This study was conducted in an attempt to provide insights toward deepening understanding of associations between culture and writing by building, assessing, and refining a conceptual model of second language writing. The Concepts of culture and coherence and the relationship between them were examined through a mixed methods research design in the research context of Contrastive Rhetoric, comparing the coherence quality in argumentative essays written by undergraduates in mainland China and their U.S. peers. In order to analyze the complex concept of argumentative coherence, five linguistic theories of coherence were synthesized: Halliday’s (1976) cohesion theory, Carroll’s theory of coherence (1999/2007), Enkvist’s theory of coherence (1990), Topical Structure Analysis (Lautamatti, 1978) and Toulmin’s Model (1956/2003). This book is aimed at providing implications for conceptualizing argumentative coherence and contrastive rhetorical research.
This study examines the use of cohesive devices and cohesive chains in the argumentative essays by Polish undergraduates majoring in English, using both quantitative and qualitative analysis. The analysis is based on the Halliday and Hasan (1976) framework on cohesion in texts. The book is divided into three chapters: two concerned with a discussion of the necessary theory of cohesion in texts and argumentative writing, and the third one is focused on the application of the theory- the analysis of essays. The analysis includes the distribution of cohesive ties and chains, some problems with using cohesive ties, and a comparative study of essays as regards the use of cohesive devices in two proficiency levels and in relation to writing quality. This study sheds some light on the concept of cohesion in written texts and how EFL students use cohesive features to express meanings in their writing.
Learners’ experience with writing in general and argumentative textual productions in particular, requires a great deal of lexical and syntactic knowledge that grant them the ability to discover and put into words their ideas.Thereupon, the motivation for conducting this study which is a self-possessed analysis of learners’ argumentative essays, is basically to explore the use of substantive words and complex sentences in their argumentative writing at Moulay Ismail University. The book makes an endeavor to examine the extent to which overusing these elements affect their overall scores in textual productions. With regard to the comparative analysis of the results, it is demonstrated that complex sentences are not used numerously in argumentative writing. Students do not give too much interest to this type of sentence. As for substantive words, it can be asserted to some extent that most students use them with a lucid and observed quantity.
Writing is probably the most critical and challenging of the four language skills, even for native speakers of a language. Finding ways of helping language learners improve their writing ability, therefore, has always been a challenge for language teachers and researchers. Several attempts have already been made and a few techniques and activities have been proposed including controlled, guided, and free writing activities. This book compares the effectiveness of these activities on the cohesiveness of the argumentative writing of learners in an EFL context. It includes a theoretical review and an empirical analysis of the issue. This book may be useful for EFL learners as well as teachers who teach writing.
In this rapidly changing information, thinking critically is a vital requirement for individuals. In response to this, Indonesian EFL teachers are given responsibility to assist their students to acquire critical thinking skills while learning English. This is done to give them adequate practice in critical thinking so that they can actively participate in the international community particularly in the global workplace.This book presents results of a study aims to investigate students’ critical thinking as demonstrated in their argumentative essays. Argumentative writing has been believed as an effective means to portray students’ critical thinking. It assists students in making ideas of their own, clarifying opinions or beliefs and sorting out the evidence which are part of critical thinking realization. In addition, this book also provides explanation regarding students’ consciousness on their own critical thinking. In this sense, information regarding their awareness as to whether they show critical thinking and individual voice in their argumentative texts has been the object of this book to discuss.
Research has indicated that writing argumentative essay is difficult for L2 students of English, as such the current project intended to examine the difficulties which Iranian EFL students have in writing argumentative essays and also to investigate similarities and/or differences in the way they structure their English and Persian argumentative essay before and after instruction. This study also attempted to portray how students transfer rhetorical patterns in L2 to L1 compositions. This study shed further light into the impact of explicit and implicit genre-based approach in comparison with the no-instruction approach on the argumentative genre. After conducting TOFEL test, 79 subjects were selected. The selected subjects were randomly divided into three groups. All of the three groups did 4 pre- and post-tests. The results show that the participants used basic structure of English argumentative papers in both their Persian and English pre-essays; however, they were weak at handling oppositional structures. The quantitative analysis of the post-argumentative essays revealed that the experimental group outperformed the implicit and no-formal instruction groups.
This thesis analyzes EU international climate policy discourses around the adoption of the Kyoto Protocol, its entry-into-force and the COP15-negotiations in Copenhagen. Using EU-press releases and employing Hajer’s argumentative approach, the main focus lies on discursive shifts and self-representation. In addition evidences of discourse institutionalization are presented. The thesis also gives an extensive insight into the theoretical underpinnings used in the analysis and provides references to the actual EU-climate-policy around and during the analyzed timeframes. The thesis finds considerable discursive shifts, including a changing role of science, global responsibility and the economy. Findings also include the self-representation of the EU changing from an emerging to an established and powerful actor but with a sharp rupture after COP15.
METADISCOURSE AND GENRE LEARNING explores how using and learning to use metadiscourse—non-propositional linguistic features guiding readers through texts and facilitating writer-reader communication—facilitates Chinese EFL undergraduates' learning of the genre of English argumentative writing in the pedagogical context of composition classrooms in China. Drawing on insights from genre theories, the literature on genre-based pedagogies, research on English argumentative writing, and metadiscourse studies, the researcher closely examines both student and teacher perspectives on student metadiscourse selections, and their practices of learning and teaching metadiscourse in the lessons of English argumentative writing through a qualitative design and a multimethod approach involving text analysis, individual interviews, classroom observation, and focus group interviews.
The cinematic essay, also known as the essay film, is an extension of the documentary genre which replaces the impossible task of objectivity with a more subjective, argumentative approach. Until the recent growth in digital technology, which has decreased the financial burden associated with the cost of film stock and other aspects of production, essayistic cinema was mostly created by professional filmmakers, who approach thesis-driven arguments through a visual medium to achieve what documentary pioneer John Grierson described as “the creative treatment of actuality” (Winston, 19). Yet in recent years the development of digital cameras and editing equipment has made it possible for amateur filmmakers, including those involved in academia, to craft essay films with the same efficiency and quality of their professional predecessors.
The separation of teaching reading and writing has been a dominant feature of educational practice at the school level for many years. The literature on reading and writing reveals that much has been written on both skills separately but there is a lack of research on the relationship between the two. Recent research, however, has shown an emergence of interest in the reading/writing connection. Current movements in education have fostered that instruction in the language arts can be enhanced by integrating reading and writing. The fundamental issue this book examines is the interaction between reading and writing skills in English as a foreign language. It investigates whether 'effective' reading is transferable to 'effective' writing. The present book aims not only at exploring in greater empirical detail the interaction between domains which have been previously studied independently but also at testing the findings of earlier research. Undoubtedly, this book will raise a number of challenging and interesting questions as well as offer the reader an opportunity to keep abreast of developments in various fields related to the teaching of reading and writing skills.
Назначение смесителя: для биде, Тип управления смесителя: однорычажный, Тип установки смесителя: на биде, Монтаж смесителя: горизонтальный, Отверстия для монтажа: 1, Материал смесителя: латунь, Стиль смесителя: модерн, Цвет покрытия: хром, Форма излива: традиционный, Вращение излива: фиксированный, Донный клапан: есть, Родина бренда: Испания
Назначение смесителя: для раковины, Тип управления смесителя: однорычажный, Тип установки смесителя: на мойку (раковину), Монтаж смесителя: горизонтальный, Отверстия для монтажа: 1, Материал смесителя: латунь, Стиль смесителя: водопад, Цвет покрытия: хром, Форма излива: каскадный, Вращение излива: фиксированный, Донный клапан: есть, Родина бренда: Испания
Назначение смесителя: для ванны/душа, Тип управления смесителя: однорычажный, Тип установки смесителя: настенный, Монтаж смесителя: вертикальный, Отверстия для монтажа: 2, Материал смесителя: латунь, Стиль смесителя: водопад, Цвет покрытия: хром, Форма излива: каскадный, Вращение излива: фиксированный, Родина бренда: Испания
Hand Book of Thesis- (Drafting & Writing Thesis) is one of its kinds that provides the applied structure of thesis and dissertation writing for any Social Science and Management scholar to use, refer and apply in thesis writing. Lucid and simplicity with direct appli9ed examples provides this book an edge over the theoretical texts. This is the hand book and hand tool of thesis drafting. The contents cover all technical aspects to cover page to en page of any thesis with right sequencing, technical structure and research jargons for direct referencing and use. International standards and examples are used for making the life of a research scholar easy. Every technical writings are provided with minute details like Table of Content, List of Figures, List of Tables, List of Abbreviations, List of Local Names and Places, Chapter wise structure, all technical jargon headings, sourcing, citation, referencing, bibliography, appendices etc. all that is required for a complete thesis writing. This is a complete guide book for research scholars in their thesis drafting in Ph. D., M. Phil. & Master programmes.
Скейтовые кеды Thesis из новой коллекции обуви DC.Технические характеристики: Верх из замши и нубука.Подкладка и стелька из сетки.Гибкая конструкция для лучшей маневренности.Мягкий воротник и язычок для комфорта и поддержки.Вентиляция для оптимального воздухообмена.Классический, чистый дизайн.Подошва с фирменным рисунком протектора DC Pill Pattern.
This handbook serves as a practical guide for students in institutions of higher learning with particular reference to their thesis and/or dissertation writing requirements. The simplistic approach in treating fundamental concepts and issues involved in a typical thesis and/or dissertation writing exercise, as adopted in the handbook, recommends it for not only students at different levels of higher institutions pursuits, but also their advising/supervising lecturers and indeed, the generality of knowledge seekers, especially in the area of research.
Based on the experience of students worldwide, this book offers practical advice to research students struggling with the complexities of structuring their arts, humanities or social science thesis. Real-life case studies vividly introduce a number of alternative approaches, providing students with new ideas for structuring their work.
PROFESSIONAL EXPERIENCE ALKEM RESEARCH CENTER, NAVI MUMBAI Since 21st December 2009 Research Associate • Responsible for all analytical method validation (Assay and Dissolution test) and new analytical method development by HPLC, UV spectrophotometer, AAS. • Analyze, summarize and present results for all research projects. Regularly review ongoing research for trends. Provides insight on these findings and ensures key findings are shared with appropriate internal audiences. • Developed new profitable business partners while analyzing latest market trends and tracking competitor’s activities while providing valuable inputs for fine tuning sales & marketing strategies. • Building cordial relationship through regular interactions & apprising them with company’s value propositions.
This book explores the idea of terrorism as represented in three contemporary American novels. Communist, religious, and environmental models of terrorism are given to account for the never-ending struggle between the strong nation-states and the marginalized groups that use terrorism as a way of resistance. Different methodologies that include cultural, civilizational, and psychoanalytical theories are used to describe the nature of terrorism in the selected novels. Don DeLillo's Mao II (1992) is used along with Jurgen Habermas's theory of the public sphere to account for the Maoist terrorism. John Updike's Terrorist (2007) is also applied to account for religious terrorism through Samuel Huntington's The Clash of Civilizations. Gary Hansen's Wet Desert (2007) was finally used to approach the environmental terrorism by applying Manuel Castells' The Power of Identity.
''''Cultural Mediation. A Case Study of Sami Research'''' is the nest of a magpie with bits and pieces gathered in a mixed style, interdisciplinary, translating the oral tradition of the academic lectures in the lanscape of the Sami and Norwegian geo-political and economic landscape. I apologise for any discrepancy, wrong or missing reference, which might interfere with the conventions of the academic writing in the text - they were possibly left out due to the economy of a Master thesis of time, money and experience. The argumentative talks between the students and the lecturers on the methodology used in the Indigenous Studies Programme at the University of Tromsoe, as shared by both well-established academic fields and newly emerged fields such as Indigenous Studies, allowed the room for developing this style and discussion on and of old and new texts and performative acts, artistic qualities embeded, and differences underlined or merged. My work of cultural analysis is a labyrinth for cultural understanding and mediation. The personae, Ande Somby and Henry Minde, as discussed in the paper are only discursive instances and fabulae of their written and performed acts.
The book focuses on the discussions and explanations of all the basic ideas, concepts and methods of research and thesis writing skills. The author presents the basic ideas, concepts and principles using a simple language which is easy to understand by both graduate and undergraduate students. This book consists of two parts. The first part deals with the basic ideas, concepts and principles of research Methodology. The second part deals with thesis writing from chapter one to chapter five. The methods for presentation, analysis, interpretation of data are explained. The book also provides a guide for evaluation of individual thesis work, research projects, as well as research papers. This book will be a resource to teachers and students of research methodology, research supervisors and those contemplating to do research work eventually writing their research reports.
Cracking the AP English Language & Composition Exam, 2016 Edition, provides students with a comprehensive "Hit Parade" of important vocabulary words, detailed coverage of all essay types (rhetorical analysis, argumentative, and synthesis), useful techniques for cracking the multiple-choice section, and much more.
One of the major components of the Postgraduate curriculum is writing thesis. Work for writing the Thesis is aimed at contributing to the development of a spirit of enquiry, besides exposing the candidate to the techniques of research, critical analysis, acquaintance with the latest advances in medical science and the manner of identifying and consulting available literature. Every candidate shall have to carry out work on an assigned research project under the guidance of a recognised Post Graduate Teacher, the result of which shall be written up and submitted in the form of a Thesis. Thesis shall have to be be submitted at least six months before the Theory and Clinical / Practical examination. Acknowledgement: Dr Mahalaqua Nazli Khatib; Dr Quazi Syed Zahiruddin
I have immense pleasure to bring out this thesis which is basically designed to covers the determinants and dimensions of food insecurity at urban household level. This thesis was written for fulfilling partial requirements of Master's Degree in Economics in Mekelle University in 2011. This thesis will useful for researchers, undergraduate and postgraduate level students.This thesis will equally serves both social and natural science students and researchers. It will provides very important concepts and methodologies on food security, food insecurity and urban households livelihood strategies to cope up from food insecurity problem.This thesis has been written particularly keeping mind both theoretical and empirical literatures on food security and food insecurity at urban level. After going through this thesis, one will be well equipped to venture in the concepts of food security and food insecurity without getting confused.
Written out of the author’s awareness of the problems many students and young researchers encounter when writing their research papers, this book is a simplified presentation of the fundamentals of research. Its technically simple style is aimed at making the book accessible to people of all academic persuasions. Most research studies or projects begin with a written proposal. For this reason, the book starts with a section on how to write a good standard research proposal. In the second section, the book discusses in detail the way in which a research project, dissertation or thesis must be outlined once the research proposal has been accepted. Chapter three looks specifically at a journal paper/article as another very important type of research paper. It gives a brief survey of important points to bear in mind when writing a journal article as well as the structure such a paper is expected to follow. Chapter four is a brief presentation of some of the methods of citation and reference styles commonly used in research.