In this study we analyzed the IP addresses streams in a backbone router to predict the future IP addresses and pre-fetch them into the cache (forwarding) table before the router requests them. Thus, a new replacement algorithm was developed based on the prediction of the IP addresses. We showed how we collected real IP addresses from data traffic in a backbone router. We compared the previous replacement algorithms against our new technique. Also, the Implementation of a backbone router using our algorithm is proposed. This technique could be implemented in any devices that use addresses to forward traffic.
Configuring IPv6 with Cisco IOS provides complete coverage of IPv6 strategies, configuration scenarios, and techniques to successfully deploy an IPv6 addressing and subnetting scheme on a network. The book also covers such topics as: increasing the IP address size from 32 bits to 128 bits; supporting more levels of addressing hierarchy; supporting an increased number of addressable nodes; supporting simpler autoconfiguration of addresses; improving the scalability of multicast routing by adding a "scope" field to multicast addresses; and using a new "anycast address" to send a packet to any one of a group of nodes.
This book will be the first covering the subject of IP address management (IPAM). The practice of IPAM includes the application of network management disciplines to IP address space and associated network services, namely DHCP (Dynamic Host Configuration Protocol) and DNS (Domain Name System). The consequence of inaccurately configuring DHCP is that end users may not be able to obtain IP addresses to access the network. Without proper DNS configuration, usability of the network will greatly suffer as the name-to-address lookup process may fail. Imagine having to navigate to a website or send an email or an instant message by IP address instead of by name! It's equally important that these DHCP and DNS configurations be based on a common IP address plan, which maps out the IP address hierarchy, subnets, address pools, and domains. IPAM applies management disciplines to these core services, including configuration, change control, auditing, reporting and so on, and they are necessary given the absolute requirement for properly managing IP space and DHCP and DNS servers. The linkages among an IP address plan, DHCP server configuration and DNS server configuration are inseparable; a change of an IP address will affect DNS information and perhaps DHCP as well. These functions provide the foundation for today's converged services IP networks, so they need to be managed using a rigorous approach. Today, there is no single book that covers the management of these linkages and services they provide; IP Address Management Principles and Practice will fill that gap. While several books are available for leading vendors' DHCP and DNS services implementations, few exist for IP address planning, and none exist that unifies these three topics. To obtain a free copy of the IPAM Configuration Guide please send an email to: email@example.com
It is widely perceived that refugees are often affected by serious and severe psychosocial problems, which profoundly requires a special care and remedial or curative measures. The present study addresses this issue from the Somali youth refugee’s perception on the experience of pre and post sojourn to Malaysia. It also addresses challenges associated with their interpersonal relationships and the ways to cope with adjustment challenges.
Grade is deeply embedded in the educational culture. It is a basis for a wide range of actions and decisions within educational institutions and between these institutions and the outside world. However , many teachers consider assigning grades as one of the most unpleasant tasks required of them. Lack of clear definition of what grade means and lack of clear cut criteria (evidence) to award grade were the main reasons for these discomfort and disagreement between teachers and students.
This book conducts a comparative climate policy culture analysis in Canada and Norway. It addresses first, how political leaders in each country use discourse as a tool to influence climate policy culture. Second, it examines the relationship each federal government has with scientific and Aboriginal communities. The research addresses how two countries, both rich with natural resources including fossil fuels, have come to view climate responsibility on exceedingly different terms.
This STUDY addresses the sexual abuses refugee women face in their countries of origin which compels them to seek asylum in other countries as their own countries are not willing to offer considerable protection to them. Moreover it addresses the sexual abuses that these refugee women face in countries of asylum that inherently practice discrimination against them. Therefore this research paper aims at analyzing whether the refugee status is afforded universally for refugee women suffering sexual abuse.
Current Best Practice in Interventional Cardiology addresses the questions which challenge clinicians involved with interventional procedures. Helpfully organized into four sections, the text addresses; coronary artery disease, non-coronary interventions, left ventricular failure and the latest advances in imaging technologies, and provides authoritative guidance on the current recommendations for best practice. Containing contributions from an international team of opinion leaders, this new book reviews the key advances in equipment, techniques and therapeutics and is an accessible reference for all hospital-based specialists.
Few associate Agatha Christie’s detective novels with domesticity as the author’s works are first and foremost known for her suspenseful plots and puzzling mysteries. Nevertheless, this publication aims to analyse Christie’s construction of domestic elements in the context of Great Britain’s socio-historical circumstances between the two World Wars. The interwar period challenged existing gender roles and stereotypes, assigning female fictional characters as well as feminine detection methods a more valued position in detective novels. Based on this background, this publication addresses three main research areas: detection methods, gendered locations, and the evil from within. Firstly, Miss Marple’s and Hercule Poirot’s feminine detection methods are analysed. The following chapter examines Christie’s settings including her crime scenes in the context of the separation of private and public spheres, which emerged during the Victorian era. Lastly, Sigmund Freud’s theory of the uncanny is relevant in analysing Christie’s construction of evil.
The study covers the areas size, Demographic profile of the community socio - economic characteristics and sexual behavior of the Female Sex Workers and Man Having Sex with Men (MSMs) in the study area (Sri Kalahasthi). The sampling units for the present study is the Female Sex workers and MSMs in Sri Kalahasthi who is assigning with AVAHANA Project, implemented by the STEPS Society (NGO) with the supported of India HIV/AIDS Aliance and NACO.
Elastic Optical Networks (EON) is widely accepted today as the next step in the evolution toward high capacity networking. The idea behind it is to optimize the use of resources by flexibly assigning spectrum, data rate and modulation format adapted to the needs of the end-to-end connection requests. This book is devoted to the study of three important issues in EONs, 1) dynamic source aggregation of sub-wavelength connections, 2) correlation between traffic granularity and defragmentation periodicity and 3) using spectrum fragmentation to better allocate time-varying connections.
This book is a product of an executive master of science research project in organizational development. It addresses the factors that affect the selection and development of new degree courses and the effect of these programs on the related traditional courses. The book highlights the teaching and learning challenges faced by lecturers and students in higher learning institutions in Africa and the quality and relevance challenges of the courses. The book has a wide range of recommendations which could ensure that the real and not the perceived needs of the students and the market are addressed.It also gives useful insights on threshold differences among programs that could be used as a basis of assigning different names to related courses. The tools used in the book are a very useful guide in situational analysis and policy formulations for higher learning institutions.
A unique book that specifically addresses equitable resource allocation problems with applications in communication networks, manufacturing, emergency services, and more Resource allocation problems focus on assigning limited resources in an economically beneficial way among competing activities. Solutions to such problems affect people and everyday activities with significant impact on the private and public sectors and on society at large. Using diverse application areas as examples, Equitable Resource Allocation: Models, Algorithms, and Applications provides readers with great insight into a topic that is not widely known in the field. Starting with an overview of the topics covered, the book presents a large variety of resource allocation models with special mathematical structures and provides elegant, efficient algorithms that compute optimal solutions to these models. Authored by one of the leading researchers in the field, Equitable Resource Allocation: Is the only book that provides a comprehensive exposition of equitable resource allocation problems Presents a collection of resource allocation models with applications in communication networks, transportation, content distribution, manufacturing, emergency services, and more Exhibits practical algorithms for solving a variety of resource allocation models Uses real-world applications and examples to explain important concepts Includes end-of-chapter exercises Bringing together much of the equitable resource allocation research from the past thirty years, this book is a valuable reference for anyone interested in solving diverse optimization problems.
Yuko is Gone and Only Remembered by a Small Few. Because of her Disappearance, Watanuki Takes it Upon Himself to run Yuko's Wish-Granting Shop and Vows to Never Leave it. Still Inexperienced, he Dedicates Himself to Helping Everyone that Stops by his Shop-Including the One that Ate his Right Eye. Watanuki Also Must take Special Care not to get Himself Punished for Assigning the Wrong Price for Granting a Wish. How Long Will he Allow Himself to Perform Yuko's work? Will She Ever Return?
Mobile communication is increasingly oriented towards the usage of all Internet Protocol (IP) networks as fixed network components. Mobility support for Internet devices is quite important for consumer electronics and the number of the handled device is growing up quickly. However, the IP addresses are not enough for the number of the rapidly grow devices in the All-IP generation. So the Internet Protocol Version Six (IPv6) is adopted to solve these problems. Mobile IP technology is one of the important supporting technical in the construction of pervasive computing environment. This book is a study of the Mobile IPv6 issues using OPNET IPv6 model. Mobile IPv6 (MIPv6) allows Mobile Node (MN) to remain reachable while moving around in the Internet. In Mobile IPv6, each MN is always identified by its home address, regardless of its current point of attachment to the Internet. While situated away from its home, MN is also associated with a Care-of Address (CoA), which provides information about the MN's current location.
IP network has been evolving significantly during the last two decades, many computers and devices have been attached to the IP network and many applications were developed over it. Powerful microcontrollers are used as part of most home and office appliances of today. Integrating web servers to these intelligent devices will aid in controlling such devices over the Internet and also creating user interfaces for them in the form of web pages. Assigning multiple functionalities to a single button helps manufacturers to economize user interfaces but, this makes design more complicated. Since the cost of web-based interfaces is considerably low, they can be used to provide the infrastructure for the design of simple, user-friendly interfaces for household appliances. Also, a web page based interface is much easier to change as compared to a hardware interface. The approach used to develop our prototype system is lightweight design and utilization of widely available network components such as Common Gateway Interface.
A comprehensive and innovative guide to teaching, learning and assessment in forensic science education and practitioner training Includes student exercises for mock crime scene and disaster scenarios Addresses innovative teaching methods including apps and e-gaming Discusses existing and proposed teaching methods
The plot addresses current global issues like the war for the control of the supply of coltan, a mineral so valuable that has become essential in the developped world technology. A great novel charged with action, intrigue and top-class story-telling.
This book is on tax justice and why it is important for peace, human rights, and a more sustainable future. It addresses the inequities that currently exist in the global tax system, and what can be done about it.
Victim's Stories and the Advancement of Human Rights addresses questions suggested by the worldwide persistence of human rights abuse and the prevalence of appeals to victims' stories in human rights campaigns, truth commissions, and international criminal tribunals.