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A History Of The World In 10 1 2 Chapters

Evolution. Development within Big History, Evolutionary and World-System Paradigms

Evolution. Development within Big History, Evolutionary and World-System Paradigms

"Эволюция: Развитие в рамках мегаистории, эволюционной и мир-системной парадигм". Альманах на английском языке. The application of the evolutionary approach to the history of nature and society has remained one of the most effective ways to conceptualize and integrate our growing knowledge of the Universe, life, society and human thought. The present volume demonstrates this in a rather convincing way. This is the third issue of the Almanac series titled 'Evolution'. The first volume came out with the sub-heading 'Cosmic, Biological, and Social', the second was entitled 'Evolution: A Big History Perspective'. The present volume is subtitled Development within Big History. Evolutionary and World-System Paradigms. In addition to the straightforward evolutionary approach, it also reflects such adjacent approaches as Big History, the world-system analysis, as well as globalization paradigm and long wave theory. The volume includes a number of the exciting works in these fields. The Almanac consists of five sections. The first section (Globalization as an Evolutionary Process: Yesterday and Today) contains articles demonstrating that the Evolutionary studies is capable of creating a common platform for the world-system approach, globalization studies, and the economic long-wave theory. The articles of the second section {Society, Energy, and Future) discuss the role of energy in the universal evolution, human history and the future of humankind. The third section (Aspects of Social Development) touches upon four aspects of social evolution technological, environmental, cultural, and political. The fourth section (The Driving Forces and Patterns of Evolution) deals with various phases of megaevolution. There is also a final section which is devoted to discussions of contemporary evolutionism. This Almanac will be useful both for those who study interdisciplinary macro-problems and for specialists working in focused directions, as well as for those who arc interested in evolutionary issues of Cosmology, Biology, History, Anthropology, Economics and other areas of study. More than that, this edition will challenge and excite your vision of your own life and the new discoveries going on around us!

William  Knox Scottish History For Dummies

William Knox Scottish History For Dummies

Explore the fascinating history of Scotland in an easy-to-read guide Want to discover how a small country on the edge of Northern Europe packs an almighty historical punch? Scottish History For Dummies is your guide to the story of Scotland and its place within the historical narratives of Britain, Europe and the rest of the world. You'll find out how Scotland rose from the ashes to forge its own destiny, understand the impact of Scottish historical figures such as William Wallace, Robert the Bruce and David Hume and be introduced to the wonderful world of Celtic religion, architecture and monuments. History can help us make connections with people and events, and it gives us an understanding of why the world is like it is today. Scottish History For Dummies pulls back the curtain on how the story of Scotland has shaped the world far beyond its borders. From its turbulent past to the present day, this informative guide sheds a new and timely light on the story of Scotland and its people. Dig into a wealth of fascinating facts on the Stone, Bronze and Iron ages Get to know how Scotland was built into an industrial economy by inventors, explorers and missionaries Discover the impact of the world wars on Scotland and how the country has responded to challenges created by them Find up-to-the-minute information on Scotland's referendum on independence If you're a lifelong learner looking for a fun, factual exploration of the grand scope of Scotland or a traveler wanting to make the most of your trip to this captivating country, Scottish History For Dummies has you covered.

David Day The World of Tolkien: Mythological Sources of the Lord of the Rings

David Day The World of Tolkien: Mythological Sources of the Lord of the Rings

A comprehensive guide to Tolkien's mythological, historical, literary, linguistic, and creative sources for THE LORD OF THE RINGSTHE WORLD OF TOLKIEN takes the reader on a fascinating journey through the history of Middle-earth, revealing the vast array of mythological, historical, literary, linguistic, and creative sources that Tolkien drew upon to create his absorbing world of myths and archetypes. Tolkien was inspired by a huge body of national mythologies when creating his array of characters, creatures and monsters. The stories of numerous fairy tales and legends are echoed in the narrative of THE LORD OF THE RINGS, while many locations are based on real cities and places.Tolkien's THE LORD OF THE RINGS is most commonly regarded as a work of fantasy. Yet Tolkien himself viewed the epic as a body of myth with an inherent veracity at its core, not an invention, but a recovered truth. In the Middle-earth of THE LORD OF THE RINGS, Tolkien created not an imaginary world, but an imaginary history of our own world. The World of Tolkien draws out the analogies within The Lord of the Rings that render this epic a timeless mythology for the modern age.ABOUT THE AUTHORDavid Day was born and brought up in Canada. He has published more than twenty books in the fields of poetry, ecology, natural history, fantasy and mythology, and a number of award-winning children's books. His writing has also appeared in many magazines and anthologies. His enduring fascination with complex mythologies led him to J. R. R. Tolkien.

Brian Pavlac A. Game of Thrones versus History. Written in Blood

Brian Pavlac A. Game of Thrones versus History. Written in Blood

Since it first aired in 2011, Game of Thrones galloped up the ratings to become the most watched show in HBO’s history. It is no secret that creator George R.R. Martin was inspired by late 15th century Europe when writing A Song of Ice and Fire, the sprawling saga on which the show is based. Aside from the fantastical elements, Game of Thrones really does mirror historic events and bloody battles of medieval times—but how closely? Game of Thrones versus History: Written in Blood is a collection of thought-provoking essays by medieval historians who explore how the enormously popular HBO series and fantasy literature of George R. R. Martin are both informed by and differ significantly from real historical figures, events, beliefs, and practices of the medieval world. From a variety of perspectives, the authors delve into Martin’s plots, characterizations, and settings, offering insights into whether his creations are historical possibilities or pure flights of fantasy. Topics include the Wars of the Roses, barbarian colonizers, sieges and the nature of medieval warfare, women and agency, slavery, celibate societies in Westeros, myths and legends of medieval Europe, and many more. While life was certainly not a game during the Middle Ages, Game of Thrones versus History: Written in Blood reveals how a surprising number of otherworldly elements of George R. R. Martin’s fantasy are rooted deeply in the all-too-real world of medieval Europe. Find suggested readings, recommended links, and more from editor Brian Pavlac at gameofthronesversushistory.com.

Teofilo Ruiz F. The Western Mediterranean and the World. 400 CE to the Present

Teofilo Ruiz F. The Western Mediterranean and the World. 400 CE to the Present

From the Straits of Gibraltar to Sicily, the European northern Mediterranean nations to the shores of North Africa, the western Mediterranean is a unique cultural and sociopolitical entity which has had a singular role in shaping today’s global society. The Western Mediterranean and the World is the fascinating story of the rise of that peculiar world and of its evolution from the end of the Western Roman Empire to the present. Uniquely, rather than present the history of the region as a strict chronological progression, the author takes a thematic approach, telling his story through a series of vignettes, case studies, and original accounts so as to provide a more immediate sense of what life in and around the Mediterranean was like from the end of the Roman Empire in the West to the present immigration crisis now unfolding in Mediterranean waters. Emphasizing the development of religion and language and the enduring synergies and struggles between Christian, Jews, and Muslims on both shores of the western sea, Dr. Ruiz connects the region to the larger world and locates the development of Mediterranean societies within a global context. Describes the move from religious and linguistic unity under Roman rule to the fragmented cultural landscape of today Explores the relationship of language, culture, and geography, focusing on the role of language formation and linguistic identity in the emergence of national communities Traces the movements of peoples across regions and their encounters with new geographical, cultural, and political realities Addresses the emergence of various political identities and how they developed into set patterns of political organization Emphasizes the theme of encounters as seen from Christian, Muslim, and Jewish perspectives While it is sure to become a definitive text for university courses on Mediterranean history, The Western Mediterranean and the World will also have great appeal among scholars of the Mediterranean as well as general readers of history.

Mike  Cronin Irish History For Dummies

Mike Cronin Irish History For Dummies

From Norman invaders, religious wars—and the struggle for independence—the fascinating, turbulent history of a tortured nation and its gifted people When Shakespeare referred to England as a «jewel set in a silver sea,» he could just as well have been speaking of Ireland. Not only has its luminous green landscape been the backdrop for bloody Catholic/Protestant conflict and a devastating famine, Ireland's great voices—like Joyce and Yeats—are now indelibly part of world literature. In Irish History For Dummies, readers will not only get a bird's-eye view of key historical events (Ten Turning Points) but, also, a detailed, chapter-by-chapter timeline of Irish history beginning with the first Stone Age farmers to the recent rise and fall of the Celtic tiger economy. In the informal, friendly For Dummies style, the book details historic highs like building an Irish Free State in the 1920s—and devastating lows (including the Troubles in the '60s and '70s), as well as key figures (like MP Charles Parnell and President Eamon de Valera) central to the cause of Irish nationalism. The book also details historic artifacts, offbeat places, and little-known facts key to the life of Ireland past and present. Includes Ten Major Documents—including the Confession of St. Patrick, The Book of Kells, the Proclamation of the Irish Republic, and Ulysses Lists Ten Things the Irish Have Given the World—including Irish coffee, U.S. Presidents, the submarine, shorthand writing, and the hypodermic syringe Details Ten Great Irish Places to Visit—including Cobh, Irish National Stud and Museum, Giants Causeway, and Derry Includes an online cheat sheet that gives readers a robust and expanded quick reference guide to relevant dates and historical figures Includes a Who's Who in Irish History section on dummies.com With a light-hearted touch, this informative guide sheds light on how this ancient land has survived wars, invasions, uprisings, and emigration to forge a unique nation, renowned the world over for its superb literature, music, and indomitable spirit.

Pavlovsk: The Life of a Russian Palace

Pavlovsk: The Life of a Russian Palace

Like the rings in a tree, two centuries of turbulent events have left their imprint on the history of the palace at Pavlovsk. In this, her first book since her classic Land of the Firebird, Suzanne Massie uses this history as a lens to look deeply into the soul of successive periods revealing the heights of hope and the depths of horror in the larger than life size to be found only in Russia. Pavlovsk is a riveting true story of passions and people - as gripping as a novel, exciting as a spy thriller. The story begins in the lavish late 18th-century court of Catherine the Great who gave the land where this magnificent palace was built to her unhappy son Paul and his young wife Maria Feodorovna. Paul, one of the most enigmatic and quixotic of tsars - assassinated a few years after he became Emperor - nevertheless managed to win and hold the love of one of the most beautiful and talented of tsarinas. Together they had ten children, among them four daughters who became queens and two sons who became tsars, the great Alexander I, conqueror of Napoleon and Nicholas I, the "Iron Tsar". Maria Feodorovna, a woman of uncommon taste, working with the best architects and artisans of her day, made Pavlovsk an encyclopedia of all the ideas of beauty of Russia's golden age. The saga sweeps the reader through the revolution, when the palace was narrowly saved from ravaging Red Guards by a group of art lovers - only to fall a few years later into the brutal hands of the Nazis and the Gestapo - through the heroic seige of Leningrad to the eventual miraculous restoration of this unique palace by a group of heroic Russian museum workers and artists. In the early and more peaceful chapters, the book will surprise Western readers by its picture of the Russian assimilation of artists, architects, and artisans who flocked to St. Petersburg from all over Europe when this city outdid Paris, Rome, and London as the place to go in search of new opportunities for creative work. In later chapters, which read as suspensefully as any detective story, Massie describes how a doggedly perseverent curator followed the retreating Nazi armies, locating plundered art works all along their path to Berlin itself, and the incredible story of how more than 70000 shards of wood, molded plaster, and scraps of burnt fabric were deciphered to reconstruct the beauty after the palace and everything that was in it had been put to the torch. The stubborn determination of thousands of ordinary Russians not to let their history and culture die, despite war and the dead hand of Communism on their land, is one of the most inspiring stories of the triumph of the human spirit in our time. Massie's Pavlovsk, acclaimed as one of the best and most exciting cultural histories of recent years, provides important insights into the challenges facing Russia today. Pavlovsk is a parable of the creation, deconstruction, and recreation of a culture - essential reading for anyone who wants to understand the soul of Russia and the roots in its history from which any new relationship between "us" and "them" must grow. If it has a moral, it is the sentence from Dostoyevsky spontaneously cited by many of the Russians Massie interviewed in writing this book, "Beauty will save the world". This remains to be seen - but it may be the best hope we have. Издание на английском языке.


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