Contract research is an aspect of applied research conducted by academic personnel for a specific client under the terms of a legal contract.As important as contract research is in the university system, it is not clear how far the universities are involved in this new strategy for generating fund for the universities and other benefits they can derive from it. This book provides detailed information about the contract research activities in Nigerian universities covering the following topics: Concept of contract research, Level of awareness of contract research in universities, Sources of information on contract research, Level of involvement of universities in contract research, Strategies for managing contract research, Benefits of contract research, Problems inhibiting university involvement in contract research, Inhibitions in sharing benefits of contract research. The information in this book will enable the university administrators, faculty members, government and industries to establish refined management arrangements for contract research activities and ensure efficient co-ordination and better accountability within the university system.
The implementation of Electronic Data Interchange (EDI) has been the focus of scholars for the past few decades. The tool is viewed as vital for transmission of business data electronically. Despite the substantial benefits, only a fraction of companies Worldwide have implemented EDI. Thus, this research is intended to examine the actual scenario of EDI implementation by focusing on manufacturers in Malaysia. The key objectives of this research are to identify EDI barriers, benefits, determinants and present integration levels; to discover the differences existed in EDI barriers, benefits, determinants and integration level based on demographic variables; to examine the influence of barriers, integration level and determinants towards the extent of received or perceived benefits; and to investigate influence of benefits on the improvement in firm performance, based on users’ perception.
The research has been conducted on the impact of rewards on job performance on the employees of telecommunication sector of Pakistan. This research aims to determine the stage of fulfillment of financial and delight workers on their built-in benefits. Further tried to assess the level of accomplishment of financial and delight workers on their exterior benefits. The purpose of research is to recognize the benefits that is efficiently associated with personnel performance in the financial and welcome areas. While tried to determine if there are significant versions in the stage of satisfaction on advantages between economical and welcome market employees. Data was collected from 300 employees of telecommunication sector using questionnaire whose reliability is above 92 percent. Tool of data analysis is SPSS, While in depth analysis has been performed on every variable and its dimension
Over the course of five years, I was educated on the concepts and the benefits of service learning, and given the opportunity to introduce service learning to a middle school. My goal in researching this topic was to discover the benefits of service learning for staff. The research data revealed staff members were able to see the impact of service learning on students, but they had a difficult time noticing the impact on themselves. More research is needed on how staff members perceive the impact of service learning.
Most of the research conducted about homework is based on adults' perspectives. This case study explored the perspectives of 5th and 6th grade students in comparison with 10 teachers' perceptions about homework. The author administered questionnaires and conducted in depth interviews using a stratified purposive sample and extreme case sampling; which educed the participants' perceptions and practices about homework. The students' represented 4 distinct groups: English Language Learners, general education, gifted and talented and special education. The teachers' instruct 5th and 6th grade. The results of the study indicate that students do not complete their homework because they find it too hard, boring, or they do not understand it. Interestingly, students think that worksheets are hard and boring. However, they are not against homework! This book should benefit teachers, parents, school administrators and staff developers. It would also help develop homework practices that would increase homework completion and student learning. This book brings out the voices of the students to the forefront. After all, they are the ones doing the homework. Listen to them!
A research view of medical and mental healthcare clinicians working collaboratively for the benefit of the client, from the client's perspective. This grounded theory research generated the Envirotherafamilial Collaborative Care Paradigm (ETFCCP). This research discusses the benefits and outcomes from a generated grounded theory of all healthcare providers working integratively and collaboratively from a biopsychosocial model.
Organizations have been operating globally for many years and the realization of the benefits of outsourcing have encouraged firms to explore different areas of the world in search for the suitable suppliers. This study includes the research conducted on the phenomenon of offshore outsourcing. The areas of interest which have been explored include the nature of business operations outsourced, the perceived benefits of outsourcing, the relationship between supplier and buyer when they operate from different countries, the identification of complexities arising in the form of risks affecting both organizations and various mitigation strategies which can be or have been used by the firms. This research is based on the extensive literature review. The data was collected by using secondary data sources. For the purpose of studying the research topics in a specific context, operations of manufacturing firms have been taken into consideration.
This textbook titled ‘’Health Promoting Bioactivities of Phytochemicals: Research findings’’ is written to provide useful information on phytochemicals for further research and qualitative healthcare. It is also well structured to meet the academic needs of undergraduate, postgraduate and teachers of natural and applied sciences. It has seven chapters including my research reports on phytochemicals and herbal medicine. The book also contains phytochemicals of health benefits reported by other researchers. Interested readers will find this book useful.
ICT integration into student support services can be a major boast to the education sector in most countries.This research was done amongst distance education students taking bachelor of education Arts at the University of Nairobi.The research was mainly to find out the benefits of integrating ICT tools into the existing systems which are already being used.The study came up with benefits and hindrances which are preventing the full integration.
Homework has always been a controversial issue since the beginning of education. Teachers have always considered it as one of the major educational tools; homework has been used in various forms. Doing homework has always been difficult for students. They have always suffered from doing homework especially in the initial years of their education. Even they sometimes ask their parents to do it for them. Gradually, they will face more problems. Homework has been given various names. Some call it the factor of activity, practice, internalization, and educational creativity; some others call it as disaster; a group consider it as the factor for instability of the family and the dispute between parents; some extremists call it an educational monster that ruins learners’ talents, tendencies and motivations in the era of the third wave; they consider it as a psychological torture for students.
Unique Identification (UID) in Informal Sector: This book is meant for students and research scholars studying Informal sector. It focuses on level of awareness, benefits and challenges and business, social and economic impact of UID in informal sector. This research explored UID approaches in informal sector in rapidly changing and highly competitive environment and what is the effect of these systems as perceived by the public. It covers the major role of street vendors in this sector. The outcome of the research suggests a policy framework to local government.
Even though the flow of foreign aid has increased, poverty is still spreading in certain recipient countries. This research is an investigation on the rationale behind Japanese Official Development Assistance (ODA) to Morocco. Regardless of the fact that Japan is the second largest donor to Morocco, the overall image about the history of Japanese assistance is negative and characterized by economic self-interest. I argue that Japanese government has pursued and still does pursue aid relations with developing countries seeking political and economic benefits for Japan, benefits for others are a secondary concern. Based on this research, the maritime resource of Morocco is the main motive driving Japan to allocate aid. This project will contribute to future research on similar topics.
This research work focused on the participation of local people in terms of their contributions and benefits in the tourism industry in Obudu Mountain resort, Nigeria. It examined how tourism affected the life of local people and indigenes (Becheeve people) of the area and tried to assess whether it was in the positive or negative with major interest on planning, implementation and benefits- sharing. It is important to note that before the exploration of the tourism potentials of this area, the local people used the area for agricultural, hunting, fishing and other livelihood purposes. This research work provides an opportunity to actually examine if the establishment of tourism industry in the area has been of benefit or loss to the local people.
In this book, the authors gather and present current research in the study of the health benefits, injuries and psychological effects of sport participation. Topics discussed include the factors that are most influential in childrens decisions to drop out of organised sport; the role of injury and injury risk perceptions in sport participation and the long term impact of overuse injuries on life-long participation in sports and health status.
It is becoming increasingly clear that epidemic of type 2 diabetes sweeping the globe is associated with decreasing levels of activity and an increasing prevalence of obesity. Thus, the importance of promoting exercises as a vital component of the prevention as well as management of Diabetes Mellitus must be viewed as a high priority. And, since the time exercises have been advocated for the people with diabetes, there is an ongoing debate upon the benefits to risk ratio, safety and type of exercises to be used in such patients. So far no single research article has answered all these questions and thus this literature review has been conducted. This literature review collaborates and analyses few high quality research studies and provides information regarding benefits, safety concerns and general guideline regarding exercise prescription for diabetic patients.
Shorttitle: The research investigated the net benefit of accident prevention and explored the relationship between preventative costs and benefits, with a view to drawing attention to the economic consequences of effective/ineffective management of health and safety by contractors in the UK construction industry. A quantitative research methodology was employed in investigating these costs and benefits within the UK construction industry. The relationships between these costs and benefits were examined. The costs of accident prevention were found to be positively and significantly (P < 0.005)associated with benefits of accident prevention. These associations were modelled using simple linear regression, and from these models it can be inferred from the results that the more contractors spend on accident prevention the more they derive benefits of accident prevention, which would improve health and safety performance on construction sites. This developed model should provide good guidance to assist contractors in developing effective and efficient health and safety management for UK construction industry.
Academic research is the research that academic staff are required to regularly carry out to generate and disseminate new knowledge for the development of the society. This book focuses on the management issues that will help the university administrators ensure that the university system becomes more relevant to the development aspiration of Nigeria through the involvement of lecturers in academic research. Such issues include: lecturers' involvement in academic research, sources of funding academic research, organizational procedures for managing academic research, contribution of academic research to the development of Nigerian universities, media for the dissemination of research findings and problems inhibiting the advancement of academic research in Nigerian universities. The book also provides information that enables the university administrators to organize a more refined strategy for planning, organizing and coordinating academic research programmes in the universities. The benefits presented in this book will serve as encouragement to university scholars to engage in viable and productive research and knowledge creation.
Touchstone, together with Viewpoint, is a six-level English program based on research from the Cambridge English Corpus. Touchstone Second Edition Workbook, Level 2 provides practice of the language studied in the Student's Book. Activities can be used for homework or in class.
The control of high-speed jets has become a fascinating research area because of its wide range of applications beginning from household appliances to rocket science. Among these, the passive control technique has become a prominent research field due to its obvious advantages. The various passive controls techniques for gaining aerodynamic as well as aeroacoustics benefits have been discussed at a length in this monogram. The book will prove to be very useful for those who are pursuing research and/or design activities in this field.
The New Brunswick Energy Hub is a complex system acting under the mandate of the White Paper New Brunswick Energy Policy. This research examines the benefits and disadvantages of instituting a shift from fossil fuel dependence to renewable sources of energy in New Brunswick. By exploring the efficacy of energy policies in countries like Germany, Denmark, and Spain, this research compares and discusses possible environmental and economic benefits for New Brunswick. With the expiry of the current white paper policy comes the necessity of this investigation, and the opportunity to address the growing financial and environmental concerns that many politicians and policy planners have failed to deal with in past policies.
This study examines the perceptions of the personal risks and benefits of women who blog about weight, weight loss, and dieting issues. Many overweight women use blogs as a tool during their weight loss journeys to garner support. The experiences of 5 women who blog about weight and dieting issues were collected through 45 minute in-depth interviews. The author’s own experiences with blogging is analyzed as well. A qualitative approach was taken when analyzing the data. Eight emergent themes came from the research data. The benefits of this study are significant for current and future research regarding the influence of blogs and vlogs in shaping the perceptions and experiences of women who identify as overweight.
What factors contribute to students’ lasting success? Much research has explored the impact of the first year of college on student retention and success. With the new performance-based funding initiatives, institutional administrators are taking a laser-focused approach to aligning retention and success strategies to first-year student transition points. This volume enlightens the discussion and highlights new directions for assessment and research practices within the scope of the first year experience. Administrators, faculty, and data scientists provide a conceptual and analytical approach to investigating the first-year experience for entry-level and seasoned practitioners alike. The emerging research throughout this volume suggests that while many first-year programs and services have significant benefits across a number of success outcomes, these benefits may not be universal for all students. This volume: Examines sophisticated empirical models Provides critical assessment practices and implications. Examines the four-year college and the two-year institution, which is just as critical. This is the 161st volume of this Jossey-Bass quarterly report series. Timely and comprehensive, New Directions for Institutional Research provides planners and administrators in all types of academic institutions with guidelines in such areas as resource coordination, information analysis, program evaluation, and institutional management.
This research was carried out to further the theoretical and practical understanding of peer coaching and its impact on problem solving. The study group were undergraduate physiotherapy students, but the research is applicable to any professional or trade based occupational group where the development of competency is needed. In this research, two models of learning were evaluated using a standardized simulated case. The first learning model was individualistic, whereby a learner is expected to perform independently. The second model of learning was reciprocal peer coaching, whereby two learners support and coach each other throughout their performance. The outcomes of this research demonstrated that the reciprocal peer coaching model led to statistically significant improvements in performance and reasoning. There were also additional benefits to learners in the reciprocal peer coaching learning model, which were not available to learners in the individualistic model. These benefits included reduced learner anxiety and greater confidence. The peer coaching also produced specific performance benefits for both low and high achieving students.
It was researched using qualitative methods, applying the Action Research design. The research identified that primarily using financial performance management and measurement systems, without using non-financial measures is not optimum performance.This approach misses the benefits of the non-financial system, consisting of the financial systems, customer, internal business processes, and learning and growth perspectives. Organisations operating with a view of delivering monetary value for its stakeholders by using only financial measurements, cannot deliver the relevant satisfaction for shareholders, customers, or fully satisfy the employees. The researcher recommends a comprehensive and integrated performance management system, combining the Balanced Scorecard (BSC) and the Performance Management for Turbulent Environment (PM4TE) approaches. The benefits of this approach would ensure that Public Sector organisations in Ghana would have a versatile and holistic standard of performance management.
The main purpose of this study is to determine the various benefits an organizations can derived from the application of total quality management practices, or the relationship between total quality management and quality outcomes/benefits in services sector of telecom industry of Pakistan. The study is based on primary and secondary data. Primary data collected through questionnaires. The same questionnaire was used in comparison of TQM practices in different countries such as the India, USA, Mexico, China, and Norway. The theoretical framework adopted is by Raghunathan et al. (1997) and Sun (2000). Findings revealed that TQM practices and implementation has positive effects on quality benefits or outcome (productivity, profitability, competitive position, reduce customer complaints, cost reduction, reduce rework level, reduce scrap level, stay in business) in services sector of telecom industry of Pakistan. In addition to the research data, findings from a field study or other research work also provide supplementary evidence to support this conclusion that TQM practices has positive effect on organizational outcomes or benefits that lead organizations to development.
This book looks at the role that stakeholder commitment plays in the realisation of expected benefits for an information system project in a healthcare setting. A qualitative, interpretative, case-based research strategy was implemented. The Three Component Model of Organizational Commitment and Technological Frames of Reference provided the theoretical grounding for analysing the collected data. A resulting theoretical framework is proposed to reduce the many issues associated with the implementation of Healthcare Information Systems in healthcare organizations, enabling them to quickly achieve the expected benefits. The book has seven chapters. The first chapter contains a brief description of the subject under study and the reasons for undertaking the research. The chapters 2 and 3 include a literature review of the principal subjects. In the fourth chapter the philosophical perspective and adopted research strategy are discussed. Chapter 5 describes the relevant issues found in each case while Chapter 6 espouses the interpretation and analysis of the cases. Finally, in the seventh Chapter, the findings and main conclusions are presented.
Governments throughout the world strive to ensure better delivery to the public by investing on various types of Electronic Government Information System (EGS) in managing public programmes and projects. Some EGS have proven to be effective in providing fast and reliable services to the public but some have failed for various reasons. The failures have become a major concern as enormous investments of public funds were utilised for such EGS projects. This concern provides a cogent basis to evaluate the benefits of EGS. This research aims to increase the level of understanding on the benefits in managing public projects and programme under the context of EGS or in other words, validating the benefits gain from using a programme management information system. By adapting a sequential mixed-method research approach, the strengths of both the qualitative and quantitative research methods come together to elucidate the impact of an EGS on project and programme communication in the public sector.
When a girl loses the class pet (and her homework), her excuses become increasingly silly and far-fetched, and her efforts to find the ferret are giggle-inducing. Fans of Guinea Dog will love this hilarious Jennings story.
Open Innovation literature mostly speaks about its concepts as understood and implemented in the Industrial perspective. The primary objective of this research is to look towards the conceptof Open Innovation from the perspective of the academia.There are multiple ways in which any academic organization gets involved in the various innovation systems that exists around it. The primary reasons for this could vary from gaining resource related research benefits to having its own stand as a contributor to the innovation systems.Primarily this research is based on two different educational institutions and their interaction with their corporate world. With the given limited scope I extracted the relationship of the academia and the corporate world and specifically created a simplified view for the purpose of this research.