This study is situated within the field of instructional design and sought to identify competencies specific to online designers-by-assignment in high school learning environments. Since existing instructional design standards currently available to guide designers-by-assignment differ from one another, a lack of clarity remains about which specific standards actually benefit this emerging professional group in the process of developing and revising courses they eventually teach. The purpose of this qualitative Delphi study was to identify, through expert agreement, instructional design competencies that can benefit high school online designers-by-assignment and the instructional design profession. This study employed the qualitative Delphi design to achieve consensus among experts in five fields (high school online practitioners, instructional design academics, university pre-service instructors, online high school administrators and high school online instructional designers).
The arbitration system is a quick,easy and confidential process with a final award to resolve disputes.The application of arbitration,precisely because of the existence of these advantages,makes it increasingly favored by the parties to the International Commercial Contracts,thus becoming one of the main settlements of international commercial disputes.The entry into force of the arbitration agreement is the conclusion that the arbitration process was initiated.Because of the development of economic globalization,the international conventions, national legislation and practice tend to the effectiveness of the detection the flaws in both the arbitration agreement and the arbitration clause.This paper seeks to determine the meaning of a flaw in the arbitration agreement which summarizes the types of flaws in the arbitration agreement,thus laying the foundations for the identified effect of flawed arbitration agreement.On International Commercial arbitration agreement,if the parties do not breach the provisions of the Law on the arbitrability and the public policy of the countries interested,they are belong to a valid arbitration agreement and it must be executed.
The efficient management of Change Requests (CRs) is fundamental for successful software maintenance; however the assignment of CRs to developers is an expensive aspect in this regard, due to the time and expertise demanded. To overcome this, researchers have proposed automated approaches for CR assignment. Although these proposals present advances to this topic, they do not consider many factors inherent to the assignments, such as: developers’ workload, CRs severity, interpersonal relationships, and developers know-how. Actually, as we demonstrate in this work, CR assignment is a complex activity and automated approaches cannot rely on simplistic solutions. Ideally, it is necessary to consider and reason over contextual information in order to provide an effective automation. Beyond investigating all these aspects through an extensive systematic literature review, this work also proposes a context-aware architecture solution to semi-automated assignment of CRs.
Over the past decades majority of conflicts ended signing peace agreement between conflicting parties. This paper explores the political dimensions of peace process in Nepal through Comprehensive Peace Agreement signed between political parties and Maoist rebel. The essence of this peace agreement was to share the power, reform the state and demobilize Maoist's arms and armies. Concluding a decade long civil war between Maoists and the government Nepal has turned a new page on its political, social history and declared as a federal democratic republic country. As Nepal was ruled by King and some other family regimes for some two and a half century it was a great turning point in strengthening the state with the support of local, national and international experts inclusively. The agreement was expected to ensure fundamental human rights as well as a progressive and inclusive social, political and economic status of the country. This paper has explored and analyzed wide range of pros and cons seen before and after the peace agreement. What implementation mechanism and modalities were provided in the Comprehensive Peace Agreement? What are the challenges of implementing peace?
Revision with unchanged content. This study investigated the influence of computer-generated reminders on the rate in which distance learners submitted assignments and completed courses. The computer-generated reminders, sent via email, served as a time management support strategy. Participants were randomly divided into two groups: control and treatment. Both groups received a list of target due dates for course assignments. The control group did not receive reminders. The treatment group received reminders when they failed to submit an assignment by a target due date. The results indicated no significant difference between the control and treatment groups in terms of assignment submission rates and course completion rates. However, results of this study did reveal that the number of assignments in a distance course influences the timeliness of assignment completion and the likelihood of course completion.
The highly competitive environment in today's wireless and cellular network industries is making the management of systems seek for better and more advance techniques to keep masses of data, complexity of systems and deadline constrains under control with a lower cost and higher efficiency. Therefore, the management is getting significant attentions by researchers in order to increase the efficiency of the resource usage to provide high quality services. Two of the cornerstones of the management system in wireless and cellular network are carrier assignment and packet scheduling. Therefore, this work focuses on analysis and development of carrier assignment and packet scheduling methods in multi-band Wi-Fi and LTE-A networks.
This book aims to investigate and identify whether the European Parliament has any means, formal or non-formal, to influence and amend the content of an international agreement of EU. In the first part, the relevant legal provisions regarding inclusion of EP in the treaty-making process of EU are presented. Moreover, this part analyzes the process of empowerment of the Parliament as an actor in EU’s international agreements, from the Single European Act till the Lisbon Treaty. The importance of Lisbon treaty provisions is highlighted as well. Second, the book demonstrates the empowerment of the EP in international agreements, by presenting case studies where the EP played a crucial role in shaping the final outcome of an agreement or treaty. Further, this study argues that the Parliament has non-formal powers to influence the content of an international agreement. This is of great importance, since the outcome of the research shows that despite having restricted formal powers, the EP still plays an important role during the negotiations of an international agreement and it can also influence the content of the initial text proposed by the Commission, by using its non-formal powers.
The Paris Agreement fundamentally alters the reach and scope of the international climate change regime. This book provides the first legal commentary to the Agreement's articles, putting them in context and detailing how they are to be understood and put into action.
This book explains the port operations and proposes approaches that aim to improve the most important successive steps in container terminal management activities. A multi-period assignment problem that seeks to allocate vessels to berthing spaces and quay cranes is proposed to handle the quayside operations. Subsequently, on the yard side, a discrete-event simulation model for the real life detailed processes performed during the handling of import containers is developed. In particular, the model focuses on the storage assignment problem at the operational level in a container terminal with a multiple-berth structure. An approach by means of a hierarchical structure is adapted to partition the assignment problem into two sub-problems and solve each of them using separate decision rules. Suggested storage policies are evaluated in view of the overall performance of the container terminal.
When dealing with stress assignment on the word level, many exceptions to hitherto defined principles can be found in the English language. While some exceptions can be explained by word or morpheme boundaries, others do not fit so easliy into the underlying systematicity of English stress behaviour. Some are often described as simply being idiosyncratic. A new statistical analysis reveals that many of these exceptions do share some common features to a certain extent, in particular in their orthography. Can this kind of features be used to establish additional rules in order to account for exceptional cases of English stress assignment? Or is there no other means but to consider these cases as lexcially exceptional?
The widely accepted need to reduce the world's dependence on fossil fuels and move instead to low-carbon, renewable alternatives faces a host of challenges. Whilst the greatest challenges remain in engineering, political and public policy issues continue to play a very important role. This volume, which consists of contributions from leading figures in the field, presents the case for a Sustainable Energy Trade Agreement (SETA). It shows that by addressing barriers to trade in goods and services relevant for the supply of clean energy, such an agreement would foster the crucial scaling-up of clean energy supply and promote a shift away from fossil fuels. In doing so it illustrates how the agreement would help to address a number of overarching sustainable development priorities, including the urgent threat of climate change, enhanced energy access and improved energy security. The book will appeal to academics and policymakers working on the interface of trade and energy policy.
In this book several multilayer particle deposition models are studied using simulations and analytical calculations. Multilayer particle deposition models are an extension of the classic car parking problem, first studied by the Hungarian mathematician Renyi. Several interesting properties of these type of processes are revealed. The focus of the book lies on the non-equality of end-densities of the layers. In some models the end-densities are lower in higher layers whereas in other models the end-densities are higher in higher layers. It is shown that in the latter case this is a result of self-organization. As an application, the results are used to analyze the so-called sequential frequency assignment process. For this purpose, the assignment of radio frequencies by national telecom authorities (using the foremost priority procedure) is regarded as a two-dimensional multilayer deposition model with discs.
The film tie-in edition of the cult classic Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?As the eagerly-anticipated new film Blade Runner 2049 finally comes to the screen, rediscover the world of Blade Runner...World War Terminus had left the Earth devastated. Through its ruins, bounty hunter Rick Deckard stalked, in search of the renegade replicants who were his prey. When he wasn't 'retiring' them with his laser weapon, he dreamed of owning a live animal - the ultimate status symbol in a world all but bereft of animal life.Then Rick got his chance: the assignment to kill six Nexus-6 targets, for a huge reward. But in Deckard's world things were never that simple, and his assignment quickly turned into a nightmare kaleidoscope of subterfuge and deceit - and the threat of death for the hunter, rather than the hunted...
South Asian Free Trade Area (SAFTA) leading subsequently towards a Customs Union, Common Market and Economic Union. The SAFTA Agreement was signed on 6 January 2004 during Twelfth SAARC Summit held in Islamabad, Pakistan. The Agreement entered into force on 1 January 2006, and the Trade Liberalization Programme commenced from 1st July 2006. The objective of the agreement is to promote competition in the area and to provide equitable benefits to the countries involved. It aims to benefit the people of the country by bringing transparency and integrity among the nations. SAFTA was also formed in order to increase the level of trade and economic cooperation among the SAARC nations by reducing the tariff and barriers and also to provide special preference to the Least Developed Countries (LDCs)among the SAARC nations.
Forcibly recruited into MI6 after the mysterious death of his guardian, fourteen-year-old Alex is sent to infiltrate the organization of a sinister billionaire. Within days he's gone from schoolboy to superspy – and it looks like his first assignment may be his last...
This book investigates theoretical aspects of system models for agreement problems in fault-tolerant distributed computing. A distributed system is a collection of processes that communicate with each other by sending messages over a network. Achieving agreement among these processes despite failures is a difficult but important problem. Care must be taken when choosing a system model as a too restrictive model will be applicable to very few systems, whereas too relaxed assumptions might severely reduce the set of problems that can be solved. Part I of this book provides an introduction to the context of this work, discusses related literature and describes the basic system assumptions. Part II introduces the Asynchronous Bounded-Cycle model which is entirely time-free but nevertheless sufficient to solve fault-tolerant consensus despite Byzantine faults. Part III presents an in-depth treatment of algorithms and models for solving the k-set agreement problem which requires processes to agree on at most k distinct values.
GATS Potential Impact on Tourism. Egypt: A Case Study) The book identifies and explains the importance of services in general, as well as for developing countries. it extends by illustrating GATS as an important agreement and proceeds by analyzing the potential impact of the agreement on Egypt's tourism sector and pinpoints the policies that would maximize potential positive impact and minimize all negative aspects.
Since the 1970s, developing countries have expressed their concern about access to foreign technologies for economic development. In response, developed countries argued during the TRIPS negotiations that strengthening and expanding the protection of intellectual property rights was a key condition to promote increased flows of technology transfer. In result, TRIPS Agreement transformed the international intellectual property protection system. But In recent years, developing countries have expressed considerable concern that only one side of the Agreement''s objectives i.e. ''protection of technology assets'' are pursued by developed country members, while the other objectives of ‘transfer and dissemination of technology'' relegated to a secondary. This book, therefore, assesses whether TRIPS Agreement is likely to facilitate access to technology, and promote economic development, in developing and least- developed countries. This book, because of its contents and coverage, should be of interest to a wider range of readers including researchers,academics, diplomats and policy-makers in general.
As the world confronts global warming, there is a growing consensus that the TRIPS Agreement could be a more effective instrument for mitigating climate change. In this innovative work, Wei Zhuang systematically examines the contextual elements that can be used in the interpretation of the TRIPS Agreement with a view to enhancing innovation and transfer of environmentally sound technologies. Zhuang proposes a balanced and pro-competitive interpretation that could be pursued by policy makers and negotiators. This comprehensive, multidisciplinary study will help academics and policymakers improve their understanding of the contemporary international legal regimes governing intellectual property rights and innovation and transfer of environmentally sound technologies. It also offers practical guidance for further developing a legal system capable of responding to the challenges posed by climate change.
Tyrell Hawthorne was a naval intelligence officer - one of the best - until the rain-swept night in Amsterdam when his wife was murdered, an innocent victim of the games spies play. Now he's called out of retirement for one last assignment. For Hawthorne is the only man alive who can track down the world's most dangerous terrorist.
Is Europe actually an optimum currency area? Is the Euro already successfully introduced? How would a large scale free trade agreement like the proposed TTIP influence this integration process? This book answers these questions utilizing both economic theory and case studies. Part 1 outlines the theory of an optimum currency area and investigates if Europe actually fulfills those criteria. Part II provides a comprehensive but easily accessible overview of the Economic and Monetary Union, its current state and predicted development. Part III examines economic studies about the TTIP deal with the relevant subject areas in order to examine the possible impacts on the euro area. Part IV then explores the criteria of a successful currency domain, the costs and benefits, as well as how to avoid a dissolution. This book provides a clear and concise understanding of the correlation between the euro area and a large scale free trade agreement and a fundamental approach to the intensively discussed topic: How would the TTIP affect the monetary integration process in the Eurozone in case of a comprehensive free trade agreement?
This book presents a novel account for some unusual properties of Bantu grammar, arguing that Zulu has a robust system of syntactic and morphological case. This analysis illuminates a number of other properties in Zulu grammar, showing that despite surface unfamiliarity, its syntax is deeply similar to more familiar languages.
ASK NOTWHO YOU CAN KILL FOR YOUR COUNTRYNow retired and happily married, Quarry turns down a million-dollar contract to assassinate a presidential candidate. It’s not the sort of assignment you can just walk away from without consequences—but coming after Quarry has consequences, too
Vaporization enthalpy is one of the key parameters to understand intermolecular forces in ionic liquids. This value can be measured by a variety of methods well established for such investigations of low volatile compounds, though these methods may be high demanding in regards of time and conditions. In this work two easily accessible and simple methods were suggested and explored with success to gain vaporization enthalpies of ionic liquids being in excellent agreement with each other and the rest methods.
The EEA Agreement extends the free movement of persons, goods, services and capital to the EEA/EFTA States: Iceland, Liechtenstein and Norway. It provides for equal conditions of competition and abolishes discrimination on grounds of nationality in all 31 EEA States. The successful operation of the EEA depends upon a two-pillar system of supervision involving the European Commission and the EFTA Surveillance Authority. A two-pillar structure has also been established in respect of judicial control with the EFTA Court operating in parallel to the Court of Justice of the European Union. The EFTA Court, which celebrates its 20th anniversary in 2014, has jurisdiction with regard to EFTA States which are parties to the EEA Agreement. The jurisdiction of the EFTA Court accordingly corresponds to the jurisdiction of the Court of Justice of the European Union over EU Member States in matters of EEA law. The essays in this collection, assembled to celebrate the 20 year landmark, and written by members of the Court and external experts, review the successes and shortcomings of the Court, its interface with EU law, and the prospects for its future development.