Assignment Problem is one of the first fundamental problems in the area of combinatorial optimization. Despite its historical roots, the problem has tremendous importance to date, due to its numerous real life applications in like facility location, personnel scheduling, job scheduling, production planning, project assignment, task assignment, time-tabling, vehicle routing, storage space allocation, etc. This book comprises some real life assignment and related problems involving imprecise cost/time parameters. In order to represent those imprecise parameters, interval numbers have been used here as this representation is the best among others. The associated problems have been solved using Genetic Algorithm efficiently. A salient feature of this book is that most of the algorithms have been written in a lucid manner with suitable examples using figures. This book should interest academicians, OR/GA practitioners and executives of different industries and business organizations.
The focus area of this paper is on the assignment problem with budget constraints which is one of the application area of combinatorial optimization that operates on the domain of those optimization problems,in which the set of feasible solutions is discrete or can be reduced to discrete,and in which the goal is to find the best solution. It is particularly concerned with solving the unconstrained assignment problems with Hungarian algorithm and the constrained assignment problem by cutting plane or outer linearization algorithm for solving the Lagrangian dual problem in which, at each iteration,the function that approximates the dual function is optimized. The paper is divided in to two chapters. In the first chapter,the classical assignment problem,the problem of finding optimum (minimum or maximum) cost or profit assignment a set of workers or resources to jobs or activities to gather with its mathematical formulation,solution methods and special cases in assignment problems were considered. Under the second chapter, we have considered generalization of the classical assignment problem concerning resource(or budget) constraints, due to the variety of real life problems.
A wireless mesh networks (WMNs) has emerged recently, WMN consist of two types of nodes mesh routers and mesh clients.WMN is dynamically self-organized and self-configured, with the nodes in the network automatically establishing and maintaining mesh connectivity among themselves. Channel assignment is a critical issue in WMN which is the mapping between the available channels and the radios at each node such that the network performance is optimized, and hence the focus of this work along with static channel assignment, multi-radio, multi-channel. Multi-radio MAC can potentially achieve higher network capacity than single-radio MAC. We design and implement a new agent (DSBCA) distributed channel assignment spanner base, the routing protocol Optimize the network performance considering the throughput, end-to-end delay, connectivity and the interference of our channel assignment algorithm. Base on the network simulations NS2.34 on Linux Fedora and our proposed channel assignment algorithm improved the throughput, minimal-connectivity preserving channel assignment algorithm.
When the elements in a linear array are placed in Golden Ratio, the array factor exhibits different properties from that of an array of uniformly placed elements. The characteristic of a linear array of microstrip antenna elements placed in Golden Ratio are analyzed in this book. For the analysis, simulations using commercial em package IE3D are used. The analysis gives an insight into the behavior of such an array.
The efficient management of Change Requests (CRs) is fundamental for successful software maintenance; however the assignment of CRs to developers is an expensive aspect in this regard, due to the time and expertise demanded. To overcome this, researchers have proposed automated approaches for CR assignment. Although these proposals present advances to this topic, they do not consider many factors inherent to the assignments, such as: developers’ workload, CRs severity, interpersonal relationships, and developers know-how. Actually, as we demonstrate in this work, CR assignment is a complex activity and automated approaches cannot rely on simplistic solutions. Ideally, it is necessary to consider and reason over contextual information in order to provide an effective automation. Beyond investigating all these aspects through an extensive systematic literature review, this work also proposes a context-aware architecture solution to semi-automated assignment of CRs.
An in-depth treatment of array phenomena and all aspects of phased array analysis and design Phased Array Antennas, Second Edition is a comprehensive reference on the vastly evolving field of array antennas. The Second Edition continues to provide an in-depth evaluation of array phenomena with a new emphasis on developments that have occurred in the field over the past decade. The book offers the same detailed coverage of all practical and theoretical aspects of phased arrays as the first edition, but it now includes: New chapters on array-fed reflector antennas; connected arrays; and reflect arrays and retrodirective arrays Brand-new coverage of artificial magnetic conductors, and Bode matching limitations A clear explanation of the common misunderstanding of scan element pattern measurement, along with appropriate equations In-depth coverage of finite array Gibbsian models, photonic feeding and time delay, waveguide simulators, and beam orthogonality The book is complemented with a multitude of original curves and tables that illustrate how particular behaviors were derived from the author's hundreds of programs developed over the past forty years. Additionally, numerous computer design algorithms and numerical tips are included throughout the book to help aid in readers' comprehension. Phased Array Antennas, Second Edition is an ideal resource for antenna design engineers, radar engineers, PCS engineers, and communications engineers, or any professional who works to develop radar and telecommunications systems. It also serves as a valuable textbook for courses in phased array design and theory at the upper-undergraduate and graduate levels.
The book is specifically designed, constructed and meant for little advance user of C++ who often feel little difficulty in handling the most important programming tool like array and function. The book is also intended to introduce some basic rules and techniques to resolve some common technical issues of a programmer that often occur while coding a program. Moreover, the book has been introduced and published with the hope that the book will definitely prove to be handy and helpful to emerging programmer.
In cellular mobile communication, since there will be conversation in progress in case of handover calls, GOS for them should be less than that for newly originating calls. Basically, there are three channel assignment schemes, fixed, dynamic & hybrid channel assignment schemes for handling newly originating and handover calls. In this study, capacity design for cellular mobile network in area inside ring road in Kathmandu valley has been done according to the findings of data collection and analysis of mobile communication service being provided by Nepal Telecom. Capacity planning has been done with GOS equal to 2% for newly originating calls and 1% for handover calls. In addition to capacity planning, efficient channel assignment scheme in terms of blocking and throughput has been evaluated with optimal utilization of the designed capacity for getting minimum blocking for both types of calls maintaining the blocking for handover calls always less than that for newly originating calls. The simulated values of GOS & throughput for all channel assignment schemes at different penetration have been compared and hybrid channel assignment scheme has been found to be most efficient.
Modern day public transport assignment faces lots of problems. Solutions may exist but needs some form of backings. A sensitivity analysis in most cases could just be sufficient to provide this backing. The developments in this book are very important for students, academic researchers and policy makers. The book provides an extensive review on transit assignment, sensitivity analysis and OmniTRANS. It highlights important conclusions such as:- - Passenger access-egress distances significantly affects their access stop choices. - The travel distance parameter of the generalized cost function has the highest influence on transit assignment - The number of transfers to be made by passengers significantly determines their generalized cost of travel - A carefully conducted partial sensitivity analysis can provide better predictions than a Monte-Carlo sensitivity analysis. As a policy advice to public transport operators in Flanders-Belgium, the developments in this book suggest that; to improve transit assignment, it is sufficient to reduce passengers access-egress distances & the number of transfers either through the institution of more direct transit lines or missing links.
The problem of distributing goods from depots to consumers plays an important role in the management of many distribution systems, and therefore when it is programmed efficiently it may yield significant savings. In a typical distribution system, trucks provide pick-up and delivery services to customers that are geographically dispersed in a given area. In many of its applications, the main objective of distribution is to find a set of routes for such trucks, satisfying a variety of constraints, so as to minimize the total distribution cost. This work focuses on a decision model for a real world problem. The problem reveals itself as assignment of trucks to routes by Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, Ghana. This study addresses the problem of finding an efficient assignment of the limited number of trucks at the company’s disposal to the routes they ply while serving its customers outside the metropolis. In this work we use a solution procedure based on Munkres Assignment Algorithm for optimal assignment of non-homogenous fleet of trucks to a given set of routes, where Latex Foam Rubber Products Limited-Kumasi, distributes its products to its customers.
The Evil Within: The Assignment – это первое из двух дополнение к The Evil Within, главной героиней которого является Джулия Кидман, напарница детектива Себастьяна Кастелланоса. В этом дополнении игроки получат часть ответов на те вопросы, которые у них остались после финала оригинальной игры.
3D Laser Scanner - a fast and reliable way to measure surroundings. Small Mirror Array - a work in progress by the Solar Institut Julich to create a smaller, lighter and cheaper heliostat. The challenge - to measure blocking and shading losses of the Small Mirror Array Heliostat. The research question - is the 3D Laser Scanner the right equipment to use for various scanning purposes in the development and use of Small Mirror Array heliostats.
In mobile microwave communication, reflector antennas have widely been used for very long time. Flat array antennas which have very rigid structure are being used in satellite communication, radar and airborne applications. These antennas are relatively smart in size and have more rigid structure than reflector antennas. The 32?32 elements vertical polarized slotted waveguide flat array antenna is presented in this thesis, The sub-array and feed waveguide network are set up and simulated by 3D-Electromagnetic Software HFSS. This array can have over 4.3% reflection and radiation bandwidth, low side lobe and back lobe. Results show that it has potential application value in radio communication.
Towed hydrophone arrays are used for determining the spatial characteristics of the underwater acoustic fields. The assumption that the hydrophone array lie in straight line is often made when the beamforming the hydrophone outputs. But when vessel turns, the direction-of-arrival estimation will be critically degraded if the array shape was still to be assumed straight. In this paper, an effective method was used to estimate the shape of towed array. The influence of the observed deformations in the shape of towed array on the performance of different DOA algorithms such as CBF, MUSIC and MVDR are discussed with simulated and real acoustic data.
Material Aluminum Brand KONG JING Model LSZ-100MA Color Silver Quantity 1 Remote Controlled distance 20 meter Voice Decibels No Power Supply DC 12V / 2A Battery Type No Certification N/A Other Camera auxiliary light source wide range of angles; Array type light-emitting chip packaging technology stable performance; IR output high power; Dot arrays using the Array IR chips light uniformity; Built-in constant current control with IR control switch design; Protection: IP64; Power: 2800mW; IR light angle: 120 degree; IR wavelength: 850nm; IR area: 100-120 square meter; Power supply: 12V / 2A; Power: 10W; Life: 50000 hours; Work temperature: -40~60'C. Packing List 1 x IR light (30cm-cable) 1 x English user manual
Automatic gain control; 45mil 1W IR security surveillance cameras light; Automatic electronic shutter control; Optical low-pass filter: IR security surveillance cameras Lights / Day & Night; Storage temperature: -30~60'C; Working temperature: -10~50'C; LED array lifetime up to 50000 hours.