Attention to vocabulary and finding appropriate strategy to learn new vocabularies has always been challenging for learners or even teachers. Researchers' consideration to vocabulary has been growing since mid. 1980s. In this regard, various researchers and teachers stated one or some instructions are more helpful for learners. This study is an attempt to investigate the effect of Isolated, Integrated, and Synonym Generation vocabulary instruction on writing skill among Intermediate EFL learners. For this purpose, 77 male and female learners were chosen through administering a piloted Preliminary English Test. They were then divided into three experimental groups and each of the groups was taught vocabulary through one of the mentioned instructions. At the end of the study, all participants were given a writing test. One-way ANOVA on the posttest demonstrating that the learners in the Integrated and Synonym Generation groups benefited significantly in terms of improving their writing ability.
Lights, camera action! In the contemporary world, movie, film, motion pictures, cinema, the big screen, the silver screen or any other synonym is a well-known concept across the globe. This study firstly explored whether individuals can identify character strengths depicted by characters in positive psychology movies. Furthermore, we investigated whether their existing character strengths and well-being are augmented or developed through viewing these films
The discovery of interesting patterns from database transactions is one of the major problems in knowledge discovery in database. One such interesting pattern is the association rules extracted from these transactions. The goal of this research was to develop and implement a parallel algorithm for mining association rules. We implemented a parallel algorithm that used a lattice approach for mining association rules. The Dynamic Distributed Rule Mining (DDRM) is a lattice-based algorithm that partitions the lattice into sublattices to be assigned to processors for processing and identification of frequent itemsets. We implemented the DDRM using a dynamic load balancing approach to assign classes to processors for analysis of these classes in order to determine if there are any rules present in them. Experimental results show that DDRM utilizes the processors efficiently and performed better than the prefix-based and Partition algorithms that use a static approach to assign classes to the processors. The DDRM algorithm scales well and shows good speedup.
SQL injection is an attack in which malicious code is inserted into strings, which are later, passed to the database server for parsing and execution. This attack can be applied to any page which accepts user input to capture data or query parameters to dynamically render the content on the web page. We tried to implement multi layer architecture to prevent SQL injection attack. At each layer we will assign different roles and responsibilities.
Video multicasting over Wireless Ad hoc Networks (WAHNs) is bandwidth-efficient compared to multiple unicast sessions. However, video multicasting poses great challenges over WAHNs. One main challenge of video multicasting in WAHNs for heterogeneous destinations is the assignment of Video Descriptions (VDs) and the construction of multicast tree. However, the assignment of VDs and the construction of multicast tree can greatly affect user satisfaction (i.e., affect the quality of the received video). In this book, we introduce novel approaches to improve the user satisfaction for a set of heterogeneous multicast destinations. The main idea of our approaches is to employ the independent-description property of Multiple Description Coding (MDC) along with multiple multicast trees. However, many questions are raised: How multiple multicast trees should be constructed? How VDs should be assigned? Is it better to construct multiple multicast trees first and then assign the VDs? Or is it better to assign the VDs first and we then construct multiple multicast trees? Should we perform that in a distributed manner or in a centralized manner?
George's and Blaise's teachers assign them to be pen pals. Through letters back and forth about their families, hobbies, and pets, they find that they have a lot in common. But what the reader knows--and they do not--is that one of them is a little boy, and one of them is a little dragon! What will happen when these two friends finally meet face-to-face?
Phytotherapy is the study of the use of extracts from natural origin as medicines or health-promoting agents. Traditional phytotherapy is often used as synonym for herbalism and regarded as "alternative medicine" by much of Western medicine. Modern phytotherapy when critically conducted, can be considered the scientific study on the effects and clinical use of herbal medicines.Medicinal plants have always been considered a healthy source of life for all people.Therapeutical properties of medical plants are very useful in healing various diseases and the advantage of these medicinal plants is being 100% natural. Nowadays people are being bombarded with thousand of unhealthy products, the level of sensibility in front of diseases is very high and that''s why the use of medicinal plants can represent the best solution.
When life feels difficult, Pollyanna has learned to play “The Glad Game”. In any situation, no matter how dire it may seem, she challenges herself to find the silver-lining. However, orphaned at a young age and forced to live with her hard-hearted Aunt Polly, Pollyanna has had a lot of opportunities to practice. With her infectious cheer, she is soon convincing some of the town’s most troubled residents to rediscover the things they’re glad about, until even her sunny disposition is tested.A classic of the Golden Age of Children’s Literature, Pollyanna has become a synonym for optimism, and inspired countless readers to find hope in the hardest of situations.
The "Encarta Essential English Dictionary" is a companion to global English that fits neatly into a briefcase or college holdall. Packed in among more than 64,000 headwords, you will find innovative features to enable correct use of English: - 200 Usage Notes provide answers to common language queries. - 200 Spellchecks highlight typical spelling blunders. - 1,000 incorrect spellings featured as headwords and cross-referred to the correct form. - 700 Synonym essays suggest alternative words. The "Encarta Essential English Dictionary" brings full and up-to-date coverage of English to your fingertips including business and computing terms, science words, place names and biographical entries. Tables, maps, photos, line drawings and the brief histories of over 1,000 words bring alive the English language. There is also a guide to Internet research.
Pongamia pinnata (Synonym Millettia pinnata) is a viable source of oil for the mushrooming biofuel industry, source for agro-forestry, urban landscaping, and the bio-amelioration of degraded lands. It also helps in maintaining soil fertility through symbiotic nitrogen-fixation. In promoting the benefits of Pongamia pinnata in agriculture, development of Rhizobial and Arbuscular mycorrhizal inoculants is an added advantage as Pongamia was known for its symbiotic association with microbes. In this book, we described how the rhizobia have been isolated, characterized for their abiotic stress tolerance and plant growth promoting traits. This also deals with consortia formulation of bio-inoculants for sustainable cultivation of Pongamia pinnata.
Albert Einstein. His name has become a synonym for genius. His wild case of bedhead and playful sense of humor made him a media superstar--the first, maybe only, scientist-celebrity. He wasn't much for lab work; in fact he had a tendency to blow up experiments. What he liked to do was think, not in words but in "thought pictures". What was the result of all his thinking? Nothing less than the overturning of Newtonian physics. Once again, Kathleen Krull delivers a witty and astute look at one of the true Giants of Science and the turbulent times in which he lived.
In this study we have tried to harvest labeled clusters of semantically similar named entities which can be used as a first step for web document clustering. We first collect ~44,000 named entities from a thesaurus which is constructed by Dekang Lin applying a word similarity measure based on their distributional pattern. Using their similarity metrics and CLUTO clustering software, we create 2000 semantically similar clusters of the named entities. Then we collect ~305,500 label-instance pairs from the 2007 English Wikipedia dump and implement a labeling algorithm presented by Benjamin Van Durme and M.Pasca (2008) to assign a label to the clusters. This automatic lableing task is able to assign a label which describes the majority of the named entities in 924 of the clusters, which is 46.2% of the total clusters. Finally we evaluate both the clustering and labeling tasks taking 86 randomly selected clusters and on the bases of two native English speaker evaluators? subjective judgment. According to these evaluators, the clustering task has a purity score of 0.7 and 55% of the labels are acceptable with different degree of accuracy.
Preface to Marketing Management, 9/e, by Peter and Donnelly, is praised in the market for its organization, format, clarity, brevity and flexibility. The text serves as an overview for critical issues in marketing management. Its brief, inexpensive, paperback format makes it a perfect fit for instructors who assign cases, readings, simulations or offer modules on marketing management for MBA students. The text also works in courses that implement a cross-functional curriculum where the students are required to purchase several texts.
Probationary Constable Peter Grant dreams of being a detective in London's Metropolitan Police. Too bad his superior plans to assign him to the Case Progression Unit, where the biggest threat he'll face is a paper cut. But Peter's prospects change in the aftermath of a puzzling murder, when he gains exclusive information from an eyewitness who happens to be a ghost. Peter's ability to speak with the lingering dead brings him to the attention of Detective Chief Inspector Thomas Nightingale, who investigates crimes involving magic and other manifestations of the uncanny. Now, as a wave of brutal and bizarre murders engulfs the city, Peter is plunged into a world where gods and goddesses mingle with mortals and a long-dead evil is making a comeback on a rising tide of magic.
Register means the placement, or to establish standing, writing, writing notes and post office. The patents include: writing contracts or legal action or personal status or rights (such as patents), or anything else (such as signs) special offices specified by law, such as real estate transactions recorded Real estate and patent registration and registration marks, and so on. Documents, collect documents. What it means to trust, who to ask for a loan or assign text appearing or prove anything. The document defined in Article 1284 of the Civil Code as "any text that is invoked as a defense liability."
Book DescriptionPreface to Marketing Management, 10/e, by Peter and Donnelly, is praised in the market for its organization, format, clarity, brevity and flexibility. The text serves as an overview for critical issues in marketing management. Its brief,inexpensive, paperback format makes it a perfect fit for instructors who assign cases, readings, simulations or offer modules on marketing management for MBA students. The text also works in courses that implement a cross-functional curriculum where the students are required to purchase several texts.
Grid computing can be defined as applying the resources of many computers in a network to a problem which requires a great number of computer processing cycles or access to large amounts of data.However,in the field of grid computing scheduling of tasks is a big challenge.The task scheduling problem is the problem of assigning the tasks in the system in a manner.Using PSO algorithm with SPV rule to solve the task scheduling problem in grid computing. The aim of using this technique is use the given resources optimally and assign the task to the resources efficiently.
Classical diagnosing methods of wheeled tractor defects apply state mapping by measured diagnostic parameters of different symptoms: operation’s efficiency, thermal state, vibrations, leak proof etc. This elaboration takes a mixed approach, connecting rule knowledge with phenomena knowledge about wheeled tractor defects, achieved from analytic (model), simulations and exploitations tests. Correctness is recognized, i.e. relationships and connections between the occurring phenomena in destruction process of wheeled tractors, to which we can assign features of stability, significance and necessity, which constitutes the fault diagnostics. The authors’ aspiration was the dissemination of relatively new and original information techniques and methods of creating diagnostic relations which are the base for elaborating mechatronic diagnostic system of wheeled tractor.
This 6 page, tri-fold full-color guide is an invaluable resource for anyone who uses Lotus Notes! It provides step by step instructions on how to customize the workspace, open a database, create new folders, work with public and personal address books, create mailing lists, send and receive messages, make calendar entries, schedule meetings, assign tasks, create a local replica of a database, and much more. An excellent instructional tool for a user new to Notes, it also serves as a handy reference tool for the more experienced user.