SQL injection is an attack in which malicious code is inserted into strings, which are later, passed to the database server for parsing and execution. This attack can be applied to any page which accepts user input to capture data or query parameters to dynamically render the content on the web page. We tried to implement multi layer architecture to prevent SQL injection attack. At each layer we will assign different roles and responsibilities.
The discovery of interesting patterns from database transactions is one of the major problems in knowledge discovery in database. One such interesting pattern is the association rules extracted from these transactions. The goal of this research was to develop and implement a parallel algorithm for mining association rules. We implemented a parallel algorithm that used a lattice approach for mining association rules. The Dynamic Distributed Rule Mining (DDRM) is a lattice-based algorithm that partitions the lattice into sublattices to be assigned to processors for processing and identification of frequent itemsets. We implemented the DDRM using a dynamic load balancing approach to assign classes to processors for analysis of these classes in order to determine if there are any rules present in them. Experimental results show that DDRM utilizes the processors efficiently and performed better than the prefix-based and Partition algorithms that use a static approach to assign classes to the processors. The DDRM algorithm scales well and shows good speedup.
Web Recommendation system attempts to predict the user next browsing activity then recommend the web pages items that are likely to be of interest to the user. The ability of predicting the next visited pages and recommending it to the short term navigation user (anonymous user) is highly needed. This research focuses on improving the prediction of the next visited web pages and introduces them to current anonymous user. An enhanced classification algorithm is used to assign the current anonymous user to the best web navigation profile. As the users’ interests change over time, the recommender system has the ability to modify the current web navigation profiles and keep them updated. These adaptive profiles help the prediction engine to predict and then recommend the next visited pages to the current user in an accurate manner.
Book DescriptionPreface to Marketing Management, 10/e, by Peter and Donnelly, is praised in the market for its organization, format, clarity, brevity and flexibility. The text serves as an overview for critical issues in marketing management. Its brief,inexpensive, paperback format makes it a perfect fit for instructors who assign cases, readings, simulations or offer modules on marketing management for MBA students. The text also works in courses that implement a cross-functional curriculum where the students are required to purchase several texts.
Preface to Marketing Management, 9/e, by Peter and Donnelly, is praised in the market for its organization, format, clarity, brevity and flexibility. The text serves as an overview for critical issues in marketing management. Its brief, inexpensive, paperback format makes it a perfect fit for instructors who assign cases, readings, simulations or offer modules on marketing management for MBA students. The text also works in courses that implement a cross-functional curriculum where the students are required to purchase several texts.
In this study we have tried to harvest labeled clusters of semantically similar named entities which can be used as a first step for web document clustering. We first collect ~44,000 named entities from a thesaurus which is constructed by Dekang Lin applying a word similarity measure based on their distributional pattern. Using their similarity metrics and CLUTO clustering software, we create 2000 semantically similar clusters of the named entities. Then we collect ~305,500 label-instance pairs from the 2007 English Wikipedia dump and implement a labeling algorithm presented by Benjamin Van Durme and M.Pasca (2008) to assign a label to the clusters. This automatic lableing task is able to assign a label which describes the majority of the named entities in 924 of the clusters, which is 46.2% of the total clusters. Finally we evaluate both the clustering and labeling tasks taking 86 randomly selected clusters and on the bases of two native English speaker evaluators? subjective judgment. According to these evaluators, the clustering task has a purity score of 0.7 and 55% of the labels are acceptable with different degree of accuracy.
Video multicasting over Wireless Ad hoc Networks (WAHNs) is bandwidth-efficient compared to multiple unicast sessions. However, video multicasting poses great challenges over WAHNs. One main challenge of video multicasting in WAHNs for heterogeneous destinations is the assignment of Video Descriptions (VDs) and the construction of multicast tree. However, the assignment of VDs and the construction of multicast tree can greatly affect user satisfaction (i.e., affect the quality of the received video). In this book, we introduce novel approaches to improve the user satisfaction for a set of heterogeneous multicast destinations. The main idea of our approaches is to employ the independent-description property of Multiple Description Coding (MDC) along with multiple multicast trees. However, many questions are raised: How multiple multicast trees should be constructed? How VDs should be assigned? Is it better to construct multiple multicast trees first and then assign the VDs? Or is it better to assign the VDs first and we then construct multiple multicast trees? Should we perform that in a distributed manner or in a centralized manner?
This 6 page, tri-fold full-color guide is an invaluable resource for anyone who uses Lotus Notes! It provides step by step instructions on how to customize the workspace, open a database, create new folders, work with public and personal address books, create mailing lists, send and receive messages, make calendar entries, schedule meetings, assign tasks, create a local replica of a database, and much more. An excellent instructional tool for a user new to Notes, it also serves as a handy reference tool for the more experienced user.
George's and Blaise's teachers assign them to be pen pals. Through letters back and forth about their families, hobbies, and pets, they find that they have a lot in common. But what the reader knows--and they do not--is that one of them is a little boy, and one of them is a little dragon! What will happen when these two friends finally meet face-to-face?
Virtual screening refers to a range of “in-silico” techniques used to search large compound databases to select a smaller number of compounds for biological testing. Promising compounds are then “docked” to the protein or to the enzyme’s active site. Docking search algorithms generate “poses” (conformation, position and orientation) of the ligand within the active site, while scoring functions identify the most likely pose for an individual ligand and assign a priority order to a set of diverse ligands docked to the same protein, by estimate binding affinity. The aim of this book is to acquaint the reader with the possibilities of screening and docking of different ligands (drugs and pesticides) on the surface of different enzymes.
The deployment of wireless networks needs to consider both the cost and the system performance metrics. The design objective is to decide the optimal placement of access points (or base stations) and to assign the available radio resources to the traffic demand points with guaranteed performance, while keeping the deployment cost at its minimum. A platform to look into the deployment of wireless networks is set up to optimize the profit generated over multiple periods each with different projected spatial traffic demands. Algorithms for various multi-periods optimization scenarios are also proposed. With the knowledge on the projected demand traffic in subsequent periods, algorithms to maximize the long term profit are also developed for the case when the projected traffic is either probabilistic or deterministic.
Probationary Constable Peter Grant dreams of being a detective in London's Metropolitan Police. Too bad his superior plans to assign him to the Case Progression Unit, where the biggest threat he'll face is a paper cut. But Peter's prospects change in the aftermath of a puzzling murder, when he gains exclusive information from an eyewitness who happens to be a ghost. Peter's ability to speak with the lingering dead brings him to the attention of Detective Chief Inspector Thomas Nightingale, who investigates crimes involving magic and other manifestations of the uncanny. Now, as a wave of brutal and bizarre murders engulfs the city, Peter is plunged into a world where gods and goddesses mingle with mortals and a long-dead evil is making a comeback on a rising tide of magic.
Advanced therapy medicinal products (ATMP) represents a new class of medicinal products, which include - amongst others - somatic cell and gene therapies. As the final product is intended for administration into humans, manufacturers of ATMPs are obligated to apply good manufacturing practice (GMP) standards within their processes. Reaching and maintaining such standards is cost intensive and requires sophisticated manufacturing facilities. As a result, academic researchers who are developing these novel therapeutic approaches are facing new technological and financial challenges. In order to bring more commercially accessible therapies to patients and demonstrate efficient manufacturing technologies, we established the clean-room technology assessment technique (CTAT). CTAT comprises several tools to identify and assign a reliable monetary value to the different operational processes. The model also serves as a guideline for optimizing the operation of an academic GMP facility.
Accidents are highly increasing and traffic engineers are struggling to reduce the injuries and fatalities on road. Traffic control devices such as traffic signal and roundabout assign right of way to the drivers approaching intersections. Inappropriate traffic design can give worst scenario at intersections followed by accident, more delay or even being gridlock. Apart from traffic designing, the driver’s attitude and behavior are quite significant parameters to make intersection safer. A large amount of money is spent for somebody who passed away due to involving in an accident. How can a composite traffic control devices be applicable? How does it affect delay? What would happen to right of way if traffic signal breaks down?
A deeply moving and unique story of survival by the award-winning writer Kathryn Lasky. One ordinary afternoon, fifteen-year-old Lilo and her family are suddenly picked up by Hitler’s police and imprisoned. Just when it seems certain that they will be sent to a labour camp, Lilo is chosen by filmmaker Leni Riefenstahl to work as a film extra. Life on the film set is a bizarre alternate reality and the beautiful, charming Riefenstahl is always present. But Riefenstahl also answers the slightest provocation with malice and flaunts the power to assign prisoners to life or death.
Who had the greatest dunk of all time? Which version of Michael Jordan was the best Michael Jordan? What is allowed and absolutely not allowed in a game of pickup basketball? Basketball and Other Things takes readers through the most pivotal and ridiculous fan disputes in basketball history, providing arguments and answers to basketball’s greatest questions, explained with the wit and wisdom that is unique to Shea Serrano. Serrano breaks down debates that all NBA fans have considered, from the classics (Which years was Kobe at his best?) to the fantastical (If you could assign different values to different shots throughout basketball history, what would they be and why?). With incredible art from Arturo Torres, this book is a must-have for anyone who has ever stayed up late into the night debating basketball’s greatest moments, what-ifs, stories, and legends.
Grid computing can be defined as applying the resources of many computers in a network to a problem which requires a great number of computer processing cycles or access to large amounts of data.However,in the field of grid computing scheduling of tasks is a big challenge.The task scheduling problem is the problem of assigning the tasks in the system in a manner.Using PSO algorithm with SPV rule to solve the task scheduling problem in grid computing. The aim of using this technique is use the given resources optimally and assign the task to the resources efficiently.
Register means the placement, or to establish standing, writing, writing notes and post office. The patents include: writing contracts or legal action or personal status or rights (such as patents), or anything else (such as signs) special offices specified by law, such as real estate transactions recorded Real estate and patent registration and registration marks, and so on. Documents, collect documents. What it means to trust, who to ask for a loan or assign text appearing or prove anything. The document defined in Article 1284 of the Civil Code as "any text that is invoked as a defense liability."
As technology advances, groundwater resources are under increasing threat from growing demands & contamination. To tackle this, a key is to be able to model the overall physics of groundwater flow & contaminants in the saturated zone. Models provide the required information for making decisions associated with the management of groundwater resources, & prevent a risk of contamination. Thus, this book focuses on how to simulate the groundwater flow & Advective contaminant transport in fractured hard rock terrain, the latter focusing on migration pathway & travel time of contaminants. It explains how to build conceptual model of the system domain, how to use GIS to create the spatially distributed input parameter of the model & how to resample them to grid size of the model so that it makes easier to assign their respective values to model grid through cell by cell mechanism. It also explains how to: estimate the groundwater recharge using various models, use of Digital Elevation Model to extract input parameters of flow model, simulate and calibrate the model, and finally how to use the calibrated model to simulate contaminant transport in the hard rock terrain.
This book presents a Framework and Management Tool that allows instructors to teach students how to troubleshoot the systems by creating an environment that systematically assign different problems to each Virtual Machine (VM). The students can then interact with this VM and learn how to debug problems. System Administration is an emerging academic discipline, yet there remains no commonly accepted approach to teaching the core skill of troubleshooting system problems. The research produced two core results, a proposed “Pedagogical Framework” to guide the teaching process, and a “Network Laboratory Management Tool” that is a proof of pedagogical Framework. As a network system administration teacher you many need to create many small virtual networks to teach a networking class to help student understand and debug SDNs. My suggested tool would be helpful to install and configured virtual machines automatically. You do not need to do all manually steps by your own self. In a nutshell this research presents a proposal to create a pedagogical framework and tool to teach system troubleshooting skills using recyclable virtual environments.
Many Canadian underground mines use longitudinal and transverse stoping with delayed backfill to extract tabular ore deposits. These methods require access to the orebody through a number of sill drives or cross-cuts which link the orezone to the haulage drift hence creating intersections on multiple levels. This study is the first to attempt stochastic methods with numerical analysis to mine developments for the purpose of evaluating their stability performance with respect to planned mining sequence. Consequently, a qualitative method is developed to estimate the risk level (e.g. rating and ranking) resulting from mining activity. Risk is the product of probability of failure and cost of consequences. A resultant assessment scale matrix (e.g., a 5-level risk index is derived which ranges from low to extreme) is then used to assign a risk index value which is directly proportional to the potential for excavation instability. The methodology is demonstrated through a case study (e.g., the No. 1 Shear East orebody at Vale’s Garson Mine in Sudbury, Ontario). Finally, the risk indexing tool can be used to confirm the need for enhanced supports and to compare alternative mine designs
The easy way to get a grip on cost accounting Critical in supporting strategic business decisions and improving profitability, cost accounting is arguably one of the most important functions in the accounting field. For business students, cost accounting is a required course for those seeking an accounting degree and is a popular elective among other business majors. Cost Accounting For Dummies tracks to a typical cost accounting course and provides in-depth explanations and reviews of the essential concepts you'll encounter in your studies: how to define costs as direct materials, direct labor, fixed overhead, variable overhead, or period costs; how to use allocation methodology to assign costs to products and services; how to evaluate the need for capital expenditures; how to design a budget model that forecast changes in costs based on expected activity levels; and much more. Tracks to a typical cost accounting course Includes practical, real-world examples Walks you though homework problems with detailed, easy-to-understand answers If you're currently enrolled in a cost accounting course, this hands-on, friendly guide gives you everything you need to master this critical aspect of accounting.
A no-nonsense guide to driving performance while still maintaining a great place to work Leadership Isn't For Cowards offers straightforward steps to leading courageously and practical tips for driving performance. Courageous leadership means toughening your approach by being rigorous in the application of your values through the company culture. It means confronting and challenging people, and not letting them get away with being less than you know they can be. The path to courageous leadership has six components: Accept Your Current Circumstances, Take Responsibility, Take Action, Acknowledge Progress, Commit to Lifelong Learning, and Kindle Relationships. These manageable steps include: Identify the area in your business or life where a gap exists between your current reality and your desired reality Align yourself with a person or a group of people who can commit to holding you accountable for closing the gap Make a specific commitment to the outcome(s) you want and assign dates to them With courageous leadership, you'll create a culture and a mindset that encourages and demands excellence! Follow these steps to bring out the best in your employees and lead your company to significant success.
With a task-based learning approach, the main objective is for students to use the language that they know in order to achieve a particular communication goal. Generally focussed on speaking, tasks are opportunities for in-class communication which encourages fluency and confidence. From Starter to Advanced, each level of New Cutting Edge features:- A comprehensive syllabus with thorough grammar, vocabulary and skills work- Systematic vocabulary building which focuses on high-frequency, useful words and phrases- Clearly-structured tasks to encourage student fluency and confidenceChallenge your students with the 'Study, Practice, Remember' sections. Motivate your students with the self-study CD-ROMs which have additional grammar and vocabulary practice, plus 'Real life' video sequences. Engage your students with New Cutting Edge Digital - software for interactive whiteboards. Mini-dictionary included inside every Student's Book New Cutting Edge Pre-Intermediate takes students from A2 to B1 level of the CEF. MyCuttingEdgeLab provides an online learning environment where teachers can assign tasks for students to complete outside of class. Grades from these activities are automatically placed in the student gradebook for the teacher to view. This enables the teacher to review homework before the next class.MyCuttingEdgeLab provides:- Better mapping of student progressive- Increased personalisation for learners enabling teachers to identify where students need extra support- A range of communication tools enabling teachers to set tasks and provide feedback outside of the classroom
This dissertation aims to account for the stylistic idiosyncrasies observed in the naming of the main character of Anthony Burgess’s post-modernist historical novel "A Dead Man in Deptford", the Elizabethan poet and dramatist Christopher Marlowe. The interest in naming is due to the salience given to personal names, either because some names display a marked tendency to change form so that the same name appears under a variety of spellings, or becausen other names are foregrounded by being brought into relation with other items on the strength of the formal similarities between them, inducing the reader to assign a meaning to them. Names are seen to reflect the tension between structure and indeterminacy within the language system, strongly suggesting the centrality of names to the inquiry into the internal contradiction of the language system. Also, as the most conspicuous names are those which identify the protagonist, the ambiguity surrounding them reflects the problematic concerning the identity of their bearer and the circumstances of the violent and untimely death alluded to in the title of the novel under review.