This study was conducted in an attempt to provide insights toward deepening understanding of associations between culture and writing by building, assessing, and refining a conceptual model of second language writing. The Concepts of culture and coherence and the relationship between them were examined through a mixed methods research design in the research context of Contrastive Rhetoric, comparing the coherence quality in argumentative essays written by undergraduates in mainland China and their U.S. peers. In order to analyze the complex concept of argumentative coherence, five linguistic theories of coherence were synthesized: Halliday’s (1976) cohesion theory, Carroll’s theory of coherence (1999/2007), Enkvist’s theory of coherence (1990), Topical Structure Analysis (Lautamatti, 1978) and Toulmin’s Model (1956/2003). This book is aimed at providing implications for conceptualizing argumentative coherence and contrastive rhetorical research.
Research has indicated that writing argumentative essay is difficult for L2 students of English, as such the current project intended to examine the difficulties which Iranian EFL students have in writing argumentative essays and also to investigate similarities and/or differences in the way they structure their English and Persian argumentative essay before and after instruction. This study also attempted to portray how students transfer rhetorical patterns in L2 to L1 compositions. This study shed further light into the impact of explicit and implicit genre-based approach in comparison with the no-instruction approach on the argumentative genre. After conducting TOFEL test, 79 subjects were selected. The selected subjects were randomly divided into three groups. All of the three groups did 4 pre- and post-tests. The results show that the participants used basic structure of English argumentative papers in both their Persian and English pre-essays; however, they were weak at handling oppositional structures. The quantitative analysis of the post-argumentative essays revealed that the experimental group outperformed the implicit and no-formal instruction groups.
Learners’ experience with writing in general and argumentative textual productions in particular, requires a great deal of lexical and syntactic knowledge that grant them the ability to discover and put into words their ideas.Thereupon, the motivation for conducting this study which is a self-possessed analysis of learners’ argumentative essays, is basically to explore the use of substantive words and complex sentences in their argumentative writing at Moulay Ismail University. The book makes an endeavor to examine the extent to which overusing these elements affect their overall scores in textual productions. With regard to the comparative analysis of the results, it is demonstrated that complex sentences are not used numerously in argumentative writing. Students do not give too much interest to this type of sentence. As for substantive words, it can be asserted to some extent that most students use them with a lucid and observed quantity.
METADISCOURSE AND GENRE LEARNING explores how using and learning to use metadiscourse—non-propositional linguistic features guiding readers through texts and facilitating writer-reader communication—facilitates Chinese EFL undergraduates' learning of the genre of English argumentative writing in the pedagogical context of composition classrooms in China. Drawing on insights from genre theories, the literature on genre-based pedagogies, research on English argumentative writing, and metadiscourse studies, the researcher closely examines both student and teacher perspectives on student metadiscourse selections, and their practices of learning and teaching metadiscourse in the lessons of English argumentative writing through a qualitative design and a multimethod approach involving text analysis, individual interviews, classroom observation, and focus group interviews.
In this rapidly changing information, thinking critically is a vital requirement for individuals. In response to this, Indonesian EFL teachers are given responsibility to assist their students to acquire critical thinking skills while learning English. This is done to give them adequate practice in critical thinking so that they can actively participate in the international community particularly in the global workplace.This book presents results of a study aims to investigate students’ critical thinking as demonstrated in their argumentative essays. Argumentative writing has been believed as an effective means to portray students’ critical thinking. It assists students in making ideas of their own, clarifying opinions or beliefs and sorting out the evidence which are part of critical thinking realization. In addition, this book also provides explanation regarding students’ consciousness on their own critical thinking. In this sense, information regarding their awareness as to whether they show critical thinking and individual voice in their argumentative texts has been the object of this book to discuss.