the same, to gain cost advantage, and of course, to have a greater focus to the core-operations. In the similar context, 3PL activities are gaining momentum. However, the Arab states seem to have been left behind in this race. This research aims at finding out the level of 3PL activities existing in the Arab world today, with particular focus on the case of Jordan. Therefore, the ultimate aim of this research is to analyze and understand the level of logistics outsourcing prevailing in Jordan today, and the extent to which it is viable in the future. The economy of Jordan heavily relies on exports, mainly constituting of manufacturing concerns. Subsequently, the research aims to illustrate how well the 3PL activities can assist Jordan in attaining long run viability in its exports – the driver of its economy.
This book is a valuable addition in the research field of factors influencing FDI. In this research study it is tried to investigate what are the key factors influencing FDI and why these factors are are considered important for the inflow of FDI regarding host country. In this book mainly focus on three factors; Political instability, Rules and Regulations and Fluctuation in Economic Growth. These factors are considered crucial and analyzed critically by the investors prior to make decision for their investment in target country. In This book focus on situation of Pakistan regarding these factors and tried to measure what extent of relationsip exists between FDI and these influencing factors.
Research higher degree completion rates in African universities are relatively low. Most graduate research students complete their degrees outside the stipulated degree completion time. The study attempted an investigation of the underlying causes of this state of affairs using the case study of the oldest university in East and Central Africa, Makerere University. The study was guided by three themes; institutional factors, student-based factors and supervisor-related factors. The study findings suggest that the student research administration architecture is not supportive of timely completion. Delays in submission of external examiner reports, lack of steady study financing, student full-time employment and low research supervision capacity across graduate departments at Makerere University are some of the leading causes of low research degree completion rates. The study recommends an overhaul of the graduate research administration structure, increase in graduate scholarships and increased research supervision capacities and a diversification of graduate degree training formats.
The issue of state failure within the international system has been a perplexing phenomenon in our increasingly mobile and modern society. The question of why some states succeed in developing into strong states within the international environment and why some fail is a question often overlooked. The research will show how these three key factors: outdated state infrastructure, lack of economic development, and external intervention contribute to the occurrence of this phenomenon. Analyzing these key factors will highlight how state failure occurs within a case study. The chosen state for the focus will be the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). By focusing on this case I plan to cross-reference factors that have been commonly used to gauge state failure. This will show that external factors, as well as internal factors can cause detrimental obstacles in state development. My research will show that the three key factors are the reason why the DRC became a failed state.
The Book titled “A PANORAMIC STUDY ON EXTREME RESEARCH” focused on the values, practices, their relationships, advantages, disadvantages, recommendations, misconceptions, problems encountered in the implementation of Extreme Programming, along with them certain solutions were proposed based on the previous case studies. This dissertation intended to analyze various possibilities for applying quality assurance practices effectively to Extreme Programming. Provided, it should not affect negatively to the process and must lead to better quality assurance. Certain adaptations were recommended to Extreme Programming to make it more suitable for widest range of projects including small and large projects as well as critical and highly reliable systems.
The present study is an attempt to identify the financial issues of SMEs of Pakistan. Pakistan’s cotton ginning industry has chosen as a case. The general objective of the study is to analyze the financing issues of the small-scale industries with appropriate alternatives and financing solutions. The extensive theoretical framework about financing of SMEs along with seven hypotheses (for testing) has been included in research work as base of study. Both qualitative and quantitative research methods have been employed for the research work. Statistical data analysis techniques are used to analyze the data which was collected through questionnaire’s survey from SMEs and the results have presented with hypothesis testing. The findings of research work indicates that high interest rate on loans, heavy taxes, poor government policies, owner’s education level, old technology and poor legal and accounting self-efficacy are the major reasons of financial problems.Soft and friendly government policies, short and long term loans at lowest interest rate for running and technology up-gradation are recommended.Joint ventures are found to be the most suitable alternative for financial solutions.
This book focuses on the analysis and assessment of competitiveness within the Uruguayan broiler industry in a MERCOSUR context. Porter’s (1990) ‘national diamond’ was selected as the appropriate framework for analysis. This research reveals that the unique characteristics of the Uruguayan broiler industry are successfully accommodated within the selected framework. However, some modifications of the model are required to fully explain the progress of this industry. This study opted for an industry-level case study research strategy that is operationalized through in-depth personal interviews with owner directors and managers in six of the seven possible organizations within Uruguay. This is augmented by further data collection through sources in government and market relevant bodies in order to generate information on the national context. These findings were used to elaborate policy recommendations out of the collected data that would help Uruguayan broiler firms to compete with international broiler firms in a regional economic block (MERCOSUR) without barriers.
The purpose of the study chronicled in this book was to amplify the voices of participants and their understanding of the empowerment process as experienced in a grassroots community-based agency. The results of the study indicated that the four main themes related to empowerment were spiritual focus, self-transformation, skills acquisition, and values clarification. An instrumental case study methodology was used to collect data. Data were gathered through individual interviews, participant observations, archival documents, and the researcher’s field notes. Implications for research, education, and practice are included.
This dissertation examines the actions, decisions, interactions, and operations undertaken by DuPont from 1989 to 2008 that enabled it to transform into a sustainable organization. Specifically, this dissertation examines the role of organizational change in sustainability exhibited by DuPont during its change process. The researcher in this single case study uses novel theoretical lenses in order to gain insight into the role of organizational change in sustainability, including sustainability theory, organizational change theory, and organizational diagnosis theory. From 1990 to 2008, E.I. du Pont de Nemours and Company (DuPont) reduced its greenhouse gas emissions by 72% and changed its product composition from 100% chemical based to 70% chemical based (and 30% biological matter based). Two major findings of this research study were determining some of the conditions in which business strategy and sustainability support one another and the criticality of social responsibility.
India has a diversified collection of religions and religious minorities living all together, therefore, it is a remarkable case study and consideration. This study is an anthropological and sociological research designed to describe the religious identity and the living condition of Muslims and Shias in Mysore city of India. This research is a case study on the social and economic conditions of Shia Muslims in Mysore. It has also a historical look upon formation of cultural identity of Shias in South India. In this study, the data has been collected through integrative, qualitative and quantitative methods using interview techniques, participation, observation; and 1271 members of 250 families have been surveyed through questionnaire. The results of this study are considerable for cultural, religious and Islamic studies. Meanwhile, it is a concise, specific and the first scientific research record on Shia Muslims of Mysore City in India.
Newcastle disease (ND)is one of the most important viral disease of poultry around the world. The town of Zaria in Kaduna state of Nigeria is not an exception as poultry farms continue to be ravaged by this disease. This research seeks to determine prevalence of Newcastle disease in poultry flocks, evaluate possible risk factors associated with the disease outbreak and its spread in the environment and most of all, suggest preventive and control measures in relation to its risk factors. Because of the simple and practical approach to the prevention and control of ND found in this research, small scale poultry farmers especially in rural areas, will find the information in this book very helpful.
This study concentrates on Tesco and Sainsbury’s - two major retailers in the United Kingdom as cases. The contents are rigorously developed under the title ‘A Comparative Case Study Investigating the Adoption of CRM – The Case of Tesco and Sainsbury’s’. From cross comparison viewpoint, the set objectives are: first, to explore the key influential aspects of Customer Relationship Management (CRM); second, to identify the current trends of CRM adoption; third, to identify the CRM practices employed by Tesco and Sainsbury’s; and finally, to critically evaluate and compare the impact of the CRM policies adopted by the two retailers as cases, regarding the consumer making process. This empirical study used the mixed method that combined both qualitative and quantitative research approach. The results are unique and have indicated the importance of adopting effective CRM policies to ensure business growth and profitability.