Much is written about rigor but there are few research studies on the subject. This study by Dr. Misenheimer adds to the research on teacher's perception of the rigor present in their classroom assignments and the actual amount of rigor that is present. This study may challenge your thinking about a subject we often discuss but have very little agreement on. This study examines high school English assignments in traditional high schools grades 9-12 and one Early College.
Today World Wide Web is the backbone of our human race. Leave apart commercial or technological transactions, our day-to-day life without the services of the World Wide Web shall be incomplete and to a large extent impossible. With the ever-increasing dependence on the Internet, the traffic on the World Wide Web has increased at an explosive rate causing a rapid increase in the request rate to popular Web sites. These sites can suffer from severe congestion and sluggishness especially during events of mass popularity.The aim of this book is to review the state of the art in Load Balancing techniques on distributed Web-Server systems. We analyse the efficiency and limitations of the various approaches and their trade off and propose a new architecture or model for the purpose.
This book mainly focuses on integrating the web services based on distributed workload sharing environment. The objective of the included project is to develop the web service console in which we can distribute work to various nodes and monitor the web services performance located in distributed environment. The console is mainly used to manage the web services that are located in various places. For e.g. if a request from the client is processed by the web services then the console will monitor those actively performing web service and after the job completes the status will be indicated as completed. Based on input, the web services are chosen for manipulation and hence the console will automatically load the input to web services and obtain the output, we add a BPEL code to do the web services choreography. The orchestration is another important goal of the project. We show in this project, the orchestration between two public bio-informatics web services and the developed console that allows a safer collaboration between Web services with respect to integration where there is consideration of the input as criteria for allocating tasks.
The purpose of this multi-method study was to examine the role of selected information source factors and situational factors in a gendered Web use behaviour: women seeking health information on the Web. The conceptual framework was constructed on theoretical foundations in information science and health sciences. The independent variables in the conceptual framework were information source characteristics, both information source quality (relevance and reliability) and information source accessibility (physical and cognitive access); Web self-efficacy; family caregiving role and experience and uncertainty associated with health information need arising from personal health conditions. Although they were not included in the theoretical model, seven socio-demographic variables commonly studied in the social sciences and health sciences disciplines were examined. The dependent variable was frequency of seeking health information on the Web.
Measuring similarity is an important first step in numerous tasks in natural language processing. This book investigates two aspects of similarity: attributional similarity and relational similarity. Numerous methods to measure both those types of similarities using the text data available on the World Wide Web are presented in this book. In addition to describing theoretical work on similarity measures, the book demonstrates two interesting application tasks: person name disambiguation and name alias detection. This book can be used as an introductory reading material for students who are interested in conducting research in Web data mining or Web-based statistical natural language processing. The book should also be useful as a comprehensive reference for practitioners in Web data mining because it summarizes numerous similarity measures proposed for the purpose of measuring attributional and relational similarity between word pairs on the Web.
In The Culturally Customized Web Site, Nitish Singh and Arun Pereira focus on cultural aspects of international website design, honing in on three objectives:* First, to present a review and survey results on standardization/localization issues on the web* Second, to present a scientifically tested framework to design culturally adapted international websites, and provide marketers and web designers with practical web localization tools* Third, to show readers the power and effectiveness of culturally customized websitesThis is the first book to address the issue of website standardization, localizationor what the authors refer to as cultural customization. Little evidence has been accumulated to show whether international consumers prefer to browse and buy from standardized global websites or websites adapted to local cultures. The Culturally Customized Web Site provides insights into whether the web is a culturally neutral medium of communication or a medium impregnated with cultural values. Also presented is empirical evidence as to whether local consumers prefer standardized websites or websites adapted to their culture.Visit www.theculturallycustomizedwebsite.com* The first book to offer a scientifically developed and validated theoretical framework to culturally customize web sites* Offers practical guidelines to marketing professionals in the international marketplace and challenges the practice of a standardized approach to global e-marketing* Provides illustrative examples of the power of culture in influencing web browsing and online buying behavior
In recent years, new proposals have emerged to address the development of Web applications, some of which focus primarily on the representation of the Web application at a certain level of abstraction (conceptual model) while others are focus on specific tasks of the development process ignoring the requirements phase. Due to the increasing complexity of Web applications (ie., the changes in the implementation technology) the requirements phase is more difficult to maintain. As a result, a problem arises in these proposals: the absence of a design guide that facilitates the development of Web applications based on user needs and expectations. To overcome the lack of such process, this book presents an approach for the development of Web applications based on the Model-Driven Architecture. Specifically, we propose the especificacion of the requirements of the Web application in a conceptual model by using as modeling language the goal-oriented framework called i* (iStar) with which is posible the support for requirements management such as (i) requirements traceability, (ii) change impact analysis and (iii) the selection of the design decisions based on the maximization of NFRs.
In the present days the Internet has quietly become the body of business world with web applications as the brains. The important quality attributes for web applications include reliability, availability, interoperability and security. Hence methodologies for analyzing and testing be essential to the IT Industry. Web applications are typically software programs that operate on the Internet, interacting with the user through an Internet browser. These are increasingly popular in the IT industry. Web applications possess different unique characteristics that make Web testing and quality assurance of the applications more complex.
Semantic Web technology is already changing how we interact with data on the Web. By connecting random information on the Internet in new ways, Web 3.0, as it is sometimes called, represents an exciting online evolution. Whether you’re a consumer doing research online, a business owner who wants to offer your customers the most useful Web site, or an IT manager eager to understand Semantic Web solutions, Semantic Web For Dummies is the place to start! It will help you: Know how the typical Internet user will recognize the effects of the Semantic Web Explore all the benefits the data Web offers to businesses and decide whether it’s right for your business Make sense of the technology and identify applications for it See how the Semantic Web is about data while the “old” Internet was about documents Tour the architectures, strategies, and standards involved in Semantic Web technology Learn a bit about the languages that make it all work: Resource Description Framework (RDF) and Web Ontology Language (OWL) Discover the variety of information-based jobs that could become available in a data-driven economy You’ll also find a quick primer on tech specifications, some key priorities for CIOs, and tools to help you sort the hype from the reality. There are case studies of early Semantic Web successes and a list of common myths you may encounter. Whether you’re incorporating the Semantic Web in the workplace or using it at home, Semantic Web For Dummies will help you define, develop, implement, and use Web 3.0.
The detection of suitable services for solving a defined task, commonly referred to as Web service discovery, is regarded as the most important operation in service-oriented environments, since it is the prerequisite of the core technical benefit of SOA: reuse. With the current Web service technology stack, service discovery is limited to a syntactic keyword based search mechanism aided by a simple metadata service description taxonomy and browsing capabilities. In future service environments with already thousands of available services in local organizational infrastructures, much more sophisticated discovery techniques are required. The emerging concept of Semantic Web services (SWS) promises to address the deficiencies of today''s Web service technologies. The research on Semantic Web services concentrates on the development of inference based approaches to enhance the discovery, composition and execution of Web services towards a full-blown automated process.
This book is a second edition, updated and expanded to explain the technologies that help us find information on the web. Search engines and web navigation tools have become ubiquitous in our day to day use of the web as an information source, a tool for commercial transactions and a social computing tool. Moreover, through the mobile web we have access to the web's services when we are on the move. This book demystifies the tools that we use when interacting with the web, and gives the reader a detailed overview of where we are and where we are going in terms of search engine and web navigation technologies.
All you need to know on web design in a thorough new edition If you want just one complete reference on web design, this book is it. The newest edition of this essential guide features 650+ pages on the latest tools and new web design standards, such as HTML5, CSS 3, and other core technologies and page-building strategies. Five minibooks provide deep coverage: essential pre-design considerations, how to establish the look of your site, building a site, how to test your site, and taking your site public. Design professional and author Sue Jenkins understands what designers need and gives you the answers. Thorough revision brings you up to date on the latest changes in the world of web design Features five minibooks that cover all the bases: Getting Started, Designing for the Web, Building the Site, Standards and Testing, and Publishing and Site Maintenance Covers the latest tools, page-building strategies, and emerging technologies, such as HTML5 and CSS 3 Includes over 650 pages of detail on such topics as establishing audience focus, creating content, using mock-ups and storyboards to establish the look, how to design for text and images, testing your site, and more If you're looking for an in-depth reference on all aspects of designing and building a site and taking it live, Web Design All-in-One For Dummies, 2nd Edition is the book.
The explosive growth of web applications and web services has changed the present scenario in exchanging information around the globe. The web applications may be implemented with different implementation techniques. This work presents design, implementation and testing of web application based on two leading technologies namely: the .NET and Java. We also present the procedure for statistical testing of the web applications and a thorough comparative study of both the techniques in terms of reliability, performance and scalability have been presented here..
Revision with unchanged content. Web applications are not protected by today's network level firewalls, because they allow access to TCP port 80 without restrictions. However, many successful attacks today are not on the network level, but on application level. For protecting against application level attacks, a firewall must understand the application protocols, that are used on its open ports. This happens in application level firewalls and for Web application in Web application firewalls. The underlying concepts of Web application firewalls differ much from the concepts of traditional network level firewalls. This book explains the underlying concepts of Web application firewalls. Afterwards, they are applied to a collection of security requirements, that application developers should respect today for developing a secure Web application. A Web application firewall is capable of automatically implementing many of these requirements. As a result, Web application developers can ignore these requirements, because the Web applications firewall already ensures their implementation and therefore the security of the Web application. This book is intended for anyone, who is interested in securing his Web application.
This study observes the readability and the legibility of the selected fonts and sizes in the information web pages by the performance of web designers and how this issue may affect the rate of comprehension while reading on screen. It considers how four different fonts may influence the rate of comprehension, the typefaces Georgia, Verdana with their sizes 8, 10, and 12 pt, which are made to be read on screen in information web pages in comparison to those of Arial and Times new Roman that are displayed on the web pages on computer screens by the web designers. A problematic question was raised in this study: Can the two typefaces, GEORGIA and VERDANA better increase the rate of reading comprehension on the computer screen than the two typefaces, ARIAL and TIMES NEW ROMAN? The point was to conclude whether the first two typefaces optimized for on screen performance and if they can significantly recover the rate of comprehension.
The major traditional media to promote an organization are television, newspapers, magazine and radio. However the market is changing as many consumers are spending more time on the Internet and using mobile devices. Web branding is getting more attention. Institutions of higher learning promote their brand on the Web for several reasons. Television viewers are migrating to the Internet. Web users are spending significantly less time watching television and more time using the Web. This trend will continue, especially as the Web enabled mobile phones are becoming commonplace. In addition, many Web users are well educated and have high incomes. These Web surfers are a desired target for many advertisers.One of the major advantages of using the Web over mass advertising are precise targeting, interactivity, rich media that grabs attention, cost reduction, efficiency and eager customer acquisition. In comparison to traditional media, the Web is the fastest growing communication medium by far. Web users surpassed 2 billion in 2011. Of course, marketers are interested in a medium with such potential reach, both locally and globally.
Web accessibility basically means enabling people with disabilities to use the Web. More specifically, Web accessibility means that people with disabilities can perceive, understand, navigate, contact and interact with the Web easily. This book presents a web accessibility model to facilitate accessing the Web for the Arab disabled people, in specific, and for every disable person all over the world, in general. The framework model depends on extracting the website content via reading and analyzing the meta language of any Web page. Then the extracted content is presented in a format that fits the disabled user; printed Moon code for the deafblind users, sign language (SL) animations for the deaf users or speech for the blind users.
"Fundamentals of Web Engineering" book includes six chapters that deals with important web issues: First issue, explain the principles of website engineering that are used for developing the website, web crisis and website engineering, process models, website life cycle, and web promotion. Second issue, explains the proposed standard specification for website design, and how develops website under these specifications. Third issue, improve and extend website services and facilities to be more useful for visitors, developers and supervisors. fourth issue, testing the additional website services to assure that the services are execute on any exceptional environment and on any engine, because there are no website works correctly at the first time. This book provides good fundamentals of how use an engineering approach to develop web services, contents & environment under standards specification of web design.
Practical tips on using the web to boost your business, no matter what business you???re in Everyone in business knows they need to embrace the web, but not everyone knows how to do it or where to start. No matter what industry you???re in, the web offer
AO. UNIV.-PROF. MAG. DR. MARTIN WEICHBOLD, Dean of the Faculty of Cultural and Social Sciences, University of Salzburg, Austria: ”Who is sent abroad? (…) Based on analysis of current research, with its often contradictory results, Dr. Cummings-Koether’s study spans 40 years and five continents. She conducted a very broadly conceived survey, developed her original ‘Expectation Dependency Model’ to illuminate the intricacies of international assignments, and derived concrete criteria for successful assignments.
This study explores how cultural heritage institutions (CHIs) have adopted Web 2.0 principles and applications for their digital collections and how users are responding to the Web 2.0-enabled environment in digital collections. The research aims to contribute discussion on whether CHIs have adapted well to the “democratic” nature of Web 2.0. It also aims to contribute discussion on how CHIs can improve their digital collections to better engage with users online. The research used quantitative content analysis to compare the adoption of Web 2.0 applications and principles across archives, libraries and museums and between Australasian and North American CHIs. It also used quantitative content analysis to explore the types of participatory activities offered in Web 2.0-enabled digital collections and the extent to which users have taken advantage of these forms of participation.
Since the Web is the biggest and most widely known information source that is easily accessible and searchable, on the positive side, there is widespread participation in authoring content. Web consists of billions of interconnected documents (called Web pages) which are authored by millions of people. Web Mining aims to discover the informative knowledge or information from massive data sources available on the Web by using data mining or machine learning approaches. Web usage mining is one of the categories of Web mining which discovers user behavioral patterns from searches and accesses logs of user interactions with Websites. This book presents methods, approaches and techniques to perform three main tasks of Web usage mining that are called Preprocessing, Pattern Discovery, and Pattern Analysis. Another main part discussed in this book is Web server log file Analysis. Mainly this book is suitable for researchers who are interested in the techniques and applications of Web search, Web data management, Web mining and Web recommendation as well as Web usage mining for in-depth academic research and industrial development to gain rapid knowledge in related areas.
Exploring success and the influence of culture in international assignments for pr practitioners. This study is designed to develop an understanding of what influences the degree of success of public relations professionals in international assignments. It explores the degree of success in international assignments of public relations professionals in South Africa and the United States and determines the influence of any correlations to organizational and national culture.
The growth of technological innovations, internet developments, and their (web) applications has raised a definite issue on retaining the web interface quite understandable, and a need is also being felt on developing suitable and coherent guidelines for designing interface to swell the user interpretability of web signs. These design principles are semiotics by nature since semiotics is the science of signs, that is, of meaning''s representations. For this, new and important perspectives for interface design would be discovered by Semiotic Analysis on interface signs. Therefore, this book mainly focuses on the valuable insights that semiotic analysis could offer to present the fundamental concepts to create understandable signs. The fundamental role of this book is to provide the semiotics background to the web designers with presenting the entire semiotics explanations for a particular web domain and the Semiotics design guidelines that will help them to designing the web interface signs comprehensible and usable to work with!
Web mining, which is used to mine web information, is one of the uses of data mining techniques. Web mining can be divided into three main kinds based on the type of mined web data. . First, web content mining which is used to mine the web pages content that are in the form of text, video or images. Second, web structure mining which is used to mine the structured data and get out information from these data. Finally, web usage mining which is concerned with mining the user behavior and his navigation activities through navigation analysis and click stream. Moreover, Web mining process includes four main steps which are: Information Retrieval, Information Extraction, Generalization, and Analysis. Furthermore, Web mining has different techniques such as clustering, Association rule and visualization.
Revision with unchanged content. This study investigated the influence of computer-generated reminders on the rate in which distance learners submitted assignments and completed courses. The computer-generated reminders, sent via email, served as a time management support strategy. Participants were randomly divided into two groups: control and treatment. Both groups received a list of target due dates for course assignments. The control group did not receive reminders. The treatment group received reminders when they failed to submit an assignment by a target due date. The results indicated no significant difference between the control and treatment groups in terms of assignment submission rates and course completion rates. However, results of this study did reveal that the number of assignments in a distance course influences the timeliness of assignment completion and the likelihood of course completion.
As crazy as it may sound, I name this book "Taste Wine on the Web". I know you would ask "How could it happen?". Yes, at first, this idea may reads so impossible. However, many people and I myself believe in Adidas''s famous slogan "Impossible is Nothing" (Certainly Adidas was just one of us). With this research, I am one of the many people who attempt to improve wine e?commerce so that someday we will be able not only to buy but also to taste wine on the web!
Revision with unchanged content. Web 2.0 currently receives tremendous attention from companies and consumers. New Web applications that do not incorporate Web 2.0 features are hard to sell in today’s marketplace. Since companies in the enterprise space increasingly try to shift their traditional desktop applications to the Web, knowledge of Web 2.0 and its technologies is key to success. In this book, the author first gives an overview over various Web 2.0 technologies and concepts such as Ajax or client-side graphics and charting. These will then be evaluated on their applicability to a real-time enterprise-level database monitoring system. Particular emphasis is put on real-time communication technologies such as Comet and its alternatives as well as on technologies for graphics and charting within a web browser. Based on the evaluation, a proposal for a state-of-the-art database monitoring system is given. This book is targeted towards students and software developers, managers and executives who want to gain insight into Web 2.0 technologies and their applicability to real-time enterprise applications.
Nowadays, the popularity of the Web encourages the development of Hypermedia Systems dedicated to e-learning. However, most of the available Web teaching systems apply the traditional paper-based learning resources presented as html pages, making no use of the new capabilities provided by the Web. There is a challenge to develop educative systems that adapt their instructional content to the style of learning, context, and background of each student. Another research issue concerns the ability to effectively interoperate on the Web reusing learning objects. This work addresses these two issues by using the technologies of the Semantic Web. Our approach models knowledge regarding educative content and learner’s profile as Web ontologies whose lexicons are refinements of standard vocabularies Dublin Core and LOM. Those ontologies contain the necessary knowledge for the adaptive on-the-fly configuration of learning objects tailored to the profile of each individual learner. Our declarative approach facilitates maintenance by avoiding hardcoding of configuration strategies and facilitates the widespread reuse of learning objects by publishing their configuration knowledge.