When dealing with stress assignment on the word level, many exceptions to hitherto defined principles can be found in the English language. While some exceptions can be explained by word or morpheme boundaries, others do not fit so easliy into the underlying systematicity of English stress behaviour. Some are often described as simply being idiosyncratic. A new statistical analysis reveals that many of these exceptions do share some common features to a certain extent, in particular in their orthography. Can this kind of features be used to establish additional rules in order to account for exceptional cases of English stress assignment? Or is there no other means but to consider these cases as lexcially exceptional?
A Fresh Look at EFL introduces some new insights into foreign language teaching and learning. The author shares the perspectives of both teachers and learners as to discuss how some issues in EFL may facilitate the teaching/learning process and initiate a change in EFL teachers and learners. The book comprises of four different articles with such aspects as teacher beliefs, learners' perception of assignment, expectations of learners, and the use of literature in foerign language teaching.
The focus area of this paper is on the assignment problem with budget constraints which is one of the application area of combinatorial optimization that operates on the domain of those optimization problems,in which the set of feasible solutions is discrete or can be reduced to discrete,and in which the goal is to find the best solution. It is particularly concerned with solving the unconstrained assignment problems with Hungarian algorithm and the constrained assignment problem by cutting plane or outer linearization algorithm for solving the Lagrangian dual problem in which, at each iteration,the function that approximates the dual function is optimized. The paper is divided in to two chapters. In the first chapter,the classical assignment problem,the problem of finding optimum (minimum or maximum) cost or profit assignment a set of workers or resources to jobs or activities to gather with its mathematical formulation,solution methods and special cases in assignment problems were considered. Under the second chapter, we have considered generalization of the classical assignment problem concerning resource(or budget) constraints, due to the variety of real life problems.
This concise guide shows you how to develop convincing academic arguments and create an effective personal style for presenting them. From planning a logical structure to conveying your ideas in precise language, this book takes you through every stage of assignment writing with the argument firmly in focus.
Assignment Problem is one of the first fundamental problems in the area of combinatorial optimization. Despite its historical roots, the problem has tremendous importance to date, due to its numerous real life applications in like facility location, personnel scheduling, job scheduling, production planning, project assignment, task assignment, time-tabling, vehicle routing, storage space allocation, etc. This book comprises some real life assignment and related problems involving imprecise cost/time parameters. In order to represent those imprecise parameters, interval numbers have been used here as this representation is the best among others. The associated problems have been solved using Genetic Algorithm efficiently. A salient feature of this book is that most of the algorithms have been written in a lucid manner with suitable examples using figures. This book should interest academicians, OR/GA practitioners and executives of different industries and business organizations.
After 30 days - Master in C++. The C++ programming language consists of a vocabulary of commands that Students can understand and that can be converted into machine language fairly easily and a language structure (or grammar) that allows humans to combine these C++ commands into a program that actually does something (well, maybe does something) The vocabulary is often known as the semantics, while the grammar is the syntax.
A wireless mesh networks (WMNs) has emerged recently, WMN consist of two types of nodes mesh routers and mesh clients.WMN is dynamically self-organized and self-configured, with the nodes in the network automatically establishing and maintaining mesh connectivity among themselves. Channel assignment is a critical issue in WMN which is the mapping between the available channels and the radios at each node such that the network performance is optimized, and hence the focus of this work along with static channel assignment, multi-radio, multi-channel. Multi-radio MAC can potentially achieve higher network capacity than single-radio MAC. We design and implement a new agent (DSBCA) distributed channel assignment spanner base, the routing protocol Optimize the network performance considering the throughput, end-to-end delay, connectivity and the interference of our channel assignment algorithm. Base on the network simulations NS2.34 on Linux Fedora and our proposed channel assignment algorithm improved the throughput, minimal-connectivity preserving channel assignment algorithm.
C-Test is an economical test of general language proficiency in the first and second language. Ease of construction and scoring coupled with its cost- effectiveness have made C-Test a useful instrument for institutions which need a quick placement instrument and second language researchers who need a measure of learners'' general language proficiency. The present book addresses C-Test construct validity by using the latest developments in modern measurement theory. Probing into the dimensionality of C-Test is the main focus of the book. Rasch modeling is used to study different aspects of C- Test construct and to clarify the dimensionality issue. In this endeavor exploratory factor analysis, Rasch rating scale model, differential person and item functioning (DIF/DPF), principle component analysis of residuals (PCAR) and item and person measures invariance are used. The results should help C-Test users make informed decisions when embarking on using C-Test for their next testing project. It should also be useful to language testing researchers who want to investigate some ripe areas of research in C-Test.
Unlike high-level languages such as Java and C++, assembly language is much closer to the machine code that actually runs computers; it's used to create programs or modules that are very fast and efficient, as well as in hacking exploits and reverse engineering Covering assembly language in the Pentium microprocessor environment, this code-intensive guide shows programmers how to create stand-alone assembly language programs as well as how to incorporate assembly language libraries or routines into existing high-level applications Demonstrates how to manipulate data, incorporate advanced functions and libraries, and maximize application performance Examples use C as a high-level language, Linux as the development environment, and GNU tools for assembling, compiling, linking, and debugging
Programming techniques and use of “c” language is intensely used by students, researchers and scientists. It introduces “c” to novices as well as software engineers. This language has its own importance. This books aims at exploring the techniques that can be used for all types of programmers. Book is for the programmers who wish to know all about C. Book has been written in such a way that even a beginner can pick up the techniques easily. It clearly explains the syntax and features of “c” language and helps user to write useful, complex, multifunctional applications and utilities. The concepts of programming are illustrated with many examples. All programs can be executed on any platform. They are simple, educational and conceptual. All the programs are tested with C compiles on MS-DOS and Window operating system.
The efficient management of Change Requests (CRs) is fundamental for successful software maintenance; however the assignment of CRs to developers is an expensive aspect in this regard, due to the time and expertise demanded. To overcome this, researchers have proposed automated approaches for CR assignment. Although these proposals present advances to this topic, they do not consider many factors inherent to the assignments, such as: developers’ workload, CRs severity, interpersonal relationships, and developers know-how. Actually, as we demonstrate in this work, CR assignment is a complex activity and automated approaches cannot rely on simplistic solutions. Ideally, it is necessary to consider and reason over contextual information in order to provide an effective automation. Beyond investigating all these aspects through an extensive systematic literature review, this work also proposes a context-aware architecture solution to semi-automated assignment of CRs.
Lecture notes in C/C++ programming language focuses on basic characteristics of C and object-oriented, high-level essence of C++ programming language. The descriptive examples make it easy for understanding the syntax and semantics of both C and C++. Mentioned examples are simple, precise and ready for compilation on any of the freely available compilers. This book concisely presents the theoretical explanations in an easy format needed to programmers. Often, programmers are not given the variety of programs to test their programming skills, or to understand the diversity of any programming language. Since, there is minimal explanation of the programming syntax, the readers of this book are assumed to have the knowledge of semantics of the programming. This book provides a practical approach towards writing programs and the basic steps in understanding C/C++ programming. It is an illustrative text for program development and logic understanding, also suitable for self-study. This book will help programmers to improve their programming skills. The main insights of the book are the miscellaneous functionalities and comprehensible examples.
About the Book: is a fundamental and general purpose language. The knowledge of C programming language is essential to learn the advanced programming languages like C++, Java and C#. The book has written like a class lecture notes, in such a way that it is useful for both slow learner and fast learner using simple English language with numerous solved programming examples and exercises. The book has been written to meet the requirement of undergraduate university exams. The topics included are: Introduction to C, Branching and Looping, Arrays, Strings, Functions, Structures, Files, Pointers, Dynamic Memory Allocation and Introduction to Data Structures like Stacks, Queues, Linked List, Trees and Abstract Data Type. The book also contains good number of programming examples, lab manual, viva questions, question bank for practice, old question papers and model question papers. The book also contains model questions for placement interviews.
When you have a question about C# 6.0 or the .NET CLR, this bestselling guide has precisely the answers you need. Uniquely organized around concepts and use cases, this updated sixth edition includes completely revised and updated information on all the new C# 6.0 language features. Shaped by expert reviewers, this book has all you need to stay on track with C# 6.0. It’s widely known as the definitive reference on the language. Get up to speed on C# language basics, including syntax, types, and variablesExplore advanced topics such as unsafe code and type varianceDig deep into LINQ via three chapters dedicated to the topicLearn about code contracts, dynamic programming, and parallel programmingWork with .NET features, including reflection, assemblies, memory management, security, I/O, XML, collections, networking, and native interoperability
C++ is special in that it allows the direct manipulation of bits, bytes, words, and pointers. This makes it well suited for system-level programming, where these operations are common. Another important aspect of C++ is that it has only a small number of keywords, which are the commands that make up the C++ language. Students sometimes need a simple beginning to learn a computer language this book is suitable for this idea.
The Evil Within: The Assignment – это первое из двух дополнение к The Evil Within, главной героиней которого является Джулия Кидман, напарница детектива Себастьяна Кастелланоса. В этом дополнении игроки получат часть ответов на те вопросы, которые у них остались после финала оригинальной игры.
Learn C++ with the best tutorial on the market! Horton's unique tutorial approach and step-by-step guidance have helped over 100,000 novice programmers learn C++. In Ivor Horton's Beginning Visual C++ 2013, Horton not only guides you through the fundamentals of the standard C++ language, but also teaches you how C++ is used in the latest Visual Studio 2013 environment. Visual Studio 2013 includes major changes to the IDE and expanded options for C++ coding. Ivor Horton's Beginning Visual C++ 2013 will teach you the latest techniques to take your Visual C++ coding to an all-new level. C++ language and library changes supported under Visual Studio 2013 IDE-specific changes for code formatting and debugging Changes to the C++ Standard Language for both C++ 11 and the new C++ 14 And more Horton introduces you to both Standard C++ and Visual C++ so you can build any component your app requires. Ivor Horton's Beginning Visual C++ 2013 is an indispensable guidebook for any new programmer, and contains plenty of exercises and solutions to help programmers of any level master the important concepts quickly and easily.