This book Strategy research in ELT: the benefits for the teacher is the result of struggling with issues of language learning and teaching. In my school and university experience, most of the foreign language instruction and teaching was in the grammar-translation mode, consisting of memorized word lists and fill-in the gaps exercises and no real interaction in the language. The communication and speaking skills were rarely practiced. Those teachers who did care about communication knew little or nothing about how to help their students to communicate and use the language in both written and spoken form. By the time I became a language teacher, R. Oxford (1990) and A. D. Cohen (1998) brought language learning strategies on stage. Based on the idea of learner self-direction, LLS are beginning to command attention around language classrooms in all levels. Having this in mind, this study aims to explore language learning strategy research in the Serbian university classroom in addition to investigating the students’ perception of the frequency usage of these strategies. The aim is also to examine what learning strategies students mostly use in this teaching context.
Contract research is an aspect of applied research conducted by academic personnel for a specific client under the terms of a legal contract.As important as contract research is in the university system, it is not clear how far the universities are involved in this new strategy for generating fund for the universities and other benefits they can derive from it. This book provides detailed information about the contract research activities in Nigerian universities covering the following topics: Concept of contract research, Level of awareness of contract research in universities, Sources of information on contract research, Level of involvement of universities in contract research, Strategies for managing contract research, Benefits of contract research, Problems inhibiting university involvement in contract research, Inhibitions in sharing benefits of contract research. The information in this book will enable the university administrators, faculty members, government and industries to establish refined management arrangements for contract research activities and ensure efficient co-ordination and better accountability within the university system.
In contrast to the traditional mindset (TMS)—the conscious awareness, controlled mental processes, and analytical-logical manipulation of symbols—an alternative mindset (AMS) is viewed as the pre-conscious mental processes (i.e. associative, imaginative, intuitive) and holistic thinking (Davis-Floyd and Arvidson, 1997; Dane and Pratt, 2007; Hodgkinson et al 2009). Since Plato, the West has considered TMS as the hallmark of intelligence and simply of any cognition. Yet, in recent decades various research explored complementary and/or alternative to analytical-logical cognition mental systems (eg., Damasio, 1994; Nisbett & al., 2001; Wagner & Sternberg, 1985). The alternative mindset—an array of such systems—was primarily explored for its individual benefits, while our research focuses on organisational benefits. To do this, we used a bi-weekly meditative practice to induce an AMS in organisational actors. We hypothesized that following the shift from TMS to AMS, organisational actors will benefit from enhanced creative production and well-being. Statistical analysis, using the fixed effects model, showed significant increase in well-being and creativity as of six sessions.
Dark tourism has become attractive to visitors as a new type of tourism. Tourists are increasingly interested not only in sightseeing, but also discovering and experiencing life at the destinations. Despite the extensive studies relating to the travel motivations of tourists, very little research have focused on the reasons why tourists choose to experience dark tourism, specifically Vietnam as a tourist’s destination. Hence this research aims to examine the travel motivations of Dark Tourism in Vietnam. Questionnaires and in depth interviews focused on both international and local tourists visiting Vietnam’s seven common Dark sites are conducted in order to achieve a better understanding of tourists’ decisions in choosing Vietnam’s Dark sites as their destinations. Research subjects were selected based on convenience sampling of tourists who have traveled to Vietnam historical sites. The local citizens were excluded in the study of motivating factors theme, but included in the social benefit study in order to have a clear understanding of the effects Dark tourism on local communities and the nation as a whole.
The data collected for the study was both qualitative and quantitative in nature. Descriptive statistics were used to analyse quantitative data. Qualitative data was analyzed by coding categories, which were organized according to particular research questions. The researcher then evaluated the information collected with a view to establishing its usefulness and answered the research questions thus enabling the researcher make recommendations based on the findings. This study investigated how and to what extent non-formal education provided by the Informal Sector Business Institute (ISBI) benefits the Jua Kali artisans in business development services in Makadara area of Nairobi. The researcher came up with recommendations that may improve this initiative. Using a Z-test statistic, it was found that those artisans who had undergone the ISBI training had a significantly higher percentage of artisans who had business plans, kept business records and practiced business ethics than those artisans who had not undergone the ISBI training.
Electronic business (e-business) is the use of Internet-based information and communication technologies (ICTs) to conduct business such as sharing information, maintaining relationships and conducting transactions within and between organisations. Organisations of all kinds have continued to invest heavily in e-business however many organisations have struggled to adapt their performance measurement systems to the digital environment. As little research has been conducted in this field it has not previously been made clear how, or even if, existing models of performance measurement need to be modified to make them suitable for the needs of e-business.The authors have addressed these and other related issues in this CIMA Research Report based on four year of research. Electronic business (e-business) is the use of Internet-based information and communication technologies (ICTs) to conduct business (including sharing information, maintaining relationships and conducting transactions) within and between organisations. Despite some failures, organisations of all kinds have continued to invest heavily in e-business. However, many organisations have struggled to adapt their performance measurement systems to the digital environment. Little research has yet been conducted in this field and it is not clear how, or even if, existing models of performance measurement need to be modified to make them suitable for the needs of e-business.The authors have been studying the impact of the adoption of ICTs on business operations for more than four years. The authors had access to a number of organisations that claim to have developed performance measurement systems that are suited to the e-business environment.The authors also addressed the following issues - the origins and process of development of e-business performance measurement systems- any theoretical basis of e-business performance measurement systems.- - the links between the performance measurement systems for e-business and traditional business- the impact of specific e-business performance measurement systems on business performance.* Based on four years of case study research inlcuding interviews with 12 managers* offers a distinctive view of e-business in measuring the performance of a business* Recommendations are made based on the findings from cross case analysis
The purpose of this study was to examine university students’ perceived benefits and risks towards the use of traditional medicines in the treatment of mental disorders. Despite existence and continued use of traditional medicines over many centuries, and its popularity and extensive use during the last decade, traditional medicine has not been fully researched in Ethiopia. In order to collect data simple random sampling was used i.e. Out of 23 departments of four colleges, ten were selected by using simple random sampling (lottery method) from all colleges).The participants who took part in the study were 310 main campus students. Students- based cross sectional type of research design was employed to conduct this study. The findings of this study revealed that students’ perceived benefits on traditional medicines are positive. Most students were view traditional medicines as useful and important for daily ailments. Furthermore, while students are shown highest perceived benefits, some students were also expressed their highest feeling on risks of using traditional medicines.
Most of the research conducted about homework is based on adults' perspectives. This case study explored the perspectives of 5th and 6th grade students in comparison with 10 teachers' perceptions about homework. The author administered questionnaires and conducted in depth interviews using a stratified purposive sample and extreme case sampling; which educed the participants' perceptions and practices about homework. The students' represented 4 distinct groups: English Language Learners, general education, gifted and talented and special education. The teachers' instruct 5th and 6th grade. The results of the study indicate that students do not complete their homework because they find it too hard, boring, or they do not understand it. Interestingly, students think that worksheets are hard and boring. However, they are not against homework! This book should benefit teachers, parents, school administrators and staff developers. It would also help develop homework practices that would increase homework completion and student learning. This book brings out the voices of the students to the forefront. After all, they are the ones doing the homework. Listen to them!
The authors in the book 'Cultivation Practices and Health Benefits of Noni (Morinda citrifolia L.)' reviewed research progress on health, nutrition an production aspects of Morinda citrifolia L. This book is an effort to help the researchers, students, farmers and common man to make them know and understand the hidden secrets behind the healing power of Noni and its contribution towards human well being as well as its cultivation practices and prospects. This book has several chapters providing an overall idea about the plant Morinda citrifolia L. The chapters includes introduction, biodiversity and geographical distribution, cultivation practices, traditional uses, chemistry and health benefits, Noni in animal and crop production, diseases and pest, post harvest management, marketing and value addition, Noni cultivation in Sub-Tropics of North India. The book has been compiled by collecting information from the literatures that has been published worldwide and the research carried by authors so far.
Challenges and Benefits of Collaborative Learning at Higher Education: UiTM (Perlis) Experience is aimed at raising the awareness on the idea of implementation of collaborative learning in higher learning institutions. The book begins with the first chapter that gives a general description of the higher learning institutions in Malaysia, followed by the focus on UiTM (Perlis). The third chapter discusses the teaching methods employed by its lecturers. Chapter four introduces the use of collaborative learning in classrooms and some aspects that instructors need to consider when implementing this technique. A discussion on the terms team work, group work and collaborative work is included in the following chapter.The different types of collaborative activities are explained in the sixth chapter. The book ends with a report on the research done to UiTM lecturers in their implementation of collaborative teaching in chapter seven. With the information that is shared in this book, it is hoped that instructors will have a better perspective about the current situation of teaching and the implementation of collaborative teaching.
The implementation of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) has been the focus of scholars for the past few decades. The tool is viewed as vital for transmission of business data electronically. Despite the substantial benefits, only a fraction of companies Worldwide have implemented EDI. Thus, this research is intended to examine the actual scenario of EDI implementation by focusing on manufacturers in Malaysia. The key objectives of this research are to identify EDI barriers, benefits, determinants and present integration levels; to discover the differences existed in EDI barriers, benefits, determinants and integration level based on demographic variables; to examine the influence of barriers, integration level and determinants towards the extent of received or perceived benefits; and to investigate influence of benefits on the improvement in firm performance, based on users’ perception.
Over the past several decades, sub-Saharan Africa has been experiencing a rapid nutrition transition whereby traditional foods and food habits have been progressively replaced by the globalized food culture of the multinational corporations. This nutrition transition has been directly implicated in the upsurge of non-communicable diseases in this region. The purpose of this investigation was to explore the health-related benefits of traditional East African foods and food habits, and uncover factors that have underpinned the nutrition transition in East Africa from early colonization to the current political-economic structure. This investigation also culminated in the development of an online collection documenting traditional East African foods and food habits based upon the Oltersdorf Collection (75 observational surveys conducted in East Africa from the 1930s to 1960s, compiled by the Max-Planck Nutrition Research Unit). According to this investigation, the dissemination of knowledge of traditional East African foods and food habits and their health-related benefits may be of utmost importance in alleviating current non-communicable disease epidemics.
This textbook titled ‘’Health Promoting Bioactivities of Phytochemicals: Research findings’’ is written to provide useful information on phytochemicals for further research and qualitative healthcare. It is also well structured to meet the academic needs of undergraduate, postgraduate and teachers of natural and applied sciences. It has seven chapters including my research reports on phytochemicals and herbal medicine. The book also contains phytochemicals of health benefits reported by other researchers. Interested readers will find this book useful.
The research has been conducted on the impact of rewards on job performance on the employees of telecommunication sector of Pakistan. This research aims to determine the stage of fulfillment of financial and delight workers on their built-in benefits. Further tried to assess the level of accomplishment of financial and delight workers on their exterior benefits. The purpose of research is to recognize the benefits that is efficiently associated with personnel performance in the financial and welcome areas. While tried to determine if there are significant versions in the stage of satisfaction on advantages between economical and welcome market employees. Data was collected from 300 employees of telecommunication sector using questionnaire whose reliability is above 92 percent. Tool of data analysis is SPSS, While in depth analysis has been performed on every variable and its dimension
This investigation probed into the role of corrective feedback in two adult writing classes of L2 learners at a University of science and technology in northern Taiwan and student’s’ perceptions of a cycle of written corrective feedback. This cycle, offering manageable, meaningful, and frequent feedback from teachers and peers, was inspired from the concept of process writing. It aims to provide a practice environment where students can think, reflect, revise and create language slowly for a real-life audience. Though scattered recent research has shown that written CF (corrective feedback) may improve aspects of writing, many teachers continue to be confused about the practical steps they should utilize to help their students improve.The study which comprises of an assessment of writing needs, an extensive review of the literature,a compilation of students’ authentic writing samples.It measures the impact on students’ ESL/EFL writing skills via a qualitative assessment of participants’ EFL writing experiences, their writing strategies, and their affective responses to their written production. Findings revealed that the study offers a number of valuable contributions to the field.
Participatory forest management approach has been in practice in Kenya for close to 14 years since it was first piloted in Arabuko Sokoke forest in 1997 (KEFRI, 2002). In Kereita forest, the approach has been in practice for over 5 years. Despite having been in place for that long, there are still a lot of misgivings as to whether the PFM approach really contributes to the livelihoods of the Kereita forest adjacent communities. This suspicion is further grounded by the fact that forest related conflicts continued to affect the area. In addition there has been very limited documentation on the benefits accruing to the communities as a result of their participation in PFM. The purpose of this study was therefore to assess the impacts of participatory forest management on the livelihoods of forest adjacent communities in Kereita Forest of Kiambu district. This is as indicated in KEFRI (2002) that there is need for research to be carried out on PFM activities and their impacts on livelihoods.
Over the course of five years, I was educated on the concepts and the benefits of service learning, and given the opportunity to introduce service learning to a middle school. My goal in researching this topic was to discover the benefits of service learning for staff. The research data revealed staff members were able to see the impact of service learning on students, but they had a difficult time noticing the impact on themselves. More research is needed on how staff members perceive the impact of service learning.
Regular physical exercise reduces the risk of chronic diseases such as type-2 diabetes, osteoporosis, some forms of cancer, atherosclerosis, depression, arthritis, fibromyalgia, varicosity, obesity, fibromyalgia, anxiety, stress and depression. It also improves immune function, body composition, and joint health; prevent low back pain and injury; enhance self image and quality of life. These chronic health impairments can result a person in poor quality of life and premature death. Gestational age women can gain obstetric and general health benefits from exercise. This book includes topics about how exercise can be practiced pregnancy, and lactation. Indications and contraindications of maternal exercise are described in line with guidelines from various institutions such as ACOG, WHO, ACSM. More than eight factors that cause woman to lead sedentary lifestyle are discussed. Lifestyle change such as making daily activities more physical, selection methods of exercise in various maternal periods including menstruations, etc. are dealt. A number of health, and sport science professionals were consulted in addition to several research findings.
Even though the flow of foreign aid has increased, poverty is still spreading in certain recipient countries. This research is an investigation on the rationale behind Japanese Official Development Assistance (ODA) to Morocco. Regardless of the fact that Japan is the second largest donor to Morocco, the overall image about the history of Japanese assistance is negative and characterized by economic self-interest. I argue that Japanese government has pursued and still does pursue aid relations with developing countries seeking political and economic benefits for Japan, benefits for others are a secondary concern. Based on this research, the maritime resource of Morocco is the main motive driving Japan to allocate aid. This project will contribute to future research on similar topics.
Yoga is a practical philosophy that involves every aspect of a person’s being: physical, psychological and spiritual. Yoga-based interventions have been found to have diverse effects including diminished stress and improved concentration. Past research revealed connections between yoga and stress reduction, as well as between yoga and academic achievement, when yoga was done outside the classroom. This study evaluated the effects of doing yoga for eight standard students on nutritional and academic achievement. The results indicate that yoga in the classroom was a positive addition to the classroom schedule. The results indicate that, students showed an increase in nutritional parameters, performed better on Numerical ability, Verbal ability, World relationship test, Reading ability and Writing ability test, and perceived a benefit of doing yoga. These results suggest that yoga is a positive addition to the secondary school students and can be an effective way to help students cope with stress and focus on schoolwork.
Tourism is an important revenue generating industry within South Africa. Despite this, the income obtained from the tourism could be much higher than at current level. Many ideas have been put forward for increasing the level of this income – some at national level and some at regional level. The main objective of the research was to explore an idea for increasing the level of tourist income generated in the Port Elizabeth area. The idea was researched by means of conducting a cost-benefit analysis of two tourist related projects. These projects would introduce charter airline services between Europe and Port Elizabeth. A second objective was to identify constraints on the project or market failures which would prevent their implementation.
Shorttitle: The research investigated the net benefit of accident prevention and explored the relationship between preventative costs and benefits, with a view to drawing attention to the economic consequences of effective/ineffective management of health and safety by contractors in the UK construction industry. A quantitative research methodology was employed in investigating these costs and benefits within the UK construction industry. The relationships between these costs and benefits were examined. The costs of accident prevention were found to be positively and significantly (P < 0.005)associated with benefits of accident prevention. These associations were modelled using simple linear regression, and from these models it can be inferred from the results that the more contractors spend on accident prevention the more they derive benefits of accident prevention, which would improve health and safety performance on construction sites. This developed model should provide good guidance to assist contractors in developing effective and efficient health and safety management for UK construction industry.
Academic research is the research that academic staff are required to regularly carry out to generate and disseminate new knowledge for the development of the society. This book focuses on the management issues that will help the university administrators ensure that the university system becomes more relevant to the development aspiration of Nigeria through the involvement of lecturers in academic research. Such issues include: lecturers' involvement in academic research, sources of funding academic research, organizational procedures for managing academic research, contribution of academic research to the development of Nigerian universities, media for the dissemination of research findings and problems inhibiting the advancement of academic research in Nigerian universities. The book also provides information that enables the university administrators to organize a more refined strategy for planning, organizing and coordinating academic research programmes in the universities. The benefits presented in this book will serve as encouragement to university scholars to engage in viable and productive research and knowledge creation.
This study examines the perceptions of the personal risks and benefits of women who blog about weight, weight loss, and dieting issues. Many overweight women use blogs as a tool during their weight loss journeys to garner support. The experiences of 5 women who blog about weight and dieting issues were collected through 45 minute in-depth interviews. The author’s own experiences with blogging is analyzed as well. A qualitative approach was taken when analyzing the data. Eight emergent themes came from the research data. The benefits of this study are significant for current and future research regarding the influence of blogs and vlogs in shaping the perceptions and experiences of women who identify as overweight.
The conduct of medical research in African countries raises ethical concerns occasioned by the high level of poverty and illiteracy that is prevalent on that continent. This makes research subjects in that setting potentially vulnerable to exploitation and harm in a way research subjects in affluent countries are not. For that reason, mechanisms of protection in the form of regulatory guidelines have been put in place to ensure that research subjects in impoverished settings are not exploited. The aim of this book is to highlight, how at present, instruments of protection in the medical research setting do not serve their desired objectives. Based on the inadequacies of regulatory guidelines as sole instruments of protection in the conduct of medical research in low-resource countries, a framework which does not violate international regulatory guidelines was suggested for use in the research setting. The suggested framework is only designed for use in African countries and not a template to be employed in all developing countries. In this way, one of the pit-falls associated with the ‘fair-benefits’ framework is avoided
This book is a product of the research conducted at Kuvempu University in India. It reflects, how the research libraries, library professionals and library users of Karnataka region in India are utilizing the Information Technology applications, what are all the benefits they gain, what are all the barriers they faced to utilize the Information Technology applications in the library and what are all the impacts of Information Technology applications and their professional and personal life. Even an emphasis is also made on their training requirement to utilize the IT applications and how mobilize the fund through these IT applications.
Financial resources for funding agricultural research are limited, especially in developing countries like Mexico. That is why it is important for economists to provide policy makers in the government with reliable empirical evidence demonstrating that the costs of investing in research are justified by the benefits to producers and consumers. However, it is very difficult to obtain such evidence without using a formal economic analysis. Considering the importance of research to increase productivity and ensure self-sufficiency in basic crops, this study focuses on evaluating the bean-research investment in northern Mexico, specifically the one allocated to generate new improved varieties of dry beans which are the second most important crop grown in Mexico under rainfed conditions. After the introduction, this study includes a review of government bean support program, adoption analysis of improved varieties, econometric analysis of program participation, and economic analysis of bean research using the economic surplus method. This study provides a useful example of how the economic analysis can be applied for evaluating a particular investment in agricultural research.